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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, July 3, 1973 In defence of Americans abroad Burial in bronze Most, citizens would qgree with the city manager that Lethbridge should be kept clean as well as green. Most would support his desire to have the city's garbage, litter and debris bet- ter handled. But many would disagree with his approach to the problem, and would be apprehensive about his further at- tempt to get City Council's approval of a new policy it refused to approve a few weeks ago. What the city manager seems to forget is that the city is the people's agent for the collection and disposal of the people's wastes, and the job ought to be done in the way that is best and cheapest for the people. There must be some defence against the slobs would deliberately and maliciously dump their garbage on their neighbor's front doorstep or over his fence, but surely the exist- ing laws can handle the public mis- c xor the rest of the citizenry, they v.'jll co-operate with any reasonable garbage disposal policy. They want only to lay it out and to have the tax-supported city collectors pick it up and haul it away. But garbage collection is becom- ing ridiculously bureaucratic, incon- venient and costly. The city will pick up only certain types of waste, prop- erly and expensively bagged, and the rest is up to the citizen, with al- most impossible controls on him un- less he can afford expensive sup- plementary trucking services. Now the city is hiring two gar- bage bylaw enforcement officers and it is proposed they have the author- ity to issue "tags" where they believe an offence is committed. If the citizen who is given a tag wishes to avoid prosecution he will pay for "overfilling" a contaner, for hav- "overfilling" a container, for hav- "improper presentation of for "improper presentation of wastes at landfill, for "improper dumping at and so on. The city manager promises that the enforcement officers will not "go on "a but he wants author- ity to crack down on those who re- peatedly violate the bylaw. It is a mark of the tunes that lawn clippings and tea leaves cannot be buried without first being neatly bag- ged in new and non-bio-degradable containers. But on the other hand oak and bronze caskets are going out of style. The rush to sell A local department store's display of winter coats hi July makes one realize how the seasons are being zoomed in on consumers by modern- day, slick merchandising. A clerk in the same store, pointing to a rack already stripped of all but a few un- attractive left-over summer dresses, informed customers there would be no further shipments until next spring.. The July dress shopper will have to take what's left, or wait until next March'. Merchandising has been dictating the width of jeans, the height of soles, tie widths, men's shirt colors (white is coming back in, by the way) and bathing-suit skimpiness ever since af- fluence turned shopping into one of North America's favorite pastimes. Window shopping may have provided some modest diversion during the "hungry but today keeping up with fashion has the customer run- ning breathlessly just to stay abreast of trends. And all the while the cash registers bulge, while father's take-home pay dwindles. Mothers overcome by demands for slims so tight they almost squeak, or snowy while ducks that must be washed every time Johnny sits down, now find that two-tone or flare jeans have made yesterday's slims obso- lete. Women's fashions are no bet- ter. Consumers, still looking forward to warm summer vacation days, are al- ready confronted with furs; winter wrap-ups before they've even tried on their bathing suits, so to speak. And the wage-earner, struggling to save a little, is swept along by all this com- pulsion, unless of is deter- mined enough to wear blinkers, and insist his family does, too. McCarthy was a piker! While on this side of the world people have just about forgotten Joe McCarthy and Ms notorious Com- mittee on Un-American Activities, Prime Minister Vorster of South Afr- ica evidently has not. In fact, he has gone the communist hunting senator one better, with his Commit- tee of Inquiry into Certain Organ- izations (No fooling, that's its real name.) Under the chairmanship of a stal- wart supporter of Mr. Vorster's rac- ially pure white government, CICO exists officially to sniff out enemies of the state, and somewhat less offi- cially to ensure the highest possible degree cf discomfort on the part of any person or party that dares to oppose Mr. Vorster, politically or in any other viay. The added twist, that illustrates the capacity of "even a racially pure government to learn from the exper- ience of others, is the inclusion in the committee of members of the Loyal Opposition, naturally outnum- bered by government supporters. This arrangement permits Mr. Vorster to point out, to anyone who might have the nerve to criticize the Commit- tee's purpose or activities, that it is a normally constituted parliamentary committee, fully representative of the parties that comprise the House. The Committee's actions, however nefarious they may be, are thus "re- sponsible." At present CICO has tackled four "Certain all regard- ed as liberal and all with connec- tions that are'either academic or re- ligious. One investigation has been completed, that of NUSAS, the Na- tional Union of South African Stu- dents, whose membership is drawn from the English speaking univer- sitif The Committee has announced with due unction that it found the Union not guilty of any "serious but nevertheless des- cribed one of its connections as a "den of which moved it to recommend a device called "ban- in the cases of eight NUSAS leaders. Banning means they are confined to their home districts, for- bidden to attend gatherings of more than two people, prohibited from entering any educational institution, and denied the right to make any public statements. Following CICO's recommendation, Ihe banning was imposed for a per- iod of five years, without the neces- sity of a trial. The casserole Those who have tried to keep up to date on the much publicized energy crisis will sympathize with Mr. Edward Reinecke, deputy governor of California, who observ- ed rueftiuy "If all the studies written on the energy crisis were burned, they would probably provide enough fuel to solve the energy crisis." At least one editorial staffer is puzzled by a brief item that appeared in an eastern paper lately. It vras printed racily fol- "Or. a 3ucal church bulletin an event was advertised as taking place at the Sir John A. McDonald auditorium. This is not to be confused with tbe Sir John A. McDon- ald Secondary Sdrool auditorium. Fortunate- ly there isn't any Sir John A. McDonald auditorium." It would be easier "not to be confused" if It weren't for that word "fortunately." presumed innocent until actually proven guilty. Aghast no doubt at the thought of maybe losing a few season ticket sub- scriptions, the management of a CFL foot- ball team has unceremoniously fired two of its top players charged with drug offences, without knowing whether they are guilty or not, or even waiting for a trial. You can sav what yu like for windy and ccrhsfs there was a tine when they were best; but vrith today's costumes, any really devoted girl knows that it's the warm sun, and not the wind, that Ones again public relations considera- tions have over-ruled what has always been thought a basic rung on toe Canadian lad- der of human, priorities the right to be Apropos Ontario's recent complaints and threats over the pricing of Alberta's nat- ural gas, here is an interesting quotatoon for an editorial that appeared recently in one of Ontario's large daily newspapers: Mr. threat to go to court over Al- berta gas prices may one day rank among Queen s Park's more classic By Norman Cousins, Los Angeles Times commentator For more than a decade, tbe term "ugly American" has been tied to U.S. citizens, away from home. Originally, the term was applied mainly to Americans who did business in other countries or who repre- sented the United States in of- ficial capacities. Then the term was broadened to include Am- erican tourists, who have be- come stereotyped as nervy, pushy, demanding bad-manner- ed, insensitive and gawky. These are false stereotypes and the time has come to say some- thing in defence of Americans abroad. Over the years, I nave ob- served my fellow Americans all over the world in standard places like London, Paris, Co- penhagen and Rome, as well as in out-of-the-way or exotic places like Singapore, Jakarta, Liberville, Addis Arabia, Jo- hannesburg, Baggio, Manila, Kyoto, Sydney and Fiji. Yes, I have seen Americans who raise their voices in other- wise quiet restaurants or who didn't wait their turns in lines or who ordered hotel clerks around or who made a noisy nuisance of themlves. But I have also observed far many more Americans abroad who do credit to themselves and their country. I am told by newsmen of other countries that Americans compare very favorably to tourists from oth- er nations. The newsmen des- cribe Americans as quiet, well- behaved and considerate. The decline of the dollar abroad, in a curious sense, has fpMOflTON "Sorry I only accept silver1" Canada's million-acre farm island By John Burke, London Observer commentator Canada's smallest prov- ince, Prince Edward Island, is celebrating its centenary this summer. Queen Elizabeth is visiting there now, and the visit has some piquancy for a North American territory that to stay British long af- ter Canada became a Common- wealth Dominion. Although the island joined the Dominion reluctantly in 1873, it is part of Canada geograph- ically and historically. It was discovered by Sebastian Cabot in 1497, and was one of the first places sighted by the Breton Jacques Cartier in 1534. He called it Isle Saint Jean and Frenchmen settled on it. A later caller was General James Wolfe, on bis way up the St. Lawrence to on the Plains of Abraham in 1759. The island was then renamed after Quesn Victoria's father, given the capital of Charlotte- town in honor of George Hi's wife, and divided into King's, Queen's and Prince counties. In 1864 the steamship Queen Vic- toria, put ashore a score of mainland and maritime dele- gates to the Orst conference about uniting the British North American colonies. Charloitetown still likes the titic of "cradle cf confedera- tion'', although "that obstinate little potato patch'' (as one Ot- tawa statesman called the host island) paradoxically rejected union. It took a ruinous railway and absentee landlords to make a federal takeover attractive nine years later. One century later there is no separatist rhe- toric (in contrast fo Quebec and Newfoundland) in th3 gran- ite Province House Fathers of Confederation niet- The island's legislature is a political milipond, for provin- cial Premier Alexander Camp- bell is a Liberal like Tnadsaa, and holds 24 seats against sev- en Conservatives. Religion is a traditional div- ide, as in the other maritime provinces. The Lieutenant-Gov- ernorship alternates between Citholic and Protestant. Town- ships like Belfast, York, Guern- sey Cove, New Glasgow, St. Patrick, Cornwall, Bristol and Cardigan almost spell out the denominations. For the islanders {famed for their pot- atoes) are descended from suc- cessive waves of mi grants, from the original Mk-Mac In- dians and the pioneering French to tbe Dutch and Europeans since tbe Second World War. Toe most numerous early set- tlers were the Scots and the Highland Ganres are held in Prince Edward Island as en- thusiastically as in Nova Sco- tia, from which the island "was once governed. Another import- ant contingent were tbe United Empire Loyalists, who came frcm the United States after the American War of Indepen- dence. But the character of the isl- and is predominatly English, and as one flies across the Northumberland Strait from Halifax (Nova Scotia) golden shores of Prince Edward Island and a patchwork of green fields beyond, the illusion is very real. This province, which is no big- ger than Lancashire or Rhode Island, is also knovyn as "mil- lion acre farm" and "the Ken- tucky of Hereford cattb are raised in its lush meadows, while the rich red .clay produces tobacco for Prince Edward Island Js on the same latitude as southern Franco. Seafood restaurants and local canneries snow that it also gets a rich harvest from the Gulf of SL Lawrence. Lob- ster is the main catch, while oysters from Malpeque Bay feature on the menus of some of the best eating places in the eastern United States. Giant tuna are beginning to attract visiting anglers. Tourism is Prince Edward Island's third industry and even the Japanese are being lured to the sandy shores guarded by little lighthouses of white clapboard. Many of the holiday-makers take tours on a big red London bus run by an agency called Abe- gweit, after the Indian name for Prince Edward Island: Cradle of the Waves. One tour goes to tbe house at Cavendish were Lucy Anne Montgomery wrote Anne of Green Gables in 1904. And an- other trip is to the village of Kensington with a park filled with models of British land- marks. Woodleigh replicas range from Anne Hathaway's cottage to Robert Burn's birth- place, and from Yorkminster to St. Martin-in-the-Fields. The centrepiece, complete with girl Beefeater, is a 25-foot-high Tower of London, insida which are full-scale imitations of the Crown Jewels. Like the Union Jack which flies side by side with the Maple Leaf all over the island, they emphasize tbe dual loyalty of Canada's late- comer to the fold. A diplomatic coup for Finns By Roland Hnntford, London Observer commentator HELSINKI Tbe decision to hold the European Security Conference in Helsinki, where it opened today is a real com- pliment to Finnish diplomacy, an appropriate reward for the extremely able officials who plan Finland's foreign policy, and whose main function is to keep on good terms with tbe Russians. Although neutral and inde- pendent Finland is exposed to Soviet pressure. It can take no liberties in foreign affairs: it roust so guide its actions as to avoid antagonizig the Soviet Union. For almost two decades the Finnish Foreign Ministry knew the Soviet leaders wanted a European security conference, and that they wanted it con- vened by a neutral wuirtiy for the sake of appearances. Fin- land was the main candidate in Moscow's eyes. However, as long as 11% proposed conference u-as to exclude the United as the Kremlin origin- ally intended, tbe Finns success- fully hedged. When the Soviet leaders changed their minds, Finland was prepared to oblige. It seems that the Kremlin's change of mind began after the Soviet invasion of Czechosto- vataa, an August 1966. The pol- itical aftermath was such that tbe Kremlin stood in need of po- litical respectability together with a formal sanction of the European status quo. In that context a conference including the Americans possessed undes- irable attractions. Observing this, and sensing detente, Finnish foreign policy detente, Finish foreign policy planners decided (hat now was tbe time to act Knowing the Russian wishes, tbe Finns de- cided to propose tbe security conference as if on their own initiative. In May 1969 they published the official proposal for the conference. They did so in such terms as to appear the original sponsors, ft was, however, quite obvious that they were acting as honest brokers for the Rus- sians, and it is accepted that the conference is in reality a Russian concept In convening the security con- ference, Finland performed a lactful service for the Soviet leaders, building up that stock of good will upon which it de- pends in its relations with Mos- cow. The Kremlin had original- ly made it clear that the Unit- ed States was to be excluded from the conference; to have abandoned the position would hare been an unacceptable loss of face. The Finns handled the situation by Washing- ton in tbe invitateoB, knowing that Moscow would not object Moscow did not, and the mat- ter was settled without any trouble. As far as tbe West is con- cerned, Finland has benefited by the affair, even if tbe con- ference is regarded as a Soviet manoeuvre. To be a broker be- tween East and West is no bad thing. Besides, there is some sympathy for tbe Finnish am- bition to be accepted as a fully- fledged neutral, and tbe hold- ing of the security conference itself, together with the prep- aratory talks in Helsinki, seems a kind of seal of approval on that condition. Finish diplo- mats may wen regard their work with some satisfaction. actually Improved the situa- tions of American tourists if not financially then at least in image. Americans are no long- er in the limelight as the most sought-after customer. People no longer are dependent on Americans and are therefore not prone to resent them. Since Americans are'not prime tar- gets of economic opportunity, neither are they targets for abuse. That role seems to be passing to the Japanese and, to a lesser extent, to the West Germans. My own limited observations of Americans abroad tend cred- ence to the favorable estimate of them by newsmen. In Buda- pest, for example, I saw a young American couple rush into a heavily trafficked street to come to the aid of an elderly man who bad just fainted while crossing a thoroughfare. In crowded Jakarta, I watched Americans waiting patiently on a long bus line, despite afl at- tempts by polite Indonesians to' put them in front. .1 have seen incidents of a similar na- ture in places like Singapore, Rangoon, Bombay, Karachi, Is- tanbul, where native citizens bad grown up expecting white foreigners to demand privileg- ed treatment. In talking to citi- zens of such places, I have learned that Americans tend to be sensitive to the special his- tories of countries with colonial backgrounds. I have heard very few references in recent years to "ugly Americans" in those countries. Quite the contrary, Americans as individuals stand very high precisely because so many of them seek no special favors and respect the folkways and traditions of others. In Africa, Americans as in- dividuals are regarded. Despite the turmoil in the Unit- ed States over black issues, Af- ricans are aware that the main difference between racism in, say, the Union of South Africa and in the United States, is that at least the law in the United Sates calls for equality while the law denies equality in South Africa. But the strongest single rea- son for the relatively high stand- ing of Americans in Africa has been the existence of such pro- jects as tbe Peace Corps and tbe Rev. James Robinson's "Operation which was an impressive forerunner of Ihe Peace Corps. OC has been privately operated and staffed by young American vol- unteers. It has done everytlAig from building schools and run- ning them to digging sewers and helping to supply emer- gency medical services. Apart from these organized efforts, a large number of in- dividual Americans have gone to Africa as voluntary special- ists or workers. I think, for ex- ample, of the young American doctors and nurses or sanitary engineers who gave their ser- vicls to the Schweitzer Hospi- tal and other medical centres throughout Africa. What is true of Ameri- cans in Africa is also true, in varying degrees, of other parts of the world, especially India, Pakistan and Southeast Asia. The individual American is no longer a figure of scorn or con- tempt, and the term "ugly Am- erican" must now be viewed for what it is a grim re- minder of a time when the all- powerful dollar made it too easy for some Americans to throw their weight around. I am not suggesting that we ask other people to call us beautiful. All I suggest is that we stop using the stereotypes ourselves. 'Crazy Capers' J shil think it's damn stupid place to set up a speed bap! The Letitbrtdge Herald _ Ttti SL S., MMHWge, Albma LETHBRIDGE CO. LTD., Proprietors and Pobntbm INS -ISM. by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN SwMd Clm NM McgMraflon Ho. ton The COTMDMI frm tut Nmpmr M fht torm er ornwnom cico MOWERS, M THOMAS M. AOAMS, 6 DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY ROTF. IHEMHAID DOUOUtt K. WALICtl THE jounr ;