Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
If Red Crow had drawn Cardston would be Indian land By WARREN CARAGATA Herald Staff Writer The claim that Cardston is built on Indian or variations on that is a familiar one to many Southern Albertans. But while Cardston residents can rest secure in the knowledge that Indians from the nearby Blood Reserve have no legal right to their there appears to be more than a grain of truth in the rumor. Back in when the Sarcees and Stoneys gathered at Blackfoot Crossing to sign Treaty 7 with the Canadian the Bloods agreed to take a piece of land between Calgary and Medicine Hat as their reserve. The Bloods were still a nomadic people at that following the buffalo herds as they always had. But the buffalo were dying off and 1878 marked the last great hunt. After following the herds into the Bloods returned to Canada only to discover they had sign- ed away their land to. the whites and were left with what Hugh history director of the Glenbow- Alberta Institute in calls miserable hunk of When the Bloods signed Treaty they didn't unders- tand what a reserve was and never thought that would be their Mr. Dempsey said in a recent Herald interview. So negotiations began with the government to allow the tribe to trade their treaty reserve for an area between the St. Mary and Belly the usual winter camp for the Bloods. The Blood leadership asked for the land bordered in on the west and east by the two rivers and in another treaty was signed effecting the land swap. But the Indians didn't understand what the white government meant in the new treaty and that misunder- The LetKbridge Herald SECOND SECTION July 1974 Pages 15-28 SOARING CHAMP DICK MAMINI'S SIX-FOOT FRAME FILLS THE COCKPIT PHIL ILLINGWORTH Photos They join the hawks at feet By RUSSELL OUGHTRED Herald Staff Writer It costs five dollars to hitch a ride behind the Piper Cub but once you're feet above ground the view is great. If you're skilled enough to find a or a you can join company with hawks calm- ly spiralling skyward 000 feet above sea level. With luck your may climb to altitudes where the air is so thin you have to reach for an ox- ygen mask and turn on your oxygen reserve. For 35 pilots soaring in 25 sailplanes at Claresholm this week during the Western Canadian soaring championship the thrill of soaring makes up for earthly in- conveniences like landing in fields of mud miles from home. It didn't bother Ian an Atomic Energy of Canada who trailered his home built Tern sailplane to Claresholm from Win- nipeg. Competing in the slower of two Ian led the field of 11 sports class birds north on the race course to 44 miles north of Claresholm. ran out of and then a huge storm moved in from the west cutting off including a ride he says. Engineer who shares pilot duties at home with his wife gingerly set the Sitka spruce and birch plywood craft down in a muddy field belonging to a surprised Blackie farmer. Ian then phoned giving the location of his impromptu runway. In half an hour the who spent three winters and about building the had the wings off their sturdy craft. With everything packed in their they brought the Tern bag to Claresholm behind their car. Yvonne spent the night cleaning mud from the landing gear and underbel- FIRST FIND SOMEONE TO GIVE YOU A BOOST ly so Ian could compete Wednesday. Wednesday's course for sports class sailplanes was a 75-mile triangle with Claresholm as start everyone finish. The first leg of the triangular course was in- tended to take 11 all clutching navigational 25 miles northeast to the 25 miles south to and the home 25 miles northwest to the wartime air force base at Claresholm now shared by aviators and trailer manufacturers. who took up soaring eight years says speed is the objective in soaring competitions. Sailplanes leave Claresholm at a maximum altitude of feet above ground and each is clocked for an exact departure time. As the pilot reaches each corner of the course banks like crazy and aims the wing tip at an elevator or whatever is specified as the turnpoint on the and takes a Ian pointing to the camera mounted in the cockpit. When the race is all pilots hand in a film to prove they've passed each turnpoint. As Ian and Yvonne got ready for Wednesday's the faster cham- pionship class sailplanes lined up on the old runway at Claresholm. Among the 14 gull- like sailplanes were the craft of Canadian soaring champ Dick Mamini of the winner of the first two days of and the plane of West Van- couver advertising ex- ecutive Charlie Grant. Charlie's plane stands out in the field of shiny white German-made fibreglass Libelle sailplanes. Painted bright yellow and Charlie's craft is one of the and he high-performance wooden birds manufactured in Ger- many by Schempp-Hirth. Charlie takes turns in the cockpit with fellow Van- couverite Jake Brauer. Charlie lies almost flat on his parachute laden back in the tiny cockpit under the streamlined plexiglass cover. Charlie's bird spans 63 feet from one delicate wing tip to the other. The in- struments alone would cost over to replace. But Charlie's craft isn't the most expensive. The pop- ular fibreglass Libelle sailplane costs about 000 with instruments. Lying in his Charlie's feet rest on two rudder pedals mounted in the projectile nose of the sailplane. Above either bent knee is the control panel with its mosaic of guages and dials. Cramm- ed in the cockpit are an airspeed indicator and two which the pilot uses to guage updraft activity and upward climb. A slight lateral jiggle of the stick and Charlie's ailerons the trailing edge of the will waggle his wings. A slight forward nudge and the elevators on the tailplane will push the 500-pound sailplane into a dive. A gentle pull back and the bird assumes its normal gliding spect of about 40 to 1. Like other Charlie is always looking for ther- mal created by daytime heating of ground by the sun. Towering cumulus clouds usually tell pilots where air is rising quickly. And Charlie is also look- ing for the a surf-like breaker of wind created when strong westerlies come over the Rockies and ripple out across the Prairies. Pilots agree that in- struments are crucial to catch and hang on to elusive updrafts. But the most popular instrument on sailplanes costs about five cents. Mounted on the outside of the plex- iglass directly ahead of the is a five or six-inch length of string. The pilots gives an immediate and ac- curate picture of their progress aloft. THEN YOU'RE ALONE RIDING ALOFT ON 60-FOOT WINGSPAN standing is the basis for the rumor that Cardston is built on Indian land. The Blood chiefs thought the southern boundary of their new reserve was the Rocky although the legal boundary was an imaginary survey line running from Lee Creek just north of where Cardston now stands. The Indians had always marked off land according to natural boundaries and weren't able to understand that the line of survey mounds from Lee's Creek in the west to Fish Creek in the east was the southern limit of their reserve. The boundary problem didn't present a problem until 1887. when Mormon settlers under the leadership of Charles Card arrived from Utah and camped at Lee's just south of the reserve line. The Bloods thought the Mor- mons were settling on Indian land and complained first to the settlers and then to the government. Red head Blood chief at the is reported as say- ing that Scout Jerry who acted as interpreter at the 1883 gave the Bloods a mistaken impression of what land they had been given. John a Dominion land surveyor who set the reserve said at the found these In- dians had no idea of an ar- tificial such as a line of their method of defining a tract of land be- ing by means of natural boun- such as lakes and mountains and they seem- ed to be unable to understand any The immediate problem was solved after several Blood chiefs and a govern- ment party set out to follow the southern boundary and Mr. Nelson is quoted as saying Red Crow was then satisfied with the southern limit of the reserve. Mr. Dempsey said latter- day claims the Mormons have settled on Indian land least deserve a sympathetic The Indians were at decided when they signed the he because the whites wrote the documents for the Indians to sign. side had a different understanding of what was in the he said. And while there may be no legal basis for the Blood's claim to land south of the attitudes to Indian claims have changed so I really wonder if we've become sufficiently enlighten- ed to see the treaties weren't understood equally by both Mr. Dempsey said. Vegetable growers to vote on board By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer A plan to establish a marketing board for growers of fresh vegetables and potatoes has been approved by the Alberta cabinet and a producer vote is expected before the end of July. Tom of secretary of the Alberta Marketing told The Herald Wednesday in a telephone ballots will be mailed to fresh vegetable producers registered for the vote by Friday. Ballots will also be sent to registered potato growers in Alberta by July 12. Mr. Sydness said the vote should be completed by the end of for vegetable growers at least. The ballot allows a producer to vote yes or no on establish- ment of a marketing board for fresh vegetables or depending on which crop the farmer grows. Reuben Huber of secretary manager of the Alberta Fresh Vegetable told The Herald in a telephone approval of a marketing board by the producers will allow those producers to set the wholesale price for vegetables and poa totes. Mr. Huber said vegetable producers will finally be able to take the ups and downs out of the vegetable industry if they all vote for the marketing board concept. Under the a pricing committee would be establish- ed for both crops. The com- mittee would set the price at the wholesale level according to supply and demand. Mr. Huber said the marketing board would eliminate price competition between individual farmers. the marketing board won't mean higher priced vegetables for the he said. the past lower prices for producers didn't always mean lower prices to consumers. Now the producers will get what is coming them and con- sumers will maintain their Mr. Huber said stability in the marketplace would also be a benefit for producer and consumer under a marketing board. a store operation couldn't go to the trouble to plan an advertising campaign for a specific vegetable. By the time he planned the adver- tising and got the vegetables ready to his competitor could buy the same vegetable from another grower or whoesaler cheaper and un- dersell the first store he said. a marketing this wouldn't happen because the price would be established for all Mr. Huber predicts a marketing board will help to boot production in vegetable crops in Alberta by stabilizing the market. He predicted the marketing board will allow Alberta to become self-sufficient in vegetable production throughout the local growing season. Alberta producers now only supply 35 per cent of Alberta's vegetable requirements dur- ing the local growing season. During a full Alberta's vegetable production fills only 15 per cent of the provincial requirements. With the added bouyancy in the provincial vegetable in- Mr. Huber predicts local carrots will be available from August through to the following April. He says cabbage will be available from the end of July to the middle of the following parsnips' from August to the following rutabagas from September to the following radishes from middle of June to Oc- cucumbers from August to sweet corn from the middle of August to September. Nursing workers win raise By MURDOCH MACLEOD Herald Staff Writer A newly-ratified media- tion report will give employees at three Blunt's nursing homes rough pari- ty with similar workers in auxiliary a union spokesman said today. Al provin- cial hospitals co-ordinator for the Canadian Union of Public Employees said the union achieved its demand for a basic wage rate increase to cents an hour from an hour. Staged increases will give wages of an hour retroactive to last Jan. retroactive to April and as of Dec. 1. Sick holiday and overtime provisions were also improved. The contract will expire March at the same time as every other hospital and nursing home contract in the he said. The mediation report was accepted by 75 per cent of the Fort Macleod and Lethbridge workers at a Wednesday night meeting. It had earlier been ratified by Calgary he said. A strike vote set for to- day has been cancelled. Ian another CUPE said workers at the Haven of Rest Nursing Home in Medicine Hat will vote tonight on whether or not to accept a conciliation report in their negotiations. Poor visibility blamed in death of Foremost cyclist A Foremost coroner's jury ruled Wednesday poor visibili- ty was the cause of a collision between a 10-speed bike and an which resulted in the death of a Foremost youth June 18. The which heard evidence on the death of Richard Thompson at an inquest held in said an approaching automobile may have been a contributing factor in the ac- cident. Coronor Dr. J. Edward McTavish presided. The inquest was told the Thompson youth and a Gordon met Karen Hougen in Foremost July 18 and were riding south with her along Highway 61 when the ac- cident occurred. They were about a quarter-mile from the town. It was noted the accident oc- curred about p.m. Sunset that evening was at p.m. D. V. acting for the pointed out the ac- cident probably happened after two motorists had pass- ed each other. The northbound Hrivpr HiHn't an acci- had happened and con- tinued he said. Miss Hougen told the in- quest they were bicycling at times abreast and sometimes in single file. At the time of the she the other two cyclists were in front of her. saw Richard look over his head and the car hit him when he turned to look back his bike swerved to the centre of the she said. Louella driver of the vehicle that was in colli- sion with the said she turned onto the highway and saw a vehicle coming from the south. The cars passed and heard a She said she thought have I She said she didn't see the cyclists until after the ac- cident. The inquest was told the Thompson bicycle did not have a headlamp or a red tail lamp but did have a red reflec- tor. The jury Bicycles be equipped with proper lighting before salp This lighting should be turned on at Cyclists should wear reflector jackets for their own safety and protection. Try a job program for students Exposing students to small business operations is the aim of a Alberta govern- ment a department of youth and recrea tion official said Thursday. Rick one of three regional representatives in the department's Lethbridge says the small business student opportunity program should assist small businesses and provide young people with a better picture of them. And there is a limit of one student per business. Application forms should be available next he says. More information is available from the culture youth and recreation office in the Sun Life or by telephoning 328-9686.