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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Turks seeks support against Greek claims By Sam London Observer commentator ISTANBUL Turkey is seeking support in its quarrel with Greece over territorial waters and the continental shelf at the United Nations Law of the Sea Conference now being held in Venezuela. But at the same time Ankara believes the problem can be solved only through bilateral and not at a parley attended by 150 nations of the world. The question of the extent of territorial waters and continental shelf in the Aegean Sea has developed into a serious conflict between Greece and straining their relations and threatening NATO's south- eastern flank. Both countries have put their armed forces in a state of advanced readiness and embarked on a series of military exercises and shows of strength. The conflict followed the discovery by Greece of offshore oil in the Aegean and Turkey's decision to search oil in the same area. Greece says the region where the Turks want to explore for oil is part of its islands' continental shelf. Athens bases its claim on an article of the 1958 Geneva Convention which gives offshore islands the right of continental shelf. Turkey rejects the Greek argument and refers to anoti-er article of the same convention which has not been ratified providing for direct bilateral talks in cased of differences on the delimitation of the continental shelf. Ankara claims that under existing international as well as the special geophysical position of the Turkey's continental shelf extends round or bypasses the Greek islands. Turkish officials say that they expect the majority of the countries in Caracas to back their views both on the question of the territorial waters and the continental shelf. are optimistic of the outcome of the conference regarding our a high foreign office official said. it is not in Caracas that a solution to our conflict with Greece will be found. We must sit together and settle our just as two good neighbours and allies should Government officials have already made it clear that Turkey will an extension of the present six-mile limit in the Aegean to a 12-mile as the Greeks want. A Turkish expert now attending the Caracas conference shall not oppose the principle of a 12-mile limit. In fact this limit already applies along our Black Sea and Mediterranean coasts. But the Aegean presents an unusual and special Greece has recently hinted that it will unilaterally extend its territorial waters in the Aegean to 12 miles. Turkish officials say that if Greece tries to impose this risk of a collision will be Turkey would not recognize a unilateral decision and would continue to send its merchant ships and naval vessels through present territorial waters and open sea. would lead to a dangerous one official warned. would mean an armed clash if the Greeks tried to stop us by force The grim prospect of such a confrontation is frightening Western diplomats here. NATO circles are convinced that the Turks' warning is serious. Turkish officials say that extending the Greek islands' territorial waters to 12 milas would be unjust and because it would practically the Turkish mainland. Turkey's western coast would have only two of the present exits from territorial waters to the international waters in the Aegean. look at the map is enough to show what would an expert said. is absurd that Greece should dominate our Aegean coast because of islands so close to our The Turks say that it would be equally absurd to give as one official put island while ignoring Turkey's continental Turkish experts claim that geophysically the Greek islands and islets are a of the Turkish mainland. They refer to recent international accords and a decision of the International Court of Justice at The Hague defining a continent's as part of the continental shelf. At Caracas the Turks intend to propose a delimitation of the continental shelf in the Aegean through bilateral as suggested by the Geneva Convention for special cases. are confident that this principle will be adopted. No country can oppose the principle of negotiations for peaceful a senior official said. hope Greece too will The Turkish government seems quite determined to carry on with its program to explore and drill for oil in what it considers its continental shelf in the Eastern Aegean. the Greeks do not want to talk with they will bear the a Turkish diplomat said. Foreign observers here share the Turkish hope that the Greeks will not try to intervene but no one can definitely rule out such a possibility. Said a Western Greeks and Turks share the quality of being obstinate and courageous people. If they attempt to prove their taking each other's threat we may witness a disaster in this I TirUlk terrttMU liter Mt I Gmt I rcnrtMW niter Wt I 12 nh Wh New insights into the sex revolution By Carl syndicated commentator WASHINGTON The teenager cradled his tennis racket against his sweaty shirt and casually answered the question as to how often his job would let him play. not working right he said. jjst living with my girl at her parents' house a few blocks from A couple of listeners lifted an eyebrow momentarily and went about the business of lin- ing up new tennis matches. Everyone just seems to take it for granted that sexual mores have changed so profoundly in this country that it is a waste of breath even to talk about chastity or virginity. If you wonder just how much things have read a couple of articles about sex and teenage girls to in the spring issue of- Family Planning Perspec- tives. Professors Melvin Zelnik and John F. Kantner of Johns Hopkins University have done a study showing that intercourse is a relatively common with about 30 per cent of teenage women admitting that they participate. The authors assert that for every 10 babies born live to U.S. six were conceived out of wedlock. BERRY'S WORLD Zelnik and Kantner report that black teenage girls are twice as likely to engage in premarital sex as whites and of those experiencing twice as many black teenagers get pregnant. Blacks wind up with a highly disproportionate number of il- legitimate many of whom are on for three 1. Of white teenagers who get one out of two gets married before the baby comes. Only one black teenager out of 12 gets married before giving birth. 2. Some 41 white teenagers out of every 100 who get preg- nant solve their problem with an abortion. Fewer than six black teenagers out of 100 get an 3. While there is a growing tendency for all mothers to keep their illegitimate white teenagers are still nine times more likely to put their babies up for adoption per than are black teenagers per The report by Zelnik and Kantner becomes all the more interesting when read against another report in the same magazine by June Sklar and Betty Berkov. They raise the question of why the sharp rise in teenage illegitimacy during the 1960s and even after legal abortions became widely available in the 1970s. Sklar and Berkov speculate that lack of access is probably one reason why contraceptives were not used recent studies in- dicate that there were other important reasons. Some teenage women felt that systematic use of contracep- tion implied advance prepara- tion and planning for inter- course and hence was incon- sistent with the view that sex- ual relations should be held under spontaneous and conditions. In some appeared to feel that contraceptives were unnatural and potentially iiaimful agent in the others that contraceptives were too troublesome and in- that nearly all the menstrual cycle is or that they were too young to get is still a major factor in teenage sex. Sklar and Berkov that a fourth of the blacks and a third of the whites who had a premarital first pregnancy said they had wanted to get pregnant with the whites particularly ap- parently hoping pregnancy would hasten marriage. But Sklar and Berkov suggest that using pregnancy to induce a man to marry isn't as successful as it used to be. One reason is with reliable contraceptives parents most other people figure that if a girl gets pregnant nowadays she has only herself to blame. There are signs that more and more people accept teenage sexual intercourse simply because it exists. But Sklar and Berkov point out a couple of facts that have not vanished in the sexual revolution. An illegitimate child suffers from a lot more economic and health handicaps than does a legitimate child. Children born to teenagers also suffer special handicaps because their parents lack emotional or social maturity as well as economic capacity. Thus the illegitimate child of a teenager faces a hard But from what Zelnik and Kantner we shall have a lot of them around for a long time. Byok reviews Conference of religious leaders 1974 by Inc. forget the part about sharing equally in doing Fourteenth by John Ball Brown 328 Bishop member of the Church of England is deeply troubled by the in- creasing variety of pointing that fundamental according to his opi- nion could bring worshippers closer together or even allow them to unite under one single faith. Sir Cyril self centred is try- ing to help along the if for no other reason than to prove himself different. He contributes vast amounts of money and his com- municative a college in the United States provides the to initiate a world conference of all faiths. The idea is perceived the delegates arrive in good have a decide that there is nothing wrong with their own faith after all and agree on general disagreement. Bishop sees his conception being defeated in the conference room. As a last resort to reach some un- derstanding he proposes 13 points that ultimately get dis- mantelled by tte conference attendants. But Sir the propelling force behind the venture has one more card up his sleeve. He convinces the Dalai Lama to address the conference. His Holiness avrees. Bv orooosine a fourteenth he at least succeeds to end the meeting on a good accord. Diversity of the faiths is clearly how to overcome it is at least not convincingly. I think a most important that religion should be analysed for its attributed a specific function and be relegated to just this function has not been brought up. In a world where more people everyday join the ranks of the the topic shouldn't be how to unite but how to not how to perpetrate the teachings the past but how to interpret them to the benefit of mind and not to their in- carceration. the fourteenth point ends the novel on a note of but it is a deceiving a hope that doesn't withstand the pressure of future a hope without hope. An excellently styled book that one can recommend. It is meticulously in- spires one's thoughts and creates an aspect of uneasy identity with man the story the myth the establishment talking about freedom but at the same time enchained by his own philosophy. HANS SCHAUFL Mysterious new play by Peter Deutsch ISO A play concerning a self- doubting psychiatrist's treat- ment of a teenaged boy who is insanely attached to and who blinds six of would not immediately appear to be a promising sort of play. written by the British playwright Peter is unexpectedly mov- ing and mysterious. It owes a heavy debt to Tennessee Williams' play Last to several novels of the past but it is not as totally bizarre as Last so it is more affecting and more controlled. The central strength ol like that of King is that it allows madness something few other plays do. Only accomplished actors and directors would be well advised to attempt a produc- tion of Equus. Hamming it up or studious underacting would both be disasterous. The script is pitted with elements of submerged and even all waiting to boobytrap the un- wary amateur. JOHN BELL The you By Gregory local writer It is important to realize that in this age of Aquarius the notion of the school as an institution of learning is outdated. Schools should be showcases of and any school which still clings to the old teaching- learning model is the object of and muffled snickers. Most school systems have made remarkable stride in their pursuit of roles far loftier than that mundane one of teacher of children. The path most districts have taken is that of staffing their schools with a myriad of personnel. Since much teaching falls on deaf hearing and speech therapists hover listening attentively for wayward lispers and that tell-tale reply to questions did you Nurses circulate through the schools checking for nearsightedness the not the and innoculating against dread and inspecting fingernails. And then there are the counsellors. In the simple days of our forefathers there may have been a vocational who might have advised as to a or trade. But in this age of enlightenment and there are also guidance counsellors who minister to the needs of warped or bruised psyches. There are also more highly specialized psychological counsellors who try their hands at the most serious when they discover their own refer the extreme cases to non-school psychiatrists and social rehabilitation agencies. In time we may witness the advent of school-based marriage counsellors for those child-brides and child- grooms who might wish to patch up matrimonial flaws during recess or study period. But even though attempts to spend the educational dollar on services other than teaching have been remarkably we can still argue that a disproportionate amount of money is still being spent on mere teaching. if a school system is going to be it must find ways to spend mote of that educational dollar on non- teaching It seems only reasonable then to consider and trend-setting ways of spending the educational dollar. My own proposal is but timely. Each school should be staffed with an exorcist. Now lest I be credited with let me hasten to point out that in addition to helping spend the money and attracting much-desired public there are some tangible reasons for employing exorcists I do hope that you won't count these against my for there is a lot of mileage to be made from being the very try something even though it is useful. Here is a chance for adventuresome school districts to start a bandwagon rather than to just jump aboard one started elsewhere. One reason for employing exorcists is that too many pupils are being referred to outside agencies. We must remember that children belong to the not private practice head shrinkers. A school exorcist would ensure that all even the most be treated right in the school. elaborate facilities would have to be replete with special lighting and sound and large incense budgets allocated. But the publicity would make the costs nell worthwhile. Not the least of the benefits to be derived from exorcism in the schools would be the once and for of the corporal punishment dilemma. The school exorcist could be called upon whenever a pupil became of the and disrupted class. In addition to curing the child of his unacceptable to rather than would not only eliminate the discomfort of a warm but would save the child from a potentially far hotter circumstance. the prospects for exorcism in the schools are manifold. Special exorcists could be employed to dissident or recalcitrant teachers and thereby ease the minds of those guardians of the public the school trustees. the saving in cost of aspirins for trustees alone would pay for the service. And as a condition of employment all new teachers could be required to demonstrate before a panel of exorcists that they are pure of and soul. If anyone disputes my proposal on financial grounds let me assure you there is no need to worry. The cost of hiring exorcists could easily be accommodated by increasing class sizes and reducing the number of teachers. Since no longer would pupils be discipline pioblems and since teachers would all be pure of and therefore willing to toe the line there would be no real interference with teaching. And even if there so For as we said the notion of the school as an institution of learning is outdated anyway. ANDY RUSSELL A trout to remember WATERTON LAKES All trout are beautiful creations of delicately colored and streamlined in their proportions. They are made to slip through the water at high speed. Whether or not they admit most anglers get a far greater thrill out of seeing a big trout finning lazily in gin-clear water than they do out of that same fish lying dead in a creel. More than a few big trout are played to submission and then carefully released so the thrill of knowing it is still in the pool can be enjoyed again. My good the has a summer cabin on a good brown trout stream. He is a master with a fly and like about everyone else who has fished for brown he will quickly assure you that brown trout are the wiliest of them all. An artificial fly has to be presented just right to take even the most reckless but when it comes to fooling a old fish with much experience behind you are dealing with wisdom akin to a finny PhD in the art of survival. For a big brown trout is a highly tuned individual employing every sense with co-ordination in its never ending search for food and con- tinual watch for danger. Brown trout grow big and big trout get that way by never being careless or stupid. The judge takes some fine fish every proof that he is an artist with a fly rod. One fine fall day when I was visiting him and his wife at their he handed me a fine fly rod made of split cane and invited me to try it. It was fairly late in the day near the last of the season with a tang of frost in the air and the brilliantly colored leaves were falling from the hardwoods. The river was adrift with these and the water was low and clear. As we worked our way upstream I knew it would be tough for the conditions were against the angler. When we came to a big pool at the foot of a steep rapids at a sharp bend in the the judge told me there was a big trout living here and maybe if I had luck and I would take it. While I waded slowly into the tail of the he sat on the lit his pipe and watched. Casting carefully I laid a pretty fan-wing Royal Coachman ahead of me and within a few minutes caught and released two fat 10-inchers. Finally I came up within casting distance of the head of the pool. There the swift water at the foot of the rapids divided two eddies a small narrow one on my right and a bigger deep one on the far side. Several casts to the near one brought no so I carefully studied the other. In the middle of it a raft of floating leaves was slowly revolving. If was a big trout it was likely lying just under the near edge of that patch of leaves waiting for feed to float by. My first cast was short and the breeze prevented me throwing the kind of bend I wanted for a natural drift. The next one was wide and the fly dropped on the edge of the fast where it was immediately drowned. Quickly picking it I false cast a few times to dry it off while waiting for a lull in the breeze. It came and this time my cast was where it should be with just enough bend in the leader for a good float. The fly rode the eddy for about a foot when the water suddenly flew in a hard strike and I was fast to a good fish. The ensuing fight was fast and furious with every move of the trout telegraphing up that beautiful rod. When I finally drew the brown in it was played and lay quiet while I slipped the hook from its lip. Slipping my fingers under a gill I held it up to show the judge and then slid it back into the river. the judge exclaimed. would have liked that one for can catch him next I told him. he doesn't owe us ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein Two-faced heads. Headline writing is not chiefly because there's so little room to turn around in and partly because the job has to be performed in so little time. It is not that occasionally a headline writer comes up with a dud. The amusing duds are those that can be read .in two ways. Dave Bloom of Toronto sends in one from a local turns on the He showed it to his wife and her reaction has he turned against his own Needless to that was not the intended meaning. What was intended was almost the opposite and it could have been achieved by a simple re-ordering of the turns the Bruins Another two-faced from a New York went like show hit in It was hit or it was a It would have made a world of difference to insert before hit that little word Bring and take. If a boss were to say to his this up to Mr. Jones on the fifth he would be guilty of bad usage. On the other if he were to say to me a chicken salad no and be quick about he would be correct. Bring and take both involve direction when they denote physical bring means movement in the direction of the speaker or take means movement away from the speaker or writer. The mistakes that occur are almost entirely the misuse of bring when the proper word should be as in the boss's first sentence above. When no physical movement is bring may properly be used in the sense of produce as a president's message is expected to bring the whole issue to a ;