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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, July 4, 1970 Joseph Kraft Individuals Vs Society The difficulty of finding the right balance between the rights of indivi- duals and those of the public in gen- eral is nowhere more in evidence than in framing laws governing the operation of automobiles. Twice re- cently laws aiming to protect the ma- jority against an irresponsible minor- ity have been challenged by magis- trates. In the first instance it was the amendment to the Criminal Code of Canada providing for the use of the breathalyzer in convicting drunken drivers. More recently a magistrate has ruled as invalid the Alberta de- merit system for drivers. Technicalities in the enactment of both laws were the basis of the rul- ings against their validity. The Su- preme Court of Canada, in a split decision, upheld the breathalyzer law. What the fate of the Alberta meas- ure will be is as yet undetermined- Attorney General Edgar Gerhart, however, seems confident that the ruling of Magistrate L. A. Justason will simply be viewed as an aberra- tion. Both these challenges to laws should serve as a reminder to legis- lators of the necessity of the utmost care in the enacting of law. There can be no short cuts in the legislative process. Not only must the intent of the law be clearly indicated but the whole thing has to be spelled out. It appears that failure to have done the latter has created the both instances. Lawyers cannot be blamed for do- ing their best to defend their cli- ents it is their business. But it is disturbing, nonetheless, that so much stress is placed on the rights of in- dividuals to continue to menace the safety of others. The .driver demerit system seems to be about as fair a way of balancing the rights of the in- dividual and of the public as could be devised. By the time a person has accumulated enough demerits to war- rant the suspension of his license to operate a vehicle it seems obvious that he has been given every consid- eration and it has become time to give the rest of the people a break with some protection against the men- ace of that driver. Undoubtedly this law will not be rejected. There is too much support for the intention behind it. If there has been some flaw in its enactment there seems to be serious doubt about that despite Magistrate Justa- son's contention then that must be rectified. There can be no question about the need for such a law. Faint Hope Improvement in the Middle East situation is desperately needed. Ev- ery hint at a possible move toward a solution is, then, picked up eagerly by anxious observers. The latest flurry of diplomatic activity seems to be subsiding in the face of the in- transigency in the positions of both Arabs and Israelis. But a faint hope may be permitted as a remainder. The U.S. proposals advanced by State Secretary William Rogers real- ly contained nothing new. It was al- most a foregone conclusion that they would not be acceptable to either side because each was asked to make costly political concessions without much chance of gain in the end. In the ceasefire proposal, President Gamel Nasser of Egypt would have to step back from the position now occupied. This is already a position to which he has been driven. Since he has boasted of liberating by force he could not really be expected to welcome such a proposal. On the other hand it is not difficult to understand Israeli reluctance to accept a ceasefire. It could simply provide Egypt with a period in which to install unmolested the latest Soviet surface-to-air missiles they have been trying to place in the canal zone for months. A ceasefire with Egypt would provide only slight relief for Israel because the troublesome guerrilla forces in Jordan, Syria and Lebanon would still have to be contended with. Increasingly it has become obvious that the chances for peace in the Middle East rest more with outsid- ers than With the antagonists. The Arabs and Israelis have become too entrenched in their positions for a reasonable expect a t i o n of a settle- ment to be reached between t h e m alone. Here is where the faint hope re- sides. There are hints that the big powers recognize that hope for a set- tlement really rests with them. UN Secretary General U Thant may have been overstating the case when he said recently that he was encour- aged by progress in the Big Four talks and the rumors of a shift in Soviet Middle East policy may have been unfounded. But the fact is that there was no loud denunciation of the U.S. proposals by the U.S.S.R. and even silence may be grounds for faint hope when it comes to the over- heated Middle East situation. Meditation Learning Life's Best Lesson TyOTHING is more desirable to learn in life than humility. It is a virtue that does not seem to come naturally; but must be acquired. One of the happiest things about the New English Bible is the recov- ery of the Apocrypha, especially the re- covery of Ecclesiasticus of which so many church folk are completely ignorant. Its wise advise commends humility while "ar- rogance is hateful to God and man." "The 'origin of pride is to forsake the says this good book, "man's heart revolt- ing against his Maker, as its, origin is sin and brings them to litter disaster." The supreme evil to both Greeks and Jews, as well as Christians, was pride. Why do people tend to think of immorality as exclusively sexual? Jesus obviously did not rate sexual sin as nearly as ugly and vi- cious as pride. Pride leads to every other sin, it is the mother of sin. Pride may be mental, moral, physical, racial, national, or pride of power and possessions. It is all bad and leads to destruction. Pride is self-will, the anti God state of mind that brought about the ruin of Adam and Eve. It is the puffed up state of Warty the Toad in Don Marquis' story, "Archy and who asked in a burst of egotism, "What has the universe ever done to deserve It can even be tbs pride of humility against which St. Jerome warns. It was illustrated in a classroom queslionaire when a student an- swered the question, "Who in the class brag? least about with "Me." There is the Pharisaism of the Publican. There is the hypocrisy of the modern man who brags about his sincerity and virtue because he acknowledges no faith and no virtue. "Look how good I am because I don't when all he means is that he doesn't try, doesn't think, and doesn't care. He has fal- len into the trap of pride which makes one's own personality the test of life and truth. As Chesterton says, it makes for a nar- rowness while boasting of breadth. Humility, on the other hand, is truly broad, with a receptive, generous mind. It makes a man available to new truth, to the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, to learning the hard lessons of life, to getting good out of evil, blessing out of suffering. It is not an awareness of our animal nature, but an awareness of the magnificence of divine origin and potential. It is a meekness that says, "Speak, Lord, for thy servant hears." It is self surrender to Divine providence. It is a willingness to be used with a sense of wonder that God can make something even out of you. It is an awareness that great works are not done by you, but through you. It brings a warm peace from which the proud are shut out. Nothing brings such an easy joy in life. The truly humble man is not a cowardly, cringing fellow nor the repulsive carica- ture of Uriah Keep. Every true scientist is great hi proportion to his humility, as he is willing to study facts like a little child, to wonder, to be teachable, to respond. It is said that the late Robert Benchley always made people who met him feel wiser and wittier than they had considered them- selves. Only a humble man can do that; he listens, and listening is a difficult art for most men, an impossible attainment for an arrogant man. Simplicity is another char- acteristic of humility and there are many more, such as a sense of humor. The hum- ble man is a very fine gentleman in the original sense of the word: Prayer: Break down my pride, 0 God, until I am blessed with the humility of Jesus. S. M. No, Thank You By Dong Walker minister, the Kev. Brian Jones, has interested himself in the fact that we lack a fence. One might think a minister would be too busy to bother about such a trivial matter. But if God docs not forget the lowly sparrows, it is probably not out of order for Brian to be concerned about our lack of a fence. He has proposed that We disregarding the fact thai I obviously do not want lo gel involved in fence building get some poles from his ranch and nail bark slabs lo tlrem. Apparently he thinks the end re- sult would be so distinctive that it would be a landmark and the public interest could still be served. The trouble with this suggestion is that we want correction: Elspclh wants a fence not a fort! No Political Joy In Heath's Britain T ONDON That royal lover of the ponies, Elizabeth II, dallied at Ascot for'a couple of races before setting in motion the process of changing govern- ments here in Britain. And de- spite all the excitement occas- ioned by the rout of the pollsters and pundits in the it could not be said that the Queen got her priorities wrong. For on most big issues the victory of Edward Heath and the Tories over Harold Wilson and the Socialists doesn't make "Give Me A Place to Stand and I Will Move the much difference. The one big exception is in (he matter of British accession to the Com- mon Market, and there the election yielded a cheerless out- look. Not very long ago slight changes in Britain weighed heavily on the big international issues. The last big peace con- ference the Indochina settle- ment made at the Geneva Con- ference of 1954 was very largely the work of Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. Brit- ish officials were right up there with Russian and American op- posite numbers in blocking out the test ban agreement of 1963 and the non-proliferation treaty of 1968. But straitened economic cir- cumstances at home havo sharply reduced British influ- ence in the far corners of Afri- ca and Asia. Prime Minister Heath still talks about a posi- tion "east of Suez." But that only means he won't use his good offices any more than Mr. Wilson did when he was prime minister to prod the United States out of Vietnam. It may not even mean that much. Mr. Heath once hinted to me that the east-of-Suez posture was a way to appeal to Conser- vative traditionalists over Enoch Powell, a Tory right- winger who is for a little Eng- land. As to great power relations, the latest developments in of- fensive and defensive weapons have left London way behind. The British, this time, are not sitting down with the Russians and the Americans in the stra- tegic arms limitation talks in Vienna. And the only way they can get back into the biggest of Why Wages Will Continue 1 o Rise leagues is by -working out' joint foreign and defence poli- cies with the Europeans through the agency of the Com- mon Market. At first blush, Mr. Heath looks just the fellow to take Britain into Europe. He has been forging continental con- nections since his pre-war days at Oxford. His maiden speech as an MP urged Britain to join the European coal and steel community (or Schuman Plan) which prefigured the Common Market. From 1961 through General de Gaulle's veto in January 1953, Heath was Har- old Macmillan's chief agent in the negotiations for British en- try to Europe. But though he is the veriest European in these islands, Mr. Heath has been dealt a bad hand for taking Britain into Europe by the breaks of party politics. Rightly or wrongly, most Lab- oriles believe they lost the elec- tion by reason of a poor turnout lowest since 1935. They think their voters stayed home because Mr. Wilson eschewed socialist issues lo run on a plat- form of smiles and sunshine. As leader of the opposition, accordingly, Mr. Wilson will be under terrific pressure to serve up political red meat to working men 'and their leaders in the trades unions. High on that menu comes hostility to the Common its high- er food costs, leser social ser- vices, freer enterprise, and large number of foreigners. At the verv'least, Labor will now favor going into the Common Market only if the price is right. Labor's reservations on Eur- TVTOW, now, what is all this n nonsense about'the Tru- deau government limi ting wage increases to 6 per cent? It can't be done. All of the cards are stacked against it, and let's look at them in order. (1) Canada is a democracy; and democracies, of their very nature, can't do anything harsh or drastic, however de- sirable or necessary it might be. The only time a democ- racy can do any big thing, make any big change, is by getting into a war; and then of course it changes from a democracy into a dictatorship. With all its dictatorial powers, the Canadian government had a hard enough time control- ling wages during the Second World War. The job would be impossible today. (2) Since Canada is a democ- racy, issues are decided by a majority of public opinion, as expressed in and between elec- tions. Most Canadians are op- posed to inflation when it in- creases prices, but, they aren't opposed to inflation when it in- creases wages and salaries. They love to get more money, even if it only buys the same amount of goods, even if it buys a smaller amount. As I've often said, the average Canadian prefers a pay-cheque of which has a purchasing power of to a pay-cheque of which has a purchasing power of (3) Most Canadians are in debt. The more money they make, the more easily they can pay off their debts, and incur more of them. During a period of wage price infla- tion, the debtor is in the happy position of repaying 100 cent dollars with 90 cent and 80- cent dollars, and he naturally wishes this to continue. (4) Over the last 25 years, the Canadian people generally and the members of our labor unions particularly have come to take it for grant- ed that their wages will in- crease every year. There's no question of such increases being "earned" by harder or tetter work; they're supposed to come automatically without regard to the work done (or not done) in return. Thus, the bricklayers of the Kitchener- Guclph area have just man- aged to get an increase from S4.50 an hour to an hour, which works out at 27 per cent. They got it simply by wanting it, demanding it, striking for it, and that's the established pat- tern of the last quarter-cen- tury. For HID last quarter-cen- tury'cveiy political adminis- tration in. Canada munici- pal, provincial, federal has been, and has loudly declared itself to be, pro-labor and pro- union. Every politician of every stripe has declared him- self to be pro-labor, pro-union, a true and loyal friend of the working man. Even politicians can't reverse themselves so fast, and which of them really wants to? What politician or political regime is willing to be called anil labor? (6) Over the last 25 years, and through the efforts of (he politicians, competition in the labor market has largely been abolished. Time was when if a By Richard J. Necdham, in The Globe and Mall, Toronto man making let's say an take it away from him by his willingness to work harder for less. It does happen occasion- ally, course, but only as the result of a long and bitter hour demanded he could be replaced with- one willing to accept or less than That's all over. A situation has been established where the unionized worker virtu ally "owns" his job; nobody can strike. (7) My last point is perhaps the most important. Labor Letters To The Editor Oath Of Allegiance Royalty as it is in the Com- monwealth is something put there by the choice of the peo- ple but it can be abolished any time we so choose. The same applies to the oath of allegiance to the Queen. That it should be abolished because it is archaic is no proper reason at all and something more sensible should be put forward.- The argument that the oath plays into the hands of sep- aratists and should be abolish- ed because they do not want it has no. merit whatever, since abolishment would give them the victory at once and encour- age them to go right on from one victory to then- ultimate n a f r o w minded, nationalis- tic game of complete separa- tion from Canada, having in the meantime separated Canada from the Commonwealth, and made us all narrow minded, lit- tle nationalists on a slightly lar- ger fragmentation. In fact we have plenty of that disastrous, egotistical attitude right now. They have done us more damage than all foreign enemies ever did and put us in a position where we are depen- dent in defence and unable to control our own economy. There has been not one cent in benefit of security. Unless we change the pattern of disrup- tion we have no future nor, if they had sense enough to know it, have these same nar- row-m i n d e d, little-nationalist parasites. Yes parasites, for they suck the life blood of the nation. If the oath of allegiance to the Queen is abolished then something should be changed, by agreement of the Common- wealth Council, to which all Commonwealth citizens should have common something, of course, the sep- aratists are strictly against. The editorial stating it ought to be abolished, is saying that no matter which way we act, the separatists win. It seems to be the attitude on practically ev- erything, including drugs. We seem to be drugged with some- thing for we do not stand up as men should and insist on a little decent respect for our laws. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. Epidemic Of Drugs Occasionally I have seen let- ters in your paper written with either vitriol, pure acid, or, late- ly a soothing ointment. How- ever, your edit o r i a 1 entitled "Prison not for ding users" must have been penned with a mixture of sour grape juice and mother's milk. It must appear, to the apa- thetic, that to wait for (lie final report of the LeDain commis- sion before taking a stand is common sense. However, the tone of the interim report does indicate the substance of the fi- nal report. The report in Time Magazine lias much more substance and is far more comprehensive than any of the hamlouls from Ot- tawa; most of whicli have ap- peared in your paper. The tone of some of these handouts have promoted, to my mind, the juvenile concept that our police forces arc a sneaky bunch of pussyfooting do-good- ers whtr would not hesitate to manufacture evidence if none were available. Time Magazine makes it clear that the police are doing everything they can, within the law, to hold back the tide which has reached epidemic propor- tions and tiisy should bj prais- ed rather than ridiculed for their efforts, Time Magazine also points up the fact that it takes two to three years for sociological changes in the United States to appear in Canada. The pattern is clear. In New York alone a thousand children will die, this year, from narcotic addiction. (Four hundred last In eastern Canadian cities hard drug addiction is being report- ed in ever increasing num- bers. Edmonton hospitals are preparing lor a major onslaught this summer. It can happen here. It's happening here. I feel that The Herald and every responsible parent should be very concerned about this epidemic before it appears in Lethbridge. That concern should express itself in the tone of the LeDain report. The only thing your editorial did was to re- flect the general apathy of our complacent society to this, the most vjtal problem, that we as citizens and parents will ever be called upon to face. The Canadian name is re- spccled throughout the world for its scholars and statesmen. They have shown that they can rise above nationalism and' show a genuine concern for hu- manity the world needs our young people. loot's not waste them. CLIFF BLACK. Lethbridee. unions of present day Can- ada have been granted the right to use force and violence in pursuit of their wage de- mands. They were given this right in effect, if not in law politicians of every party. Politicians of every party look- ed the other way when striking unions ran mid; and thus from year to year the tradition be- came established that such unions could do pretty much as they pleased. What politician is going to challenge this deeply embedded precedent, tradi- tion, belief? It's as Milton Friedman says in Capitalism and Freedom; "The general climate of opin- ion and law enforcement ap- plies different standards to ac- tions taken in the course of a labor dispute than to the same actions under other circum- stances. If men turn cars over or destroy property out of sheer wickedness, or in the course of exacting private ven- geance, not a hand will be lift- ed to protect them from the legal consequences. If they commit the same acts to the course of a labor dispute, they may well get off scot-free. Union actions involving actual or potential physical violence or coercion could hardly take place if it were not for the un- spoken acquiescence of the au- thorities." To sum up, the whole trend of political altitudes and ac- tions in Canada since 1945 has been toward labor and labor's demands, against management and management's responsibil- ities. This can't be changed in a day, a month, or a year. My judgment accordingly is that the G per cent thing is a big farce. Wages will continue to rise, and rise steeply, until Canada's whole jerry built economy comes crashing down or (more likely) falls gradual- ly apart bit by bit. When that happens I can only say to the people, and. especially to the politicians, of Canada, "You asked for it. and you got it. Enjoy, enjoy." ell. For many Conservatives who disagree with Mr. Powell on little England and are leery of being identified with his stiff- ish views on race problems are unashamedly with him in hos- tility to the Common Market. Wilh a Tory majority of only 30 seats, it is a very close ques- tion whether Mr. Heath can win parliamentary backing for any deal he can make with the European community. No doubt it is too early to write off the Common Market negotiations at this stage. Mr. Heath is aware of the parlia- mentary problem. That explains the one surprising appointment in his Cabinet the appoint- ment of Anthony Barber to run the negotiations the Com- mon Market. Mr. Barber is a former party chairman and his job will be lo keep the party in line on Europe. Moreover, Mr. Heath himself is a man of tremendous deter- mination and conviction. He is not a man for half measures. He is a radical in the sense that John Bright, the uncom- promising Manchester business- man of the 19th century, was a radical. And if the stone wall of Europe can be breached by the butting of a British head, then Mr. Heath has the head for the job. But the odds are not favor- able. So while there is much to cheer about in Britain these days including far less smog and far better chefs, as well as the ponies at Ascot there is not yet great cause for political joy. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) So They Say Laws can be made laying down that women should be paid equally for equal work, but a revolution in the hearts and minds of men will be need- ed if equal job evaluation is to be translated into real equality Edward Heath, Britain's Prime Minister. LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Canadian stockyards handled a total of head of livestock in the past six months. 1930 The "City of Chicago" endurance plane completed its 457th consecutive hour in flight at noon today in Chicago, after breaking Us'own record of 449 hours. 19111 _ An order amending prices for beet sugar has been passed by the Alberta price spreads board, it was an- nounced today. The order will bring the maximum price in line witli that of cane sugar. 1950 East Germany's Com- munist government is expand- ing its "People's Police" army by approximately men to a total of nearly Jose Mire Cardonna, Cuban ambassador designate lo the United States has re- signed and taken asylum in the Argentine embassy, diplo- matic sources said today. The Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon.. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration Number 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Ncwrpupw Publishers' Association anil the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor anti Publisher TIIUMAS U. ADAMS, General Mariauer JOE BAI.LA WILLIAM HAV Managing Kilitor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKE1 Advertising Manasar Editorial Paw Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;