Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE LETHBRtOGE HERALD Tuesday, July 1971 Carl Rowan Ali is free, but bad taste lingers on No bundling strike WASHINGTON By ing unanimously to The Letter Carriers Union lias agreed to accept the decision of an independent industrial consultant in their dispute with the post office. This affords the public a certain measure ot relief. After all it was only a year ago that the Canadian public went through nearly two months of uncertain mail delivery when rotating strikes oc- curred. The prospect of more of the same this year is intolerable. This is not to say that the carriers' request for "an extra minute a day" so that circulars and other types of adver- tising known as "junk" mail can be properly sorted is totally unreason- able This is something which the in- dustrial consultant will have to de- cide What is unreasonable is that the Letter Carriers Union should threat- en a strike over a minor issue. The union will not gain any sympathy from the public if it brandishes the strike weapon over such small mat- ters An honest dispute over vital matters is one thing; ultimatum over trivial matters is quite an- other. If the letter carriers were really prepared lo walk out because they don't like the way in which their mail is bundled, they have plainly shown their contempt for the public needs. It's not an encouraging aspect of the slate of trade unionism in Can- ada today. vot- lurn the conviction of Muham- med AH for refusing military induction, the Supreme Court has produced an honorable end to a drama that had many shameful aspects. This society, if dedicated to justice, would do well to pon- der those aspects. First, the All case highlight- ed an old practice of hustling off the poor and tlie black as "cannon fodder" in our mili- tary conflicts. Draft boards that for too long were made up of affluent whites have shown calloused skill at shipping the voiceless and defenseless off to military camps. All for example, was exempt- ed from the draft In 1964 be- cause he failed the mental test. Many thousands of other blacks and poor whiles, lacking educa- tions, could not pass the tests. Considering their percentage of the population (10) and the high level of rejections because of educat i o n a 1 deprivations, blacks should not have com- prised more than 7 per cent of our troops in Southeast Asia. How does it happen that 12.5 per cent of those Wiled in com- bat were black? Overzealous, discriminat ing draft boards is one answer. We have made progress the last few years in democratizing draft boards, but not enough. Then, in 1966, when it was obvious that hundreds of thou- sands of GIs would be sent to Vietnam, the Pentagon lowered mental standards. The politi- cal screaming pre s u m a b 1 y would not be so loud if unedu- cated blacks and poor whites were doing most of the dying. When they lowered the stan- dards, All's Louisville draft board automatically classified him 1-A. Ali protested to the Selective Service appeal board that he should have been de- clared a conscientious objector because of his Muslim faith. The board's examiner agreed with Ali, but the appeal board rejected the examiner's recom- mendation without giving rea- son. It was manifestly clear that racial passion and polit i c s were factors in this decision. The Black Muslims were un- popular, with the FBI trying to picture them as the nation's greatest menace, so draft offi- cials were not about to v i e w them in the same light as Bap- tists, Methodists, or Quakers. Ali himself was almost as un- popular in some circles, call- ing the Vietnam conflict "a white man's war" and asserting that he had "no quarrel with them Viet Congs." This made it easy for the Justice Department to claim that All's objections were "ra- cial and and not re- ligious. They even had the gall to say he was not conscientious even though the young boxer risked a prison term when he Reticent voters When election is eventually held in Alberta there should be some in- terest among candidates in attracting the youth vote. For the first time it will be possible for 18-year-olds to cast a ballot. There seems to be a good deal pt general interest in political issues in youthful circles. Young people have been prominent among the critics of the existing order of things. Some of them have very strong views about such things as war, pollution, civil' rights, and injustices of one kind or another That should indicate a con- cern to be involved in the election of governments who can do something about these things. On the whole, young people have not shown much interest in political parties and may not bother to vote. U S columnist Flora Lewis has not- ed that in the 1970 election in her country, the 21-to-30-year-olds remain ed the most unregistered of any age- group in the electorate, and the younger they came in that stratum the more they stayed away from the ballot box. In the one election (for a Congressman) held since 18-year-olds got the vote in the U.S. only 6.5 per cent of the eligible voters exercised their franchise. If Alberta politicians do not make much effort to appeal to young vot- ers it might be because they have projected the experience elsewhere to the provincial scene. It would be refreshing if the young people fooled the pessimists and out voted their elders a thing not too difficult to achieve, unfortunately. The failure to exercise the fran- chise is a painful tiling to contem- plate by all those who know how diffi- cult a privilege it was to win and who sense the fragility of democrcy. Reticent voters of all ages are to be deplored. Environmental concern With the concerns of the environ- ment being uppermost in world-wide priorities, it perhaps was a little dis- heartening to hear that the twenty- seven nations' representatives work- ing on the prospective United Na- tions Declaration on the Human En- vironment have failed to reach agree- ment in their discussions on provi- sions concerning international respon- sibiL'ty for causing pollution. The delegates agreed that "every- one has a fundamental right to a safe, healthy environment for the enjoy- ment of his basic human but they could not come to terms on three clauses: "Each state has the duty lo under- take international consultations be- fore proceeding with activities which may cause damage to the environ- ment of another state of the environ- ment of areas beyond the limit of national jurisdiction." "A state having reason to believe that the activities of another state may cause damage to its environ- ment or to the environment of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdic- tion may request international con- sultations concerning envisaged activ- ities." "Each state has the responsibility to compensate for damage to the en- vironment caused by activities car- ried on within its territory." However disappointing the immedi- ate results were in the primary pro- posals resulting from these discus- sions, Canadians will support the viewpoint, expressed by the U.S. dele- gate, that some restrictions on na- tional sovereignty are becoming nec- essary to human survival. Canadians both in the public and private sector have, before now, chal- lenged American activities in U.S. territory and on the high seas which they believe to be dangerous or harm- ful to the environment. This is under- stood to be a reciprocal right, of course, in the case of Canadian ac- tivities. The failure of the discussions to ar- rive at an agreement does not mean the subject is dead. The project be- ing only a draft of a declaration in- tended to be adopted at the end of the 136 nation UN Conference on the Human Environment to be held next year in Stockholm. Even though all clauses may not be agreed on at ihat time, the concern over pollution will not let it become a lost cause. A city idth a cold heart by Maureen Jamieson TTHERE arc seven children whom no- body cares about. Not in Pakistan not in war torn Indochina or in the poverty pockets of Canada. In Lelhbridgc, a city considered by many to be a centre of kindness, friendliness and generosity and where, for the most part, living comes easy, there are seven un- wanted boys. Recently the local branch of the depart- ment of social development, in an effort to provide a near normal environment for these boys, planned to establish a small group home in the city. The size of a group home is deliberately restricted to 7 or 9 children in an effort to assimilate the youngsters '.nto the regular population pat- tern give them the opportunity to have a friendly, normal association with their peers; romclhing which they hsve not hitherto enjoyed. As every intelligent, right thinking per- son this is the best hope for the future of these children; only, apparently "not on our block." Land values might pos- sibly go downhill. Local children could be contaminated. Possibly even a window or two or a fonce would be broken. There might even be noise! Sure they would present problems on the block, but don't most children at one time or another? Children don't need to be re- moved from parental control to have nui- sance value. Why, many of your best It is true that the group includes children removed from homes with an addict or alcoholic. But is it not possible that the friendship cf people from a more whole- some environment might be a deciding fac- tor when the time comes for one of these children to slep out on his own? Could this riot assist him to step upward and forward, rather than sink back into apathy and the easiest course open to him? Could it not weigh the scales in favor of useful, con- structive citizen and against a sullen, un- happy man with a chip on his shoulder awaiting welfare and the other handouts that he feels life owes him? Wherever acceptable accommodation has been found fir the youngsters, neighbors have raised protests or petitions or both. Realizing that neighborlraod antipathy would be yet another handicap for t h e s e already overburdened children, the depart- ment has decided to cancel the plan. Because seven children are not wanted "in our a new home will probably be built for them next to the re- ceiving centre, at a safe distance from con- ventional families, in order to protect the citizens of Lethbridgc. According to leading moralizcrs and phil- osophers of the day, children of this genera- tion arc more aware of injustice than those of any previous era. They are supposedly more intelligent and sophist.ica.tcd, and they malure mentally at an earlier nge. Is it friends have rather revolting little pcsls possible the children of Lelhbridge will who will probably malure into quite rea sonable adults, given time and partly because tlicy are secure in the knowledge that there is someone who really cares about them and what happens lo them. Surely sewn lone children cannot cor- rupt a healthy city ot people? have to show their ciders thai love, gener- osity and friendship moan extending a help- ing hand wlsn tho going gets rough? Must an entire generation pass away before Ihe children who have nobody, are able to enjoy tho menial ami emotional stability which most of us take for granted? "Like me to put in a word for him, ma'am could have accepted induction and had a lark of a tour, la tennis star Stan Smith is carrying the good old U.S. army banner at Wimbledon this week. The government's hostility to- ward the Muslims came out in Federal district court in Hous- ton during a hearing on Clay's appeal. An FBI agent ad- mitted thai for four solid years he had listened eight hours a day five days a week, to the conversations of Elijah Mu- hammad, leader of Ali's Mus- lim group. The FBI had Elijah Muhammad's phone tapped and a microphone planted in his home It was this same hearing that produced revelations that the FBI had the late Dr. Martin Luther King under electronic surveillance. When this story broke, it jarred loose stories of the FBI trying to destroy King's reputation by whisper- ing salacious stories about him to Congressmen and editors. Now the whole nation agonizes over the electronic surveillance menace. The Ah case focused a spot- light on a segment of official Ams'ica which was determin- ed to discredit or destroy any black person or group that strayed far from convention and conformity. In this almosphcre it was ersy for the New York State Athletic Commission to take Ali's title, and for this and oth- er groups to deny him a right to earn a living in without the slightest semblance of due process. It is great that we have Jus- tices wise enough and gutty enough to stand above all these and emotions and free Ali. It would be even better if we had leaders in Congress and the cxeculive branch who would lake steps to ensure that thousands of other young men with less resources than Ali are not similarly abused and wittout access to relief. A remarkable postcript to it all is that Ali is not posturing or vengeful in victory. He says he will not sue the athletic commission because "they did what they thoughl was their duty." This "forget and forgive" at- titude tells you that Ali may be short on formal education and unable to pass that mili- If.ry mental test. But he's no dummy. He turned out to be a lot smarter than all those pen- pie who were playing him for a chump. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) John Burns Canadian trade mission to China a success pEKING Members of Can- ada's first ever trade mission to China ended the first of their four days in the Chi- nese capital recently with a lav- ish banquet thrown in their hon- or by vice premier Li Hsien- Nien. At a nine course dinner m the great hall of the people, Mr. Li listened as Trade and Com- merce Minister Jean Luc Pe- pin and his Chinese counter- part, foreign trade minister Pai Hsiang Kuo, traded toasts to friendship between the peoples of the two nations. Mr. Pepin's toast also included Chairman Mao Tse tung. For his part, Mr Pai toasted Governor-Gen- eral Roland MMiener and Prime Minister Pierre Tru- dtsu. "The present visit of your mission will certainly further enhance the friendship and mu- tual understanding between our two Mr. Pai declared. Replying, Mr. Pepin describ- ed the mission as a mark of the new era in Sino Canadian re- lations opened by the estab- lishment of diplomatic relations eight months ago. "I can assure you that the Canadian government and people are eager for a broad- ening of our ties of friendship, not only in the realm of trade but in all others he said. Earlier, Mr. Pepin had the 63- year old Mr. Li chuckling dur- ing a pre banquet chat which touched on problems in China's rural birth-control program. The Canadian recalled that he had asked his host on a pre- vious visit to a socialist coun- try about the success of birth control. The answer he receiv- ed was that it was "not going well, because it's still in pri- vate hands." Mr. Li, puffing a cigarette, beamed. He had asserted ear- lier that China is making spe- cial efforts to improve the ef- fectiveness of birth control programs among China's vast peasant population. While Mr. Li hosted the din- ner a task he frequently per- forms for visiting missions the official host for the 36- member Canadian team was Mr. Pai. He was at the airport shortly before noon when the turboprop Hyushin aircraft car- rying the Canadians arrived af- Witty warnings from NEA Service UVEN the National Safety Council sometimes gets lired of harping on the tragic side of driving. It has discov- ered there is humor on the highways, too, as evidenced by a roundup of funny signs pub- lished in a recent issue the council's magazine "Traffic Safety." For instance, on one side of a signboard on an Ohio second- ary road Ihe message says: "Road Closed Do Not En- ter." The other side reads: "Welcome Back, In Cleveland, signs posted along a main rush hour ar- tery admonish: "Keep Moving." Then add, almost wistfully: "When Possible." Poslcd at a railroad crossing In Wisconsin is this thought- provokcr: "Don't Take a lo-One Chance." On the ouLskirls of a small town in Pushmatnha County, Okla.. a sign warns: "Slow. No Hospital." When nobody paid any atten- tion to a 10 m.p.h. speed limit sign in a mobile park in Ox- nard, Calif., the manager re- vised the sign slightly to get belter results. Catching the eye of motorisls was Ihis new re- s I r i c I i o n: "Speed Limit 9li MP.H." And down in Atlanta, Ga., there's a sign that puts it in the vernacular: "No U-all Turn." So They Say We came into the world naked and we shall leave it naked. The money would make it worth it. College coed Marjorie Burns, auditioning for n part in when asked what she thoughl aboul the musical's nude scene. ter Ihe 800 mile flight from Changsha, site of an unsched- uled overnight stop. After lunch, Mr. Pepin tra- velled to the ministry of for- eign trade for a two and a half hour meeting with Mr. Pai. Also in the Canadian delegalion for tlie meeting were ambassador Ralph Collins and Jake Warren, deputy minister of industry, trade and commerce. Reolying lo Mr. Pai's wel- coming remarks, Mr. Pepin de- clared Ihat his was more than a simple trade mission. "We feel we have a special responsibility lo try and eslab- lish the best possible atmo- sphere for the new relationship that exists between Canada and he said. "Consequently, it is mosl important lo us Ihat this mission succeed." Most of the talking at the ses- sion was done by the Cana- dians, although they later de- scribed the attitude of Mr. Pai and his colleagues as both friendly and positive. Tlie discussion covered both sides of Ihe trade picture, with the Canadians suggesling areas for growth in the sales each country makes to the other. Among the Canadian ex p o r t items discussed were forest products, agricultural produce, and transportation equipment of various kinds. The Canadians look pains lo slress their inlercst in increas- ing Chinese sales to Canada, currently outweighed m or e than seven to one by Canadian sales to China. But they also stressed lhal Ihey were in no posilion to guarantee improved sales of Chinese exports in Can- ada's markel economy. Tho crucial qucslion of wheat was also raised, but Icfl unan- swered. The Canadians, anxious lo measure the prospects for conlinued sales lo China, were told only lhal China will con- tinue to make all licr purchases on a basis of equality. It was a word which cropped up frequently during the day. When the Chinese say equality in the contest of trade, they are referring lo their desire lo reduce outstanding trade im- balances, such as Ihe one they now have wilh Canada. In 1OT, Canada sold China 113 million (U.S.) worth of pro- ducts and bought only 25 mil- lion (U.S.) worth in return. This year, with Canada's ex- ports expected to top 200 mil- lion (U.S.) for the first time, there will be a similar imbal- ance. At the meeting with Mr. Pai, Canadian officials slressed Iheir view Ihat the wheat sales of recent years the cause of the imbalance have been beneficial to both sides. They added that they considered this slill to be the case. In his chat with Mr. Pepin before the banquet, Mr. Li also spoke of the need for equal- ity in China's trade relalions. The point was not losl on Mr. Pepin, who replied lhal Can- ada "very well understands Ihc need for trade to go both ways." While Mr. Pepin and Mr. Pai were meeting their business representatives on the Irada mission were having talks with officials of the sev- en stale trading corporations which conduct all of China's foreign trade. The talks will continue. Mr. Pepin's wife, Marie, and the journalists in the Pepin parly, spent tlie afternoon tour- ing an arts and crafts factory in the suburbs of Ihe city. They saw artists doing intricale carving, painting and enamel- work, and heard how the work- ers had triumphed over revi- sionists under the influence of Liu Shao Chi during the Cul- lura. Revolution. All members of ttie party were present for the banquet, a two hour affair featuring prawns, jellyfish, bamboo- shoot soup, steamed chicken, sweet and sour fish, mushrooms and bean sprouts, sweets, fruit and ice cream. The toasts were drunk in Mao Tai, the fiery li- quor traditionally employed on such occasions. (Herald Peking Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 _ The entire British Mediterranean fleet with all the attendant ships is en route for or concentrated within easy reach of Constantinople, where tlie situation with Ihe Turks is being viewed wilh alarm. Rolarian clubs of Allxjrta and Montana have an- notnced their decision to spon- sor a movement towards mak- ing the Waterlon and Glacier r.arks into an international peace park. inn President Roosevelt sent naval forces into Iceland today and told congress the United States cannot permit Germany to occupy "strategic outposts in the Atlantic to be used as air or naval bases for eventual atlack against the weslern hemisphere." today order- ed two United States diplomats to leave the country within twenty four hours, labelling them "personna non grata" un- welcome persons. Premier Bennett and his Social Credit govern- ment will announce today the take-over of tlie B.C. electric power utility and the inte- grated power development pro- gram involving the Columbia, Fraser and Peace Rivers. 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1M5-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newipajw Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol ClrcuHtlonl Cl EO W. MOWERS, Editor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General ManMer inF DAI LA WU.L AM HAY FdSor Associate Editor ROY F? DOUGLAS K WALKER minVser Cdilorl.l Editor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"