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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 1HI HTHBRID5E HERALD Wadneidoy, July S, 1972 Ivan Yo7.es Let's not panic Several weeks ago a sex criminal there is the growing admission that in a Vancouver prison was given a the prisoner is a person and must week-end release for the third time, be treated as sucn, and inhuman and and came back as expected. However unnecessary punishment demeans a vounc girl was later found mur- both him and the society that inflicts dered and he has been charged with the punishment. her murder. Thus the prison authorities have The outburst has been extremely been granting more and more re- emotional and vocal, from the House Sp0nsibility lo (lie prisoners, by way of Commons down to the street corn- Of letting them out for work, for er. The solicitor-general has paid e fence to it to the extent of ordering school, for sport, to visit families and so on, and parole boards have been all such leaves and passes suspended busy authorizing the controlled re- for sex criminals. lease of many prisoners who appear It is important that people use to have regained a proper attitude their heads as well as their hearts to society. in reacting to such situations, and obviously such release is an in- that they not throw away their good advjsabie nsk jn the case ol psycho- sense. paths and others who are psycholo- A penal reform movement is gically iU) whjch may most abroad in this country, and it is sup- sfix But even not counting ported by almost all psychologists these groups 'there is always a risk, and criminologists, almost all reli- If huncjreds have been released, for gious groups, many police, most the weekend or permanently, and prison authorities, politicians of all onjy gets trouble again the parties, and all provincial and fed- human tendency is to condemn the eral governments. The reasoned op- system. Of releasing any of them, position is mostly on the question of pgnal movement ,g degree or change. working. The evidence is overwhelm- "thaf STL' of hlping punishrnent upon person in prison longer than neces- 1S sannS the PublJC a sary is an imposition on the taxpay- deal of money. er, that on his release the prisoner But the new system can make is more likely to fit into society if mistakes. A mistake was made at he has been encouraged to get along Vancouver. with society and to abandon his The proper course is to tighten the hang-ups and hostilities. And then scrutiny, not to abandon the system. Handwringing is useless The UN security council told mem- ber states who demanded that the council "do something" to prevent the spate of hijackings around the world, that nations should use their own preventitive measures. In other words the council is powerless to take effective action because it can- not enforce it. National political considerations get in the way. Individual nations can do a number of things. Some of them already have taken some interesting precautions, Poland being an outstanding exam- ple. A foreign news correspondent travelling by air in Poland reports that security precautions are tight end unusual. Foreigners are ed to present passports on internal flights; nationals show an identity card presumably with accompanying photograph. Hand luggage is exam- ined and passengers are requested to remove all articles they will need during the flight. Hand luggage is then encased in small cages, which. ere then presumably stored in the cabin out of reach of the owner. Wo- men's purses are given the same treatment and small bags are pro- vided by the airline for articles re- quired during the flight. The cabin crew have no communication with the flight crew, thus effectively pre- venting a would-be hijacker from making known his demands for the change flight plan. The correspon- dent remarks lhat time consumed in the pre-boarding process is mini- mal. While it might prove an un- wieldy process for large internation- al flights, airlines would do well to look into Polish procedures. Poland, after all, is particularly sensitive to political hijackings. That being said, it is also possible for airline pilots themselves to bring their influence to bear, without re- sorting to world wide strikes. They could, for instance, refuse to fly to countries or from airports where .ground security practises are inade- quate, or to countries which harbor hijackers. As for the travelling pub- lic, they are free to choose the air- lines in whose security precautions they have confidence. ANDY RUSSELL Champion dirt digger TTHE sun was warm one morning as I rode up over the top of a knoll at the foot of the mountain; the breeze suffi- cient to hide the sound of my horse's hoofs. Just a few yards below me, happily sun- ning herself among the wildflowers and completely unaware of my presence was a badger. The dirt mound at the mouth of her den was only a few feet to one side and about an equal distance in front of her down the slope, her whole family of four litlle badgers were rolling and turn- bling like so many awkward kittens. It was a fascinating and beautiful sight, ab- solutely entertaining as anything one gets the chance to watch in the wilds. After a few minutes I withdrew the way I had come without disturbing the mother. Sev- eral limes over Ihe r.ext few wee'cs I came back to watch this badger and her family from a distance with binoculars, and al- ways the kittens seemed to be bubbling over with energy and play. I saw them nurse one day when they were about half grown, a phase of their lives rarely ob- served by anyone. She simply rolled over on her back and was instantly mobbed by her enthusiastic young to the point where she was almost hidden under a mound of squirming, wiggling junior badgers all busily getting their share of milk. Only when she came with prey nearly al- ways a ground squirrel did they quar- rel. Then there was much growling, scratching and biting as they tugged and {ought over It. Badgers are squat, tough and very pow- erful animals with strong jaws and very well developed claws on their fronl feel for digging. They can dig themselves oul of ulghl in an incredibly short time even in hard ground and are nature's built-in con- trol of ground squirrels. Their boles aro traps for lhe unwary. Many Ihe sarkllc- has pul n fool into one to fall and r-me'iimos break a leg. Many the cowboy has suffered a hard fall, even broken bones, and occasionally fnlal injurias In ruch an accident, f was once riding fast heading olf a bunch o[ horses when my flno thoroughbrtd gelding broki through the trail into a badger hole turning a com- plete somersault, end over end. I shot clear at the saddle several feet through the air to come down on my face and slide under a fence out into a ditch along the adjoin- ing highway. Having gone under the bottom strand of barbed wire and between Iwo piles of rocks, I felt lucky to be all in one piece even though some hide was lost and I was sore all over for days afterward. Indirectly, badgers can sometimes be very dangerous animals. Being a big member of the weasel tribe closely related to the wolverine, pine mar- tin and skunk, the badger is a predator depending on prey for food. They will take any small animal or bird they can catch and sometimes raid nesls for eggs although they specialize in digging out ground squirrels. I once saw a coyote trailing a badger closely and obviously this wise ani- mal had learned that when his host dug underground in thr> mirtst of a colony of squirrels his chances of collecting fleeing survivors on the surface were excellent. Heavy muscled with formidable teeth and claws along with plenty of aggressive- ness and determination in a fight, few ani- mals with any sense of self preservation will tangle with one. I once had a ring- side scat at a fight between Iwo wolf hounds and a big badger. The hounds were chasing a coyote hard when that animal ran over a hill out of their sight momen- tarily. When they topped the hill, the first thing they saw was the badger and being sight hunters wilh poor noses, they fell error lo a clear case of mistaken iden- tity. For about half a minute Ihere was a pile of snarling dogs and badger wilh the latter doing well on the IwlUim of Ihe heap. It took just shout that long for the dogs lo find out something was awfully wrong. Hut by thai both had some well chew- ed feet and one had n gaping cut from the lop of Its shoulder to the elbow requiring many slitches to close. Neither owlrl run without limping for nearly a monlh. The. badger left Ihn field of bailie multi-r- ing imprecations undo1 his breath, lillle worst lor wanr. Britain's lengthy war on inflation TONDO.M Mr. Edward Heath's Conservative Gov- ernment has come hard up against the two problems that have dogged most of its pre- decessors since the war: Infla- tion and industrial relations. The two overlap because it is industry's failure lo expand in- vestment and productivity and lo prevent const, ml rises in prices that has helped to de- slroy Britain's competitiveness with other trading countries, and it is the insistence of trade unions, left to themselves, on demanding to be paid more in wages than they have returned in work that has been the most important ingredient in rising prices. The government's decision to float the pound was made ne- cessary, above all, by Its fail- ure lo halt inflation and if, as expected, it eventually leads lo a small devaluation of the pound, then the Conservatives will no longer be able lo make their claim that It is Labor, not the Conservatives, that is the party of devaluation. The feel is, they arc both in It together. It. is not at all sur- prising that everyone is talking of the return lo some sort of in- comes policy, voluntary or compulsory, of freezes and squeezes. The government re- sists such talk; it would much prefer, for practical as well as doctrinal reasons to get by without doing more than leaning on publicly-owned in- dustries to resist inflationary wage claims, but its failure la do this the miners' and the railwayman's claims has driven it back up the samo rotd lhat its predecessors trod before it. The controversial Industrial Relations Act, reforming and restructuring the whole frame- work of Industrial relations, has not bad time to prove itself yet but it is certainly no effective substitute for an Incomes pol- icy. The first post-war freeze came in 194B when Sir Stafiord Cripps was Labor's chancellor. His moral authority in the La- bor movement was such that it kept going for about 18 months, and it might not have been de- stroyed then hod it not been for (ho combined effect of devalua- tion and the rearmament pro- gram that followed Ihe begin- ning of the Korean war. The Conservatives returned to pow- er in 1951 and for a whole dec- ade they relied on a mixture of monetary policy and exhorta- tion, being assisted by the will- ingness of that generation's powerful trade union bosses to exert their influence on the side of restraint. But, in 1001, Mr. Selwyn Lloyd, when chancellor, was forced to introduce his own ver- sion of a squeeze patented un- der the label "Pay Pause." It was implemented by employers at the request of government and although It aid not extend yeah? Well, I dare you to ifep over this line." King Gordon to prices it did embrace a vol- untary restraint of dividends. But it only lasted four months, until the nationalized elec.lric- ily industry gave its employees an over generous settlement when Mr. Lloyd's back was turned. Later Mr, Reginald Maudling tried his hand at a "guiding but by the timo Ihe Conservatives were about lo go out of office in 1964, infla- tion was roaring ahead again. With Labor hack in office, Mr. George Drown at the jiew department of economic af- fnirs prevailed on employers and trade unions by sheer force of personality to sub- scribe lo a "Declaration of. In- tent." But this famous pledge of good intentions only paved the lo the government's statutory wage-price freeze af- ter the 1966 election. This was a six-month stop on increases in pretty well all prices and in- comes, and it was followed by six months of "severe re- straint" which in turn was suc- ceeded by a "nil norm" in 1968. Within two years, inflation had exploded again. The economists are still arguing whether these freezes inevitably built up a dam which was later swept away by the pent-up demands of the workers or whether it was not other accompanying measures that had that effect, notably, In the years after 196G, the devaluation and the accom- panying restraints on consump- tion designed to make way for increased exports. Whichever view may be proved right in tho end the question Is suffi- ciently open lo put the govern- ment under renewed pressure to adopt one or other version of an incomes policy in the cer- tain knowledge that its other attempts to halt inflation have had very little success. Its reluctance lo succumb to this pressure must be at least partly due to its uneasy feeling that any sort of formal in- comes policy requires for its success some measure of co-operation from trade unions. The recent clashes with union militants over the Industrial Relations Act does not inaks the prospect of winning that co operation very promising. (Wrillcr for The HeraM and The Observer. London) Disarmament in Geneva: the dog that didn't bark J. King Gordon is research associate at Hie Institute for International Co-operation at the University of Ottawa. QENEVA The diplomats gathered in the big recep- tion room outside the council chamber in the Palais des Na- tions where diplomats had gathered for the past forty years except for the five- years interruption of the Sec- ond World War. It was the first meeting of the Conference of the Committee on Disarma- ment since the SALT agree- ments were signed, the first since the ILO Conference where strong resolutions were passed calling for the end of all nuclear testing. Above the doors of the coun- cil chamber, a sculpture in bas relief carried the inscription: "Here is a great work for peace in which all can par- ticipate. The nations must disarm or perish. Be just and fear not." Robert Cecil 1805-1958 I was talking with George Ignatieff, the Canadian am- bassador to the United Nations in Geneva, who represents his c o u n t r y at the 25-nation dis- armament confer ence. Ignatieff's concern in disarma- ment goes back 26 years to the United Nations Atomic Energy Committee on which Ignatieff served as diplomatic adviser to General McNaughton. This was in the close aficrmalb of Hiro- shima and Nagasaki when the vision of the awful physical and human devastation produced by atomic explosion was fresh In Ihe minds and in some cases the eyes of those gath- ered around the council table in New York. Then the idea was to ban any further development of atomic or nuclear weapons in ex- change for a co-operative scheme lo develop atomic en- ergy for peaceful purposes. But these negotiations fell through and ever since then particu- larly since when Ihe Russians first detonated an atomic homl) Ihcre has been an on-going arms race in nu- clear weapons wliiuii nui, really sifi- niflcanlly as fnr ns Ihe Iwo mnin nuclcnr powers are con- cerned. More ihan lhal, since then three new members Britain, France and China have been nrlflwl lo the micle.ir club. T li c situation [need by Ilic diplomats gathering In tho anil- room of the Pnlnis dcs Nation! council chamber was that, as a r e s u It of the SALT talks an agreement has been reached placing certain limitations on the numbers of land-based mis- siles and on certain defensive arrangements involving anti- ballistic missiles. But, as Igna- tieff pointed out, the agreement on a measure of balances and parity as a result of the SALT talks can hardly be construed as disarmament. Nor is there anything in the SALT agree- ments to suggest that the arms race would in any way be in- terrupted. The delegates as- sembling for the resumption of the CCD discussions had copies of the day's newspapers under their arms with stories datelined Washington reporting on the Alice in Wonderland statements of Secrelaries Laird and Rogers that the Letter to the editor SALT agreements pointed to the spending of even more bil- lions to develop new and more sophisticated nuclear weapons. George Ignatieff reminded me of the classic detective story in which the central clue hinged on the dog that did not bark when the crime was being committed. In the most rele- vant forum for disarmament in the world, the news from Geneva would be that neither of the two great nuclear pow- ers would show any urgent con- cern with gelling on with dis- armament particularly with the most immediate and rele- vant business of ending all nu- clear testing. Of course he was right. After the welcoming remarks of Ihe chairman and Ihe expression of condolence on Ihe decease of a former colleague from Ihe Pool hours inconvenient We are lour molhers wrlling to express our concern and dis- gust regarding the change in hours and price of a season pass for Henderson Pool. We have nine children be- tween us, and last year we quite enjoyed packing a lunch, taking the kids swimming at 11 a.m. eating about 2-ish and spending lhe day at the pool. We can't do this anymore pool opens at noon so we are forced to lunch at home, arrive at the pool after one o'clock only to he "hooted out" at Then occasionally (like about, twice a week) we'd pack an additional lunch and our husbands would como for a re- freshing dip at 5 p.m. and a relaxing lunch later while the kids enjoyed themselves in the pool. We can't do this anymore cither lhe pool is closed from 5 lo 6 So we are forced once again, lo go home supper cat wail: an hour. Ilicn fio swimming at 7-ish and pay again! 1 Very So They Say Before we go back lo organic agriculture we will have to de- cide which 50 million Ameri- cans Will slarvc. Secretary of Agriculture TCarl L. criticizing "emotional ocologisl.s" and bnck-lo-na- i ture faddists. It seems, again, that we are over a barrel: eilher buy a pass, or pay a day for swimming. Henderson Pool is the biggest and nicest fami1" noo' in Leth- bridge, and we under the impression (false, I guess) that this facility is to be run for the public and not lo cater to the "whims and fancies" of some- one silting behind a desk trying to figure out when the life- guards should eat, or when maintenance can cleau I'm sure if certain people were to sit down and intelligently try and work a schedule whereby Henderson Pool could provide maximum swimming instead of minimum they could find time lo stagger lifeguards' hours so they could eat and even provide a few garbage cans so maintenance wouldn't have so much work! (With the reduced hours, why have Ihey so much work all of I'm sure we arc nol lhe only people who used Henderson lo ils' fullcsl exlenl and it cer- tainly isn't hard lo figure out why so many arc driving out lo Park Lnke where we can en- joy a public FOUR DISMAYED MOTHERS, NINE UNHAPPY CHILDREN AND FOUR DISGUSTED HUSBANDS, LetbbridRo, Netherlands, the Soviet repre- sentative was called upon to speak. He referred to the gratifying relaxation of test- ing, the good results of the Moscow conference and the SALT agreements whose "ulti- mate purpose Is general and complete disarmament, under international controls." Benev- olent support for the UN Gen- eral Assembly resolution on nuclear disarmament, for the proposed European Security Conference, for Mutual Bal- anced Force Reduction, for a World Disarmament Confer- ence. In his statement of in- tent, the Soviet representalive was all on the side of the an- gels. The American representative devoted more time to the sig- nificance of the SALT tlaks and the remainder of his speech to outlining the content of five papers his delegation was presenting to the CCD on certain technical aspects of chemical warfare. One sen- tence concerning the paper on the destruction of toxic chemi- cals stopped one short: "It de- scribed a specific example of CW destruction the demil- ilarization of approximately MM bomb clusters con- taining about tons of GB nerve agent." Makes you think! No more speakers. The cha- rade was ended for the day. Tame stuff when contrasted with the drama of jet-age sum> mitry. But then in the new manual for great-power world manage ment, international bodies such as lhe Conference of lhe Committee on Disarma- ment cul a prelly poor figure. Oh yes: just before adjourn- ment, the chairman announced he had received two letters- one a joint letter from the prime minister of Australia and New Zealand, the other from Peru's ambassador In Ge- neva protesting the upcom- ing French atmospheric nu- clear tests in the south Pacific planned to be carried out in defiance of the UN General As- sembly resolution and the spe- cific appeal of the Slocholm Conference. The Australia-New Zealand letter called on the Geneva conference to "con- tinue to accord high priority to lhe question of the urgent need for the suspension of such tests and the formulation of a com- prehensive lest-ban treaty." It was a jarring note on which to end. Like Cecil's statement: "The nations must disarm or perish.1' Looking backward Through lhe Herald 1922 T he fealure of the Claresholm Race Meet was the success of Miss Leeds as a jockey as she rode Hamona and Juliet, both be- longing to her father, to vic- tory in both the Maple Leaf and July purses. 13.12 An oil well is lo bo dug at Waterton by a Calgaiy syndicate even though there is very little drilling going on in southern Alberta due to finan- cial conditions and the (allure of lhe Lelhbridge Imperial- Texas to strike psy sand. 1912 A sugar "bonus" oE two pounds for every ration card holder in the United Stales was announced Tuesday because of heavier shipments into the country. The bonus ia not likely to result in a change in the Canadian rations. The Paramount the- atro is In (he process of install- ing air conditioning equip- ment which will filter and de- humidify the air as well as cooling. Walt Disney's "Robin Hood" is playing at the Para- mount Wednesday. The Lctlibruirje Herald 504 7Lh St. S., Lellibriclge, Albcrla LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprieiors and Publishers Published 1905 -1951, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mali Rpilslrallon No. 0012 Member of The Cnnadlin Press and inn Canfidlnn Dally Nowspapir Publlihin' ABioclallon nnd iho Audit Burenu of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ftnrt publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mananor DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Mdnflfllnfj Editor Associate Editor ROY f. WILES DOUGLAS K, WALKER Advirllslno ManOQir Gdllorld Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THB SOUTH" ;