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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta July 1971 THE IETHMIDGI HMAID Maurice Western Proposed Competition Act viewed Mr Basfords tribunal clear ccunt of import con rvTTAWA Ron the energetic friend of now proposes through the Competition Act to supplement the welfare state with a regime which might perhaps be described as the schoolmarm The basic idea of the old Combines Act was fairly sim Certain such as to fix were defined as offences for which firms or individuals could be prosecuted and So long as these limits were re companies were free to make their decisions accord ing to normal business consid As businessmen occa sionally complained that the law was beyond their under the direc tor of maintain ed an open door policy for their It has been obvious for a long time that the law is in many respects out of dust covered and in need of amend Not content with a gen eral cleanup and moderniza tion Basford has seized his broom and threatens to sweep the entire act into the As replacement he offers the new Competition Act which certainly represents a bold departure from traditional Some offences will remain punishable by the the defini tions have been sharpened and the permissible fines impres sively the prohibitions are more numer ous and since the new law will apply generally to most of which were not covered by the old legisla What is at least in the postwar period is a new category of activities in are ne ither legal nor Over this vast grey a new tribunal will What the sclioolmarm sanctions will be permissible to pro viding that it conducts itself according to approved class room What is not sanc tioned will be reprehensible and may be Basfords tribunal clear ly will be a very important It is to consist of seven including a chair appointed for 10 year Presumably there will D e regional Probably the government will cast about for eminent civil servants and economists since fjture decisions will often de pend on economic judgments and Wisdom of a high order will certainly be needed for the tribunal is being entrusted not only with the and very role of supervis ing and regulating noncom petitive activities but with a variety of supplementary For it is to take ac IS DcJlHHl Theft costly business to merchants By Don NBA Service in business steal b American between and billion a About billion of this is thefts in cash and merchandise from re tail Shrinkage of merchandise alone amounts to approximate ly 5 per cent of the yearly sales of American retail estab 1 i s h with the stores own em ployes actually stealing three times as much as do shoplift Most retail establishments have some kind of internal se curity system to discourage dis honest but the rate of prosecution is For the dishonest crime ob viously Or does it Asks industrial p s y c h o 1 ogist Law rence As he points out in an article in Psychology Today maga if we divide the total amount of merchandise stolen by employees about billion a year by the total number of people employed in retail es the amount stolen per person is approximately a or only about each working For says Zeit this is a How so Because most retail jobs are Advancement is usually The tyical worker has little freedom of ac tion or scope of decisionmak Pay is Employee dis satisfaction is rife and turnover is Management can do two It can enrich the jobs by providing increased respon sibility and opportunity for ad or it can increase pay and benefits to the point where the job is too good to But manage m e n charges has largely by to reject both ap so workers have ta ken matters into their own When the average retail em ployee becomes he doesnt quit he starts stealing from his He gets back at the and the challenge of stealing is a sig nificant enrichment of his Thus by permitting a con trolled amount of at the cost of per worker per management can keep de cision making in its own hands and can retain workers without having to reorganize jobs or raise The important word is con Management must first balance the actual cost of employee theft against the costs of employee turnover or lob en richment by conventional If it opts for controlled it must still maintain a figurehead security says it would be more desirable for management to motivate em ployees by means other than inviting them into lives of petty But management that does not accept that traditional responsibility can at least adopt a more realistic and less hypo critical attkude toward busi ness Also on behalf of it might be added that whether it is called job enrichment or getting back at the theft is still theft and another bonus accompanies stealing the knowledge that one is a The phosphate problem a housewife who used to feel guilty if she didnt have a whiterthanwhite wash now feels guilty if she The phosphates in her laun dry detergent are helping to pollute the nations lakes and shes Being a good she joins the ris ing clamor against and if shes really a good citi joins a group seeking to have deterg c n t s with plios by Don NBA Service phates banned in her commu All she really knows is that phosphates are bad for the en They cause some thing called and thats as far as some environmental crusaders are thats all she needs to But both cutrophicalion and phosphates are bad only in that in some parts of the coun Commitment needed Louisvillc Courier Journal 1 By Don rPHOSE new gadgets that compact household trash are pretty One which comes in either freestanding or builtin models and is available in harvest gold and can compress enough trash to fill four gar bage cans a weeks worth for the average family into a foot cube weighing about 25 newspap cartons everything ex cept food wastes are com pacted by a ram mechanism and delivered up in a sanitized plastic bag ready to be car ried out to the This is a great convenience to the and presum ably to the trash the challenge facing many communities today is not how to collect trash but what to do with it after it is We are not only running out of convenient sites for landfills and not only taxing incinera tion but we are be ginning to realize that the mil lions of tons of stuff we are burying in the ground or burn ing in an in some dumping in the is not trash but a valuable re source we must sooner or later learn how to exploit Rather than compact house hold waste into an undiffcren tiated we will have to separate it into its components of plastic and organic each com ponent to be reclaimed or re In ths the home compactor is indeed a handy gadget on the same order ns the automatic stoker for ooalburning home and promises to have about ns long a FtAVID B R 0 W E the former Sierra Club chief who now heads Friends of the says a lot of common sense things about conservation to the threepart series just con cluded in the New Yorker mag But one point that he and one that everyone who considers the Earth worth saving should keep to is this Every conservation great or must be won over and over and over But lose it once and its lost for Its Its But its If the timber slashes are beaten back from one valley stand of the battle isnt Theyll be back next mounting ad vertising throwing a powerful lobbying drive at trying to overwhelm the forces of conservation with money and Refuse strip miners a permit to destroy a and to a few months theyll possibly under a new company probably with the added sup port of local and the battle for the earth must be fought You never know when the Army engineers will be back with another plan to dam Cum berland or when the road builders will ease back to Con gress with a scheme to gouge four lanes of concrete through the But each time the conservation forces must rally their members for still another These members dont get paid for their They are average people business with jobs to hold and fam ilies to it costs them time and money to wage these battles for the public The destroyers know They know that in time the de fenders of the Earth will be come tired of fighting the same battles to save the same piece of over and over and over And when they get the destroyers move They can afford to lose all the battles except the last That is why we need a gov ernment that has a real com mitment to The forces of conservation cant have enough people to be in every spot every time that the Earth is We need a government that will make de struction of nature against the and then enforce the And at present we dont have in Frankfort or in Washing Adequate energy supply by Don NEA Service historian A 21st century writing about our own time might well observe that never did so many have so little faith in the This is not the first age giv en to predictions of All of Christendom believed that the world was going to end to the year Our modern are based not on superstition or numerology but on science some of the undesirable fruits of sci ence and such as overpopulation and the possibility of nuclear Arm But this same historian may also observe that our failure of faith curiously came at a time when mankind stood on the verge of a true Golden and that the most important event of the 20th if not of all was not World Wars I or II or the threat So They Say Driving under the influence of women is almost as danger ous as driving under the influ ence of Michael Morano of the House of Civility is to the courtroom what antisepsis is to a Chief Justice Warren of III but something presaged by a recent announcement out of the New Mexico Scientists at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory report that they have taken a major step toward developing a con trolled fusion or thermonuclear the same kind of re action that provides the energy of the sun of the hydrogen With a research device call ed they were able to produce a hot steam of ionized deuterium or Deu a form of is readily extracted from sea wa According to project director Fred there is enough potential energy to the worlds oceans to supply power at 100 times current world consump tion for 10 billion Not only but a fusion reactor would be virtually pollut i o n free and would produce no long lived radioactive It may be years before a fu sion reactor is perfected and many more before its energy can be harnessed on a large But an age of unlimited now every fantastic thing that can mean to worlds lies in the future if we can keep the present world together long enough for it to try they have become too much of a good Eutrophication simply means fertilization and is a natural process that takes place to all bodies of water as they ac cumulate nutrients carried by the water that runs into It becomes bad thanks to mms overfer tilization occurs Algae and other plant life proliferate they decay and become both aesthe tically offensive and fatal to fish by robbing the water of dissolved Eutrophication is not pollu Pollution is a problem al most everywhere to the Uni ted States eutrophication is a serious problem in perhaps 10 or 12 per cent of our natural Phosphorus is a natural ele essential to all forms of plant and animal life and is only one of the factors involved in are not agreed as to whether it is the most important In some cases it may be in other Total production of the com pounds called phosphates for industrial and agricultural use is more than 21 billion pounds a Of over two bil lion or about a are used by the detergent in This figure reflects a reduc tion of 100 million pounds by the industry in response to pressure and pending the suc cess of its search for a substi tute for But even if a replacement chemical could be found that would be as safe and as effec tive in detergents as phos phates none is to the problem would still for more than 50 per cent of phosphates entering our waters comes from urban sewage plants and agricultural Almost overlooked to the con troversy is the fact that low cost chemical treatment pro cesses now exist that could re move over 90 per cent of all including that from from waste The cost is estimated at about per person per So where does all this leave good citizen housewife She if she lives in an area of naturally soft water or has a water switch to She can try some of the new noor low phosphate detergents coming on the mar Sne might also ask her com munity officials if its really true that most of the phosphatc eutrophication problem could be solved right away by mak ing a few modest improve ments at the local sewage plant and if why they arent doing something about Crazy Capers the good news Ive stepped ctnint of import competition to safeguard our Canadian virtue by acting against such foreign takeovers as it decides with superior prescience will not be for our A few examples will in dicate the scope of its it is to sanction and register Here it is to be observed that the old rendered partially ineffective by court forbade only those mergers whereby competition was lessened to public Most mer gers have been lawful and they have been Bas wd estimates that there were about 500 last They occur in the normal course as small businesses spring find their resources inadequate and uni ted to form more viable con a merger must be At first glance the requirement is to the case of domestic to those involving companies with combined assets or rev erues exceeding There is no such limitation where wicked foreigners are But Section 32 per mits the tribunal to prohibit or dissolve mergers or to im pose terms and conditions on the parties regardless of It is although not necessarily to demon strate that a merger has damaged The tri bunal is required how to consult its crystal ball in each It may disap prove on the basis of what is likely to On the other it must approve if satis fled that a merger has is leading or is likely to lead to a significant improvement of elficiency and that a sub stantial part of the benefits are likely to be passed on in lower prices of better What is What is efficiency What is sub stantial for that mat is a better product lists seven Batters which the tribunal is to consider fa reaching its Less he any other factors that tie tribunal consider to be rele Then there are specialization At present any company is free to specialize if it But it might well be an offence to specialize by For this might mean that a few companies acting to concert could claim fne whole or most of the mar ket on a product The proposed act lists pro hibited arrangements are sub slracts from the Among we find A spe cialization export agreement or franchise ar rangement that is registered with the Here again is a large field since the government looks with favor on specialization and what it calls the ration alization or restructuring of Canadian Here again the tribunal may dis approve or recommend modi fications and here again it is required to pierce the veil of the It is to eye to the same fash ion interlocking But this is not The tri bunal is to evaluate and if necessary prohibit a wide variety of trade prac tices for price dis promotional al tied directed exclusive de livered pricing and refusals to It may issue interim in order supplement ing prohibitions and orders re lating to foreign judgments or It may modify rights related to the use of trade copyright and registered industrial de signs if it finds that these have been used to violate the It will be evident from all this that the relationship of government to industry is be ing drastically In the process had been car ried a long way before it was suddenly dramatized by Basfords The meaning of the new partnership of govern ment and business is that the government directs business for its own good and that of the public as interpreted by As in the school the wellbehaved are re warded with special privileges denied to those who do not measure up to approved stan There is perhaps one differ Basford will recall from his old school days that the wise schoolmarm awaited sn overt This was once the rule in competition Basfords will judge by UK gleam to the For this and other rea it will be interesting to hght of past decisions to see what the courts make of the new if approved by Par Herald Ottawa Bureau More money for musicians From The Financial Post SOME people would claim that the ef fect of iiiuch of todays popular music is equally whether or Ca nadian origin the Canadian product is apparently being widely aired not just because the Canadian RadioTele vision Commission says stations must use at least 30 per cent Canadian but because many listeners want to hear Most stations are using much more than the 30 per cent a recent CRTC survey Pierre CRTC told the Montreal Society of Financial Analysis re cently that this trend is generating hard cash for local musicians and entre In the 12month period ending March there were 36 Canadian songs and 12 Canadian albums listed on international music In the three of the songs nad earned over Five of the earned close to million in factory sales In Juneau the Canadian music thing has led to substantial expendi tures in new music production facilities to Canada according to consid erable profits to independent music pro Predictions are that Toronto in the next year will surpass New York in both the quality and quantity of sound The present success of Canadian music is part and parcel of the current robust health of It didnt come about just because CRTC ordered CRTCs Canadian content rules for coupled with the fragmenting of markets by are fast eroding the profits o television now that it caters mostly to local rather than national is increas ingly bringing together the small people of the performers and advertisers rock and other music groups automatically have more access to radio than they did in the days of the big pro grams backed by the big This in nn way detracts from the musi cianship of the Canadian Some are obviously very Mind for those with weak it may sound like the beginning of the deafening Shavian prediction IRISH playwright George Bernard Shaw predicted many years ago that ulti mately society would bestow its greatest rewards on the garbage He be lieved there would be so many citizens priding themselves as being the welledu cated elite that nobody would do the neces sary menial unless the real toilers were paid better than anybody This Shavian Utopia for garbagemen and others not too proud to soil their hands may be about to Construction la the low men on the pay totempole of the buildbg voted approval in Toronto this week for a new contract giv ing them a wage rate of an That puts them into the The same day this settlement was an nounced the Ontario regional director for the Canadian Labor Congress told a semi nar that before the decade is gar bagecollectors will be high school grad And the average cab driver and shoe salesman will have at least one or two years of university The point he was making that Canadas From The Winnipeg Tribune educational institutions are churning out so many graduates that the economy cannot absorb them into the types of professional and semiprofessional jobs the graduates may have aspired whats wrong with cabbies being university graduates In Winnipeg today there are scores of bright and personable university students driving taxis as their summer job Many of them realize a uni versity education is a not an It should never mean development of a su perego and grandiose ideas of what the graduate is worth to For years Winnipeg teachers have com plained that school janitors earn more than That still may be true in many But have the teachers ever stopped to ask if scale of pay is the important value they place on their ser why dont they become janitors Both teaching and janitorial work are es sential but janitors like gar bagemen will be well paid for as long as its considered a menial Little Holy Errors By Margaret Luckhnrst WHATEVER religion may come to mean The Lords Prayer has caused genera to people after they reach tions of children for it is couched there is definitely an affinity between the Almighty and small children that must be inborn for it is sweetly yet at the same time sliangely It is enough to make adults upon when their faith becomes think back wist fully to the simplicity of thenchildhood beliefs and reflect unkindly about how fre quently grownups tend to complicate tilings for Wnen our children were growing up I was a busy Sunday School teacher and of course our children attended Sunday School from the time they could walk without At both their father and I would read them Bible sing their little hymns and hear their evening And we came to know that to small chil dren is as close and real as the kid on the next They have no hangups on the religiosity of the Biblical myths or Whether or not they are given any formal religious education or there seems to exist that strange kinship with something call it what you that is peculiar only to chil Even their theological spoonerisms make sense tc and if they go un snd Im not inclined to recom mend too stringent correction they are likely to linger with them a long For years as a child I sang Standing at the of the opening year and today I still prefer to view the New Year as a porthole rather than a In my youth I had a vague idea what a porthole was but a portal meant northing to The fact that UK words are somewhat synony mous has proved to me that kids can work out some meaning to difficult phraseology even though itsnot quite My little brother had similar trouble with an other hymn when he was about Stand ing by a dirty slough for a rural bay was much more meaningful than standing by a purpose and even though its dif ficult to equate these particular they meant something to Jimmy for he sang then in medieval But strangely to the modem reverent terminology can be reworded to suit the mind and the immediate emotional needs of the individual Our Father we charge in was for years our old est boys evening salutation which we felt was quite suitable as we were always re minding him to quit barging and charging Another of our sons was even more specific Our Father which Art in ohalloran be they name And there isnt a drop of Irish to Our fouryearold granddaughta recently has been learning this prayer just as her Daddy manages to put a new meaning into words and phrases sc that she and she alone can Our Father wlro are to how did you know my she prayed at her bedside Then turning to me she does God know your name too Marmar When I assured her that Im quite likely rn she returned to the business of asking blessing for an endless number of friends and Gubless Mummy and Daddy and Barbara and Gub less the turtles and the but dont Gubless Peter Nextdoor because he bashed my sandpail Later that night when a storm blew up with a lot of fireworks accompanying it I went into Janets bedroom to see if she was She was watching the light ning through her window and didnt flinch when a huge roll of thunder ripped across the Are you frightened Mar mar she asked to then assured me well dont thats just Jesus and God up there fighting Im not sure how she arrived at the conclusion but to me the goings on up there were in her easily compared with routine domes tic only giving more Whatever gloomy reservations theologians share today on the future of Christianity they might tcke heart if they just listened to little children They are just as just as impious and quite as reverent in their little holy errors as they have always Noises and noises By Dong Walker TllY insect book says that crickets have developed a fondness for living close to and the cheery calls of the Gryl lid Romcos to their Juliets are familiar The part about them keeping close to humans cannot be questioned they keep too close to our house for my No matter how many of them 1 stalk and despatch to their happy hunting grounds tee always seems to be a survi vor to station himself below our bedroom It gripes me to read that a crickets call is a cheery To my listening ear it is nought but a monotonous I have found ways to cut out the sound of the leaking tap in the bathroom when are you going to remember and have mercy on me but I cant seem to shut out the My family doesnt understand how I can hear drips and rectors and insects so clear ly but am so deaf around The fact is I hear Uwir noises too its the inter pretation that doesnt always ;