Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Cold war suspicions hampered summit conference An analysis By HEDR1CK SMITH New York Times Service MOSCOW The Soviet- American summit meeting of begun in a spirit of ex- pectant reunion six days passed into history today on a more subdued and sober note without the triumph and sense of accomplishment of 1972 or the easy good fellowship of 1973. Its dominant public and was the frank admission that despite two years of the two countries had not yet shed enough of their accumulated suspicions from the cold-war era to forswear the urge to carry on the race in offensive arms. Through the sheer fact of meeting again and achieving modest accords on secondary President Nixon and Leonid the Soviet Communist party sought to give the impression that the momentum of sum- mitry and the mechanics of detente were irreversible. But they failed to reverse the momentum of their most menacing the expan- sion of multishot missiles in their strategic arsenals. Instead of achieving the permanent accord on offen- sive arms they had pledged last year to try for in the two leaders put off the deadline until 1977 and decid- ed that a limited agreement until 1985 was preferable to a permanent one. Equally im- they were not able to draft a clear joint mandate for their negotiators in Geneva. The failure to achieve a negotiating breakthrough to curb the arms race was an un- doubted disappointment for despite the deliberate advance efforts by his ad- ministration to discount the chances of complete success. Even for who candidly observed that the arms accords be it was also an undoubted disappoint- ment not to receive more help from Nixon toward the cherished Soviet goal of a broad-scale east-west summit meeting to conclude the Euro- pean security conference and seal the postwar division of Europe and Germany. __On the key ol -oast- west diplomacy this seemed to many observers to be a wait-and-see some American of- ficials said by the impeachment mood in Washington and Soviet wariness about the domestic weakness of the president. The administration was tak- ing a wait-and-see attitude on the European security con- ference and the trade issues that matter so much to the while Brezhnevand his Politburo colleagues decided to take a similar at- titude on the crucial matter of the build-up of offensive mis- siles. No one could say for sure just what role Watergate had played in the Moscow but it seemed to sur- face in subtle ways. Though the impeachment procedures cast uncertainty over the Soviet-American the dynamics of the race in offensive arms and the suspicions it generates are probably the main causes for the failure to reach even a limited accord on curtailing the spread of multiheaded missiles. The talks here were described as by far the most candid ever undertaken in such a top-level meeting on the precise strengths and positioning of Soviet and American missiles and strategic calculations. What emerged from the sessions in the Crimean Dachas and on the fantail of Brezhnev's yacht as it cruised off the Black Sea coast last Sunday was the recognition that neither side was prepared to give up its programs for introducing weapons. As the president and his men ended the they proclaimed that while the results were a setback for arms control in formal both sides had profited from the candor and their relationship was stable enough to endure the failure. The Lethbrtdge Herald VOL. THURSDAY. JULY 1974 28 Pages 15 CENTS and heard About town Carol in a Volkswagen following an Expo-bound charter bus operated by her husband I' i I I Indians exempted from visas Me. Canadian-born Indians have an aboriginal right to pass freely over the United States-Canadian U.S. District Judge Edward Gignoux has ruled. In a decision given Gignoux granted the request of a group of Indians fondeclaratory judgment that they are ex- empt from immigration requirements that they register as aliens and obtain visas. The suit was brought by Andrew Akins and seven other Indians. Akins and six of the others are residents of although born in Canada. Only Loomis Sappier of Perth is a Canadian resident. In an official of the U.S. Immigration Service said the department's legal office will have to ex- amine the judgment to determine whether it applies to all Canadian or whether some are excluded from provisions of the Jay Treaty and the 1928 immigration law. Meat cutters irked by Lougheed tactics Lockout protested About 500 persons arrived at the Alberta legislative building plants in the province. Premier Peter Lougheed told the group the Wednesday to press the provincial government to bring about an lockout would end end to Ihe cf en at three major meatpacking British gov't planning for N. Ireland election LONDON The British government intends to introduce legislation for the election of a constitutional convention in Northern Ireland. The convention would sider what provisions for the government of Northern Ireland would be likely to command the most widespread acceptance throughout the community the government said in a white paper published today. The convention will be re- quired to report on its con- clusions which will be placed before the white Leaders vow aid to Peron's widow BUENOS AIRES Argentine leaders eulogized President Juan Peron today and promised to assist his widow and to lead the country. and in front of your coffin and in the presence -of your I reassert my pledge to support firmly the constitutional said Gen. Leandro one of 12 speakers at a funeral service. Opposing political leaders promised the same co-oper- ation. Anaya's well armed and in battle were out- side the Congress building to line the cortege route to the presidential mansion in sub- urban Olivos. The popular 78-year-old leader died Monday of a heart attack and lay in state Tues- day and Wednesday. When police finally closed the doors early they had to use tear gas to keep back the protesting crowd. Scores of thousands were still standing in the cold some after waiting 25 hours in line. After a brief they were turned and Peron's black rosewood coffin was closed. The municipal government reported medical teams treated persons for fain- exhaustion or attacks of nerves. The labor unions whose members were the foundation of Peron's power called a general strike in mourning. The leaders ordered the workers to return to their jobs today. The government ordered them paid for the time they were on strike. Mrs. King 'We Shall Overcome9 Ga. Mrs. Martin Luther King Sr. was buried after services which ended with the mourners We Shall an old slave song which her son used as the anthem of his civil rights movement. The mother of the slain civil rights leader was shot Sunday coffin rested in Ebenezer Bap- tist Church Wednesday. Standing at the pulpit before the the 74-year-old Dr. King said of the him come on he can't do anything but kill this broken old Marcus Wayne of has been charged with slaying Mrs. King and a church and paper said. The government says there should be an independent chairman and 78 elected members on the convention. The white which pointedly asserts that the whole Ulster community is not supporting police in the current fight against says the chairman wouldn't be a member of the projected convention. He would be appointed by the Queen and would be person of high standing and impartiality from Northern government considers that a process of discussion and consultation is a necessary preliminary to the holding of the election of members to the constitutional the white paper says. would propose to hold an immediate or early election and would aim to give about four weeks notice of an The white which stresses the big expenses in- curred by Britain in also outlines plans for better temporary arrangements for orderly government there after the collapse in May of the executive under Brian Faulkner. The most pressing problem was legislation. The less urgent of this now will have to be deferred because of the proroguing of the assembly along with the ex- formed part of the ill- fated power-sharing system for Ulster implemented last year. The white paper how- that there are measures which can't be put in- appropriating of money for public services. British government will therefore be bringing forward legislation which would re-introduce temporari- ly procedures for making laws for Northern Ireland by order- in-council on matters within Inside Classified........22-26 Comics............20 Local Markets...........21 Sports...........10-12 Theatres............7 TV..............6 Weather............3 Youth ..............8 LOW TONIGHT HIGH FRI. SCATTERED SHOWERS. Tough stand vowed at sea law meet CARACAS Environ- ment Minister Jack who returned to Canada left no doubt among delegates to the international law of the sea conference that Canada will be a if negotiator in the weeks ahead. delivering a major Canadian policy speech called for a deepsea ban on salmon fishing and extensive offshore control of continental shelf waters by coastal states. Among other the minister outlined Canada's position on a 200-mile economic zone being ad- its attitude toward deep-sea fishing for mineral resources and fish on the continental pollution control and the problems of protecting the delicate Arctic waters. The concept of the monial extending to 200 miles from the coastal state was defined under the 1958 Geneva convention on the con- tinental shelf. By MURDOCH McLEOD and RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writers Premier Peter Lougheed's announcement that locked-out packing plants will open their doors July 8 doesn't necessarily mean work will The Herald has learned. Agriculture Minister Hugh Horner said the pressures of government will be used to ask workers to return to Alberta meat packing plants. At the same Labor Minister Bert in a telephone interview from said the mediators working on the dispute have no understanding the workers will go back if the lockout ends. Officials of Burns Foods Canada Packers Ltd. and the Swift Canadian Co. Ltd. have agreed to a provincial govern- ment request to open the plants the earliest possible he said. But mediators would not meet the union to ask its members to return to work until this said Dr. Hohol the dispute is still he said Norm business representative for local 740 of the Canadian Food and Allied said Wednesday the A 1T1 union has no reason to remove ctJJo Sldlll its pickets from the locked-out plants. is a lockout. We didn't call a he told The Herald in a telephone inter- view from Edmonton. The premier made his an- nouncement without con- sulting the he said. The union was a party to the lie said. there's no change in the situation company our pickets are still he added. The workers have not spent four weeks on the picket lines for nothing. If they go back without a they will lose bargaining so talks should be held before work said Mr. Leclaire. The union had been available for talks for three weeks while management he said. The move to lift the lockout could be a company tactic to get the of the lockout off management's he said. Dr. Horner told The Herald in a telephone in- terview Wednesday. is not our intention to go past July 8 without a settlement. intend the plants to be open Dr. Horner said the agree- ment to end the lockout will take pressure off the meat packing companies. He said if the workers don't show for work Monday the lockout becomes a strike. then the dispute becomes the responsibility of union and Jim manager of the local Swift Canadian Co. Ltd. said this morning the plants will be open Monday for employees to come back to work. Mr. Gough said the agree- ment to end the lockout means the plants will bend from their position to end all work until a settlement in the wage dis- pute with Canadian Food and Allied Union workers is reached. workers are free to come to work Monday and have the negotiations continue Israeli shelling THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Arab foreign and defence ministers are meeting in Cairo to discuss Israeli at- tacks on and some of them are threatening to use force against the Israelis. ''Egypt is ready to go as far as possible to defend the Arab rights and put an end to any aggression against any sister Arab Egyptian War Minister Ahmed Ismail told the opening session of the 21- nation conference Wednesday. The secretary-general of the Arab Mahmoud said Arab ac- economic and military needed to liberate all the occupied Arab lands and get Palestinian while they Gough. said Mr. Kissinger tells of summit PARIS State Secre- tary Henry Kissinger of the United States arrived here to- day from Brussels to brief French leaders on the results of the-Soviet-American sum- mit in Moscow. Before leaving Kissinger expressed reserved optimism for a long-term agreement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union to limit offensive nuclear weapons. City hall to close early City hall will close at 4 a half-hour early Monday because of the federal election. Peking posters torn down by a young black man only a with wounding another the legislative competence of By JOHN BURNS Special to The Herald PEKING Peking's poster writers had their wings sharp- ly clipped Wednesday when persons operating under the cover of darkness tore down more than half the protests pasted on the slate-grey walls opposite the offices of the city's revolutionary committee. Not quite three weeks after the poster campaign almost all the protests dealing with the situation in the prov- inces and a number venting personal grievances against the bureaucracy were ripped off the Coming as it did between midnight and when armed soldiers kept a close eye on the few people who pass down the the ac- tion was almost certainly not spontaneous. But who ordered it and why remained a mystery. It could be simply that the Communist party's central which approved the poster has ordered that it be limited henceforth to the expression of views pertinent to the political situation in the capital. Sup- port for this interpretation came from the continued display nn nf rinronc nf handwritten attacking un- named persons in the top echelon of the revlutionary com- mittee for a grabbag of rightist including attempts to rehabilitate the principal villains of the 1966-69 Cultural Revolution. Another theory that won some favor among observers was that the destruction of the posters was a tentative move by forces on the revolutionary committee intent on stifling the protest movement entirely and for a time at ensuring their own polical survival. Those inclined to this view pointed out that the sudden purge of the pink and green sheets lining the walls of Eternal Revolution Street in the heart of the city had been preceded by several days by the sporadic destruction of posters that dealt with matters germane to the political situation in Peking as well as others dealing with provincial and personal problems. Whatever the cause of the the brunt of it fell on protests pasted up by travellers from the provinces of Honan and where the antagonisms sparked by the lu-month-old drive against rightist tenden- campaign to criticize Lin Piao and Con- aooear to have been particularly acute.