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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 7, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, July 7, 1970 Bruce Hutchison Acting As An Outlaw Fallout from nuclear explosions can adversely affect the health of people not only in the immediate vi- cinity of the detonations but through- out the world. Dangerous debris from an explosion could be wafted on air currents to settle in distant places. Concern over both the long-term and short term effects of nuclear fallout led to the drafting of an.agree- ment to cease nuclear testing in the atmosphere. The test ban treaty was signed by the major powers but not by France. By defying the wishes of the ma- jority of people in the world, France has acted as an outlaw. Only China and France persist in conducting nu- clear tests in the atmosphere. There may be some excuse for China be- having in this fashion since it has been ostracized from the family of nations and needs to prove that it can do what others do. But France is in no such position. It has long been thought that France's desire to be a nuclear Royal Visitors The monarchy jnay be politically anachronistic in the eyes of many Canadians but obviously the British Royal Family is still able to win a lot of favorable attention throughout, this country. If there is some doubt about the future of this symbol of statehood there is no doubt about the attractiveness of the touring family for the present. Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip had long ago established themselves in the affections of most.Canadians. There is a sense, then, in which Prince Charles and Princess Anne are on trial now over here. They must often detest being con- stantly observed and appraised. Their occasional almost defiant lapse from traditional royal behavior is per- fectly understandable and probably endears them to the public as much as anything they do. It helps to make them real. There isn't much point in trying to perpetuate a phoney royal mystique. That would only serve to make the monarchy an even more questionable institution than it has become in the modern world. The blend of traditional trappings and ordinary behavior seems to be the right formula for royalty in the mid twentieth century. Canada's young royal visitors, in particular, appear to be testing this out with considerable success. Turn. Off The Lights People reared in the depression years of the Thirties have never quite been persuaded that leaving electric lights ablaze all over the place is not wasteful. It rankles them to see their offspring turning on lights in broad daylight and failing to switch them off at any time. The young people know that the amount of electricity consumed by ordinary light bulbs is relatively minute. They also know that the cost of electricity is reasonably cheap. Consequently they have not been much impressed with the railings of those who call for conservation of power. A situation has developed in the United States which might very well extend to other countries necessitating an appeal to people to turn off lights and go easy on the use of other electrical equipment. The demand for electrical power is outstripping the supply. There is a danger in some'parts of the U.S. this summer of a complete break- down in the power supply system. It requires only brief reflection to realize how greatly dependent so- cieties have become upon electricity. A widespread failure in supply could have disastrous consequences sending whole communities into a state of chaos. Appealing for conservation of elec- tricity on the basis of economy has not worked. Perhaps the threat of prolonged absence of power and the conveniences made possible by it may succeed. But there is room for doubt. Arranged Marriages By Joyce Sasse I have to laugh every time-I see a mother "encouraging" her daugh- ter's romantic life. "He's such a nice young lad, dear." She has him over for dinner, and then conveniently arranges for herself and the rest of the family to "get lost" so the two can have some time alone. "Why not have a coke-tail party here before the class-dance? You and Jimmy could host it Suggestive, leading sometimes downright aggressive! Yet, if some one were to hint at the custom of "arranged friend mother would be the first to rear on her haunches at "such a bar- baric practise." I've been in the Orient for a couple of years now. Each time one of my Korean friends announces tlrey are going to be mar- ried, I ask the customary it a love or an arranged And ninety per cent of the time the answer is simply, In that time, I've gain- ed a lot of respect for the custom. Here is, briefly, how it works. When daughter is in her very early twenties, her mother begins eyeing eligible young men. It is best if they come from similar social backgrounds, and bave similar educational training (to assure a reasonable degree of Mother first turns to the relatives for help. No-one they can sug- gest? Well, they do know of a woman who has acted as a go-between on a number of occasions, and the couples have been happy with her match-making. The fortune-teller plays her part, too to see that their birthdates fall in the right place on the horoscope to assure the marriage will be all the things it should be. Since marriage is a family affair, the families serve as the contracting parties. At one time bride and groom hardly saw each other before then' wedding night. Now it may be that Ihe young man has met someone at college, and fallen in love. To elope, without the consent or support of either family, is to set a young, immature couple adrift in a sea o( numberless im- possibilities. Such an act is tantamount to suicide. To have the families, however, make the customary arrangements between these two lovers is to ensure that the. young couple will be taken up in the larger fam- ily structure, nurtured in the ways of life, supported when troubles beset them, and called on for help when less fortunate members of the family need them. I like the healthiness of attitude that the custom of arranged marriage fosters. First of all, the full responsibility for the wise selection of a marriage partner is not laid fully on the shoulders of the young folk in- volved. It is recognized that they have had but limited experience; that they know lit- tle of what is expected of them in mar- riage; that emotion can so easily bh'nd them to the realities of the situation until it is too late.' Secondly, unlike our Western concept of "after love comes ar- ranged marriage partners have been brought up in an atmosphere which inti- mates that "after marriage comes love." The marriage contract, then, is the foun- dation for the relationship. The approach is hopeful and positive. The incidence of di- vorce is greatly reduced. Finally, .arranged marriages include two families, and not just a couple of individuals. The two fam- ilies are responsible for dcing what they can to assure its success. If the contract is broken, the failure lies with the group. They will take the ill-fortuned woman back under their wing. They will give her a home, and warmth and security. She is theirs. They are hers. Such family involvement is not without its humorous moments. The story comes to mind of two college students who wanted to see "Tile Sound of Music" in a local the- atre. However, custom1 dictated that per- mission for the date had to be given by the fathers of the young-couple. Since the fathers lived in, the country, it took a num- ber of days for the lengthy procedure to be completed. By the time permission was granted, that particular movie was no long- er ploying in town! Oh well, such, too, is the patience of the East! Whisper Of Truth In The New Dialect power was really the desire of for- mer President Charles cle Gaulle. He seemed to be obsessed with the idea that France should once again be one of the great world powers. Yet General de Gaulle has passed from the political scene and still France is engaging in the inexcuse- able' exercise of testing nuclear de- vices in the atmosphere. Recently a French hydrogen bomb was exploded above the Muraroa Atoll about 800 miles southeast of Tahiti. It was the fifth such test in a program to make a hydrogen warhead capable of be- ing delivered by a missile. There can be no real justification for France continuing to make these tests and jeopardizing human health. There is no possible way in'which France could ever catch up to the U.S. and the U.S.S.R, in sophisticated weaponry or make any difference to the balance of terror now existing between them. France stands con- demned for blatant disregard for mankind. 17VEN a public accustomed by now to tho Great Cana- dian enigma must have been surprised by Pierre Trudeau's latest feat of communication. In Ontario recently he excelled himself b y pronouncing (lie most important facts of the day as casually as if he wei'e re- marking on the state of the weather. In any other country these comments would provide high parliamentary drama or at least a television spectacular. John Diefenbaker would have filled the air from coast to coast with shattering rhetoric and foiling thunder. The con- temporary prime'minister makes his major announce- ments in some deadpan, throw- away line. As was said of the lost British Empire, the Tru- deau empire seems to have ten built in a fit of absent- mindedness. Thus we find the head of our government wandering by heli- copter through the .little towns of Ontario and analyzing the national economy in a fashion shocking to ing because it happens to be true and understandable. He tells the automobile workers, for instance, that if labor un- ions win a wage increase of 20 per. cent while the economy grows by five per cent, then "somebody's gohjg to get screw- ed and it's not going to be you." Exactly. In this statement the whole truth of our present ter- rifying situation is contained. We can produce only so many goods in Canada. If one group gets more of them the rest get less, and we call the process inflation without bothering to understand the complicated ins and outs of it. The fact that wages are al- most entirely responsible for ever rising prices is fully demonstrated by official statis- tics that the labor unions have overlooked or simply deny with a straight face. All obvious and all forgotten in the I'ush until "Frankly, there's nothing I'd like better either, nobody WANTS your job Mr. Trtideau brushes aside the pomposity, the statistics and tho the nation's para- mount dilemma In the common vernacular, threatens di re c t wage price controls and bland- ly inviles the unions to vote against his government. Both the economics and the politics are clear enough if you stop to think about them. The communication gets through to the alert listener but it is utter- ed very late after most of the damage (as we may hope) has been done already, the nation's money permanently devalued, its savings looted, its poor and weak citizens brutally defraud- ed. Why Mr. Trudeau took so long to tell the full truth and ccme clean we have no way of knowing. Why he chooses to do iit in a sort of stage whisper among a rural audience he alone knows. But that is his method, apparently off hand- ed and extemporaneous, actual- ly, as we may be sure, pre- meditated and rehearsed down to the last adjective. Yet somehow Mr. Trudeau's thoughts or as much of them, as he wishes to share do come through, osmotically, to those who listen and read be- tween the lines. You must lis- ten carefully, however, and. read fast. Indeed, you must almost learn a new language, a na- tive dialect unintelligible to for- eigners. The educated Canadian of the futur'e will be trilingual in English, French and Basic Tru- deau. One of these days, as things are going now, the prime min- ister may find it necessary to announce the end of human civ- ilization. If so, the scene in Ot- tawa is easily imagined. Mr. Trudeau emerges, smil- ing, from the East Block, in sports coat, slacks and sandals, meets the frightened reporters and says he has no news at tiie moment. As an afterthought he notes that the world will dis- appear from the solar system torn o r r o w morning and adds that this event may inconven- iently delay his parliamentary schedule. "To he perfectly he admits, "things are beginning to look a little sticky. But, what the hell, at least we won't have to worry any more about taxes, inflation, Bryce Mackasey or Eric K i e r a n s. The situation could be a lot worse, I guess." Then, after an eloquent wave of farewell, he signs a few auto- graphs, kisses a few weeping secretaries .and starts out for the Gatineau hills, with his skis, scuba suit and a Funny Girl from New York. (Herald Special Service) Georgeaii Harper Japan's Successful Economic Expansion (Second of a series) INDUSTRIALLY Japan is bursting out all over. Her gross national product ranks the third highest in the world. There is evidence of this even for the most casual tourist. New apartment blocks, new indus- tries and new expressways two and four lanes on canti- levered concrete ramps above the general traffic of the city- are but a few examples. Also, there seems to be a dedicated industrious solemnity to the way the people carry out their jobs. Even extensive reading prior to my visit did not prepare me for one surprise the afflu- ent look of ths country. Contrary to the twentieth cen- tury atmosphere of modern Ja- pan is the scaffolding on build- ings. It consists of long, round wooden poles tied at intersec- tions and is erected two to three feet from the face of the build- ing. A screen or light rush mat- ting covers the outside of the scaffolding. The construction workers wear outdoor tabbies (socks) which have two toes- one for the large toe, and the other section for the small toes. When walking the scaffolding the feet mold to the pole it- self. I watched men carry heavy buckets in each hand along these poles, and change heavy sections of forms getting ready to pour concrete while standing on them. The reason for the rush matting or screen- ing and tlie fact that (lie scaf- folds are no wider than two or three feet, is for safety. Should a man fall from (lie top, he is screened in and must simply reach out his hand to grab a hold on his way save himself. Supposedly one main reason Japan is so successful in its economic boom is in not having to pay for an increase in popu- lation; as Japan is one of the few nations in the world able to control her numbers. In net population growth, Japan's rate is the lowest in the world (ex- cept for sonic East Eurcp e a n Communist bloc As a result, a large part of her capi- tal resources are free for eco- nomic recovery and industrial investment. Some Japanese feel that Ja- pan has an acute labor short- age which is increasing. Even the experts in the country dis- agree on the assessment of this matter. Some say there is no labor shortage but an age dis- tribution problem that there are fewer aged 20 and un- der and more aged 65 and over and the labor force in between is getting older. Thus there is no young cheap labor. Added to this is the fact that more and more young people are moving from the farms and from fish- ing into the factories to work. More students are remaining in school or going on to univer- s i t i e s or technical colleges which is also aggravating ths situation. To me there appeared to be an abundance of labor but in specific instances f did not think it was well organized or utilized. This is an important point. For example wher- ever we dined, on Japanese or Western food, there was to a Westerner's eyes, a more than ample staff, with less than ef- ficient service. However, it was the most courteous, smiling ser- vice ever. The Japanese people are in a transition from the cul- tural, subservient attitude of strictly regimented jobs, lives and thinking, to a new modern trend of independence, necessi- tating multifaceted labor, think- ing and action. Four class A waiters in a good Canadian res- taurant could have done Ihe job f the dozen or so found in some restaurants I was in. The bars and lounges gave much better service. As 3 side note, Japanese in- dustry is spreading out in Asia. In this way Japan is capitaliz- ing on cheap labor available in other parts of Asia but current- ly lacking at home. This recent development is a cause for re- sentment of the Japanese by some other Asians. Japan is one of (he leaders internationally in the fislds of electronics and optics. She is also overtaking the world watch market, much to the concern of the Swiss. The Toyota Car Manufactur- ing Company which sells the second highest number of im- ported cars to- the American continent impresses all visitors or otherwise. The boring job the workers do on the assembly line immediately hits one. Many of the less skil- ful jobs appeared to be filled by very young people. The workers range in age from 15 to 55 years. Employees work a straight eight hour day, six days a week, with one hour lunch breaks and no coffee stops. Depending on place of employment, one retires at age 55 or 65. The assembly begins on a continual conveyor belt which moves at the rate of a slow walk. Each additional larger piece is added to the frame by overhead hydraulic machines that fit the heavier pieces into place. The worker is on the wide conveyor belt ready and waiting to screw the bolts or place a wire which is his spe- cific job. There is no time to stop, no time to talk, and no music to break the monotony of the routine. One Crown biggest of the Toyota models is completed every three minutes. Crazy Capers' One of the smaller models is finished every two minutes ready for gas, oil, and to be dri- ven to a testing area for safety appraisals. Seventeen full time guides, girls graduated from high school, are employed sole- ly to guide visitors around the different buildings. Tourism is becoming big bus- iness in Japan. Tourist buses are extremely modern, air-con- ditioned and have public ad- dress systems that tour guides and girls constantly use. These buses are in full use all year round. The weather in the winter months can drop down to freezing while the humidity is high. Yet not one of these buses has a defrost system an ut- ter nece s s i t y for Albertans. Here is another delightful par- adox. Japan has very efficient motorized air-conditioned buses without defrost systems, some- thing their cars for export pos- sess. Wherever we went the girls who were the assistants to the drivers, continually took soft cloths to wipe condensation off the front and side windows and the front door of the bus so that the driver could see clearly. Each driver's assistant, necessary by law in Japan, also carried out the job of watching the traffic for the. driver when the buses rounded corners. The streets are so narrow and traf- fic so dense, that the girls must open the doors and look for the traffic while the driver is turn- ing the bus. When the vehicle is backing up these girls leave the bus, go to the B a c k area and blow little whistles "tweet tweet" fashion a steady blow means trouble! Wherever you are in Japan and you hear this tweet tweet you know there is a bus close at hand backing up. Whether you like to consider the serious or the lighter side of Japan's industrial expansion you cannot help but admire the results produced by these peo- ple who now are leaders in many of the world markets. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Hon. Arthur Meighcn has been summoned by tire gov- ernor-general to form a minis- try to succeed Sir Robert Bor- den. 1930 An increase of names are c.n the voters list for the coming federal election June 28 in the local consti- tuency. The list contains as against in 1910 All firearms and am- munition in possession of aliens have to bs handed in' to city police by July 10, failing which prosecutions will follow. i 850 A new outbreak of polio was reported across the United States. The number of cases repartee! so far this year- is higher ths'n the same period last year, when there was an all-time high of cases. A new record was set at the Lethbridge and District' Exhibition as perfect weather drew a crowd of admis- sions for the opening day. I didn't know your husband 'was interested politics. The Letlikidge Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sccoml Class Mail Registration Number 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newroapw Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Manascr JOE BALM WILLIAM HAY Manacinc Editor Associalc Editor KOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKE1 Advertising Manager Editorial I'tM Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;