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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 6, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDQE July Roblin's solution for Tories in Quebec By Maurice Herald Ottawa commentator The campaign 3 Compromises needed More important than inflation or hous- ing or to the future of is an issue which has been seldom mentioned in this campaign. It is no less than the preservation of the Cana- dian the strengthening or weaken- ing of confederation. Mr. Stanfield rightly said a few days ago that Canada would be Quebec if his party made substantial gains in Quebec. It is not good that any important segment of the country be represented in Parliament almost ex- clusively by one party. It is not good that the Liberals should have nearly all of the seats in French Canada. And by the same token it is not good that a major party should have almost no representation in the West. How can the Conservatives claim to be a national party when they have no strength in Or the in the How can Canada be held together when the only two parties in a position to become the government are frozen out of such important regions as Quebec and the Any effective Canadian government must come from compromises by the people. Canada's differing regions and different different cultures and different can make a na- tion only through concessions to each other. That attitude is missing in this election. In earlier times Canadians conceded almost everything to the national interest. No sacrifice was too great for Canada when Canadians were at war. But in a time of and affluence Canadians are willing at their country tear itself apart to preserve the integrity of their selfish and often bigoted prejudices and What is missing in this as in the last is a call to to to compromise in the common and the national good. OTTAWA In a recent television interview Duff who is now engaged at Peterborough in one of the country's more interesting individual offered an interesting comment on his party's perennial problem in the province of Quebec. '.'I'll give you my and its only a and it's mine and it's only so you'll have to judge it on that basis. But I think that the first step that needs to be taken is. to create a provincial Progressive Conservative party in the province of Quebec. We haven't got one at the present we haven't had one for but it seems to me that is the first step to because people in Quebec are very interested in- deed in the provincial level of sometimes even more so than in the and it seems to me that until our parly is able to establish an intelligent'presence as a provincial we've got one hand tied behind our back when we come to the federal In the Roblin view is shared by a good many Quebec Conservatives and has been for a long time. It is a reasonable enough theory but it never seems to be translated into reality. The obstacle of many existence of the Union now been re- moved but there are still no signs of provincial presumably because the Con- servatives have felt compell- ed to concentrate their scarce resources in the federal field. If the doors to Quebec had not been barred and Robert Stanfield would have won easily in 1972. But this was not an unusual experience for a Conservative leader. A Quebec shut-out or something very close to it has been more or less normal since the First World War. A spectator sport Federal elections have been called one of Canada's best established spectator sports. Since there have been six of them in 12 years this is an apt analogy. Cer- tainly they have come oftener than the Winter Games. like football and other major most of the colorful action occurs in metropolitan where fringe groups have enough strength to field candidates whose garb or behavior or outrageous proposals inevitably attract attention. This year for the first time the Com- munists and the Marxist Leninist party are their candidates do not have to run as independents. The Moscow oriented Communists have 69 candidates on the ballot and their Maoist the Marxist whose Toronto head- quarters are filled with Chinese have fielded 107. This number cost them in filing fees leading a member of another leftist group to wonder aloud where they got the money. Other leftist oriented parties include the Ontario Waffle which seceded from the NDP and has entries in three and the North American Labor Party whose platform contains only one plank an effort to save the world from Nelson Rockefeller. On the right the para neo- Nazi Western Guard has two candidates in Toronto ridings. The Libertarian Par- ty has a respectable 24 candidates runn- ing six of them in Alberta. They claim to be realists in expecting to pick up only two or three seats but most observers on the basis of this label them as wild optimists. It is highly unlikely that any of the out- er fringe candidates will win a even WEEKEND MEDITATION though some points of their party programs coincide with planks of major party platforms. Government interven- tion in the economy causes say the Libertarians. This charge is fre- quently in varying from the lips of major party candidates. The Marxist Leninists want a completely self-sufficient economy. too. is an often-voiced political goal. The main function of fringe parties besides providing color for spectators is as a safety offering avenues for the articulation of ideas which are not accepted by the majority of the people or by the major parties but which should be aired and argued lest they explode un- derground. They would not be flattered by the thought that they all serve as devil's advocates but this is in fact the service they perform in a democratic society. This year CBC parcelled out free time to all the major political parties for cam- paign purposes. When it was learned that the rival Communist and Marxist Leninist groups both qualified as official political parties because they had put up more than 65 candidates they were found to be entitled to GVz minutes on the TV networks. This no doubt alarmed many but it should really be look- ed on as a sign of democratic maturity and a recognition that ideas and parties should be tested at the polls. As one political commentator put society able to hand over a national audience and about at equivalent commercial rates to political parties dedicated to the destruction of that socie- ty is healthy enough not to be and healthy enough also to distinguish between soapflakes and heaven it's normal procedure or I would have felt there was something wrong about Nixon-Brezhnev failed main objective By William New York Times commentator MOSCOW The central fact of the third Nixon- Brezhnev summit is that the two leaders tried and failed to establish a momentum that was intended to make it impossible for their successors to change the direction of their policies. The magic word in all Communist rhetoric these days is Today's joint communique speaks redundantly of imperative necessity of making the process of improving U.S.-Soviet relations Both leaders envisage the snowballing of the peace- LETTER making process as the only way to influence the men who will come after them. To this bandwagon effect of are Nixon's protestations to the contrary notwithstanding. More to the point is the creation of what the president calls positive stake in a web of mutually profitable enterprises that a renewal of tensions would jeo- pardize. In relentlessly weaving that the president aims to protect his successor from the need to pander to the isolationist impulses that periodically Liberal minority likely The wisdom of Solon When Athenian-economy was in chaos and the country on the verge of civil war because of oppression and injustice of the rich over the Solon the Lawgiver in 594 B.C. transformed the whole situation with a series of statesmanlike reforms. He initiated a form of limited improved the methods of developed an export trade especially in olive brought in skilled artisans from other established a jury and stopped the enslavement from debt. This took too much courage and he of bitterly criticized. as Solon stood with a mighty shield in front of both classes and suffered neither of them to prevail unjustly. Later he would be regarded with the same reverence the Jews accorded Moses. In a time of 445 the Romans sent a delegation to study the laws of Solon and laid the basis for their republic. like said many wise things. One of the most unusual laws passed by Solon was in any time of dispute in the the man who refused to take sides should be disfranchised and lose his-rights as a What a difference that would make in Many firms discourage their employees taking sides in politics. Thousands of people do not vote. Only a few take the trouble to be informed on the issues. Many who do hold opinions do not hold informed opinions. Only a small minority of people are good citizens. These are critical days and neutrality is a moral crime. Yet it is the position of most people. The great Jewish prophets regarded the neutral with abhorrence. So Elijah appealed to his long halt you between two If the Lord be follow but if then follow Jesus said the same man can serve two for either he will hate the and love the or else he will hold to the and despise the A wise modern scholar who spoke often at universities used to exhort the ha an aonnotin- Ka An agnostic is a man who arrogantly holds an un- committed believing that truth is not discoverable and that he has no respon- sibility for finding it. He sits in lofty detach- ment free from the sweat and struggle of commitment and involvement. It is very tempting and one can understand how a man can become discouraged in the search for truth. People who are neutral are responsible for much evil. It was a small minority that brought communism to power in Russia. Most people were neutral. It was a small minority that brought Hitler to power in Ger- many. Most people were neutral. Because of the uncommitted and great causes are lost. Sunday is destroyed. Churches are closed. curse ye saith the Lord. Curse ye bitterly the inhabitants because ye came not to the help of the to the help of the Lord against the Lowell has this truth in his poem picturing truth on the scaffold and wrong on the throne. to side with truth is noble when we share her wretched E'er her cause bring fame and profit and 'tis prosperous to be The man who claims to be neutral really is fooling himself. He has to act from certain assumptions. He has to make decisions about life. Will he make them as if God existed or as if God did not His neutrality tips the scale in one way or another. For when Hitler threatened to invade if enough people remained neutral his task would be easy. He could ask nothing better for his cause. So it is in all life. Jesus was crucified because the mass of the population were neutral and indifferent. In this time of crisis every good citizen has opinions and votes for them. Every good man has a church and works for it. 0 give me courage to choose the right and do the right and give me the Intelligence to know what li right. While there are some disad- vantages to minority the net gain in better MP not only in the but to the problems that plague the na- tion far outweigh any negative factors. It is quite likely that the Liberals will be returned again in a minority position with the NDP having the balance of power. This is probably the best compromise because the NDP is strong in the West and the Liberals in the especially in Quebec. Even the prime minister admits that the last government was a good government. The only thing that is needed is a clear man- date from the people. Perhaps then all the sniping and carp- ing about two parties of different philosophy being in bed together will disappear and allow them to get on with the job of governing the The most important issue facing the electorate is the question of who will control this country's economic destiny. the Liberals are generally too slow to react with necessary measures to control and protect the Canadian people's best economic interests because of the party's cor- porate financial dependence. The NDP on the other is seen as reacting too aggressively by many Canadians in curbing cor- porate economic power. Dramatic increases in the cost of living in the last two years coupled with dramatic increases in big corporation nrnfifc in the samp norinri should indicate to thoughtful Canadians that more aggressive action on the part of government is needed NOW. Corporate much of it foreign is now in firm monopoly control over the major areas of our economy from production to final market. If we must face a choice of it makes good sense to select one whose board of directors can be thrown out of office if they misbehave. The other alter- native offers no safety valve whatever because the force of competition has largely been eliminated. Thanks to the Conservative campaign we know exactly what they would control if given the namely wages and salaries. How are they going to freeze dividends or profits for 90 The local candidate complains about the condition of the cat- tle industry but fails to ex- plain why the price to the farmer is low yet the con- sumer price has remained high. There is no sense of jus- tice in freezing wages and prices under these conditions. What is needed is a deter- mined effort to investigate the meat packers under existing anti-combines legislation for possible violation of the laws The Liberal can- didate is busy telling everyone that he is the middleman between the farmer and the consumer and that Canadians never had it so good. The final verdict will rest with the voters. HAL HOFFMAN afflict the American people. Leonid Brezhnev also seeks to reach into the past the present whose members now average 65 years of age. If he were to leave the stage his place would probably be taken by Andrei a capable manager who has followed Brezhnev up the ladder but is hardly a generator of momentum. The general secretary to outlast his contemporaries and to deliver the reins to a man at least 15 one accustomed to the achievement of Communist goals by subtle and patient means. That is why this was a summit concerned mainly with summits to come. Having a summit merely to have a summit seems an odd unless the purpose of both men is taken into account in this to make unbreakable the habit of meeting and meshing. Does this of as one zation happy explicator put make unstoppable the future of Or is there a public opinion requirement that dramatic forums be used only for dramatic A summit is expected to be a mountaintop not a regular gathering at the crest of a Crimean foothill. This like the was a gamble. Nixon did not win on arms he refrained from making an agreement in which American security would have suffered. The trouble with summitry- every-surnmar is that it draws thousands cf diplomats and reporters together in what Churchill called cumbrous and confuses atmosphere with policy. The Soviets see detente as an in which long- term policy can best be conducted. Americans see detente as a and the best hope of the avoidance of war. Four eyes are looking at each but only two eyes meet. Only a month when the president was washing his hands of responsibility for other societies with which we must the chief Soviet Mikhail was boasting of strengthening of those public forces that are destined by history to play a revolutionary role of transforming society on the basis of progress and The other day in while the president was eloquently paying tribute to millions who died at Nazi I walked through the city in which my grandfather dripping those tags and correspondents' credentials that make too many of us look like modern displaced persons. A Soviet youth who spoke some self- taught English sat next to me on a bench with considerable after a while asked me the question that was most on his mind. the visit of the Americans make things better for us here Granted that an American essayist would never be walking alone through Minsk without Nixon's diplomacy. But as we work for processes of constant the Soviets talk detente and resist compromise on the matter of arms talk friendship in prepared toasts and brazenly censor American television reports of dissent in the U.S.S.R. Anything that Soviet propaganda declares to be irreversible is eminently reversible. On our Nixon's noble motive of building a generation of peace cannot bind his successor to the detente-first tolerance that encourages repression. It would be well to remember that the only genuine in this world is the inarticulate but inexorable demand for more human freedom. In 21 the province has returned a Conservative majority only once that miracle having been more or less arranged for John Diefenbaker by the Quebec overlord of the Maurice Duplessis. It is strange and given this that Quebec has also buried some Liberal and on more than one occasion. The usual reasons given for Quebec's estrangement from the Conservatives of the death of Riel and the 1917 conscription crisis. But since the second of these events occurred more than half a century other con- siderations must obviously be of contemporary significance. Presumably a more telling point now is the at- tractiveness of a rival party which has given the country three French Canadian prime ministers. This merely points up the di- lemma which will continue to haunt the Conservatives even if Robert Stanfield achieves the modest gains for which he hopes on Monday. How is the party to compete with the Lib- erals in this field if it cannot develop strong Quebec repre- Mr. who has always displayed goodwill towards the might be well pleased if he could an- ticipate a French Canadian successor. But where is a can- didate of stature to be found if the party must constantly rely- on local dissatisfactions to return a few accidentals tem- porarily to the Parliament at In 1968 Mr. Stanfield tried to revive the party by enlisting various notables headed by Marcel who was well known in business circles but a disaster in politics. In 1972 Claude Wagner attempted to play the role of Quebec lieutenant but only narrowly retained his own seat. Evidently persuaded that.such shortcuts will not the Conservative leader is now leading his own Quebec campaign. By dint of hard Mr. Stanfield has fielded a full slate of candidates but many of them are not well known. How could they be when no training ground now either in the form of the provincial party recommend- ed by Mr. or in the shape of the old Union Even the protest in such is not easily it is likely in many cases to be drawn off by Creditistes whose names are more familiar to the public. Such a situation regret- not conducive to national unity. It means that the second largest cultural group in the country is overwhelmingly identified with one party. To militants of that party east of the Quebec solide may have a reassuring ring. How does it sound to people in other The Liberals at how- have relied rather too much on their rarely shakeable base. In 1957 they dropped only five seats a pair of in- dependent in the province but that was enough to give John Diefenbaker his narrow lead. In 1963 and again in 1965 Lester Pearson had every hope of achieving a majority. In the first the Conser- vatives were visibly declin- 14 to and in the second barely holding their ground. But the province not like the others decided that it had nothing to lose by giving Real Caouette enough seats although only barely enough to upset all the careful calculations. As for the they had one unexampled op- portunity in Quebec after 1958. That was frittered away. The problem remains and the only serious proposed solution for the long term appears to be that aired on television by Mr Roblin. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. DARNETT Business Manager him have HERALD SERVES THE ;