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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 6, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, July 6, 1970 Georgean Harper Polarization Promoted The Rev. Dr. Billy Graham at the "Honor America Day" rally in Wash- ington on Saturday made an appeal to end the polarization in his coun- try. In all probability he and his co- horts who planned and participat- ed in the rally only succeeded in pro- moting the polarization. It was great stuff for those who already stand on the side represent- ed by the sponsors. But the presump- tuousness of suggesting that the pol- arization be ended by the anti war, anti establishment faction capitul- ating to the other side will almost certainly be antagonizing. In the name of restoring national unity the "pious hucksters of cosmetic patriot- ism" cannot be anything but a divi- sive force. There is no use in pretending that opposition to the war in Vietnam comes from a small minority who should recognize that they are out of step and thus should convert to the majority view. Support for the war lias steadily diminished since the fake attack of North Vietnamese ships on the Americans aroused a great burst of patriotic fervor in 1965. The polls now show that those oppos- ed to the war are in the majority. After every allowance is made for the sincerity of motives of those who planned "Honor America Day" the whole emphasis is surely a mistake. The concerns of dissident Americans on the whole have been profoundly moral. They have been protesting a senseless slaughter, the evil of racial discrimination, the worship of ma- terialism, and injustice. These are not things that should be swept under the rug to gain a facade of unity in America. By identifying himself with the pro- moters of the end of polarization Dr. Billy Graham has become like the false prophets whom Jeremiah in an- cient times excoriated for crying "Peace! when there is no peace. The healing of America will not take place through the shallow formula of calling for an end to criti- cism. Only the correction of what is wrong tan accomplish that: Perhaps the rallies will not result in any worsening of the situation. That would be a better outcome than they deserve. Then the worst that could be said of them is that they succeeded in proclaiming to the world the sad state to which the Uni- ted States has fallen. When it is nec- essary to attempt to drum up pa- triotism in special promotions, polar- ization has gone very far indeed. A Corporation Collapses Penn Central Railroad Company, the sixth largest corporation in the United States went into bankruptcy proceedings recently. Such a devel- opment is bound to jolt the business community and to have an adverse effect upon the stock market. The company was only formed in 1968 by the merger of the Pennsyl- vania and the New York Central rail- ways. At the outset it appeared as though the company was headed for a profitable operation. Pennsy stock had sold as low as 12 in the early 1960s whereas stock in the combined operation hit a high of SWi in the first year. Men and machines appear to haye contributed significantly to the fail- ure of the merger to "take." The computers of the two merging com- panies were incompatible which re- sulted in costly losses of shipments and eventual loss of business alto- gether. There was even difficulty in adjusting locomotives so they could be used on both lines. More telling even than this incom- patibility of machines was the con- flict among the executive personnel. Old rivalries were perpetuated. The chairman of the board has been de- scribed as a man who took the posi- tion that the Pennsylvania his or- iginal purchased the Central, rather than merging with it. There was an excess of personnel who often worked at cross purposes. Such factors as these raise some serious questions about the wisdom of conglomerate mergers. But it is likely that at the bottom of the in- vestigation it will be found that the health of the whole railroad industry is unsound. Trouble in the industry has emerged with considerable fre- quency in recent years suggesting that some sort of major overhaul is necessary. The federal government seems to be unavoidably involved. It is ob- viously involved in the complicated bankruptcy proceedings. Much as the idea of nationalization of industry is disliked in free enterprise economies especially in the United States may become a necessity for railroading. The New York Times in considering this possibility observed: "The lines between public and pri- vate enterprise are growing increas- ingly cloudy in many fields, but it would make little sense to pretend that Perm Central or other shaky roads were functioning as private cor- porations, if the only way they could keep running was through endless in- fusions of Government cash." Art Buchwald WASHINGTON It'a hard for the ordi- nary citizen to understand why a billion corporation such as the Penn Cen- tral Railroad could declare bankruptcy. But this isn't the first time it's happened. The Larchmont, Saginaw and Tallahassee Railroad bad a similar experience, and perhaps people will be able to understand the Penn Central situation it I explain what happened to the LS and T. As everyone knows, the Larchmont, Saginaw and Tallahassee Railroad was one of the most profitable in the country. It specialized in bringing coals to New Castle, Penn. In exchange for this monopoly, the LS and T has agreed to haul commuters from the suburbs into the cities of Larch- mont, Saginaw and Tallahassee. While this was not a lucrative business, it was the price LS and T had to pay for using government rights of way. Some time back, an executive of LS and T suggested that the railroad get into another business just hi case the day might come when nobody wanted coals in New Castle. "What the chairmen of the board asked. "Why don't we buy a chocolate cake mix company? It certainly complements the railroad business." So LS and T took the profits from their railroad and, instead of investing in new equipment, bought a chocolate cake mix factory. This was followed by the purchase of a latex bra company, which was followed by the takeover of a malpractice insurance company. Every dollar the LS and T made from its railroading was poured into a new business venture. Before long LS and T was making greeting cards, building sky- scrapers, drilling for oil and making a bid to buy the Panama Canal. Meanwhile, the LS and T's railroad was slarting to suffer. Freight trains kept colliding with each other the computers that used to keep them apart had been taken over by LS and T's book and maga- zine and cutbacks were made in passenger service. When pressed by the passengers for better service, LS and T responded by raising commuter rates and locking all the washrooms'on their passenger trams. A citizen's committee called on the LS and T's offices which were now located in their development known as Sky City. Tlie vice-president of LS and T's Com- muter Complaint Department (he was really working in the company's training department as an intern) said, "We are sympathetic with your problems and would be happy to improve the service and in- stall new equipment, but we need the money for a sulphur mining project we've just taken a lease on in Canada." "You owe it to the some- one protested. "We owe more to our stockholders. But I'll tell you what I'll do. I'll recommend we put lights back on the passenger trains' during rush hour. It will be an expense, but it will show we have the public in mind." Unfortunately, the vice-president was overruled by the finance committee, and the passenger trains remained dark. Mean- while, tile major cash flow front bringing coals to Castle started to dry up be- cause so many customers were unhappy with LS and T's service. Without cash LS and T was in serious trouble. So they hired President Nixon's old law firm to get them a subsidy from the de- fence department. When the story broke, the defence department had to turn them down, and LS and T had no choice but to file for bankruptcy. The LS and T Railroad is now in the hands of the receivers, but thanks to wise investments in other fields the LS and T Holding Co. (which had spun off the rail- road when i t realized it couldn't b e drained any more) is now worth S25 bil- lion. (Toronto Telegram News Service) The Challenge Of Farming In Japan (First of a scries) I' VISITED Japan when the farmers were preparing the fields for rice, and oilier grains, as the farmers here in southern Alberta were doing. The fields are much smaller than any to be seen here and there isn't one bit of wasted 'space. They are square with built up edges for rice or in rows one foot high and one foot apart, for market produce, with ditches between to take irriga- tion water. In some cases farm- ers cany the water by bucket into their fields. The average size of a farm is two acres and if a family of five or more adults is farming they are allowed up to, but no more than, 21 acres. The usual family sized farm is about seven acres. On this amount of land is produced the crop which gives the earning per year for that family to survive on. The younger family members are leaving the farms early, going into the cities by fast train to work in manufacturing plants during the day and commuting home each evening. In this way the older members and the very young children look after the farming enterprise while those in their late teens and early twenties go into the city to sup- plement the family income-with actual wages. In the process more of the younger generation are leaving fcrjning for good. The Japanese government is subsidizing the price of rice sim- ilar to the way the Canadian f a r m e r has his wheat sub- sidized. The farmers want the subsidy: the price of rice is higher than the price of import- ed lice elsewhere in Asia: as a result they are pricing them- selves out of the rice a market they sorely want. Japan is finding it can't ex- port rice because of tire price and at the same time because of this subsidy, the people can- not afford to buy their own rice. There is a surplus of rice even when there are many people hungry. In Japan one can get the most delicious breads, pastry and rolls. Tills was completely un- expected coming from the Prai- ries which is really the bread- basket of the world. Perhaps the high gluten content of Ja- p a n e s e wheat explains the mealy, heavier texture of these tasty breads. To the European and American visiting Japan this is one thing universally no- ticed. Everywhere we went women made up the majority of work- ers in the fields with only a few men working, probably the older ones. Sometimes one would see small babies at the side of the ditches, playing, while further along the mother was hoeing or digging. Some fields had row upon row of semi circular coverings made of bamboo strips, each three feet apart, covered with plastic film. This is a moveable greenhouse set out each eve- ning and removed each morn- ing to prevent perishable crops strawberries from cold "Any change in their Saskatchewan policy Letters To The Editor More Than Sectarian Bigotry In Ulster We have been accustomed to feading in newspaper reports references to the troubles in. Ulster as conflicts between Catholics and Protest ants when the truth is much more complicated than sectarian bigotry. But your latest front- page report (June 29) is too much to bear in silence. You use a phrase that would be an exquisitely ironic example of Ortvellian Newspeafc fit to amuse any stu dent of lan- guage, but for the damnable distortion that it is in the midst of a crisis that has significance not only for Ireland but for so- cial justice throughout the world. I refer to the statement that Bernadette Devlin was jailed "lor leading anti-Protes- tant riots last summer." This gives a strange twist indeed to the tt'uth. The Proteslanls there surely know how to look after their interests hi the face of a struggling band of people who are brave enough to fight for justice. What on earth would Bernadetle and her fol- lowers be doing engaging in anti Protestant riots? The movement of which she is a member is simply one con- cerned with securing basic rights for a large minority who have never had them since their own country was invaded and exploited by the people whose descendants now lord it over them. When Bernadette and her followers first demon- strated simply by peaceful marching they were attacked. Now whenever they engage in any action (and they will con- tinue to do so) for justice they are attacked again and again. The charitable explanation of your use of words is that you relied on the language of re- ports from another source which, influenced or even di- rected by the established capi- talist power in Ulster, is per- petuating the popular myth of Catholic versus Protestant in order to obscure the real issues of education, housing, wages and a general fair shars in eco- nomic and political rights for the oppressed minority. Belfast is really a relic of nineteenth- century industrialism; rather like a city out of one of Dick- ens' novels, in its continuing exploitation by factory owners and industrialists. Moreover, Hazardous Hedges At long last city council is tackling what I think is a serious safety hazard in this city i.e.: poor visibility at many intersections because ot trees, shrubs, hedges a n d fences. Surely residents with comer lets would not want to cause even one serious accident be- cause of their efforts at making Welfare Any new welfare program is going to be very costly and any moves by the federal govern- ment to get more control of welfare are dan g e r o u s. The guaranteed annual wage will add many to the welfare rolls. "Workfarc" (job training as a condition to get welfare) is now, I take it, gone by the boards. It seems the rules are being made easier for welfarites 'with people moving iiere or there to get welfare of their choice. Many of them have TV sets, the odd one a car, etc. Please understand, I do not think welfare should be denied needy children, the elderly, the handicapped or to someone who has lucked out, as a stop gap, but I am against it going to the able bodied who are unwilling to work. I must protest these new- er welfare interpretations, which are just pure socialism. They will encourage laziness, dishonesty and add to our ever- growing national debt. If they can walk to the welfare office they can walk to work. H. BAGOT Edmonton. their lots attractive. There are, granted, special problems to owning a corner lot such as "short but these could be solved wilhin the pro- posed tlu'ee foot limit. Surely council must put the safety ot ail citizens ahead of tile special interests of a few. In creeping to the intersec- tions of 17th St. S. to Mth Ave. S. and of 22nd St. S. and 15th Ave. S. (to mention only two) I hold my breath and pray that other motorists are also aware cf the dangers here. Strength to city council's arm for taking on a very im- portant, while perhaps unpopu- lar, issue SYLVIA A, CAMPBELL. Ltlhbridge. 'Crazy Capers' the rabid, anti Cath o 1 i c, Orange faction, living as it does on fear and hatred, sup- ports the status quo, giving the strong sectarian tinge to the whole set of issues. The uncharitable explanation of your report is that an Orange- man on your staff wrote it. would appreciate an explana- tion. PKTER R. HUTJT. Lethbridge. Editor's Note: The news story referred to was not written by a Herald staff member. H was by The Ca- nadian Press, wliwsc objec- tivity traditionally exceeds that expressed above. damage. If the weather was par- ticularly cool, as it was in early April, lire film stayed on. Those farmers who couldn't afford plastic sheeting simply cover- ed their plants with rush' or bamboo mats layed over the half-circle of bamboo strips. It was fascinating to watch the women at dusk using pitchforks and sliding these mats into place seemingly with grace and ease. The landscape in general from the farmlands west of Tok- yo, south to Shukoku Island, is very similar to the terrain of the foothills of Southern Alber- ta. The striking difference is the irrigation ditches between the fields and smaller ones be- tween rows. These have all been laid by hand using U-shaped concrete pieces, to form the bottom and sides of the ditches. At the corner of almost every field stands what appears to be a four foot high outhouse. It's of wood construction, has a slanted roof, and actually is the storage house for commercial fertilizer. Most farmers use chemical fertilizers extensively. Around the farmhouse a very sturdy rock, sometimes con- crete foundation two or more feet high is evident. In the spring probably the whole area surrounding the house is flood- ed necessary for the and water remains on the land from April to June or July when it dries up naturally or is drain- ed manually. The only mechanization these farmers have are small cultiva- tors our garden roto-tiller variety to plow their fields. It's the only size these small acreages can handle. Hay is tied at the top in bun- dles and1 hung over strings stretched nigh above the ground. Another method is to lie the hay from the top onto tree trunks. Either way frees the ground for planting and makes for very interesting looking trees. The typical Japanese rural house has a curved roof of spe- cial tiling, unique hi Japan. We learned that the traditional grey tile the most be- ing replaced, gradually, by the more popular brighter colored blue and green tiles that do not have the lasting qualities of the duller one. Only once did we see a "West- ern painted" house of bright cream color and to us it was most ugly. Always, even with the smallest houses and acre- ages, there is a spot of beauty rock and pine, or maybe a potted plant or shrub. Like Canada, urbanization is taking over the tillable land. Large concrete apart m e n t blocks some low cost re-set- tlement housing are going up in the outskirts of larger cities-. Families who apply to the local authorities, and can show the need for government housing (in that they have a low in- come) or who have been relo- cated from land taken into the cities, or need more space due to a large family, may rent one of these apartments for a nom- inal rent. Re settlement hous- ing is considered a slum area. To the westerner viewing these acres and acres of housing, they do not appear to be "slums" in the sense of the ghettos found in parts of North America. Private homes and larger wealthy residences are made ot wood. No insulation is used. Most wood is unpainted and left to weather naturally a look ot beauty to the Japanese but to tire Westerner, it's a dull, sombre landscape with a same- ness and monotony broken only by the very colorful their bedding which hang out to air every day 'from every bedroom window. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 President Marnock of the Lethbridge Board of Trade, advises fanners to keep their money for irrigation instead of flirting with Rainmaker Hat- field, who has been busy hi the area with his rainmakhig ma- chine. I93fl Several large sections of Alberta highways have been treated with oil for dust laying purposes. The highways from Edmonton south to Okotoks, from Edmonton to Fort Saskat- chewan and the highway from Calgary to Banff have now been completed. liMO First call for compul- sory military training for men 20 to 27 or 30 may go out some- time in August depending on availability of camp space, ac- cording to a report from Ot- tawa. J950 Migration from Eu- rope to Canada probably will total persons this year. This flow of immigrants can bo absorbed by full employment without disturbing the Domin- ion's economy. 1900 Fidel Castro's cabinet has authorized him to expropri- ate all American property in Cuba and pay for it only if the United States buys more not less Cuban sugar at premium prices1. We shoulda' checked the depth of ib'. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishcri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mail Registration Number 001! Hembtr ot The Canadian Press and tho Canadian Daily Nowtpiw Publisbors' Association and the Audit Bureau ot Circulation. CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAl.LA WILLIAM HAY Manning .Editor Associate Editor noUCJ.AS K WALKF.i Advertising Manager Pig. Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;