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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, July 4, 1970 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 The Putt's The Problem With Golf Set By Jolm Gould, in tlio Cliristian Science Monitor r ISBON FALLS, Maine The putt seems to be the big problem with the golfing set, and I would suggest they use a substitute, as in football. I refer in particular to the field goal or the point-after. The stal- wart members of the offensive, against great odds, have suc- cessfully moved the ball into a scoring position, but instead of trusting to their own prowess they call in their kicker. Every football team see.lis to have one man who does nothing but kick, and I think golf would be a much finer sport if every player had a substitute to putt for him. As every golfer will now point out accurately, I am not a golf- er. Only once did I ever swing a golf club, and that was prac- tically an accident. I fell in with a golfing friend who said, "Aw, come around with me you might like it." I used his clubs, and found that I was very poor on the drives. But when he explained how I was sup- posed to cuff the little ball into a hole in the lawn, I liked that part fine and was gaod at it. I would take about eight strokes to get on the green, while my friend took two, and then he would take six or eight while I putted in one or two. I asked my friend why this was so, and he said it was unsporting to speak while somebody is ad- dressing Ms ball. Except for that occasion, when I beat my friend 126 to 132 (this is for nine holes, of I have never played golf. But I have been switching on the television on weekends of late, and until the Flintslones or Lassie come on 1 have been dallying with the golf tourna- ments, where the great experts at this game have been partic- ipating to share incredible sums of prize money. Anybody who has watched these demon- strations will understand my contention that they all need somebody to putt for them. OB one occasion 23 of these cham- pions missed before somebody named Palmer came along and sank one. What amazes me is the great unconcern that prevails over failing. The announcers drop to hushed tones to tell us of the great number of matches that a particular golfer has won, the vast sums he has taken, they ask us to observe his approach, form, and followthrough and then he misses. As soon as he misses you realize that nobody expected him to make it any- way; and if he does make it the high cheer from the gallery proves that he has done an un- anticipated thing. I might add that Mr. Palmer missed some that day, too. As in football, baseball also permits a substitute. Even the best of hitters has been lifted for a pinch-batter, and in the welter of statistics kept on play- ers-they keep a man's pinch- hitting record separate. Thus a man who is batting .2S8 will be taken from the game be- cause they need a hit, and they'll send up a utility outfield- er whose pinch average is two in 19. Golfing needs to under- stand this. Also, in baseball it frequently happens that the man with the best average has a high inci- dence cf strike-outs and walks, which might suggest that miss- ing a putt in golf is excusable, but I don't mention it for that reason. What I emphasize is Fairy-Tale "King Thruslibcard" A Pic- ture book by Felix Hoffmann of the story by the Brothers Grimm. (Oxford University Press, 31 p., A FEW years ago the Coca Cola company used the ab- surdity of "looking into your ra- dio" as an advertising gimmick. Felix Hoffman erases the ab- surdity and looks into a fairy- tale. He transposes the pictures from the imagination to the pages of the book. Into this picture book version of the Brothers Grimm's King Thrushbeard, Hoffman injects a shot of brightness and color. The beautiful and scornful princess who rejects and insults her suit- ors is, in turn, humiliated 6y Hoffman's drawings. When she is sent from her father's castle to follow her minstrel husband, the illustrator has clothed her in a long, dowdy skirt and peas- ant-like head scarf. He lines up the princess' suit- ors, across the page for the in- spection of the princess and the reader. "The first was too fat; the next too long and thin, and UK third was too short and dumpy." His illustrations, like the fairy tale end happily and in a long, golden gown. And, of course, everything is happy ever after. Oilier Felix Hoffman picloral adaptations of fairy-tales by the Brothers Grimm include: The Four Clever Brothers, The Sleeping Beauty, The Seven Ra- vens, and The Wolf and the Sev- en Little Kids. JUDI WALKER. that when Carl Yastrzemski strikes out, he is doing nothing that I couldn't do just as well. I can also miss a putt just as well as Arnold Palmer can. There is one important dif- ference hope springs eternal that the baseball slugger is about to connect, whereas from watching golf matches I get tho idea the likelihood of sinking a putt is so remote that success is always a big surprise. I would never, in a rational as- sessment of the two sports, ex- cept to be called upon to go to Fenway Park and strike out in place of Slugger Carl, but I see no reason why they shouldn't hunt me up and say, "Come, we want you to be on television and miss putts for Arnold Palm- .er." I don't believe it makes an iota of difference to tho viewing public whether they see me miss a putt, or him, but I don't think Uie fans would en- joy seeing me at bat in the bot- tom of the ninth with two out and the bases loaded, Sox down one run. I don't have much to do here on the farm during the televi- sion golf season, and I could get away. One of the neighbors would look after things. I would rather enjoy going on the golf tours. I could make all the putts, being careful to miss so I wouldn't get to looking too good, and with some practice I think I could master the tricks of scooching down to sight, walking'back and forth to study the lie, and picking up little things off the grass. I could work it so the announcers would mention my style and approach, and point out my composure under pressure, and then miss just as if I were a professional. I suppose I would be a pro- fessional, because I would have to gel a cut of the prize money it would be worth something to spare the real players a tele- vised failure. I sort of have in mind a putt, but that is only when I miss. If I holed out for them, I would feel some penalty only fair, and probably would cut the. fee down to Other- wise the accursed thirst for gold might go to my head, and I'd get careless and begin drop- ping every putt in the hold. This would ruin television golf. At least for me. Beauty Stands Alone Book Reviews History's Most Famous Scapegoat Pontius Pilate ly Paul L. Malcr; (DouMcday and Co., 370 p, TT IS LIKELY that history's most famous scapegoat will, for many years to come, con- tinue to be identified as the hapless Pontius Pilate. For, al- though he was a relatively in- significant prefect in a minor territory made perverse and re- sentful by continued Roman domination, he happened to be in the wrong place at Uie wrong time when the inevitable deci- sion on the proclaimed messiah- ship of the Jesus had to be made. Ever since the trial of Jesus when a vacillating, reluctant Pilate finally ordered the cru- cifixion, philosophers, histor- ians and Biblical commentators have hotly debated Pilate's mo- tivation, his character, and the world events that might not have followed the most ill-fated judgment in recorded history, had the decision gona the other way. Paul Maier, in this documen- tary novel on Pilate, traces his life from the days as a young Tribune and his courtship with Procula, tiirough his touch-and- go relationship with Tiberius, on to his tenure in office in Judea, and finally his nerve- wracking recall to Rome and the uncertain years under the lunatic Caligula. This all makes for highly en- tertaining reading and carries with it considerable authority into previously unknown details of the facts on Pilate's life. It also give an insight into the political pressures and the un- rest in the entire Mediterranean world, during the years prior to Christ's birth and following his death. In order to present an accur- ate accounting of the events during this period, Maier did extensive research. In his pre- face to the novel he states: "there is too little resourcs ma- terial on Pilate's life for a biog- yet too much for re- course to mere fiction consequently, as a documentary novel it differs from regular fiction in that no liberties were taken with known facts." It is known that both Pilate and Procula came from old, re- spected Roman famines. Pilate was destined to serve under the Caesars as had his family be- fore him, and his life as a soldier and the eventual appointment to Judea when ho was relatively young, were sim- ply routine steps in the ladder of success anticipated by the average Roman civil servant. But Pilate could not bring himself to be a tyrannical dic- tator. In Judea where he served for more than a .decade, he was inclined to find himself on the horns of a religious-political dil- emma from time to time: Al- though in all conquered coun- tries it was customary to erect standards bearing pictures of the Emperor along with Roman inscription, when he found this to be contrary to Judaic law, Pilate backed down and arrived at some sort of compromise. This type of deadlock of Roman authority against Jewish tradi- tion came up time and again in Pilate's career and he usual- ly made an attempt to be fair and to see the other side of the question at hand. He did so however, always in the hope that Rome would never hear of it. Historically, Pilate is known for ins contribution to the irri- gation around Jerusalem which, whan he arrived there 'was very parched indeed. Apparently to- day, archaeologists can point to the ruins of aqueducts that were constructed during Pilate's regime. As the Roman representative, befell Pilate to preside as judge over the civil court. It was a task he did not ap- preciate, and judgments weigh- ed heavily on his mind. When -Jesus was brought before him, Pilate of course was already aware of ths man's reputation in the country not only through talk but also through Procula who admired him. But Pilate was in hot water in Rome for his handling of an earlier issue, Uie anti-Jesus fac- tion were rebellious and noisy, so against his better judgment and his sense of compassion, Pilate gave the nod, and Jesus went to his death. Although the Biblical refer- ences to this important trial are sparse, in reading between the lines (which one shouldn't do perhaps) I have always had. a little sympathy for Pilate. He was a rather ordinary, inde- cisive man caught in a wicked situation. One is tempted to say upon reflection, "now how would I have handled MARGARET LUCKHURST. The First Anaesthetic Fact Or Fancy? At Salem, by Chadwick Hanson. (Double- day, 252 pages, indexed, CALEM, Mass., will very likely go on being remem- bered for many years as the stage of the infamous witch- craft trials in 1C92. American folklore will see to that. We're told of burnings, dip- pings, all sorts of weird goings on in and around Salem at the time of the witches. But, how much is fact, and how much is fancy? Chadwick Hansen, as associ- ate professor of American Studies and English at Penn- syl v a n i a State University, undertakes to answer that quesUon in Witchcraft At Sa- lem. "The popular view holds that there was no witchcraft prac- ticed at Salem and thus that there was never any real men- ace to he writes, "the danger was illusory from start to finish. It is comforting to think this, but it is quite wrong." "There was witchcraft at Sa- lern, and it worked. It did real harm to its victims and there was every reason to regard it as a criminal offence." The author studied docu- ments of what actually happen- ed in Salem, and what was written and 'Said by the par- ticipants. His findings oppose many traditional interpreta- tions, and he "tries to set straight the record." The commonly related stories about Salem's witch- craft period, he contends, are "as much the product of casual journalism and imaginative' lit- erature as it is of historical scholarship." Hansen's resulting book con- tains numerous quotes from actual trial records, and he fills in the gap with a highly read- able narrative. A number of period drawings dealing.with witchcraft are in- cluded, and several paintings of. the people involved. Witchcraft at Salem makes interesting reading material. It is a serious, intellectual ap- proach to a question that, in the main, has too often been dealt with lightly. NICK VAN RYN The Battle for Oblivion; by Betty MacQuitty (George G. Harrap and Co. Ltd.; S7.00; 200 pp. distributed by Clarke, Irwin and TIKE relrigerators, locks and television, anaesthetics and television, anaesthetics are one of those necessary items we all use from time to time, but seldom examine as to their origins. In a tremendously factual, sometimes turgid account of the first application of an anae- sthetic, British author Betty MacQuitty profiles the life and travails of discoverer William Morton, a Boston dentist. It is to Morton's eternal glory that he recognized the proper- ties of ether. Given in the right combination relatively pure ether mixed with atmospheric air either could render pat- ents unconscious and free them of the gruesome pain of operations. Prior to the mid-1800s, strong men had to be employed to hold patients down on the operation table, where they writhed and screamed and fell into shock under the surgeon's scalpel. As is true with most scien- tific discoveries, ether, and ni- trous oxide, had been used by doctors and researchers prior to Morton. But because of ;he instability of the chemicals ef- fecls, they were abandoned af- ter a few tries. Morton, however, hung on. Faced with patient suffering during dental operaUons, he hunted up the apparatus which would allow for proper mixing Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE Another Kind Of Freedom may be happening to bald eagles and other vanishing forms of life, present conditions appear to favor at least one genus, the hitchhiker. One spe- cies (or it may be mutation) finds condi- tions especially favorable, and that is the migrantus professionalius. This' sub group is distinguished from its more common cousins, the migrantus casualis, by two rather noticeable characteristics, greater hirsute development, and a large army sur- plus pack. The migratory instinct, common to their kind, seems especially compelling. There is another and more interesting feature, however, that becomes apparent in conversation with specimens picked up along the road, and that is their remark- ably well developed sense of freedom. This permits instant response to migratory urgings, without any other considerations whatsoever: they feel like going, so they go. Contrast their situation with ours, for a moment. If you or I wished to visit Tor- onto or Vancouver or Denver, there would be quite a number of things to be done first. We would have to get time off from whatever customarily occupies us. We would have to make arrangements about the establishment we were leaving behind, making sure things were put. away and locked up, arranging about the lawn, the car, the flowers, the milk, and so forth. We would have to reserve a place to stay at the other end, and work out transporta- tion and finances. Then there would be family and relatives and friends to be in- formed. And most important would be a precise time schedule. But with the new breed of hitchhikers, none of this, happens. If he or she feels like going to Los Angeles or Halifax, DO prior planning is required. It's a simple matter of packing a few items, and getting out on the highway. No one to notify, nothing left behind to worry about, no time or money problems, and no concern about what might happen at the other end. Just pick up and go because you happen to want to. of ether and air. He studied the effects of ether at'different levels of impurity. Then in 1846 he administered his preparation to a surgical pa- tient in an historic operation, at the Massachusetts General Hos- pital. the presiding surgeon said. "This (prepara- tion) is no humbug." But while ether eased suffer- ing, its discovery repaid Mor- ton with torment. To his death in 1868 at the age of 48, Morton's life was di- vided between patenting his dis- covery and fighting off the wolves wha disregarded his pat- ent or claimed it as theirs. His foes were formidable: the American government, includ- ing the president; international medical academies; historians, newspapers, religionists; other claimants; and Professor Charles Jackson of Boston who had dallied with ether, given Morton advice and pursued the patent with dedication born of his apparent paranoia. Author MacQuitty often sees fit to add historical notes on extraneous occurrences, and her depiction of Jackson needs only sulphur and brimstone clot- ted on the pages to make it 100 per cent evil. But Morton makes an inter- esting subject. He was a man who unfortunately knew more about the properties of ether, than he did the characteristics of his fellow man. JOAN BOWMAN There is another point of view on this, and that I hear quite frequently from older people. This is that there must be some- thing drastically wrong with young peopls who do things this' way. They shouldn't be irresponsibly bumming about the country, begging rides and meals, sleeping wherever they happen to be, and generally cluttering up the highways and parks. They should stay at home, get a job, get married and establish a home, or at least some sort of a recognizable and stable situation. This attitude is renriniscen. o{ my mvn youthful days in what we called the "dirty when a lot of people seemed to believe tint being unemployed voluntarily or otherwise was pretty objectionable, perhaps even criminal. There is still another perspective, mat held by those who actually feel sorry for these wandering young people. They worry because the youngsters often have no place to sleep, don't appear to be very clean, and don't always know where their next meal is coming from. They are concerned over their being without shelter from the elements, or from the police, vigilante- types and tougher characters generally. Their sympathies do them credit, I sup- pose, but really their views are no more enlightened than those of the more righteous types who think that not working is Both are making the same mistakes of applying their own cri- teria to everyone else. They assume that because they would be worried about time, money, UK weather and more important what other people would think of them, that everybody should have these same concerns. Besides disapproval and sympathy, there is another reaction to these itinerant kids, I suspect, and that is a bit of envy. Imagine being able to go where and when you like, free of the tyranny of clocks and calendar, without concern for tickets or reservations or travellers cheques or credit cards or any of Uie rest of it. And without being afraid. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The Church And The Nation TN THE MIDDLE AGES the church was responsible for. building bridges. The state has now taken over that task as well as responsibility for education, healing, building and maintaining libraries, caring for the poor and old, along with modern services such as providing electricity, wa- ter supply, sewage disposal, police, and fire brigades. In complex contemporary society this is the only way to efficiency and social justice. At a recent church meeting which in- cluded representatives from all across Can- ada, one discouraged member contended that the church could not intervene effec- tively in national and international affairs and should therefore retire into itself as a kind of monastery for private edification. That many agree with him is shown by the fact that 90 per cent of church gatherings are devoted to mechanics, to matters of church government, program, and the han- dling of property, to a preoccupation with moving its household furniture around and keeping up with necessary repairs, and shows a lack of solidarity with man in his manifold need. Jesus, however, did not tell his disciplies to sit-in an ivory tower, but to "go into all the It is surprising to discover how litUe Jesus had to say about religion and how much he had to say about life. If the church is to obey his command, surely it should have some clear statement on the casual increase of abortion. Has it nothing to say about the growing attitude toward marriage as a civil and contractual rela- tionship without any permanent sanctity or divine bond? Has it no solution for the drug addiction which is the scandal of our civil- ization? In view of the fact that "the earth is Uie Lord's and the fullness and that man was put on the earth as care- taker for God, has the church no state- ment on the destruction of soil and water and air? Must the church acquiesce in the pornography in literature, ait and music debauching the minds of youUi? Must Uie church silently observe the escalation of armaments in Canada toward the two bil- lion mark while inflation threatens to de- stroy the economy of the country and se- verely damage Uie life of the people? Has the war in Vietnam and all the bestiality of it no vital relationship to the religious life of a people? Then the church should be concerned with the moral implications of many recent scientific discoveries. Such areas of justifiable concern could be increased a hundredfold, showing that salvation is not something for a little pri- vate corner, but must have reference to welfare of a neighbor. Surely the church be- lieves in one humanity, in men living in community so that salvation means that, when a man is accepted by Jesus, he must accept other men as brothers. When the Word became flesh it meant that no longer could there be absolute separation between divine and human, spiritual and material. The church cannot be a mere spectator on the erosion of Christian principles in public life and the decline of private morality. It must have the sympathy of our Lord who looked on the multitudes rath compassion as sheep without a shepherd, since multi- tudes are so demoralized by the crises of the time that they have given up moral questions in despair. The immobility of dog- matism may or may not be a bad thing, but the immobility of resignation and hope- lessness on the part of the church is a be- trayal of the Gospel. There is a crying need for openness toward the world, for a true love of the world in accord with the state- ment that "God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son." In most groups, if the question be asked, "Is the world getting the answer is strongly "Yes." A few brave voices main- tain that the "world is coming of age" and this is "the century of hope." Perhaps, but the sense of tragedy, the anxiety of guilt, and the depression of boredom are perva- sive in contemporary society. The worship of the church alone creates a sense of wholeness in a complex, confusing world. And let frightened souls reflect on how strong the church is when 500 years ago men confidenUy prophesied her utter ex- tinction. Creepy But Colorful Hobby From German Features Tj'RANKFURT Any takers or a centi- pede? Or a black widow? Granddaddy longlegs? An Indian grasshopper? Bet your the German Insect Ex- change. The 72nd edition of the big trading event has just passed. And entomologists (experts in the study of insects) and col- lectors streamed in for their self-styled field day. Of course, all those of different kinds were available at the ex- dead. Most were under glass for enthusiasts to see.'But some rare speci- mens were inside tin cans, closely guarded by their owners. Collecting insects, tho exchange clear, can be an expensive proposition. Es- pecially for the person who happens to go for females generally, female insects are colored for concealment in their natural habitats which'makes tiiem harder to catch raises tlie price tag on the ones offer- ed at the exchange. An insect collection can also be frustrat- ing for those who like to have tilings com- plete. As those gathered in Frankfurt could tell you, a complete insect collection would contain at least varieties to earn the designation. And even tlwn, it would actually be only "almost" complete: en- tomologists estimate that there are actual- ly about 1.5 million different kinds of in- in tbt world. ;