Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 7, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
CANADIAN LUMBER CAMP IN ENGLAND A MODEL OF EFFICIENCY AND ORDER Toronto Girl Visits the Canadian Forestry Corps at Their Rapley Lake Camp. SOON BE ALL BUT SELF-SUPPORTING Connaughts are Frequent Visitors �-German Prison Camps Close By. arc By A OK LB M. GIANKLLI. LONDON, Juno 7. CANADIANS abroad and Canadians nt homo are aallke equally fnmiliar with tlio names of tho large camps where our men aro In training In Kngland-Shorneliffe, Brnmshott, Witley, Seaford, etc. Theso places are essentially Canadian entities, just ns In London thero are certain places wliero one is sure to welcome, friends. Tlio Bank of Montreal in Waterloo Place has a comliiual stream of "Canndas" pouring through its doors; the Royal Major McDonald O. ''. at Jin ploy Lake Forestry Camp, who rejoices in the nickname of "For Hom,'' and "Bonnie Jean," tho Ina.-'i-ot oC the camp. Overseas Club Is a popular meeting-place; or strolling down tho Strand and Regent street no one is ever In Hie least sun-prised if suddenly confronted by the longest-lost friend. Rut everybody does not realize that In many secluded corners of Great Ri-lt-iln (and it is a continual source-of � :-,iii-rment to one from a country of � �: -spaces how a tiny island can al .d in such) our soldiers are lm.jii;,- at work. It is tho Invasion of the Forestry Corps upon the quiet calm of sleepy little villages or the majestic exelusivcness of noble forests; but better this than tho invasion of tho Hun, which our woodsmen are laboring to prevent. Until recently forestry battalions have been sent over from Canada with full complement. Lately these battalions have been broken up and a forestry corps has been established � .-oinprlslng sixty-three companies of from two to three hundred in each- nearly 20,000 . In all-and the woodland glades and cool, green depths of tho forests of England, Scotland nnd Wales aro resounding with tho ring of Canadian axe and the buzzing of Canadian saw, R was in tho seclusion of tho Crown lanils in Berkshire that we came upon a typical scene. After a bracing walk of four miles through n rolling country of verdant bracken nnd refreshing pine woods tlio hum of a lumber camp bespoke the intrusion of industry. Great piles of sawn wood reared In front of us, very useful and important-looking, If crude, nnd an enormous mound of sawdust glittered golden In tho sun, very like lomo huge cornmoal pudding In tho making. (What ono doesn't know about cornmoal and all other kinds of meal theso flour-saving days is uol worth knowing.) bluebells, like aome delicate ribbon winding between glassy follago to-the tiny lake which, nestling In n. hollow, twinkled and sparkled in tho sunshine. It was startling to be confronted shortly by a man, rifle In hand, stepping from tho cover, but he proved to bo a "keeper,"' and rejoicing to meet a spoclmen which belongs essentially to English country life, we plied him with questions and learnt that tho rifle was to shoot, not trespassers, but vermin--that is, tho rats and weasels which ruin the pheasants' nests with which tho woods are now full. And then, there lay the camp In a clearing, a cluster of huts, the model of efficiency and orderliness. From the officers' quarters, festive with a flower garden, came Major Neil McDonald, tho O.C. of the camp and the well-known mining engineer familiarly called "Foghorn" by his many friends owing to a sonorous voice. "Foghorn" McDonald is characteristically a son of the Dominion, known from Atlantic to Pacific coast - his broadness of mind, tho simplicity of a big man engendered by a life Intimate with nature and ono who Interprets lifo at a very true valuation-ho welcomes and Is welcomed allko by royalty or lumberjack. The men's quarters wero first Inspected and 1 havo never seen a moro spotless meaa. Scrupulously clean tables ornamented with bowls of flowers, boxes of geraniums In tho windows, tho sergeants' mess sported fresh oilcloth on the tables, and tho washrooms were equipped with a piping system of hot as well as cold water. Cut 40,000 Feet a Day t*\\T B cut 40,000 feet of lumber a W day," said the major. "And tho only difficulty I havo with the men Is to make thorn, understand not to waste tho Bmejieat bit of wood. In Canada theg hava sot had to consider wood as precious. Now, over hero wo must take caro of every twig." The thrift of tho camp is commendable. In a kitchen garden lor tho officers' uso are growing beautifully peas, radishes, cabbages, beans, and real corn-a novelty here, but tho entire camp will soon bo self-supporting, for there aro 24 surrounding acroB under cultivation, Including eight acres of the precious potato. "Como and see my pigs." So we wore led off to the farmyard, and, like tamo pets, tho swankiest, cleanest, and pinkiest pigs obediently camo up to have their backs scratched, eyeing with disfavor a donkoy, "Bonnie Jean," tho camp mascot, who had followed us closely. "Tho finest stablog in the country," quoth tho major when wo were going through tho largo building with a raised floor. "You'll notice tho double row of stalls running on cither side and the feed is kept In the middlo to prevent wasto while carrying it around." And the 52 horses looked their appreciation. Strangely enough tho Government won't allow any cows to bo kept. Tho Y.M.C.A. was next Inspected, gay with buntfhs and flags, and it boasts of tho name of "Tho Princess Patricia Recreation Room." Tlio enmp l;j Just on tho outskirts of llagshot Park, tho Connaughts' country place, and tho Duko and Prhiccss Patricia aro frequent visitors. Princess Patricia loves to use Canadian mannerisms which endears her to all. and tho other day when over at tho camp with Prince Arthur of Connaught, tho sky suddenly becoming dark, she looked up and said: "It's going to rain; wo must beat It for homo." When Major McDonald told mo ho chuckled loudly. Tho Connaughts have been very good to him, inviting him frequently to luncheon, and it was typical of him to hear the Duke refer to tho late Duchess as "tho poor soul." Hugo motor lorries carry tho lumber to tho railway station, nnd, our visit over, it was upon ono of theso wo climbed, thankful for a lift on tho homeward way aud enjoying tho novelty of tho conveyance. Rut U10 interest of the morning was not to end bore. Some miles off wo came upon a batch of German prisoners being escorted nlong the road by an Mined guard oh the way to work in tho fields. It was my first sight of captured Huns who had actually been killing our men, although the sight of interned aliens is common enough. They were arrayed in grey uniforms and their caps had red bands. Contented enough they seemed, even smiling, and well they might, but our eyes glared and our blood boiled! Hearing that an officers' prison camp was not far distant, I drove by there tho next day. What a contrast to tho treatment meted out to our men confined in Germany! in a sunny field surrounded by tho most glorious bit of open country and adjoining tho lawns of tho fino spacious manor house, wherein they slept, wore about 25 of these officers playing rugby. Guards were on sentry duty, of course, but we begrudged them oven the sunshine of which they havo robbed Bo many of our men! WOMAN SHAMED NEW YORK POLICE Mrs. Humiston, Who Did Sensational Work in the Ruth Cruger Murder Case. A FINE INVESTIGATOR Yet She Is Very Womanly and Prefers Home to a Career. CANADIAN FISH PRICES HIGH BECAUSE THREE-FOURTHS OF CATCH EXPORTED Dealers Explain Why They are Charging Public More for Fish of All Kinds. MUCH IS SHIPPED TO ENGLAND NOW UP In a threo-room office on tho tenth floor of tho big building at Madison avenuo and Forty-second street, Now York, Mrs. Mary Oraco Humiston, who solved the1 Cruger mystery and is tho power bo- ] hind an investigation that may make over tho Now York Police Department, said "Excuse me" to tho reporter, reached for tho Jangling telephone, and continued as follows: "Yes, this is Grace-that you, mother? Tut, tut, I am not overworking myself. No, really I'm not. . . . Oh, mother, do you mind tucking away my grey dresE; It's on the chair nearest the dresser, and will you see-that the plants are watered? . . ." It was like dropping in at Baker street and having Holmes throw the pipe, tho violin, and tho hypodermic out of tho window and begin to discuss how many strawberries make a shortcake. Frankly, so far as appearances go, Mrs. Humiston Is badly miscast in tho role of sleuth extraordinary, or as the program might say -"Mrs. Sherlock Holmes." There was Kron-Kron the detective who dug with dogged persistence in the Cocchl cellar; Hungarian, dark and saturnine. Kron helped the picture. There was Morley, embryo lawyer and confidential clerk, suave and smiling, the office man of the Humiston organization. And there was tho motley crowd of "clients," about forty, all come to toll the "lady" what they knew about vanished girls. Somohow everyone seemed In the proper place, except the black-eyed, black-haired woman In the purple silk dres3, who nervously arranged tho roses on ber desk and answered questions in a voice that was hesitant and low. Possibly her nervousness under verbal firo was an evidence of the "home-is-the-placc-for-girls" train ing which sho had received In tho household of her fatbpr, Adonlram Judson Winterton, 'old! New York merchant and lay worker in Baptist affairs, who lived In Greenwich vil lagc when It really was a "village" of slumbrous homes and nodding streets. A Clever Investigator YET it is difficult to associate extreme dlffidenco with the Hunter College graduate, '88, who decided to support herself after sho had obtained her degree. Up at the Collegiate School, West End avenuo and Seventy-seventh street, there's a record which proves that Mrs. Humiston onco taught there. It did not take long for the teacher to find that the law had attractions Deny Existence of American Fish Trust in Canada - Transportation Difficulties. ON all sides people are advised to eat more fish, in order to conserve other foodstuffs which cost much more to produce and which are very far from as plentiful. But those who eeek to comply with this advice conceive, as we have reason to know, from correspondence, which reaches this paper, that tho prices asked for fish in Toronto aro altogether unreasonable. This week the following retail prices per lb., have been ruling In the city: Fresh sea salmon........... 32c Halibut ....................� 25c Fresh cod.................. 20c Whltoflsh.................. 17c Trout...................... 17c Fresh haddock.............. 1-lc Finnan, haddio ............. 15c Fillets of haddle........... 20c Now, theso prices aro considerably higher than those which used to ob tain in Toronto in the days before the war. Why tho Increase? Is it due, as many people believe, to any American fish trust practically controlling Can adlai fisheries and selling us our own fish? The Btar Weekly put thl: latter question to aome of the larges wholesalers In the city. They scouted the Idea as fantastic and absurd "Nothing to it." "Another mare's nest." Such were aome of tho responses called forth by tho suggestion. "When you speak of the high price of fish," said one wholesaler, "I would like to point out to you that, of all articles of food, the price of fish has advanced a good deal the least. Meat At Camp Headquarters camp?" wo Inquired of a hefty Individual, and all smiles, but few words, tho French-Canadian pointed �vaguoly, "About wan mllo on ze roirrt." Desiring moro accurate Information we wero directed by ono leisurely puffing at a pipe (ho came from Lindsay and takes lifo less seriously). "I'm not from Toronto, but Lindsay bo'n't so far off, Miss, and my old battalion's- the. original 'Chnrliei Chnplins,' that's what the old Klsti be." . ' '' Ho guliied"by; our majl from,home we stiii-jad �fj* for Efoplcpr ,I^iko^-tho hciHlquiorters ,of tlie 'eiimp,*ifljh;ere wej wore to bo "shown' *� jlghffl"' bygj ; Major Neil McDonald. Tho piitli 'to Rapley Lake was a thins: !Dfi.beattvy.;i| massive bushes, tree-high, of rhododendrons glowing with soft mauve ntul deep purple blooms In liiMirlnnt profusion formed thick walls on either Hide, the air swoot with tho perfume of may nnd limo trees, and tho path itself wus misty blue with u. carpet of. ;, Fine Feathers Make Fine Toques for Next Fall JF It is true that fine feathers njake flno birds, it K >H� west pbvionsly true that file feathers ,ni!>ke flno toques. For here Is a toque that pleases the niont critiml of tastes', and Is as clile a bonnet, as can bo Imagined. The principal reason for Its exquisite beauty and delightfnlness lies in the fine feathers. It Is a poor mnxlm that won't work any way you want it to. Tho toque is bound to ho one &�. the most favored during the corning fall season, An American Military Bonnet fpJHIB smart bonnet is one of tho very newest our lA' American cousins are weaving now that they � have got into the war. The touch of the military is soon in everything wearable, but nothing can equal tho distinct martial air that surrounds this straw "helmet." A broad peak shields milaUl .ftoin tho burning sun. The red star embroidered on the white 'straw commands' attention nnd declares oho a loyal patriot. Tho crown Is raised high In front, suggesting tho officer. The idea is further carried out by tho chin Htrnp which secures tho bonnet and keeps It at just the right angle, r~-....... has advanced in price from 70 to 100 ci- cent, since the start of war. Fish on the other hand, has not, on tho average, increased mora than 35 per cent, in price. In every business tho expenses havo gono up recently. Wages are higher, taxes arc heavier, feed for horses is dearer, and we nro clng charged 00c. and $1.00 each for boxes homing 150 lbs of fish, which wo used to buy for 50c each. As ro-gards wages hi tho fish trade, at th- coast around Vancouver, theso have been increased 100 per cent, since the war began. An Unlucky Combination ��r) UT, putting this on ono side, tho O increase, in tho price of fish Is largely due to an unfortunate combln-of other circumstances. This year tho season was a month lato in starting, because of tho unfavorable weather. Tho stocks of fish in hand had become depleted, and tho prices had consequently gono high, by tho timo the season started. However, fish i.i not likely to get any dearer than it is now-on tho contrary, I look to see it a good deal cheaper. "Then the war has had a good deal to do with the increased price of fish In ether ways as well ns by reason of the increase in running expenses. A I tremendous lot ot fish Is being exported to the Old Country. Tills used not to bo the case, as, of course, In an ordinary way they catch an enormous lot of fish there. But they aren't catching much now. Honco a good market for Canadian fish has opened up there. Naturally if moro la exported, that remaining for homo consumption Is less, and the prlco consiiquently highor. "Further, there is a larger demand on our home-caught fish by reason of tho fact that nono is now being imported from Norway and Sweden, which countries used to send qulta a lot of fish to Canada. 1 "Again, there can be no doubt that the exports of fish to tho United States are on tho increase. Bettor prices arc given on tho American side. From Winnipeg and Selkirk fi3h is shipped to Chicago or Cleveland in lots of several carloads at a time. That, however. Is a very different thing from the existence of any 'American fish trust.' My firm ship3 lots of fish to tho United States, hut ws never buy a fish from there, except a few fancy kinds of fish. The Americans got tho fish because they are willing to pay the prices. If exportation were stopped, most of tho men In tho Canadian fish trade would quit it to-morrow. I should say that at least three-quarters of tho fish caught in Canadian waters is exported, either to the Old Country, or to the United Statos, or elsewhere. Some Other Difficulties HEN we are up against tho transportation difficulty. Transportation to Toronto is difficult and expensive. Some of the stuff that I buy comes 800 to 900 miles by rail, and its transportation wJU cost mo three and a half cents a pound. "Again, peoplo won't buy tho different kinds of fish In thoir proper seasons. For example, whitefish is very plentiful just now. But do you think tho peoplo are asking for it? No, they are asking for trout. Consequently tho prlco of trout is kept higher than It would otherwise be. Thero is a special reason to account for the price of halibut-I admit that a retail price of 25 cents seems altogether outrageous. But tho fact Is that halibut now has to bo got largely from Alaska, and It costs more to bring It from there than it did from around Vancouver proper, where we used to get it. But the halibut around Vancouver has become depleted, and it now has to be brought from farther afield. The truth is, the prices of halibut ought to have been properly regulated long ago. At ono time, It was too cheap, and now it Is much too dear. "Herrings, too, are much dearer than usual. The lateness of the season, however, is accountable for that. The water kept cold so lata that the fish did not spawn. However, next, winter the price of herrings will be low. In fact, generally, prices aro going to be quite a bit easier." for her which educational work had not, and so when tho 1904 class of tho New York Kvenlng Law School went forth, Mrs. Humiston ranked seventh. A clerkship with tho Legal Aid Society and admittance to tho bar In 1905 were the next steps taken, and then followed tho establishment of the People's L�w Firm-a sort of 5 and 10 cent affair where the law, In defiance of all approTed methods, was made to fit the client's purse. Occasionally persons wonld drop In to Bee Mrs. Humiston and tell her about relatives or friends who had disappeared. She began to be Interested in Hitch cases, and when a surprisingly largo number wero reported in the South, Mrs. Humiston was retained to go down thero and discover the reasons why. It did not take her long to ascertain that the turpentine camps1 of the South, being in great need of laborers, had agents in the big cities to persuade persons to help with the sap buckets. It,,appeared that, onco a chap got down thero ho generally stayed-chained, If necessary. S. S. McClure heard about Mrs. Humiston's investigations, and offered to finance her on a trip through all of the camps. She accepted, and, disguised, penetrated many places. After a year of wandering from camp to camp, Mrs. Humiston wont to Washington. Attorney-General Bonaparte appointed her an assistant on his staff that her findings might bear an official stamp. When her work was finished, peonage in the South had been done away with, and to tho young lawyer went full credit. Two years later Mrs. Humiston traveled extensively. Home Above Career IT wa3 while she was in Limn, the capital of Peru, that tho lawyer-investigator married Howard Humiston, with whom she had been associated in tho People's Law Firm back In New York. Established In tho homo life, which sho considers "the greatest, dearest, thing in tho world," Mrs. Humiston abruptly retired from a "career." It required the sad cases of Mrs. Antoinette Tola, Italian woman condemned to death In tho spring of last year for murder of her husband, to lure her back into professional life. .' A reprieve, then a pardon for Mrs. Tola were obtained through hard work, and the successful outcome of this case brought to her attention the case of Gonnaro Mastzelia, who was InOthe death house" at Sing Sing.-She secured the acquittal of Mazzella. Wealthy persons who were convinced that Charles stlelow w�* not guilty asked her to take his case. Though twloo threatened with death sho fought step by stop against political power and keen legal adversaries, and on the morning of Dec. 4 last, Governor Whitman commuted Stielow's sentence to life imprisonment. From that date until April 9, Mis. Humiston was "happy"-she was back in her home. Although the newspapers between February and April were full -of tho story about Ruth Cruger, Mrs. Hum-Iston wag. not professionally interested, Minnie Dupree Minnie Dupree Inspired War Work Among Actresses The Stage Woman's War Relief Society of New York Is Largely the Result of the Sacrifice of Miss Dupree in Giving Up Stage for Patriotic Work. Sly RAGGS. TTTTC Stage Women's War Society pursues the enthuslatic tenor of its way at 36G Fifth avenuo, New York. The motto printed In red, white and bluo on tha stationery of these lady actors Is "Serve or Pay"; but their slogan is "Keep Up With Minnie Dupree!" Torontoninns remember this little star of tho American stage as the heroine of "The Roud To, Yesterday," played several years ago at the Royal Alexandra Theatre. Although the theatrical women today adjure each other to "Keep up with Minnie Dupree," perhaps the fact of the matter is that, through her noble love or humanity, Miss Dupree is leading them back on that Road to Yesterday that leads from the City of Art to the Land of Womanly Service. Before the war she was a pacifist! But when war broke out I heard her dcclaro to a one-time fellow-pacifist that "to remain neutral now would be to bo like a man who stayed quietly in tho house with his gun behind ^he door, while a mad dog ran amuck In tha street." Soon after war broke out Miss Du-preo begain to^ "do her bit" in Red Cross work, and last summer she told mo that sho was going to give up her stage work, for this season at least, to devote every day and all day to Red Cross activities. I doubted if she would have the courage to stick to her resolution, but when I was in New York in February I found that she was doing more work than ten aver-ago American women, and incidentally fitting herself to, Instruct other women in First Aid, and was already conducting classes in the making of surgical dressings, and primarily through Miss Dupreo's example of self-dental, a few women of the stage recently determined to organize a theatrical society for relief work, and they called it the Stage Women's War Relief Society.' ' The committee is Interesting for Its prominent name. The national chair, man is Rachel Crothors, author of "Old Lady Thirty-One" (now running to capacity business In New York), and many other plays. Dorothy Don- J nelly, tho emotional actress, is chair- i man of workrooms. Tho chairman of traveling companies is Alice Kauser, the most brilliant play broker In New York. Jessie Ronstcilo is chairman of stock companies. She Is known for her many companies in various cities of the United States- and Canada, known as "The .lossle Bonstollo Players." she is also manager, c-f the who is the leader In the war work of New York stage people. She was hard at work long before the United States entered the war, only municipal theatre In America. Mrs. Henry B. Harris, who owns and manages the Harris Theatre is chairman of collecting clothes and shoes, and has given two rooms in the theatre building for sorting and tha services of two women to sort and pack. Articles unsuitable tor Bel-glum are sold and the proceeds pay for new materials. Henry B. Harris was drowned In the Luiltanla disaster. Minnie Dupree Is officially known aa chairman of surgical dressings, but her co-workers say that she la something between an official Inspiration and Simon Legreet The secretary is Mary Kirkpatrick, a clever young piny broker; and the treasuer is -Louisa Drew, a clove* actress and daughter of John DraVJk On April 30, only, ten, days sits* the forming of the S.W.WR., tha tlrst' box of surgical dressing was shlpjped to France-a box which repreaanted the untiring work of hundreds .of actresses, playing in New York, and , the few who are giving all their time to the work. Miss Dupree announced that weekly shipments must be made. The knitting department la busy with Balaclava caps, abdominal belts, socks, etc. The department received a visit from Frank Keenan-star of many Belasco productions'- the'other day. He positively staggered up the steps from his car, laden down with an enormous quantity of woolr-a donation to the B.W.W.R. \ | 'i "l '.