Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
July 9, THE IITHMIDOI HRAU> UN still pressing for peace solution By Robert Stephens, London Observer commentator Six years after the Six-Day War, the United Nations Sec- urity Council has begun a new effort to produce an Arab-Is- raeli peace settlement, an at- tempt, largely at Egypt's ini- tiative, to jerk Middle East peace-making diplomacy put of the doldrums in which it has languished for the past two years. As President Sadat of Egypt now sees it, if he cannot get a settlement soon, involving the eventual complete with- drawal of Israeli forces from Egypt, he will have no altei- nativc but some military ac- tion, however desperate and unlikely to succeed. The Egyp- tian leadership still believes that the on'y thing likely to make the Israelis move ex- cept to a new border leaving part of Sinai in Israeli hands is pressure from the United States. And America's readi- ness to exert this pressure, in Cairo's view, depends upon how far Washington is being pressed by Russia, by its European al- lies, by world opinion express- ed through the United Nations, or by the Arab countries them- selves, especially those with major American oil interests. Two main lines of approach have so far been followed in in- ternational peace efforts. Nei- ther has yet produced much re- suH. Thj first has been to seek a comprehensive settle- ment based on the Security Council Resolution 242 of No- vember 1967. The second has been to explore a possible in- terim or partial settlement be- tween Egypt and Israel based on a withdrawal of Israeli troops from part of Sinai, cou- pled with the reopening of the Suez Canal to international shipping, and the creation of a demilitarized buffer zone in Sinai. Efforts to get the Security Council resolution implemented were made- through several channels. Attempts have been made through talks by the Big Four Russia, Brit a i n and France through the United Nations' mediator, Dr. Gunnar Jarring, and through the United States acting alone. These efforts failed because the Israelis and Arabs differ- ed over the interpretation of Resolution 242 and the method of carrying it out, and were to a certain extent supported in their conflicting positions by America and Russia respec- tively. In broad terms, the resolu- tion called for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the oc- cupied Arab territorke and for Arab recognition of Israel with- in "secure and recognized bor- It emphasized the need for a just and lasting peace, "the inadmissibility of the ac- quisition of tarritory by war" and called for respect for the "sovereignty, territorial inte- grity and independence" of every State in the aisa. In %n indirect reference to the Palestinian Arabs, the re- solution called for a just settle- ment of the refugee problem, and also for guarantees for free navigation through internation- al waterways in the area and for the national borders. The guarantees, it was suggested, might include the creation of demilitarized zones. The Arab States interpreted the resolution to mean that Is- rael would withdraw its forces from all, the occupied parts of Egypt, Jordan and Syria back to the 1967 frontiers, sub- ject only to guarantees such as demilitarized zones, to pos- sibly some minor reciprocal adjustments along the Israel- Jordan border, and a settle- ment of the Palestine refugee problem. As guarantees, Egypt offered to accept the demilitar- ization of part of Sinai and the stationing of an international force at Sharmesh Sheikh to protect freedom of navigation through the Straits of Tiran. Egypt and Jordan Syria did not aceapt the resolution- were also ready to make peace with and recognize Israel. But they saw the resolution as something simply to be Im- plemented without discussion except of procedure and de- tails. They considered it to have two main parts or stages: a settlement of the 1967 war itself by the Israeli withdraw- al and Arab recognition, and a settlement of the original Pa- lestine problem involving the fate of the refugees. Egypt and Jordan were ready for indirect talks with Israel through Dr. Jarring or the United Staas, or perferably the Big Four Powers. But they re- jected the direct talks which Israel called for. Israel's interpretation of Re- solution 242 differed on several vital points. The most impor- tant was that it claimed the resolution did not call for with- drawal from all the occupied territories. By its reference to "secure and recognized borders" it clearly meant that the fron- tiers were negotiable in the light security requirsments. 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GARAGE Beaver has all sizes in a host of differ- 'ent finish materials Available with walk-in-doort, windows, siding, etc. 3 ways to buy Three ways to build 1. Beaver Built Complete 1. Cash 2. Factory Assembled Sections 2. 30 Day Charge Account 3. Do-It-Yourself Materials Package 3. Beaver Budget Plan 3rd Ave. and 17th St. S. Ph 3284461 Open Monday Friday a.m. to p.m. Saturday a.m. to 5 p.m. For "Crazy Days" Values! In any case, in answer to a questionnaire from Dr. Jarring, in March 1971, it flatly refused in the case to with- draw to the 1967 borders. Israel also rejected any poli- tical claims on behalf of the Palestinians or their right to return home. It regarded Jor- dan as speaking on benalf of the Palestinians, and argued that the refugees should be re- settled in the Arab countries where they already were. The Israelis regarded Resolution 242 not as a series of instruc- tions from the Security Coun- cil to b3 carried out, but sim- ply as a basis or framework for negotiation. Dr. Jarring's mission collaps- ed two years ago after the Is- raeli rebuff to him on the issue of frontiers. The American attempt at a general settlement based on Resolution 242 peter- ed out, primarily because of worsening relations between the United States and Russia. Having achieved thar main objective of ceasefire, the United States then switched to support of an. interim sett'e- ment as proposed in March 1971 Egypt's President Sadat. But this made no headway be- cause the Israelis refused to link it formally with their even- tual total withdrawal and there was disagreement about the ex- tent of the initial Israeli with- drawal and whether or not Egyptian forces should be al- lowed back across the Canal. President Sadat's expulsion of the Russian military experts from Egypt last summer and tha improvement of American- Soviet relations, symbolized in tire Nixon Brezhnev summit meeting in Moscow, reduced international pressure for a settlement And with the Suez ceasefire still working and the Palestinian guerrillas greatly weakened, Israel also seemed satisfied with things as they were. But the position of Egypt in gensral and of President Sadat in particular was becoming in- creasingly difficult. The pres- sure was growing internally for an end one way or another to the "no peace, no war" sit- uation. So Egypt turned back once more to the Secuirty Council, counting more this time on support and influence from the European powers, Britain and France. Once more the Egyptian tac- tics have been to try to sep- arate the question of the occu- pied territory of already exis- ting Arab States, such as self, from the question of the Palestinians' future. Cairo wants an unequivocal endorse- ment by the Security Council of its call for complete Israeli withdrawal from tba territory of established Arab States. It argues that negotiations for se- cure and recognized borders should then take place to es- tablish frontiers between the Israeli State and a Palestinian Arab State, existing together within the boundaries of form- er Palestine, as originally pro- posed in the United Nations' partition plan. It seems unlikely that the Security Council debate can lead to much progress towards a negotiated peace, unless the United States and Russia are together prepared to put much more waght behind negotia- tions than they have been re- cently. But if this new peace bid fails, what will Sadat do then? Books in brief "The Sugar Snow Spring" by Lillian Hoban (Utthenry Whheside United, 9 pag- es, This is a delightful little chil- dren's story about a mouse family. The text is good and the author has illustrated it with some excellent drawings in pate, pretty pastels. The book should be on the shelf of the children's library and it weald also be a good gift for a grandparent to provide for a pre-schooler. ELSPETH WALKER "No Docks In Our Bath- tab" by Martha Alexander FlUfcenry A WHJeikle Limit- ed, pages. This is quite an attractive lit- tle book for small children. The story is about David who is an- noyed with bis mother, as chil- dren sometimes arc. because she won't let mm have bugs or ducts or pigeons in their apart- ment. He does faially persuade her to let Jiiin have some fish eggs. The outcome is supposed to be a great surprise for everyone concerned but I sus- pect that some perceptive five or six year-olds will anticipate it before the final page. Librar- ies should have this book I doubt that it's worth SM.55 for oae child's reading ELSPETH WALKER Why moke it so difficult? By Terry McDonald, City Editor In most communities it takes a resident of exceptionally keen civic spirit to attend a city council meeting for the purpose of being informed on civic affairs. In Lethbridge it takes a near-magician. Picture Mr. Civic Spirit fulfilling a long- time self-promise to attend at least one Lethbridge council meeting. He cautiously parks in the lot behind city hall in a spot marked He's not here to buy anything but well, ttnre arc still plenty of places left for genuine customers. He heads for the nearest door. It's open. Inside he has a choice go upstairs or down. He chooses to go up, the right choice as it turns out. At the top of the stairs, another choice. Left or Right. A little snooping and he finds an open door and a handful of people with their backs tc him. Sacking his head inside, he sses a half-dozen gentlemen sitting around a long table. Wait a minute, that's Mayor Anderson at the head of that table, he's almost sure. He takes a seat at tie back and a minute later the mayor calls the gentlemen to order A meeting begins. This must be the council meeting, he decides. He isn't positive he has the right room, doesn't know offhand who the men are seated around the table, can't hear what they are discussing, can't locate any- thing that looks like a meeting agenda. It amounts to a waste of his time. And it's a shame. Proper directions to the meeting room, some kind of identification for the council members and their advisers, and some proper regard for the gallery surely isn't too much to ask. Other city councils can do it. And even then it takes considerable civic grit to sit through their meetings. It takes practically an act of heroism to make it through a local council meeting and a respectable lip-reading ability to make it worthwhile. Inflation is worse elsewhere From The Spokesman-Revlew As if we weren't already quite well aware of it, the labor department has just gone through its monthly ritual of inform- ing us that the cost of living went up last month. May's increase over April was at an annual rate of over 7 per cent. As if to look for a silver lining, the announce- ment noted that this was a measurable drop from April's increase over March, Food accounted for the bulk of the in- crease, up 14 per csnt since last year. And economic adviser Herbert Stein issued his customary, and as yet unfulfilled, fore- cast that prices will level off "later in the year." And yet, if the inflationary picture is somewhat bleak in this country, it is no better elsewhere. In Western Europe, inflation averages over 10 per cent a year, with countries such as Spain and England at the 12 per cent leveL Even Germany and Japan are experiencing price rises far greater than our own. Nor is the citadel of stability, doing much battier. Prices there are currently rising about 8 per cent annually. Over here we read daily abort how the dollar has gone down again and gold ed a new high figure. But citizens in other countries read the same thing about gold and their own currencies. The Swiss now pay 370 francs for an ounce of gold. Only a couple of years ago they paid 180 francs. And no on? who hasn't seen South Am- erica has seen real inflation with a capital I. Argentine prices are up 65 per cent, and Chile's prices, under the Aller.de gov- ernment, west up an incredible 160 per cent last year. Two factors seem primarily responsible for this worldwide trend. A steadily grow- ing demand for goods and services collid- ing with a limited supply, and a hesitance of governments to take the unpopular but necessary steps to control inflation's caus- es. Clamping lids on prices is merely attack- ing a symptom not a cause. Full employ- ment, public welfare, and an emphasis on industrial growth are all placed higher in the list of priorities than inflation control. A tightened money supply, with ite at- tendant hardships and sacrifice, is the price of controlling inflation, and that sane price few seem willing to pay. Summary: If prices here seem ing don't make the mistake of wishing you were in some other country. Report to readers Doug Walker One man's meat A bright young lady, home from univer- sity in the East, ottered a jolting criticism of our newspaper. She said, "the Saturday colored comics section is awful." That really is a serious criticism. There are a few snooty people who consider read- ers of comics to be on the intellectual level of baboons but their haughty mien doesn't deter the addicts which is most of us. So if our Saturday section isn't up to snuff there are probably a host of disgruntled sub- scribers. The truth is that the selection of colored comics doesn't entirely please our edi- tor, Cleo Mowers, who is something of a connossieur of comics. As is the case with a lumber of other newspapers, we get our Saturday comics in a package deal which does not permit individual choices. Being stuck with a package deal hi this way is not just a matter of economics. We have to take a deal like this because our equipment is incapable of printing a color- ed comic's section. Maybe whm we make our big switch to a new press this summer we will have tte capability of running off our own cocics section and can choose only the ones we want The strips that appear through the week are pretty ranch the choice of Mr. Mowers and Mr. Pilling, the managing editor. Mr. Mowers admits there is one that he doesn't like and doesn't read. That one may be tte favorite of Tom Adams, the general man- ager, who reads them all. Surveys show that the comic strips have a very high readership. That's the first tMng some people tarn to wtai they get their paper. I can understand Hie tempta- tion to start there bat wonder if it isn't a bit like eating the dessert Wore the main course of a meal II might he batter to encounter Inem after the news and com- mentary as a kind of antidote to the often sad usually serious material in the earlier pages of the newspaper. Editors may have intended UBS by the customary location of ihe comics well along in Jhe newspaper. Comic strips arc not merely entertain- ing: they are frequently an astute kind of commentary GO tte world. They constitute, collectively, a critique of ourselves and our society. Sometimes this only comes out obliquely, to be sure. I remember bits of a talk about the comic (trips given by a psychiatrist in Calgary in which he noted such things as Dr. Rex Morgan's sexual immaturity (he was al- ways chickening out on the brink of mar- riage) and Bagwood's dominance by Blondie. He clainod these things actually reflected a sense of incompetence and in- feriority on the part of North American men. Make what you can out of that in relation to the sometimes strident cries of the Women's Libbers about male chauvin- ism. Some strips, of courve, do not reflect reality and should be viewed as fantasy. I realize that there are advocates of fant- asy as a necessary balance to the mater- ialistic existence that most of us perforce live but fantasy can lead to some major dissillusronment because of false expecta- tions. What happens if all doctors are not as sucessful as Dr. Rex Morgan in cur- ing people of their illnesses or all minis- ters as competent as The Rev. David Crane is directing parishoners to the solution of their troubles? Happily, readers of The Herald don't have to wrestle with that since neither strip is carried. There may be a place for these or other serial melo- dramatic strips but they don't appeal to the Herald decision makers. Occasionally religious groups frown on the comics as frivolous It might come as something of a shock to know that two books have been written about the theol- ogical significance of 3ie Peanuts Comics are syndicated and are prob- ably almost 300 per cwt American (Andy Capp, a British strip, may be the only ex- ception) There were some short-lived Ca- nadian comics during the Second Work) War (as readers were recently reminded in a review a bioi OT the Mjbjec'l tut it is a field n which Canadians do net teem to compete well. AfflnaTy the agents coire around to try to persuade manage- ment to make changes. I wonder i! Tom can succeed ia keeping the the editor doesn't lite.