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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta FORECAST HIGH WEDNESDAY 50-55. VOL. LXIV No. 174" The Lethbtidge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JULY 6, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS [ES China trade seen PREMIER CHOU CHAIRMAN MAO in control the architect China's great culture plan watered down By RONALD DALLAS HONG KONG (Renter) China's great proletarian cultural revolution launched in 1966 and generally re- garded as having ended in 1969 is still in progress, latest reports from the mainlaind indicate. But is has been diluted under the careful man- agement of Premier Chou En-lai, at present presiding over an administration which wants peace and sta- bility at home and seeks new friends abroad. Most people outside China associate the cultural revolution with violence by masses of young Red Guards rampaging across the country. It is true they caused internal chaos in China and considerable dam- age to the country's economy. But today, the destructive, violent aspect of the cultural revolution appears to be a thing of the past. Many of the students who took part in it are no longer in the public eye. The emphasis is on slcbiltty. orderly economic pro- gress and discipline, at Vimc, coupled with a tiigh- powered diplomatic drive to gain new friends. In ascendant Chou, premier- since the Communist republic was set up in 1949 for many years he was also foreign minister is widely legarded here as being in the ascendant. He is in control of UK administration in Peking and is directing a new policy of a loose coalition with military leaders many of whom opposed the disor- ders of the cultural revolution. But the philosophy of the cultural revolution is still being applied at grass roots level, aimed at opposing the creation of an elite caste in China. Chou and his advisers have been telling the Chi- nese people, through the news media that the cul- tural revolution's thesis of 'power to the masses" still holds true. In the official hierarchy, Chou still ranks as the No. 3 man. First undisputedly comes Communist party Chairman Mao Tse-tung, the architect of China's Com- munist revolution China's "man of the century." Mao isn't seen Mao is seen in public very little these days, though his influence permeates throughout the whole of China, and his works are under constant study. Second cames Lin Piao, vice-chairman and defence minister. It is not known here just how much use he makes of his wide influence as defence chief. Chou, 73, comes from scholarly, Mandarin stock. He has traditionally been regarded as a hard-working ad- ministrator and negotiator rather than a theorist. He has been the man behind the recent so-called "ping pong diplomacy." Tlus new-style of diplomacy be- gan in April when China welcomed table tennis teams from the United States and Britain. At the same time Peking allowed in the first party of jouna- lists in 20 years. Army backs Chou Three of the most influential army leaders are be- lieved to be backing Chou generals Huang Yung- sheng, the chief of stiff, and Hsu Shi-yuh, and Chen Hsi-lcin, both powerful regional commanders. All three opposed the excesses of the cultural revolution. At the same time, Chen Po-ta, who was a trusted confidant of Mao and a key figure in the cultural re- volution, has not been seen in public for nearly a year. Chairman Mao's wife, Chiang Ching, who also played an influential rolo in the revolution, also rarely appears in public. These signs suggest that, the administration Is de- termined never to allow an eruption of turmoil sim- ilar to that from 1966-69. As well, many former students were sent off to remote areas to work on farms. Becoming disillusioned with rural life, may tried to escape to the nearest cities. About refugees a month this year have been entering Hong Kong by swimming from nearby main- land points the highest rate since 1962. Most of them nro reported to the former students. OTTAWA (CP) The first of what the government hopes will be a steady run of trade mis- sions from China is expected in Canada during the last week in July. Parade Minister Jean-Luc Pepin, who returned home Mon- day from a six-day visit to China, told a news conference today that the first Chinese mis- sion will investigate prospects for buying cereals and other foodstuffs. The minister said he was not sure whether the Chinese com- ing this month will be negotiat- ing the promised wheat pur- chase. The planned purchase tlu's year of an unspecified quantity of wheat, announced last week in Peking, would be additional to the current million con- tract for delivery this year of about 90 million bushels. The communique issued fol- lowing a series of trade talks last week in Peking also said t.lat China would continue to consider Canada first as a source of wheat as import needs arose. Mr. Pepin said that was an important concession. It meant that Canada would be first in line for any wheat sales to China, provided Canadian prices were competitive with other suppliers. LISTENED WITH INTEREST The minister the Chinese listened with great interest to an enthusiastic sales pitch for other Canadian products by S. G. Williams, deputy agriculture minister. Mr. Pepin said he got the im- pression the Chinese also were interested in Canadian cattle for breeding. Possible supply of Canadian pclash and other fertilizers was discussed. The Chinese rely natu-cl, crgcnii'! ferti- lizers, said Deputy Trade Minis- ter J. H. Warren, supplemented with nitrogenous materials rather than potash. However, Mr. Pepin said it was hoped to convince the com- ing trade mission that potash can help improve the long-term productive quality of Chinese farmlands. The minister said thai the em- phasis in Chinese planning is on self reliance. Chinese foreign trade, for example, amounted only to about billion annually both ways compared to two-way trade worth about billion by Canada. Pilots press on in B.C. air race WINNIPEG (CP) With temperatures in the 50s and a 14-mile-an-hour wind blowing from the north, the first of the competitors in the London-Victoria air race today began the second half of the Canadian route, with West German air ace J. H. Blumschein in the lead. Shortly after dawn, the first of a series of aircraft ranging from single-engine propeller-driven craft to executive-type jets began tak- ing off in stages on the next step in the odyssey that began at a Royal Air Force base near B ft-ftfj'jTj O" London last Thursday. Fnrt, MacLeod permit refused THE SMILE LIVES ON Louis Armstrong sporting one of his typical smiles is shown in his New York home re- cently. one of the great trumpet players, died at his New York home Tuesday at the age of 71. Loved by millions., is dead Peru buys wheat OTTAWA (CP) The Cana- dian wheat board has sold 8.3 million bushels of wheat to Peru, Otto Lang, minister re- sponsible for the board, an- nounced today. The sale, which includes a provision for the purchase of an additional three million bushels, is worth about million if the full amount is taken. Delivery will start immedi- ately and continue until Dec. 31, 1972. The wheat, No. 3 North- ern, will be shipped through West Coast ports. This is the third major wheat sale to Peru in two years. On July 4, 1969, the board sold 7.5 million bushels to the South American country and on May 7, 1970, another 7.4 million bushels. NEW YORK (AP) Louis Armstrong, the eye-rolling one- time waif who learned to love the trumpet in a Louisiana school and blew and sang his way into the hearts of millions the world over, died today. He was 71 Sunday. Armstrong spent 10 weeks in hospital here after winding up a two-week engagement at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in late That was a long way from the waifs' home in New Orleans where a 13-year-old boy got his first cornet. He was sent to the home for firing a revolver on New Year's Eve. On his 71st birthday, Arm- strong had friends visit him and apparently felt well. His hospital confinement was primarily for liver and kidney troubles which had weakened his heart. On June 23, Armstrong gave an interview at his home, to thank all the. people who had sent him get-well wishes at the hospital and to tell them he was feeling fine. He looked good and he played four tunes on his trumpet, including the long ver- sion of one of his greatest hits, Sleepy Time Down South. Armstrong said that his legs were weak from being in a hos- pital bed so long, but his lip was in good shape. He said: "I'm going back to work when my treaders get in as good shape as my chops." Along the way, "Satchmo" went from one-night stands in little towns across the United States to jazz concerts in most of the world's capitals. He made countless recordings, appeared in many movies and, lately, had been a favorite guest on televi- sion specials and talk shows. GROWLING VOICE Armstrong won acclaim all IBS Be, from longs and sav- ages, from intellectual jazz buffs and kids on the street. He mopped his sweaty brow, rolled his eyes, sang in that growling voice of his horn. Daniel-Louis Armstrong was born July 4, 1900, and by the time he was fine years old his parents had separated and Louis was roaming the New Or- leans streets. After the ill-fated New Year's Eve sometimes he claimed the gun was only loaded with was sent to the New Orleans Waifs home, Louis tad already been taught to blow on a cornet a little by the great Bunk Johnson, and in school he became a bugler, then was given a cornet and played in the school's brass band. ALL FANS ALIKE "Cats are the same every- where all over the world. They all talk the same lan- guage. They all dig me and my horn." In a 70th birthday interview, Louis summed up his "beauti- ful life" thus: "I didn't wish for anything I couldn't get. and I got pretty near everything I wanted be- cause I worked for it Now I live for Louis Armstrong and but my wife and I. "We don't have no big bills to pay and a whole lot of put- on airs like some people. We live a normal, good life. It's enough." CALGARY NEXT STOP The planes leaving Canada's I Ul mid-point were to make a brief stop, if necessary, for refuelling at Regina, about 350 air miles away, before pressing on an- other 400-odd air miles to Cal- gary where the contestants are scheduled to stop overnight. The race ends Wednesday in Victoria. Contestants faced better weather prospects today after a severe buffeting by winds over northwestern Ontario left some aviators trembling. All the 53 planes that started the mile stretch from Ottawa to Winnipeg, the longest overland haul for a single day, arrived safely Monday. One flyer, Capt. W. J. Bright of Ascot, Berkshire, an RAF squadron leader, was delayed in Ottawa by troubles in his Jet-" stream 200 that couldn't be solved quickly. Of the 57 planes that started in England, two crashed en route to North aviators were res- one contestant was disqualified. The disqualified flyer, Roger Hannagan of Canby, Ore. was ruled out after he had a fight with his co-pilot at Prestwick, Scotland and left the man lying on the tarmac. He acquired a new navigator, Francine John- son, 22, in Quebec City and pressed on because "I didn't want to bag it half, way through." Blumschein, 43, a professional pilot taking part in his first rally, scored 97 points on the run'from Ottawa. He had scores of 98 on the London-Quebec City first stage and a perfect 100 from Quebec City to Ottawa. In second place with a total of 291 points was a Piper Coman- che sponsored by the Irish Hos- pitals Trust, four points behind Blumschein. The plane, with pilot Tim Philips and navigator in air race WINNIPEG (CP) Unoffi- cial placings of Canadian competitors after the third leg of the B.C. centennial London-Victoria air race Mon- day with total points to date: 7. Carson, F., Burlington, Ont. 266 10. Wright, J., Edmonton 260 12. O'Brien, L., Delta, B.C. 256 15. Davidson, G., Toronto 247 13. CFB Ottawa 247 18. O'Neil, M., Windsor 244 18. Vaughn, C., St. Cathar- ines Ont. 244 24. Dover, E., Calgary 232 26. Hulbert, G. W., Vancou- ver, 219 30. Coekburn, A., Sidney, B.C. 211 31. Main, J., Toronto 204 32. Bengtsson, B., Calgary 203 32. Vanhee, A., Hamilton 203 37. Walker, T., Fort Mc- Leod, Alta. 194 40. Ireland, D., Mission City, B.C. 190 43. Lemay, G., Calgary 185 46. Crombie, E., Lillooet, B.C. 180 49. Lindermere, G. W., Van- couver 167 52. Butler, C., Victoria 155 -T SlftCS three Ot gCllM Lundbreck boy killed in accident Eric John Larson, 11, of Lundbreck was killed instantly Monday when the tongue of a farm trailer struck him on the head. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Chester Larson of Lund- breck. RCMP -officials reported the accident took place on the family farm 14 miles north of Lundbreck. Blairmore Coroner F. S. Radford said an inquest will not be held. pouits off the pace at the start of the day's jaunt. Clay Laey of Van Nays, Calif., a professional pilot flying a Lear jet, had a 100 score on the Ottawa-Winnipeg run and his 289 total gave him third po- sition, 12 points ahead of fourth-place Dr. P. W. Reames of Long BeacH, Calif., a 53- year-old flying surgeon in a Cessna 310. Top Canadian at the Winnipeg check point was F. Carson of Burlington, Ont. who picked up 266 pouits in a Lear jet to tie for seventh place with two others. Scoring is based on compli- cated tabulations involving the performance of the planes in re- lation to their known cruising speeds and placing top empha- sis on the flyers' abilities. Top woman in the field to date is Louise Sacchi, of Jenkin- tcwn, Pa. whose 266 points left her tied with two men for sev- enth position. She is one of 12 solo flyers. Among the contestants is 60- year-old novelist Ernest K. Gann of Friday Harber, Wash., author of the best-seller, The High and The Mighty. Gann, an experienced pilot, is flying a Cessna 310 with his wife, Doris, as crew. SYDNEY, Australia (Reuter) Police and anti-apartheid demonstrators clashed at the Sydney cricket stadium today as the visiting South African Springboks rugby team beat a Sydney team 21-12. But there were few of the mid scenes which accompanied the Springboks' last Australian game, in Melbourne Saturday, when police horses charged demonstrators and 200 arrests were made.' MONTREAL (CP) Air Can- ada said today there is still hope landing rights will be granted the airline in Frankfurt before tonight's inaugural Boeing 747 flight to Europe. The West German govern- ment has refused the airline a landing permit for its jumbo jet service and unofficial talks be- tween Bonn and the external af- fairs department have so far proved fruitless. The inaugural flight is sched- uled to leave Toronto at 6 p.m. EOT tonight and Montreal at If landing rights are not ac- quired by tonight. Frankfurt- bound passengers 'will be sent on from Paris aboard another carrier and the 747 will return to Canada from Paris, Air Can- ada said. In Ottawa, an external affairs spokesman said he could not say how the negotiations for the landing rights were progressing.- The German refusal of land- ing rights came after Canada rejected a request from Luft- hansa, the German airline, for landing rights at Toronto. Luft- hansa now lands at Montreal. Canada wanted to delay talks on Toronto landing rights until the when peak-season over- crowding of Toronto would slacken. He would not say what Can- rda was demanding in return for the Toronto rights, but "the Toronto rights are pretty valua- ble." Lufthansa has sought the change because most Canada- Germany traffic moves out of Seen and heard About town GARDENER George Roh- inson (who some say plants his spuds under the snow) having his annual early-summer feed of new potatoes and "radishes bigger than golf balls" city engineering department staffers enjoying Ted Law- rence's birthday cake Cathie Evans deciding never to attempt a cross-country motorcycle trip. China's views on world affairs Aircraft plant cuts 700 TORONTO (CP) De Havfl- land Aircraft of Canada Ltd. wit' lay off up to 700 employees from its nearby Downsview plant before the end of the year because of decreasing world de- mand for its special aircraft, a company official said today. W. A. Con-ell, rice-president in charge of personnel and in- dustrial relations, said the lay- offs will start immediately arid continue gradually over the next few months. The company, a Canadian subsidiary of de Havilland of Britain, will trim production of its Buffalo, Caribou and Twin Otter aircraft, he said. Sugar for teeth SYDNEY (Reuter) Sugar containing an ingredient said to niwont tooth decay will be on sale in Australia later this year, the Colonial Sugar Refin- ing Co. announced here. The ingredient a soluble form of calcium and phosphate was first discovered in 1961. Ten years of development work has brought it to the stage where it can bo marketed. Never too late PALERMO, Sicily (Reuter) A Sicilian who returned from fighting in the First World War to find that his wife had taken one of his friends as a lover finally obtained a divorce Mon- die age of 90 under It- aly's new divorce tew. PEKING (Reuter) Premier Chou En-lai, in a two-hour dis- cussion with Australian Opposi- tion Leader Gough Whitlam Monday night, ranged over Cltinese thinking on certain as- pects of current world problems including Vietnam. Revealing a close interest in political events in various parts of the world. Chou told Whi- 1.1am, leader of A u s t r a 1 i a 's Labor parly: "It is a correct proposi- tion that the people of all coun- tries should be allowed to solve their problems themselves and foreign interference should not be permitted. "That is why we are in favor of the withdrawal of nil United Stales forces, first of nil from Fur East and then from all those places where they com- mitted aggression: South Korea, Japan, China's Taiwan prov- ince, the Philippines, the three countries of Indochina, Thailand and so on. "Of Chou added, "when we say that we do not mean to limit it only to Ameri- can forces, hut all foreign forces." Chou said tho policy of Jolm Foster Dulles. U.S. secretary of state from 1953 to 1959, "was by a whole scries of alliances to encircle adding in an apparent refeiunce to the So- viet Union, that "now ho has a successor to the North." Later Chou and Whitlam, who spoke in Peking's Great Hall of the People, criticized the South- east Asian Treaty Organization. Then Chou added: "But In llnklcg up Urn ANZUS tralia, New Zealand, United States) treaty with SEATO we can learn this lesson. That is, both of them have the United States as a principal member. That was the policy of John Foster Dulles at that time, you may say it was his soul, as ex- posed in those papers by the Now York Times. "We can see at the start, first of all in 1951, when Truman went into the Indochina war in aid of France. "Immediately following tho conclusion of the SEATO treaty came the so-called treaty be- tween tho United States and Cluang for the defence of Taiwan and Qucmoy. "The most concrete manifes- tation was a joint statement by Nixon and Japancso Premier Eisaku Sato In November, which served "to prolong indefinitely the Japanese-Ameri- can security treaty maintaining military operations in Okinawa and at the same time military bases and some naval bases on Japan proper." The premier said one of the principal components of tho Nixon doctrine is to turn Japan into a vanguard in the Far East. Explaining his desire for friendship with people of all countries, Chou said: "I do be- lieve that one day the American people will rise up and restrict the policies of the American president and overthrow him. Manifestations and demonstra- tions of lire American masses in the past two years have been unprecedented, from east coast to west and from south to north." get married, combine our pensions) and cat two rneulf ;