Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 7, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta
DR. ROBT. BELL MADE THE MAPS OF OURFARNORTH Explorers Who Travel to Little-Known Regions of Canada Use the Maps Made by Notable Government Surveyor Who Recently Died-He Was Born in Toronto. SURVEYORS, North Country old-timers, Hudson liny facers,' geologists, mining engineers,, nnd the fraternity of the Long Trull, generally heard with regret mellowed with reminiscence of tho Mouth of Dr. Kobei't Hell, tho old map-maker of tho Canadian nortli, the other day. Most of (hem have been working on the basis laid down hy Dr. IScIl ynara ago. Explorers of our North Country cannot go far before striking tlio trail of Dr. Hell; In fact, they take the old route map lie made thirty or forty years ago as their guide, and what they add to the map Is hy way of exaet detail, rather than revelations from the L'nknown. Suppose you .start out to James Hay, our nearest port on the northern coast. You s� nowadays hy rail as far aa Cochrane, and then east by the Transcontinental a few miles until you reach the Abltlbl. Hy tiio Abillbl you turn north, and by the Abltlbl you reach James Bay. You geologist on the Diana in I SOT. when ho iWpiorpd Baffin's Land and visit -�1 the Groat Lakes in the interior. Dr. Hell was a charter member of the Koyal Society of Canada, founded by the Marquis of Home. He was a delegate to the Internationa! Geologists' convention at: Vienna In 1903, A ABOUT FI Sidelights on Meil and Women, inihe Public Eye w.ih plain Donald Smith, ami always visited Silver Heights when in VVin-nipi'v.. Stories are told of the early surveyors and geologists to show what drivers they were on their long canoe journey?*, and how Ihey gloried in making tin1 canoe men break previous records. It is the policy of the Survey dial the map maker shall sit in ills place In I be middle of tho canoe and confine his own energies to taking notes, and that Is the Ken- New Food Controller jCAPT. GEO. HALL Equipped For the Job! WAS A RARE mi ., w7 t t f ii i r.'"".i .i i .i . h cuiir Canadian Who Has Just Hon. W. J. Hanna Has the Brain, the Heart, and the Capacity | ,b , J anil Canadian correspondent of the j,.,al practice among surveyors. The Royal Geographical Society since itsj|,!lr(| ,vork S "nil reireat ion of out j seemed to lie ur.r.ei at a tile played nn game: hoot no frivolities. He ligent, and yet. peaceful-looking face. .My impression in that his hair was black. if. when he comes here, we find that, it is fair, it simply means vote of 104 to 30, has been admitted | that 1 was thinking of the Zepp. and Into the Toronto Methodist Confer- I was a little mixed in the colors, ence from Great Britain, anil who will j There was a fair-sized rongrcgn-become pastor of Metropolitan : ''"� considering tho abominable i -m i ,,^.,,,i,,. ,' weather and the worse distraction oT Church. The reason, I remembci | tlie destroyed raider. The people idatc, is not primarily because ill his | v.ore a quiet, prosperous, sermon, although'it was a good one. j behaved, Canadian-looking crowd hut because my visit to his church is | r"">' were very evidently Intoi-o.stor] tr>,,__ U seeing their new pastor, but 11 threatening j their broad shoulders and full chests |only of late nervous ,oree sary with liim. s and indulged in "nvadi- liiiv." and did he tali" time in unison and showed the gleam of|' i ni Dr. Robert Bell white teeth under heavy niouslaohois of varying sliades. The four bad boys, numbering from the end, were, first. Sir .Jam"" Whitney; next, the Hon. J. J. Foy: third, the Hon. YV. .1. Ilanna; and. fourth.: the lion. rt. A. Pyne. And it was Sir j James who laughed th" first chuckle, | 'wr'"-i giving the signal for the quartet. Sir. James' laugh was sardonic, ferocious, lion. .1. J. i'oy laughed ! imuse- j incut. Hon. II. A. Tyne laughed me- j T_J|,; ls 1 1 an. Never in a Rut a golfing enthusiast now, I occasionally the has been known to 'impose upon a horse." as a friend of Ills evpri1' his horse-j back exi-t-eise. nut lie never get into ; a nil. and lie did vvlia I so ma nv i would 111:-- to do but to stumble by ', the way - he Kept going ahead all ill ' time. are on one of the water roads of the north, a road followed by Indians, Hudson JJay men, and explorers for centuries, but. mapped first on a real map by Dr. Robert Bell. Tako the Missanable, the favorite route from Lake .Superior In the old days for those bound for Moose Factory. It was traveled a long ..time be-) fore'It hartUny re&t''mtifir" df � Jts'elf''on ' file at Ottawa. And the first map was made by Dr. Robert Bell. The same Is true of the Mnttngami, the Kenogami, the Niplgon, the Albany, tho 'Winnipeg, and the English rivers-they were all mapped for the first time according to scald by Dr. Graham Bell. Charted Our Wilderneis FEW men have seen so much of the Canadian wilderness in their time as this same industrious map-maker of the Geological Survey. Northern Ontario, Northern Quebec, Northern Manitoba, Hudson Bay, Northern Saskatchewan, Northern Alberta, and Prince Rupert Land �were traveled, charted and noted by Hell, and his maps aro part of the equipment of all the later explorers and surveyors to the present tiny. When ln'1900 Premier Ross and his Government undertook to probe the j depths of ,Now Ontario, ten parties �were despatched by canoe, striking Into the north at ^ten different points and heading lor James Bay by different converging routes extending from the Abitlbl on the cast to the Albany on the west. Knch of these parties used maps made by Dr, Bell, who had traveled and reported on these ten canoe routes thirty or forty years before them. And good, useful maps they were. "I traveled down tho Athabasca with Dr. Bell's map and a..more recent map nuido by a surveyor," said Dr. .T. B. Tyrrell, who knew tho lale Dr. Bcil well. "Bell's map was made by him sitting In tho canoe jilotting and notint down the salient features of tho landscape on the fly, as fast as his canoe could 'go down tho river. The surveyor's map.was all duly.measured out mid drawn carefully to scale.' And of the two I found Bell's niiip the more accurate. He accentuated tho more salient features, and tliey wore more easily recognized as you traveled over the route than tho other'one, which was filled with do-tail. Bell estimated distances with his eye, chocking llicm by the- speed of tlie canoe and the time it-took to reach the different points in view. Jle had a good eye for tho salient features, and he was u mighty, good judge'of distances." ; Bo|l started In (ho Canadian Geological 'Survey in hln teens. He Was burn, In Toronto but educated in eastern 'Ontario and McCilll University, Montreal. Served 51 Years HJB;; carno of Scotch parentage. Jills brothers also had a sclen-tiflegend, John 'Bell being a professor Vpf natural science at Queen'H University. Enlering Wis Oeoloilcti lioiijjhnK'iit ln"\i hoiijfcul, sflSyta, In thj service, j'o>IHiigB'in' -fiffllf' Actljid Director and Chief Geologist of ttyfei'Ciomdlnn Geoligical Survey, ln.lSH'l lie was the geologist on board.-the Neptune, under Commander Gordon, sent by the Canadian Onvcinnmont to' explore Hudson Bay, and also on tho Alert despatched on Inextricably mixed up in my mind | t>fmU, n,ao H,, thp,. Rnzfi fmUnK 01|t,(n pnsv.Boinp, good-nature 1 with the bringing down ol the tirst : ,r tll(, wjndow3, too, thinking of' Zcpp destroyed in Grviit Britain. ' something outside even more un-i , . ,, , ,,,.�,,,,t. .....n,,T It waa in the middle, of the night-' ;e,a. i; Mineiiais and '''' 'I'fHcnlty. lieu came lie but. he had a way of pounding home , long and trying winter in the his points that makes even his op- trenches, followed by the "P.ig Push" position almost believe them. . J which began with the memorable far out in the country suburban dls- j ^'l0 , JTT'r.ft,1r }?, 'V'toye seeing that the whole continent of America tricts, and advised us to wait until morning. I must have fallen asleeji about five o'clock, and did not wake until after nine. After a hurried dressing, but a substantial breakfast was a far-off green field to them, was a place of luxurious growth and great natural beauty. Well, the whole Southern continent had been devastated by earthquakes mid volcano*, and to-day's rich and joyous (there were no food restrictions at! harvests were the results, of the ter-that time), 1 hailed a taxieab, and j lo,'s nml agonies of the past, started off for (he wreck. Neither the1 After the service the rain driver nor anyone else seemed to know where to go, except. Ihat the general direction was north; so north we went. A Real Toronto Rain IN about, ten minutes it began to rain, not a quiet London mist, but a tropically Toronto deluge. Driving through it was like sailing on an ocean, which had become confused with the sky. As we swished lalior-ingly along, I colild spe by the taximeter that we hud gone a;long way from the Strand. You can travel far for three shillings; we ha'd already gone six, seven, eight shillings. And still no Kepp; still interminable London. Just as . Ihe nine-shilling mark appeared, the rain' seemed to lose all control of itself, and what had been merely a deluge became whatever is the superlative fan?' of i that term- We were driving along a pleasant residential street, lined with beautiful trees, like an avenue in a good district in Toronto. In fact, it looked more like home than anything I saw in London. Through the torrents, 1 caught a glimpse .of.a, church, in the midst of green grass and flowers. Since there was still no sign of th� Zepp., and since you rouHf eefe nothing, however exciting it might be, while the flood lasted, 1 called to the driver, paid my nine shillings and a lip, got out of the taxieab, and rushed madly to the church. The service had commenced, but, ns always in such cases, 1 was in time for the collection and the hymn before the sermon. It was n very neat church, ngnbi very much like a typical Toronto church of the better grade. It. had a neat, .homely look about 11, and under ItH shelter, .the size and confusion of the world's metropolis faded away, and It was as if one were in Toronto again, perhaps at. the Sherbourno Street Methodist. I looked' af the service'paper, and saw that it was Holly Park Methodist Church, High-gate. I also noticed that this was tlie first service to lie taken by .the new iiasto'r,'whiise name was Trevor Davies.'1 He hart 'arrived 'only''a' fc\iI Company in Canada had recognized Ihat a big lawyer had developed in Sar-nia. Perhaps it !,s wicked to say Standard. At any rat" Mr. Hanna became general counsel for the Imperial Oil Company, and later Director of the International Pol role u in Comnany. When Sir .Tames Whitney died Mr. Ilanna was the logical successor for the premiership, most people said. Rut Mr. Hanna didn't want it. lie had developed a big hear! interest In a phase of his work as Provincial Secretary. On Hie train one day. going home to Sarnia. a Toronto newspaper man sat down beside him in his seat and spoke of the great plan Mr. Ilanna had put under way for the reclamation of men who had done wrong, men who had broken the laws and been sent to prison. Prison Farm Achievement leal genius figured out to mean restocking of the waters. llansui'U, a however, substituted the word "enormously" for the phrase, and that fixed it. It was Mr. Francis MeCrea. of Sherbrooko, who the other day, In speaking of certain horses, referred to them as "pieces of furni- pieces of goods," his evident first impulse being to say "furniture," and his correction not much of an improvement. Even the oldest Parliamentarians stumble. Hon. George P. Graham Is credited with remarking: "Lot us be gin 'do novo,' as they say in Quebec." He also spoke of "drying up the bowels, of compassion." -But,: for 'a' "bodily" metaphor Mr. Frank B. Cliryell's takes the. coke. Ho told the House one day that he did not wish to "rehash old aorcu."