Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
26 THE HTHBRIDGE HERAID July 3, 1973 Politics may influence new Ottawa energy policy OTTAWA (CP) A future energy policy may bz Based more on a political consensus rather than on course laid out by factual studies, Energy Min ister Donald Macdonald sug gested in a program taped for broadcast on the CTV program Anti-obscenity ruling faces court battle WASHINGTON (CP) Chief Justice Warren Burger seems pleased that a majority of the U.S. Supreme Court agreed on "concrete guidelines" to curb obscenity but there are in- dications that the recent deci- sion may mean fresh confusion in American courtrooms. For the first time, a bare ma- jority of the nine Supreme Court justices has ruled that "community" stand rather than a national stand- be used to determine whether a book, magazine, film or other work is pornographic. Whereas an earlier court had ruled that material must be "utterly without redeeming so- cial charge that has been almost impossible to Burger majority provided a less stringent inter- pretation. Henceforth, sexually explicit material must also have "serious literary, artistic, politi- cal or scientific value' to es- cape possible censorship. Mr. Justice William Douglas, most Eberal member of the court, appears to be the only one who wants the court to stop acting as censors altogether. The others share a belief that obscenity is not protected by constitutional guarantees of free speech. But only five ident Nixon's four .appointees, joined by Justice Byron (Wbiz- zer) White, a former football player appointed by John F. confident that they could define where free speech ends and obscenity be- gins. The four dissenters feared such results as police raids on public libraries, banning of al- most any publication, govern- ment "regimentation" of the public mind and other horrors. The courts decision has gen- erated fierce, if troubled debate in American legal circles andi among publishers, movie-mak1 ers and others most directly af- fected. The New York Times, for ex- ample, has provided a notable example of the difficulties faced by those who might normally oppose censorship on principle but who have become disturbed about the spread of "adult" book stares, movie houses and other evidence of what Nixon labels "permissiveness" into the most remote community in the U.S. The Times, which has been crusading against dirty movies and prostitution around New York City's Times Square, said in an eidtorial: "One may concede unreser- vedly the legitimacy of a com- munity's desire to get rid of ob- jectionable public displays or to curb the hard-sell of hard-core pronography and still be alarmed by the probable effect of the court's ruling." The difficulties which critics foresee in the Burger majority decision are likely to come when lower courts and juries attempt to decide what the court's words mean. However carefully chosen the phrases may have appeared to the five justices, they seem to open up the same difficulties of inter- pretation that have bedevilled courts in the past. The majority's guidelines in- clude such phrases as "average person" "contemporary com- munity "prurient' interest, "in a patently offen- sive way" and "serious" value. More than one lawyer has al- ready asserted that any or all of these prhases are open to varying interpretations. And although the majority moved from a national to a community standard for deter- mining obscenity, it did not say whether the community was to be a county, city or neighborhood. Former mayors find being MP frustrating job OTTAWA (CP) Former mayors, used to fast legisla- tive action in city council chambers, notice a sharp dif- ference when they come to Ottawa as MPs. "The slow decision-making process can be really frustra- ting." says J. R. Ellis (PC- a former mayor of Belleville. "In municipal poli- tics, an issue is examined, a decision is made and that's it. Here the process goes on for months." "I think this is what I no- ticed most, says Frank Oberle George- Peace a former mayor of Chetwynd, B.C. "The time it takes to reach decisions in Ottawa has really surprised me. It's not a bit like municipal politics." When most new MPs come to Ottawa they try to make an-impact in the Commons where all the potential public- ity lies. "But that's not where you' can accomplish the says Paul McRae der "The action is really in committees." So while he remains rela- tively quiet in the Commons, the former teacher has in- volved himself in four differ- ent committees as he main- tains a scorching schedule. "You might not get the same publicity in committees, but it's where we are exam- ining and improving legisla- tion and that's what this is all about" Second Skylab crew completes tests for flight CAPE CANAVERAL. (CP) The Saturn-Apollo rocket scheduled to carry the second Skylab crew aloft on July 28 for. 56 days in space has passed its last major test before lift-off, officials at the Kennedy space centre here say. The mission's backup Vance Brand, Dr. William Le- roir and Dr. Don 31fc hours inside the Apollo spacecraft Friday during a fight readiness test and dress rehearsal for the lift-off. the primary crew Bean, Dr. Owen Garriott and Jack at the Houston space centre, reviewing Skylab activation procedures. The new crew will carry about 900 pounds of extra equip- ment They will conduct eight new experiments, including a watch over mice, vinegar gnats and spiders and an attempt to grow a perfect crystal in weigh- tlessness. Doctors have recommended that the second crew double or triple the amount of bicycle ex- ercise to counteract the effects of weightlessness on their bod- ies. The first crew suffered some in effects from the ex- period of weightlessness while in space, from which they qtricldy recovered. The Skylab 1 astronauts said in Houston Friday that their ex- perience showed that anybody in reasonable, normal health could become a space traveller as long as exercise was kept up. Question Period Sunday. White more energy studies will evolve "the critical thing at this point is to get the feel in a very broad political sense for the kind of structure we'd like to said Mr. Macdonald. He was commenting on an energy study, tabled Thursday in the Commons, described as a review of energy questions from which energy policies might evolve. Mr. Macdonald said available data on the energy question have not provided clear cut policy options. The best source of reliable data has been the performance of the energy economy in recent years. He defended the government against criticism that it has not produced a national energy pol- icy. In fact, "we have an energy policy right now and have had one for many years in the various commodities that make up Canada's energy mbi." The question is "what, if any, changes should be made in the policies we've been following for a number of years." In the case of natural gas, new policies will require not only changes in the federal regulatory system but accord between the producing and con- suming provinces, he said. Changes won't likely come about until "we can get a fair amount of consensus 'betwesn the provinces and the federal government." Surcharge imposed on cherries OTTAWA (CP) A sur- charge has been imposed on United States cherries imported into Canada to protect Canadian producers from a bumper crop in the state of Washington. S. B. Williams, deputy mins- ter of agriculture, said today the surcharge, which is effec- tive immediately, was imposed following requests from cherry producers and the British Co- lumbia and Ontario govern- ments. The Washington cherry crop is almost 100 per cent larger than last year, be said. Cherries imported into Canada at de- flated prices "are apt to kill the industry here." Declared value of cherries from the U.S. must be at least a 20-pound lot to avoid the surcharge, said Mr. Williams. However, the surcharge win not inflate consumer prices here. He said the surcharge rate of is 85 per cent of a three- year average of wholesale prices of 20-pound lots of cherries. Motorcycle rider injured A 20-year-old Lethbridge man is in satisfactory condi- tion today in St. Michael's General Hospital after the motorcycle he was riding was struck by a car Monday night Joseph Eferian, 728 8th St S., was westbound on 7th Ave. S. At the intersection of 7th St. S., he was in collision with a southbound vehicle driven by Cynthia Francis Kohut, 159 20th St N. Damage in the accident is estimated at Blaze crackles in California PALM SPRINGS, Calif. (AP) Some fire fighters bat- tied a four-day-old Hare on the upper part of Mount San Ja- cmto and officials said the fire was 80 per ccrii contained early today. te fire fighters had to qse an airborne, infra-red scanner x-ray through smoke from the fire that crackled through xne trees above the rvel of the moun- tain. The blaze northwest of this resort was the worst of a rash of fires that kept cropping up in what forest officials fear could be one of the state's worst ire seasons. Fire fighters quickly put out the other blazes Monday. One 60-acre brush fire forced 140 boy scouts and leaders to evacuate a canyon camp near Newhall and another burned grass and brush just off the Po- mona Freeway. Meat is high but Housewives are finding meat prices skyhigh in most meat markets 'but packing plant workers at Hatfield, Pa., found these two pigs higher than usual when they came to work. A fruckload of hogs was delivered to the plant at night-time and in the morning Jerry Clemens and other workers found two of the porkers wandering around the roof of the plant. It was a rather quiet Dominion Day weekend By THE CANADIAN PRESS, Despite. heavy concentration on Canada's highways and hor- des of visitors flocking to Prince Edward Island for that province's centennial celebra- tions, official reported a quiet Dominion Day holiday weekend. The Queen, Prince Philip, Prime Minister Trudeau and his wife presided at ceremonies as Canada's smallest province cel- ebrated its 100th birthday and the 106th birthday of the nation. A crossXSanada survey by The Canadian Press showed fa- vorable weather throughout most of the the exception of Saskatchewan and as a result, resi- dents took to the roads, parks and waterways in large num- bers. And despite warnings for cau- tion, the nation's accidental death toll soared to 148 with 83 highway dedths and another 50 deaths through drownings. In Ottawa, a two-year-old boy, hoisted on his father's shoulders, led thousands in ap- plauding the efforts of musi- cians at Sunday's holiday spec- tacle on Parliament Hill. Earlier, the boy danced to the chimes of Robert Donnell, do- minion carilloneur, playing tunes on the Peace Tower prelude to the music and multi-colored fireworks dis- play that highlighted the Do- minion Day weekend in the cap- ital. For many, the stunning fire- works display designed by To- ronto cartoonist Duncan Mac- Pherson was the crowning event of the holiday. Appearing at the ended by Gov.-Gen. Roland Michener, Mrs. Michener, Sec- retary of State Hugh Faulkner and foreign embassy vere Toronto jazz musician Hoe Koffman and his quintet, a Montreal group called The Bells, fiddler Jean Carignan and singer Jean-Pierre Ferland. Many residents of the Atlantic provinces spent the weekend in the country or at the beach. Some attended local events, but many went to P.E.I. to catch a glimpse of the royal couple and the prime minister. Quebec was quiet, with the highlight a gathering of about at a celebration at Mon- treal's Place des Nations. In Ontario, police and ambu- lance operators marvelled at the lack of calls. Except for some holiday concerts and mu- nicipal programs, the province celebrated the holiday quietly. .It was windy in most of Mani- toba over the holiday, ruining outdoor activities and keeping residents off the lakes. Aside from regular local ob- servances of the nation's birth- day, it was quiet in Alberta and Saskatchewan with the weather not clearing until Monday. The highlight of activities in British Columbia was a lamb barbecue on one of the gulf islands, with more than 400 boats of all sizes arriving. Lt.-Gov. Walter Owen was a guest at the outing, one of a number of outdoor events. American financial group after proposed pipeline By JUAN DE ONIS New York Times Service BEIRUT, Lebanon An Am- erican financial and construc- tion group has launched an ef- fort to replace a European con- sortium in the building of proposed Suez-Mediterraean oil pipeline in Egypt. The 210-mile pipeline, rough- ly paralleling the paralyzed Suez Canal, would be of major interest to consumers in south- ern Europe and to the oil com- panies that supply them. With a prospective budget of thn project is one of the largest civil engineering projects now in blueprint form and represents a major poten- tial source of business for pipe- 1 i n e contractors and suppliers of equipment such as field pipe, pumps and compressors. The American interest is led ay Kidder, Peabody, the New York investment bank, which has obtained approval from Egyptian authorities to draw up and submit a preliminary proposal in 30 days, according o Roger Tamraz, manager of1 Kidder, Peabody's middle ern office here. Kidder, Peabody has asked the Bechtel Corp. of San Fran- cisco, one of the world's major pipeline construction compa- nies, to carry out a feasibility and cost analysis study as the prospective prime contractor on the project. The third member of the proposed'American group is the First National City Bank of New York. For the last few years, the project has been under negotia- tion between the Egyptian Gen- eral Petroleum Corporation and a European consortium headed by Societe de Construc- tion Des Batignolles, a French construction company', with the support of suppliers from near- ly all of the nations of the Eu- ropean Economic Community. MANUFACTURED IN LETH8RIDGE Dears Mile after mile of heavenly cool At a down-to-earth price v Cool it! A flick of a svriich and you can enjoy the luxury and comfort of air conditioning. Unit features a pre-cool selector switch and a cfioice of two mounting positions for blower housing. Automatic adjustable thermostat'c control and 3-position switch for blower speed control. The 4 louvres can be individually controlled. Guaranteed for miles or 36 months Installed Save auto air conditioners 95 379 Reg. Deluxe radio Pushbutton-easy lo use! 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