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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TtiE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, July 6, 1972 Maurice Western Delta flooding-NO! When asked at a.recent press con- ference whether American bombs had breached the dikes of the North Vietnamese Red river delta, Presi- dent Nixon merely said that reports of such bombings were "inaccur- ate." Fifteen million people live in the flat-diked areas of the region, if ser- ious bombing look place, tens of thousands of civilians in the Hanoi area would be drowned, the devasta- tion in rural areas would be almost beyond comprehension. Rumors that the delta area has already been a target of U.S. bombs cannot be ignored. The suspicion is bolstered by indistinct news pictures purported to be taken in the area. But the question arises, if the U.S. has adopted a policy of dike-bomb- ing, why has the damage been mini- mal? The new "smart" bombs could destroy the dikes beyond any hope of repair in a few sorties. The explanation may be that if and it's still a veiy big if there have been attacks from the air, they are designed lo inflict only enough damage to force the Norht Vietnamese who have been working to repair damage done to roads and railroads, lo build up the damaged dikes in- stead. Tins would effectively delay repair on vital comnituiications and supply arteries. It is conceivable that any Ameri- can president couid agree lo initia- ting a floor) ol this magnitude, liter- ally drowning hundreds thousands of helpless people and laying waste the earlli for years to come. The Americans are not barbarians, nor is their president. It must be assumed dial Mr. Nixon has sent his to his military personnel in South Vietnam lo this effect. The Simla summit It may be that the atmosphere of the hill station at Simla cooled the explosive temper of President Bhutto of Pakistan when he met Frame Minister Indira Gandhi in the first of what are expected to be a series of summit meetings. But the stark real- ities of the situation must have had a sobering effect. Mrs. Gandhi after ail holds most of the trump cards. No one expected that the really corrosive issues embittering relations between the two nations would ba settled at this preliminary canter. The prisoner-of-war question which involves Pakistanis now held in India is one of the most acute problems. Mr. Bhutto wants them back, India insists that there must be assurance that there will never be a war between Pakistan and India before they are returned. Among the Indian-held Pakistanis are pris- oners whom Bangladesh wants to try as war criminals, a retaliatory mea- sure President Bhutto natural- ly opposes. But Mrs. Gandhi says that these prisoners are held jointly by India and Bangladesh, and Bang- ladesh must have a say in what shall be done with them. The question of assuring permanent peace in Kashmir has been glossed over temporarily, but it will take many more negotiations and talks before peace is genuinely restored. President Bhutto wants self determ- ination for Kashmir's four million, predominantly Moslem people, but Mrs. Gandhi cannot see her way to accepting such a proposal. (Kashmir was taken by India in 1947 at the request of a Hindu maharaja; the takeover was ratified later by the Indian Parliament. 1 President Bhutto will have to be satisfied with (lie agreement to maintain the ceasefire line established by the December conflict, for the present. Before any permanent arrangement on the ques- tion of Kashmir is made, Mr. Bhutto has to have time to cool the passions of Pakistanis who for generations have had it dinned into their ears that Kashmir belongs to Pakistan. At the very least a beginning that may hopefully lead to permanent peace has been made. Hostilities are over formally. Borders are re- opened, trade is to be resumed and communication links restored. There is still a long way to go, and it isn't going to be easy. It's really too soon to say, as the headline in this paper did, that the Indians and the Paki- staiu's have buried the hatchet. But at least they've put it away in the tool shed. The King's School By Louis Bnrkc CANTERBURY Everyone, to Canter- bury, on pilgrimage goes. In the time of Chaucer, the first English poet, pilgrims Journeyed to visit the abbey and shrine of St. Augustine. In modern times, twentieth century people, travel to this small Kentish town to see the remains of things past and commune with historical tradition. When Henry VIII dissolved the monaster- ies of England, he ordered Uiat a public school be founded with a headmaster, sec- ond master and fifty King's scholars. Ac- tually, a school existed from the time of the Venerable Bede and St. Augustine. But today's operation began about 1541. This ancient school, known as a "public" school, is very much a select and private Institute attached to the Archdiocese of Canterbury. It has become private partly because fees are phenomenal; over per year. In addition, students must pass a common entrance examination at 13 years If they wish to enter. There are 685 boys and one girl in the student body. How the girl got In I am not sure. I was told by the school secretary that she was preparing for a special ex- amination at what is known as "A" level. All of the students are on the bright end of the intelligence spectrum. And the brightest are the King's scholars who are distinguished by a purple-maroon gown which must be worn at all times during the school day. Dress is a factor. Black suits, a black thin tie, a shirt, white, with stiff, winged collar, and if on a visit to Canterbury town which is over the wall, a flat boater hat. I saw one young scholar with the boater discreetly tucked under his arm preferring to sport long, golden locks in- stead. The following notice was on the headmaster's board: "It is (he privilege of monitors, the Upper Sixth, Via, full First Colors and those in their fifth year lo wear holiday clothes at the beginning and end of term, for interviews and during whole holidays." Rule IV page 10. Those not so privileged must conform lo the normal requirements of school dress. There was also a notice informing teach- ers lo spend spare periods in the library. The headmaster, or principal is Ihe Rev- erend Canon J. P. Newell. The discipline did not dampen Ihe spirit of the school. It seemed chalty, chattering; noisy, in fact. Buildings, for the most part were a thousand years old, having been part of the old abbey and cathedral. They were called a term unusual for peo- ple of North America. Classrooms wero small, stone walled and quite dungeon-like. Classes were small; an average of twen- ty; lhat being the true ration of student to teachers, also. Staircases were creaky, floors groaned and accoustics were awful, but rapport in the classes seemed very high. All teachers were degreed people.. Although the curriculum was overloaded academic, a large variety of activities fill- ed the schedule. Cricket, soccer, rugby, basketball, swimming, tennis, rowing, fenc- ing, shooting, music, drama, driver-educa- tion all of which had to be paid for over the regular fees. The student body lives in an atmosphere Inherited from Chaucer. The King's School has lodged Marlow and Erasmus, the great European scholar of the middle ages. In modem times, Sorumerset Maugham was schooled there and immortalized The King's School in his book, Of Human Bond- age. When he died a few years ago, he re- quested that Ms ashes be scattered on the lawn beside the ancient Norman doorway. Somehow, one feels the continuity of the past in the present and hope for the future. The King's School has class, is class, but then class is what everything appears to be about in England. The headmaster rules, the masters obey, the monitors or prefects serve ayj the student body, work- ing hard, does what it's told, willingly or unwillingly. Canterbury, a town of is as far removed from anything Albertan as it is possible lo imagine. It has three oilier schools called "Grammar" schools, but its pride, naturally, is The King's School. A lew boys from the town attend it. Most of the students come from other parts o[ England; many of them from other parts of the world, including a contingent from the U.S.A.; two or three boys each year arrive from Canada itself. It is an interesting institution, steeped In tradition and possessing numerous con- lack with the past, but rot one that would work in Western Canada, Alberta, or Lclh- bridge. The feeling was mutual By Dong Walkrr r'OltPUMENTS abound when we His- Paul was looking more and more like his cuss one another at our dinner table, mollirr. Sometimes comparisons are even mmlc. mllnik .siimiltfiiicoi.sly from mollirr and On one occasion Keith conuncntwl ihnl fon. The secessionist threat to separatists .fYITAWA: The prime min- ister, in a television in- terview, has exposed a very difficult point which Ihe sepa- ratists and nationalist opportun- ists have labored assiduously to obscure. It is Rene Lcvesque's argu- ment that Quebec (or presum- ably any other province) could secede on the basis of a major- ity won in a provincial general election. Gabriel Louhier, cliict of Unite Quebec formerly the Union Nationale does not profess to be a separatist but considers the issue of such im- portance that it should be sep- arated from genera! election dis- tractions and decided by refer- endum. Either course attributes a right or decision to major- ity within particular provincial boundaries and denies any right to persons beyond those borders although their Interests would be affected injuriously by partition of the country. Thus Montreal has been devel- oped as a port for much of Can- ada; when it cannot function because of a strike, protesting questions from farm members are immedlaely heard in the House of Commons. For differ- ent reasons, separatist agita- tation in Quebec is viewed with deep misgivings by many Ca- nadians of the French culture elsewhere in Canada. It is obvious lhat no such right is enshrined in our con- stitution, indeed it has been specifically denied by more than one federal administra- tion. The notion that it exists must be based on a view that provincial boundaries (al- though not those Ihe nation) are peculiarly sacred. But in fact at least five of the prov- inces in their present form are creations of the federal government. Quebec happens lo be one of llicm; a huge part of its territory north of the height of land was not part of the colony which entered Con- federation In 1067. Nowadays the argument is usually a more practical one; regardless of history or consti- tutional rights, democracy ex- pressing if-self in a free vote ought not to be frustrated. But this leaves unanswered Mr. Trudeau's awkward question. Whore and how should the ref- erdenum lake place? In other words, what democracy? It is accepted that members of the English minority in Que- bec voted solidly against sep- nratlsm at (he last election. T h e y received a thorough scolding from Mr. in consequence. There is also a very large party of French- speaking federalists who fore- see nothing but disaster from the division of the countrv. Thus, even if separatism car ried at an election or referen- dum, the mandate -would be disputed by a powerful minor- ity, which in many districts of the south and soulhwest would 'Sorry, we're not allowed to sell war toys. But we're having a special on guns in our sports be In fact the majority. If there Is a right of separa- tion from Canada, on what ground could it be denied to a majority seeking to secede from Quebec? The prime minister's argu- ment may be carried a stage further. By separatists, some nationalists and people who are simply idealistic, it is consider- ed morally reprehensible to suggest Uiat the federal govern- ment would be entitled to use force to prevent a province from implementing a secession- ist policy. If so, it would be equally reprehensible for the secession stale to use force against seceding separatists. Mr. Levesque' was once con- fronted with a similar question in less extreme form. He was anxious to bring the Eskimo people of northern Quebec with- in the provincial jurisdiction. It was suggested lhat they should he consulted about their future in some form of referendum. Mr. Levesrjue rejected this no- tion in the most vigorous lan- guage. How then does he feel about a suggestion that an Anglo- French minority, being a ma- jority in some areas, should have a right to secede from a separate Quebec? The question posed by Mr. Trudeau is very important. For, if it is left un- answered, the program of inde- pendence which Mr. Levesque is dangling before the elector- ate may be, hi reality, a pro- gram for the partition of his own province. If so, what is the value of all the calculations of PQ economists on the sup- posed viability of the new state? In the circumstances of tual separation, the question of the legitimacy of force would cease (o be academic. If It was claimed on behalf of the new stale, Mr. Levesque would be importing Irish-style problems. an unattractive prospec- tus to offer an electorate. Elsewhere in advanced coun- tries the trend is toward larger units, as Mr. Levesque recog- nizes by calling for a future common market. But they have no assuranca that they would have it on the morrow of secession. A bird In the hand is supposed to be worth two in the bush; with the Parti Quebecois, it is one lor one, with the fur- ther complication that the bird in bush has not as yet even been sighted and may be noth- ing more than the product of over-heated political imagina- tion. (Herald Ottawa bureau) Peter Desburats The mood of the moment in Canada is smugness One of the things that struck me, this past Canadaminion Day weekend, was that fewer people like myself were trying to describe the national mood. It also struck me that one of the undeniable characteristics of this mood at the moment is smugness. Perhaps that is what has dissuaded writers from dip- ping their pens in the usual Letter to the editor maple syrup. It is easy lo de- scribe a worried country in search of an identity, or a trou- bled country in the grip of a na- tional crisis. But there isn't much fun in writing about a smug country so smug these days that even the old habit of Canadian-baiting has lost its tang for most writ- ers, along with ib public. The public be damned! What an appalling thought! It is pregnant with danger danger lo our democratic way of living. Apparently from re- cent Herald reports the above seems to have of late become the policy of elected and ap- pointed representatives of the public. Our history shows lhat tlic Canadian battle for "repre- sentative government" w a s won through many and abusive incidents created by people who did not want lo understand that they were the "servant of the people." Rather they consider- ed themselves the masters. Isn't it odd that so many years after the "Family Com- pact" idea was defeated Ibis venomous trend creeps into our municipal government ami into our appointed committee's like the board of governors of the Lethbriclge Communily Col- luge. I, fcr one, just cannot sland the mcnlality of men who wish to lord il over others liy keeping Ihe doings of their meetings from the who supply the monies necessary to keep lhr.sc intact and flourishing. Closed meetings lend In breed suspicion. Not many months ago it. was reported lhat the had been gathered together through .sur- pluses over five years. Surplus- es should lie used for the opcr- nlinn Ihe following year. Can anyone explain lo me how I ho I.CC was able to not use the surplus tor tho budgeted pur- how these Annual fums were set aside each year until they amounted to n quarter of a million dollars? And how the board could announce that it spend Ihese misused budgeted monies on acquiring land? Personally, I feel that rep- resentatives who hold the ar- chaic views of propagating closed meetings have r.o place in our progressive community when Ihe trend should be to give all information to the pub- lic so that it can become know- ledgeable. Even committee meetings should be "open" to the news media and the public. At least 80 per cent of all mai- lers considered on agendas should be decided in the spot- light of public scurtiny. One sure way to lead us lo dictatorial govcrnmenl is "clos- ed meetings" whether they lie city council, school boards or boards of governors of col- leges and universities. After all the public holds the "purse strings." If decisions are made in closed meelings, possibly the public should con- sider closing the purse. ft is my view that men or women who hold the view that they have (he right to make decisions concerning policies Hint concern the public should never be elected or appointed lo any municipal boards or councils. what advantages do closed meetings have over open meetings? E. K. VASELENAK This self-satisfied expression on the face of the great Cana- dian public reflects the fact that Canada is probably as prosper- ous and coherenl a nation today as it has ever been. Despite the constant hullaba- loo about unemployment and in- flation, most Canadians have more money in their pockets today than ever before. Any of the crowded urban airports across the country this spring presents a convincing display of a relatively wealthy society pre- paring to enjoy its summer lei- sure. As any journalist or politician knows, this society has become increasingly intolerant of re- minders that there are still areas of real poverty in Canada. The maple leaf on the national flag could almost be replaced this year by Ihe middle class rampant. The average well-paid Canadian wage-earner knows perfeclly well lhat his taxes have helped to eliminate the ab- solute poverty of previous gen- erations, and he has become more and more hardened to ap- peals for a further redistribu- tion of income. This social smugness is not accompanied by a sense of na- tional superiority. There is no other word for it. although it still seems an unusual term to apply to Canadians. When previous generations celebrated Dominion Day, they were always reminded Ihrcc days later of a higher form of existence lo the south. Now the July 4 weekend is remarkable in Canada mainly for Ihe num- ber of American lourisls who come to visit our cilies. In the short space of a decade or so, Canadians have acquired a new appreciation of Ihcir own urban life as well as of the clean, open space lhat lies north of the cities. Tlic.sc uninhabited regions used to mystify and op- press Canadians. Solemn poems and gloomy paintings were cre- ated by writers and artists who felt dwarfed by the Arctic. Now It has suddenly come into scale. The north is becoming ns famil- iar as our own backyards, and as Jealously guarded. Any cocktail of national senti- ment mutt dash. o( Quebec bitters. But since the beginning of the Quiet Revolu- tion in 1960, all Canadians have learned lo live with the turbul- ence of a Quebec society un- dergoing rapid social, economic and political changes. Even Kene Levesque has become a kind of fireside figure who now has to travel to France to at- tract the kind of attention that he used to get in Vancouver. And then there's the cultural scene wlu'ch only yeslerday, it seems, was a desert filled with prophels of doom. This spring the National Ballet has been in London, the Shaw Festival has been in Washington, and Cana- dians have taken their enthu- siastic reception in these cities as a mailer of course. Almost imperceptibly we have passed far beyond the stage of looking to England or Ihe United Stales for approbation. But needless to say, Iherc is a worm in our national apple. Be- neath the smug, rosy exterior, there is a gnawing sense of in- direction. The most concrete sign of this, from the vantage point of Ottawa, is the refusal of Canadi- ans to transform this smugness into overwhelming support for the government that happens to be in power. The Gallup Poll confirmed last week that Cana- dians are surprisingly indeci- sive in their political leanings at the moment. Part of this can probably ba explained by boredom. The ex- citement of the early Trudeau years has given way to a dull listlessness thai would have seemed incredible in 1968 a smug government in a smug country. But the indecision, hopefully, might be due lo a feeling of frustrated idealism. Travelling across the country In the past year, I have had the feeling lhat Canadians are looking for new objectives and searching for new images of a Canada-to-be that they can work toward, and which will demand something o' them. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through Ihe Hcralil A call lo arms was Issued this morning by Ihe pro- visional free stale governmcnl in Dublin, Ireland. According to a state- ment made by the commission- er of the R.C.M.P. at Calgary, there is Lo be only one mounted squadron of the "K" division. But this squadron is to div- ided iulo two halves wilh part in Edmonton and another in Lcthbridgc. 1912 The Cily manager to- day expressed fears that as a result of a new order issued by Ihe department of munitions and supply it would be impos- sible lo service wilh electricity some homes now under con- struction in the cilv. 1352 The Onlario Reforma- tory in Guelph was seized by nearly prisoners during Wednesday in a 12-hour riot which caused "fanlaslic" dev- astation. Damage was estimat- ed at or more. The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lcthbridgc, Alberla LETH13HIDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Piiblisbcn Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Regblrallon No. 0011 Member of The Canadian Presi lind the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau ol Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. Ctntral Manaotr DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY AJ.inauing Editor Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advirllslno Managir Idllorlal Pagi Editor "THE HERALD MHVES JHE SOUTH'jjK ;