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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wadnttday, July 4, 1973 EDITORIALS Strong NATO essential to Europe By David Humphreys, Herald London commentator Election expenses The new Election Expenses Act is more than just another timely piece of legislation; it is among the more important matters to be dealt with by the current sitting of Parliament. The act has two purposes: first, to place an upper limit on the amount a candidate "or his party may spend during an election campaign, and sec- ond, that the sources of cash con- tributions to an election campaign be made public. Both the limit on spending and the disclosure of sources are important, and becoming more so with every passing year. Notwithstanding continual com- plaints by some office holders that their positions are arduous, poorly paid and entail great personal sacri- fice, there always seem to be plenty of candidates willing to do almost anything to get elected- And for every candidate there are always backers who will lay out large sums of money to finance election campaigns. Past trends make it all too clear what will happen if no limit is placed on campaign spending. As it gets more and more expensive to contest an election, fewer and fewer eligible men and women are able to afford it, so that eventually public office will be open only to millionaires or those with millionaire backers. And while a millionaire is as good or a better candidate in some ways than someone less successful, a parliament comprised of nothing but extremely wealthy men is hardly representative of the public at large. As dollars loom ever larger in the determination of an election's out- come, it becomes correspondingly more important that the voters know where those dollars come from. That is not to say such contributions shouldn't be made, but rather that they should be open to public know- ledge. When the contribution of large sums of money can decide whether or not a candidate gets elected or re- elected, the man or woman concern- ed and the party he or she rep- resents is placed under a real obligation to the donor. Whether this does or could give the donor undue in- fluence is not the point; the impor- tant thing is that if a legislator is beholden to a particular person for his office, or if he exemplifies more than anyone else the point of view a powerful corporation wants heard in the legislature, the public is en- titled to know about it. Undoubtedly there will be opposi- tion to this bul. Some will argue that the proposed act goes too far, others that it doesn't go far enough. Quite likely certain flaws will be found in it, and some will wish to reject it because of such flaws. Those who op- pose it on these grounds should re- member that pioneering legislation is seldom perfect. It is not necessary that Parliament come up with a per- fect bill; the important thing is that it adopt the principles involved. There must be a ceiling on election expenses, and the sources of election financing must be disclosed. The opti- mum limit for campaign spending need not be determined today. Whe- ther it should be a dime, a dollar or some other amount per voter is not the critical consideration; the im- portant thing is that Parliament adopt the principle that there be a limit on spending. Similarly with ds- closure; it doesn't so much matter whether the public is told about all contributions over or SI, as it does that Parliament acknowledge it matters who finances each candi- date's campaign. Two-party system Several years have elapsed since Senator Ernest C. Manning, then pre- mier of Alberta, proposed that there be a political realignment in Canada with parties of the Left and Right emerging. Nothing came of the pro- posal at the time but it is possible now, as Doug Rowland (MP for Sel- kirk) has observed, that a polariza- tion of voters is in process which will result eventually in a two-party system. Mr. Rowland's observation followed on the results of the recent Manitoba election. He noted the failure of the Liberals to gain any ground there and to be on the decline in the rest of the West. Apparently he has writ- ten off Social Credit because he sees the contest in the future to be be- tween the NDP and the Conservatives. The major flaw in this projection Is that throughout the rest of the country the NDP is either almost non-existent or stationary. And in Quebec Social Credit continues to be a force to be reckoned with while the Conservatives flounder badly. Nevertheless the slide of the Lib- erals has been sufficiently pronounced to warrant caution in the calling of another election by the prime minis- ter. At the same time it has been no- ticeable that Mr. Rowland's NDP colleagues in the House have not been keen for an election either, which suggests that the polarization isn't progressing rapidly enough or that the drain of support for the Lib- erals is feared to be going to the Conservatives. If, however, it is true that a polari- zation is developing this will mean that Canada is finally following the pattern apparent in so many other democratic countries in the world. It makes sense to offer the electorate clear-cut choices. Alienation of affection Hera is my problem, Dr. Schrink: Fly the Flag Week is over, and I didn't fly the flag. Now I have these terrible guilt feel- ings. Fin afraid that Canada's flag may feel rejected. That's the last thing in the world I want, doctor. I have nothing but respect and ad- miration for the maple leaf flag. Run it up the flagpole, and m salute. It's just that I have this mental block about personal contact I mean, actually flying the flag touching it, the bunting, the staff .1. No doctor, I don't think of patriotically frigid. I've always bad a nor- mal desire to engage in relations withjour national emblem. I've felt the tingle in; my spine, seeing our flag flying the frozen wastes of the Moscow hockey arena. Do you think it may have something to do with age? When I was a kid, to stand on the curb waving little flag at the paining parade was a source of real gratification. I didn't understand why I was doing it, bat ft gave me pleasure. What flag was I waving? Why, the Un- ion Jack of coarse. That was Canada's flag, in those days. I had my first flutter with the Jack. The Red, White and Blue, Hurrah for the. I suppose it was the typical crash on an older flag. A IrtGe Oedipus mixed up in it some place, nght? But we were toM, we Canadian kids of the twenties, that the Jack was UK flag to love and that a per- vert was a person who hoisted it upside down. Am I going too fast for you doctor? B's aH coming back to me in a rash, GK war years, the new romance with that handsome SOT of the senior service the Ensign. The Ensign was the flag in my life for the years that mattered, the years when a person is in emotional transition between the Mother Country and the younger land of his choice. The Ensign was Deanna Dur- bin and Delaware Punch, W. L. Mackenzie King and Spam, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians. Yes, Doctor, I think you could say that I was married to the Ensign. The union was sanctified by the Rt. Hon. John Dief- enbaker. I don't say that I never looked at an- other flag, in the post-war years. You know how it is, when a man reaches forty. He has the roving eye. He flirts with strange and exotic flags. He may even jump into the bay with the hammer and akkfe. Yet it came as a shock, when Mr. Pear- son formally dissolved my bond with the Ensign, and told me that my first allegi- ance was to the red maple leaf, also known as the bloodshot flew de lis. No, no, doctor, I am not hostile towards the Canadian flag. I have done my best to transfer my affection to the dam thinj. I hardly ever see it as a tea towei, any more. I no longer identify the maple leaf as the symbol of a people that has just come down fiom the trees. I dig it, doc, I swear. But... the oM pizzaz isn't there. I guess I can't believe that tWs time it's for keeps, that this really is toe Canadian flag till death do us part. What makes me question ft? Do I have to answer that, doctor? Yes, I know you're trying to help me. Well. confidentially, sometimes I wake up in the middle of the night, with tbu vision a big, sexy flag covered with stare tod LONDON NATO countries have not lost their balance, they insisted Thursday, despite ap- pejirances to the contrary. The Western Alliance coun- tries held a press conference in Vienna to explain the commu- nique issued after the close of preparations for talks on mu- tual and balanced force reduc- tions in Europe It was true, spokesman said, that after years of talk about MBFR, now that the talks were actually agreed to begin there was nothing about "bal- anced" in the communique v- sued by both NATO and War- saw pact countries. The explanation has been cir- culated among European caoi- tals and was released bv diplo- matic circlss in London. It seeks to anticipate fears likelv to be raised b> commission of key to NATO thinking about any European arms reductions. The MBFR communiaue fol- lows by iust two days the one issued after Ore Nixon-Brezhnev summit. It said the leaders at- tach "great importance to the negotiations on mutual reduc- tion of forces and armaments and associated measures hi Csctraf which will be- gin on Oct. 30 Both communiques omit the word balanced because the Warsaw pact countries have never accepted it, to the explanation. And NATO countries failed to win them over during the exploratory talks in Vienna. While the word is lost the con- cept is intact. Western snokes- said in Vienna. They said they considered it as covered adequately by a reference in the Nixon-Brezhnev commu- nique to the need for "stricf- ob- servance of the principle of undiminished security of any of the parties." The phrase was similar to one used by NATO foreign ministers who, after meeting recently in Copenhagen, referred to "stet> bv step practical arrangements which ensure undiminished se- curity for an parties. Warsaw pact countries re- fused to accept the word bal- anced because it might have suggested cutting their own Letters to the editor forces to a greater extent than NATO forces, diplomats said. This is exactly the intention of NATO in going into the talks. Warsaw pact forces already outnumber NATO by about three to one in Europe. Also, NATO insists that a withdrawal of an equal number of U.S. troops from Germany to the U.S. and of Soviet troops from East Germany to Soviet terri- tory would not be a balanced reduction because of the far greater distance U.S. troops would be removed. Officers at NATO headquar- ters in Brussels are known to be worried about the risks of upsetting the balance. Their fears are likely to be raised in the knowledge that diplomats have failed even to resolve the battle of semantics, with MBFR exposed as nothing more than Western jargon. The Daily Telegraph of Lon- don has reported concern to NATO over "substantial in- creases in Soviet military strength." The paper said that as a result of the increases, Russia can afford to agree to substantial cuts which would only be to a pre-established level, whereas NATO reductions would be real. Despite reassurances at the NATO meeting in Copenhagen two weeks ago, Europeans watched the Nixon-Brezhnev summit apprehensively. There is a feeling in some quarters that Mr. Nixon, badly in need of international success, gave too much away on another point. Hid and Mr. Brezhnev looked forward to completing the se- curity conference, now under way in Helsinki, "at the high- est level." Many Europeans believe this was an unnecessary concession. A vast full-dress summit, is- suing a grand declaration freez- ing the status quo in Europe, has long been a Soviet diplo- matic goal. Western negotiators at Hel- sinki wanted to hold open the possibility of the summit as an incentive for the Soviets to agree to some substantial con- cessions in the long second stage of the security conference scheduled for the fall in "Maybe we need a new eva. Their communique said the level of representation at the third stage would be decided before the close of the second stage. The expressed In the Nixon-Brezhnev commu- nique that conference progress would lead to the closing mit, was certainly not shared by negotiators at the Helsinki preparatory talks. They talked behind the scenes of "sweating blood" to win So- viet approval even to talk about some items, including Canada's favorite goal of freer movement of people and ideas between East and West. NATO headquarters have set- tled after some initial shock at the agreement on avoiding nu- clear warfare, signed by Presi- dent Nixon end Mr. Brezhnev. Officials complained of only a few hours' notice of what they at first feared to be an under- taking by the U.S. not to make first use of nuclear weapons against anv attack in Europe. NATO relies heavily on tac- tical (small) nuclear weapons. Strategists believe any agree- ment not to use them would tip the "balance" to the Warsaw pact with its threeto-one advan- tage in conventional forces. Happily, no such undertaking was given and NATO people are concluding that the agreement is really window-dressing for existing understandings. But it is fair to say the Nixon-Brezh- nev summit has made the Eu- ropeans even more wary of U.S.-Soviet bilateral dealings over their beads, assurances notwithstanding. Not by coincidence, NATO Secretary-General Joseph Luns cautions member countries al- most weekly in public. In Paris, at the Western European union assembly, he has just urged the Europeans to take on a greater share of the NATO burden as inducement for the U.S. to hold firm. He said: "Any sign of lack of resolve, any demonstration of lack of ability to turn high sounding in- tentions into practical realiza- tion wffl be interpreted as a sign of weakness on our side which will immediately provoke a hardening on theirs." Provincal salary scale Modern day white-washing By Ivor Brown, London Observer commentator Murray Coleman's article on teachers' salaries was excel- lent. It is .correct that govern- ment intervention has made salary negotiations a farce for teachers. However, I query his suggestion that teachers should look for a change in government to secure more favorable salaries and negoti- ating rights. No other politi- cal party is likely to increase substantially the flood of money that is presently made avail- able to our ever hungry edu- cational empires. The most satisfactory solu- tion for ending the annual pan- tomime of salary negotiations would be a provincial salary scale, worked out between gov- ernment and teachers. A teach- er is a teacher no matter where he labors and it is incredible and totally unfair that a teacher in Calgary is considered to be worth to more than his Lethbridge counterpart. Hie difference is even greater if you compare salaries for rural teachers. UK government has said that education costs will be borne primarily by the general rev- enues of the province so it is logical for the government to negotiate a salary scale for all teachers in Alberta. Trustees and teachers should also show more concern about the deplorable waste that exists in our schools. It is amazing the number of highly paid 'teachers' in schools and edu- cational high commands who do no teaching or as little as possible. If these poeople could be put to work in our class- rooms ft would benefit students and taxpayers. It may also help to convince the general public that we are trying to get mileage out of our education tax dollar and de- serve some extra financial sup- port. TERRY MORRIS Lethbridge. Porn not sole problem Pomographers would have us believe that they have to sell pornography because that's all people will buy. The fact is that they've steadily built up their market over the past decade. They've seduced children with sex and used sex to cause the generation gap. Mr. Etberington's letter (The Herald, June 25) is an attempt to erect a strawman and tear him down. "Interested citizen" has never held the view that sex is sinful, I, personally, have never encountered a religious group which has taught tins. Who does teach that Christian- ity is anti-sexual is Hugh Hef- ner. Hefner also Chris- tians as lustfuL According to Mr. Ethering- ton, members of oar religious group don't know what a sex organ looks like, are opposed to sex organs, and have pro- duced an the illegitimate chil- dren in the world. Paul's statement, which Mr. Etnenngton was so careful to paraphrase, is not dealing with sex. The Bible teaches that cer- tain sexual relationships (such as sex between consentrng males) are not beautiful. The male female is beautiful, however. Present sex education is wrong because it places Its emphasis on birth control. It's wrong because ft pre- sents the mechanics of sex without moralizing. Youth are left to themselves to decide whether premarital forsioaUoa is wrong. Parents offer little guidance because too often they don't know their Bible or they aren't Christians. The result is that the morality of pornog- raphy fills the vacuum. Once a child-parent relation- ship is damaged it takes more than love to remedy the situa- tion. The total environment in- cluding pornography, liquor, and drugs must be examined. Why? Because the child will still have to live in a society where friends have these things and expect him to conform. It's time for a total ban on li- quor and porno and effective enforcement of drug laws._____ FRIEND OF INTERESTED CITIZEN Taber Just curious The "On the bill" feature is interesting, but I notice it is al- ways by either Mr. Hargrave of Medicine Hat or Mr. Clark of Rocky Mountain, never by Mr. Ken Hurlburt, MP for Leth- bridge. They're Conserva- tives, to the reason can't be po- Btkal. How come? Lethbridge JUST CURIOUS EAtar's note: The three wiw represent con- stituencies in which The Hrr- circulates widely were all informed then- original re- The dictionaries define "hush-hush" as a colloquial term for very secret. It is also a name for the kindly conceal- ment of ugly and unpleasant things. In Britain there is much hushing. America is less chargeable with that kind of evasion. Headers, listeners and viewers in Britain have had such a flood of allegations and accusations that they are now inclined to take no more of it. Some de- cide that the "bugging" and the burglary have become a bore. Why not turn on the golfers, the cricketers and ten- nis-players and bring in some fresh air? "Let Washington wash its dirty they say. "We have had enough." But we have had our own scandals on august door-steps and accounts of misconduct in high places. There has been a lot of hush hush in the de- scriptions and discussions of these sordid happenings. The lordly culprits Lambton and Jellicoe, when exposed, were immediately and commend- ably frank. They "came clean" if that phrase can be used without absurdity in this con- nection. They walked out. They retired from politics. There was no hushing on their part. But there was little or no outspoken criticism of their conduct, either. In both Houses of Parliament their colleagues employed the smoothest of language, regretting their lechery as though it were a mere lapse and a common frailty, to be overlooked. They had not broken the law. They smashed their careers. In pub- lic reports and comments they were let off lightiy. If not a complete hush there were no hard words. That softening of speech is typical of our per- missive tarae. The women in the case were always called cailgirls, a title which scarcely suggests any sin, whether scarM or pink. It is an accurate term, since it implies assignations made by ringing up on the telephone, not by picking up in the street. The two offending lords had arranged their meetings for feminine company discreetly by giving their comforters a tinkle to indicate a visit Did some outspoken person men- taon a brothel or a vice ring? That was going too far. Dates with girls was a kinder way of putting it. Students of the English lan- guage most realize a remark- able change of vocabulary f ran the old writing to tte new taJMog. do pot bava whores and harlots now. That has been forgotten. It survives in the verbal resonance and vigor of the Jacobean English Bible, a masterpiece of prose translated when our language was at its strongest and best There is rarely any mention now of deadly sins, except oc- casionally in churches and chapels whose clergy and min- isters admit that only a small minority attend them. Adul- teries have become infideli- ties and fornication a fafling. These are pardonable slips, it appeared, in the general com- ment on the "call girl" events. The culprits seemed to the man in the street to be more fools for being found out than sinners to be censured. This compassionate accept- ance, a widely prevailing mood, may be regarded as Christian in its charity, but it is not Christian in its ethics, as Lord Longford, an Irish Catholic who was once Labor leader in the House of Lords, has firmly insisted. As' a moralist he has been laughed at, but be is undeterred and unashamed. He keeps up his campaign against the traffic in what used to be called smutty books with filthy pictures and what is now honored with the long Greek name of pornog- raphy, which makes smut sound almost scientific. As in misdeeds, so in mis- fortunes. There is in vogue a hush bush vocabulary which drops the old hard words for unpleasant things. White the expectation of life is growing steadily longer there is a re- fusal to admit the existence of advancing years. Old age pen- sions have become retirement pensions. Their recipients must be called senior citizens. Old myself, I do not mind if I am spoken of as such, or even told that I am in my dotage. I ac- cept the fact. But others win not. Senility is as little to be mentioned as sin. And so the smoothing pro- cess goes on. The poor, frank- ly mentioned and so called in the New Testament, have be- come the under-privileged, a foolish word since it implies that privilege, which is essen- tially private and unfair, is something good and can be equitably shared. The unem- ployed are more often victims of accidental misfortune than of their own work-shyness, but they are now evasively de- scribed as redundant Young thugs who are guilty of rob- bery with violence, and even of murderous assault, are gently spoken of as juvenile delinquents while their conduct is explained as the product of their environment. They are not malefactors now. They are only malad- justed, a favorite term of the well-intentioned reformers who keep saying: "We are an to blame." To soften penalties for what most take to be deliberate vD- lainly they flatten and en- feeble the English language. So the whores, whose name comes thundering out of the Bible, are "can normal sub- scribers to the post office for telephone. However tough tin behavior there must be no tough taBring. The offenders must not be offended. the fashion has gone far enough. Our new world could do with more reading of the Old Testament. 'Crazy Capers' How's the new filing girt making out? The lethbridge Herald _ SM TBi St. S., UOfcndge, Atoerta UBTHBIUDGE HBSALD CO. LTD., ftnpiiUm and FttUtbed 1906-1164, by Bon. W. A. BUCHANAN m nrnMIMi CtEO w MOWEtS, Mtar M THOMAS H. CON F1U.IM0 W1LUAM ;