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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 5, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, July 5, 1971 Bruce Hutchison The fight has begun In a political sense it's going to be a long hot summer in Great Britain and it won't bo over until the end of October, when Parlia- ment assembles to debate for the final time, whether Britain should, or should not join the European Common Market. The white paper on the terms of entry should be presented this week; then there will be party conferences to discuss the question and after great decision. Both parties know that the ma- jority of British people are opposed to entry- 'Their reasons are first sentimental. They know that mem- bership in the Common Market means the coup de grace to Brit- ain's former grandeur; it will mean that instead of looking beyond the encircling oceans she will be forced to look inwards, across tin; channel. Then there is fear of the rising cost of living, of welfare cutbacks, and more unem- ployment These may very well be the immediate effects of entry. There is bound to be discolation at first. People generally think of life in the immediate future and not in the long term projection. Right now the public mood is one of disenchantment with Mr. Heath for reasons which have little to do with his Market policy, but mili- tates against those policies anyway. The anti-marketeers in government have their troubles too. They have no solution other than to let things go on as they arc. The Daily Ex- press, the only newspaper to oppose entry other than the Communist Daily Star, moans that "the alterna- tive to cutting your throat is not to cut it.'' Mr Wilson, the leader of the La- bor opposition, is in a tough spot. His left-wingers have succeeded in calling an emergency party con- ference this month to discuss the issue. He is going to have to avoid an outright decision or leave his party fragmented. Mr. Heath's party is more manageable and though some of them are opposed, it is not likely that they will pre- sent loo much of a problem. If Mr. Heath could show even a small upsurge in the economy, and equate this with a renewal of in- dustrial confidence due to the pros- pect of entry into Europe, the pub- lic could very well change ils mind overnight. (Perhaps he should con- sult Canada's minister of finance about this There is no question that the pro- Market propaganda lias got to be good. If opposition among the Bril- ish people grows more pronounced during thj summer, it could very well result in the fall of the gov- ernment. The batlle is engaged. Most poli- tical observers are betting on a win for Heath but the British public is always unpredicatable and even the wisest of the pundits could come a cropper on this one. New marketing bill The Supreme Court of Canada, in a unanimous decision, has told the province of Manitoba that it cannot establish an exclusive egg market- ing board because it would inter- fere with free trade between the provinces, which under the BNA Act is a matter of federal jurisdic- tion. Few Canadians doubted that the Supreme Court would reverse the decision of the Manitoba Court of Appeal in this matter. It means that not only can eggs be shipped from one province to another with- out restriction, but that other goods must also be free of tariffs or any other free trade deterrent. The province of Quebec, which had sought to prevent Manitoba's eggs from being marketed in that province, must now allow free en- try of these shipments. The minis- ter of justice has the delicate task of making sure that the court's rul- ing is enforced, and that's not going to be easy, considering the climate of Ottawa-Quebec relations at this point in time. The chicken and egg war may force the revival of pressure on the government to set up a national marketing board. Western farmers who- opposed Bill C-176, which fail- ed to pass in the last session of parliament, may find that a new and revised bill will be brought for- ward in the next session. It may not be as easily defeated in the sec- ond go round. Unfit for the job Manitoba Highways Minister Joe Borowski has been foiled in his de- sire to go to jail. He is reputed to have had his suitcase all ready. But instead the hot-tempered minister has been fined a thousand dollars and his friends are writing in with offers to help pay off the debt. The judge used a considerable amount of ingenuity in passing sentence on the would-be martyr who labors Uii- der the assumption that he should be free to say what iie likes about the quality of justice, and the mag- istrate whose duty it is to dispense it. So far the highways minister re- tains his cabinet job. Perhaps the government is apprehensive about public reaction if it should decide to dispense v.'ilh his services. It should not be so intimidated. Any man in a high governmental position who shows blatant contempt for the law is unfit for the job. ART BUCHWALD Vice President of Development Glucksville Dynamics Glucksville, Calif. Dear Sir, I am writing in regard to employment with your firm. I have a B.S. from USC and Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. In my previous position I was in charge of research and development for the Har- rington Chemical Co. We did work in thermonuclear energy, laser beam refrac- tion, hydrogen molecule development and heavy water computer data. Several of our research discoveries have been adapted for commercial use, and one particular breakthrough in linear hydrau- lics is now being used by every oil com- pany in the country. Because of a cutback in defense orders, the Harrington Co. decided to shut down its research and development department. It is for this reason I am available for immediate employment. Hoping to hear from you in the near future, I remain. Sincerely yours, Edward Kase Dear Mr. Kasc, We regret to inform you thai we have no positions available for someone of your ex- cellent qualifications. The truth of Ihe mat- ler i.s that 'vc find you are "ovcrqualified" for any position we might offer you hi our organization. Thank you for thinking of us, and if anything comes up in the future, we will be getting in touch with you. Yours truly, Mcrriman Haselbald Administralivo Vice President Personnel Director Jesscl Internationa) Systems Crewcut, Mich. Dear Sir, 1 am applying for a position with your Latest budget eloquent in its silence WHILE the lawyers and au- rtilors pore over the mas- sive fine print or the recent Canadian budget the layman, with a little imagination, can read much between the lines. For I his budget, like many be- fore it, is more eloquent in ils silence than in its speech. To begin with, we find here a detaded election document, to be used or not used as occa- sion requires. The political script for the next six months is legible to every reader a long debate about taxes in the autumn, an opposition block- ade, a government eager to get on with public business and then, before the year's end, a lunge to the country for a na- tional mandate. Thus the fear- some decisions arising out of the budget and other causes can be postponed until the gov- ernmenl is safely back in office and feet strong enough to face them. company in any responsible capacity. I have had a college education and have fiddled around in research and develop- ment. Occasionally we have come up with some money making ideas. I would be willing to start off at a minimal salary to prove my value to your firm. Sincerely yours, Edward Kase Dear Mr. Kase, Thank you for your letter of the 15th. Unfortunately we have r.o positions at the moment for someone with a college educa- tion. Frankly it is the feeling of everyone here that you are and your experience indicates you would1 be much happier with a company that could make full me of your talents. It was kind of you to think of us. Hardy Landsdowne Personnel Dept. To Whom It May Cincern Gcis and Waterman Inc. Ziegfried, 111. Dere Ser, I'd like a job with your outfit. 1 can do anything you want me to. You name it Kase will do it. I ain't got no education and no experience, but I'm strong and I got moxy an I get along great with people. I'm ready to start any time because I need tire bread. Let me know when you want me. Cheers Edward Kase Dear Mr. Kase, You are just tire person we have been looking for. We need a track driver and your qualifications are perfect for us. You cnn begin working in our Westminister plant on Monday. Welcome aboard. Carson Peters Personnel. Of course, the script may never be used. The opposition may not provide the necessary excuse. T h e government may change its mind or lose its none. But in case of need the grand strategy is prepared, the hard-hearted voters softened up by lex reductions and Edgar Benson suddenly transformed from a greedy miser into a beaming Santa Clans for early, pre-Christmas appearance. All this is so obvious that one hesitates to mention it. Not so obvious is the moral victory won by the opposition already. It has long demanded tax re- ductions, no matter what the consequences, and the govern- ment, long refusing, has grant- ed them Certainly the opposition will find many flaws in the pro- gram and, as always, will out- promise the government. Ne- vertheless, the government has followed, essentially, the oppo- sition line and, in so doing, has abandoned any serious attempt to cure inflation, swinging from the extreme of austerity to the extreme of liberality, just as the Economic Council of Can- ada predicted. The public, formerly urged to save money, is now urged to spend it like crazy and get the economy moving. Doubtless the government will continue t o preach moderation in the wage push of the labor unions but they know a green light when they see it. In fact, they saw it weeks ago when Parliament raised its own wages on a grand scale and forfeited its right to urge moderation on others. The merry-go-round of wages, costs and prices will speed up again, no matter what the budget may say. If the government and oppo- sition were more candid, and Jess concerned with the next election, they would admit that the whole economic manage- ment of the nation has been bungled for the last decade at least, by both Liberal and Con- servative managers. They would admit that i n conse- quence the nation, like most nations everywhere, is in a grave jam requiring desperate measures, that unemployment has become intolerable and that even the alternative of ac- celerating Inflation looks bel- ter. Maybe it is better. Maybe the government and opposition are right in sacrificing the value of money to the need of economic stimulation. But these are short-run measures at best and it is a counsel of despair to say that they are the sole al- ternatives, that society is inca- pable of solving ils two-sided problem, that the state can only turn on the green light, or the red, as the economy surges or lags. Until the elec- "Cos THEY don't have report cards that's why lion, however, such pretences can'be maintained, the fright- ening third alternative of state intervention postponed in the hope that the problem will quietly go away Assuming that, by some mir- acle, a world-wide problem does go away, that the world eco- nomy can be pumped up with- out intolerable price increases, still the unique problem of Can- ada will not be easily solved. For our labor force is growing so fast, the structural causes of unemployment are so deep, the regional disparities so stub- born that even an inflationary boom cannot put everyone to work in the visible future. Mr. Benson promises rapid economic growth before the year's end real, physical growth as distinguished from paper income but if he is right the growth rate, however rapid, will not be enough to en- sure full employment, in the poorer regions anyhow. And if, in this process, we raise our export prices more rapidly than our competitors raise theirs, the entire economic strategy will fail, though the political strategy may succeed mean- while. There are other interesting items between the lines of the budget. A small matter, per- haps, but worth noting, is the planned deficit, of about million which will cost the tax- payers, in additional interest charges, something like million annually forever. That would be an insignificant price to pay for prosperity, if pros- perity resulted, but what of the tax reductions? For two reasons they are far less than the bud- get suggests. In the first place, does any sensible taxpayer suppose that when the federal government withdraws partially from a field of revenue the hungry provinces and municipalities will not quickly invade it, with their own increased taxes, if they can? Secondly, when Mr. Benson cuts various taxes he absent- mindedly forgets to mention that an invisible tax of about five per cent is now being im- posed on every Canadian's in- come, regardless of his ability or inability to pay, the poor man given the same treatment as tlie rich. At its current rale (which will fluctuate from time to time) that is the annual tax of inflation, paid from the ordi- nary household budget and the tax reductions of the national budget are unlikely to counter- balance it. Preparing for Christmas, and a possible elec- tion before then, the Santa Glaus of poltics, Liberal, Con- servative and socialist, has put on his false whiskers at mid- summer. (Herald Special Bureau) Maurice Western Supreme Court cools chicken and egg war The Supreme Court of Canada has found unanimously that Ihe Manitoba egg legislation, based upon the Quebec scheme already in operation, is ultra vires of the legislature. This should end the chicken and egg war for, while Quebec might conceivably vary the plan, arrangements having the same effect on interprovincial trade would doubtless be given short shift by our highest court. As the jurisdiction in trade and commerce has been com- plicated by a variety of deci- sions since 1878, it is not re- markable that the learned judges followed somewhat dif- ferent routes to the same con- clusion. The power delegated to Parliament under Section 'Jl (2) of the British North America Act appears to be simple and comprehensive. In fact over the years it has been considerably restricted in fa- vor of the provinces. Thus "trade and commerce" does not extend to the regula- tion of trades or businesses for legitimate provincial purposes. Nor i.s provincial legislation necessarily invalid because there is an incidental effect upon some company engaged in interprovincial trade. It i.s the existence of a rather grey area that constantly Icmpls provincial governments, pressure from their local pro- ducers, to press their powers to a point at which they arc finally challenged before the court. In tltt present case the ma- jority view was written by Mr. Justice Martlano'. The finding in essince is that the Manitoba (Quebec 1 schema "not only affects inlerprovin- rial trade in eggs but that it aims at the regulation of such trade." It. is "designed to restrict or the free flow of trade between provinces as and is thus an invasion ot Parliament's authority. Mr. Justice Pigeon differed only in a more cautious approach to an 1881 case (Citizens Insur- ance Company versus Par- sons) referred to by his col- leagues. The analysis of Mr. Justice Laskin, supported by Mr. Justice Hail, is much longer and more concerned with de- ve'oping the meaning for constitutional purposes of in- leiprovincial Irade and com- merce by e x a m i n i n g the various sets of relationships in marketing and price fixing .schemes. But the conclusion is quite as emphatic: "The gen- Rented office NEA service the harried executive who simply can't take time off for a vacation, a French office rental firm offers a uni- que solution take the rat race with you. The plan is called the "Ulti- mate Working Vacation" and works like this: First, have your travel agent book a European vacation for wherever you and your family wish to go. Second, have him book YOU to centrclly located Paris some- time in the middle of the trip for a week of catching up on business. That's where the ren- tal firm, International Business Office Services, come in. To handle your complete business needs, the firm will provide office space by the day or week jusl a few slops away from the Arc de Triomphe in the heart of the city: trilingual secretaries; complete com- munications service, including Telex arid a international tele- phone switchboard; conference rooms, and even typewriter with American keyboards. And it you qsk, they'll prob- ably threw in a vacation's sup- ply of your favorite ulcer medi- cation. eral limitation upon provincial authority to exercise of ils powers within or in the prov- ince precludes it from inter- cepting either goods moving into the province or goods moving out, subject to possible exceptions, as in the case of danger to life or health, again the Manitoba scheme cannot be considered in isolation from similar schemes in other prov- inces: and lo permit each province to seek its own ad- vantage, so to speak, through a figurative sealing of its borders to entry of goods from others would be to deny one of the objects of confederation, evi- denced by the catalogue of fed- eral powers and by Section 121, namely, lo form an economic unit of Uis whole of Canada." It il is necessary to arrest the movement of goods at a pro- vincial border, the aid of the Parliament ef Canada must be sought. Ever since the controversy developed, the federal gov- ernment has taken the posi- tion that its marketing legis- lation C-176) offered the best cure. The basis of Otla- wa's scheme was lo be a set ot federal provincial agree- ments, as specifion'iiy provided for in article 31 and referred to also in other paragraphs. This was open to obvious objeclions. If provinces could conlracl into such arrange- ments, they could also contract out. What then would be the situation? It is certain that leg- islation, without resort to the courts, would have left every- thing unclear. Even if Quebec, as a matter of policy, had been wi'ling to accommodate Ot- tawa, it would have been free, if the results were disappoint- ing, lo withdraw and would pre- sumably, in the meantime, hi'Ve held lo its now found to have been mistaken that the operations of its egg marketing board were a prop- er exercise nf the- provincial power. Further, Mr. Olson's bill, which has been having a very rough parliamentary passage, now plainly requires reconsid- eration in the context of Mon- day's judgment. It may be found, in this light, that it re- quires no amendment, since federal power was not at issue in the egg marketing case. But some of its provisions appear to attribute to the provinces powers which they do not possess, and in respect to witich consent is sought. Par- liament may now accordingly have wider doubts about a bill which appears to be huill on doubts and which has also had a very mixed reception from the agricultural community. The federal government in recent years has shown consid- erable reluctance to carry such cases to the courts. This was probably a mistake. Certainly it has been a great advantage lo have tlie legal position clari- fied in the case of off-shore minerals by the Supreme Court judgment in the British Co- lumbia case. Again, in the chicken and egg war, the court has handed down a judg- ment with an authority beyond anything within the contriv- ance of governments. Balkani- ?ation has been averted, not by the politicians, however worthy tlieir motives, but. by the .nidges whose duly it is to de- fend the constitution. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald The Lord's Day Al- liance is meeting with scant sympathy in Toronto and Ham- ilton in their efforts lo ban Sun- day balhing at the public beaches. 19.11 Bob Pearce of Hamil- ton, Ontario won the classic diamond sculls today against F. Bradto of Cambridge Uni- versity. The trophy is emble- matic of world supremacy in amateur sculling. This is the second year in a row that Can- ada has won. Otto, 54, allaeh- ed to the German consulate general in New York before it was closed last week, hanged himself with a sash cord, it was reported today. 1951 The Princess Eliza- beth and her husband Prince Philip will visit Canada in lobcr and tour the country from coast lo coast, Prime Minister SI. Laurent an- nounced today. is the first day that cofor was used for the first page and front section of The Herald. It was previously only in use in the second sec- tion. The Letltbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lclhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newjpapw Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of Clrculatloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnaper JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY P. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pane Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;