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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, July 3, 1971 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD 5 Book reviews Memoirs of a British prime minister "Riding the Storm 1956 1859" by Harold Macmillan. (Macmillan and Co. Ltd., 786 pages, BIDING THE STORM is the fourth book in the series which is made up of Winds of Change 1914-1939, The Blast of War 1939-1945, and Tides of Fortune 1945-1955. This does not make the book incomplete by itself. It deals with a specific unit of both British and world history in which Mr. Macmillan was deeply involved both as1 chancellor of the exchequer and later as prime minister of Bri- tain. Such a book as this must be clearly written so that both the student of history and the lay- man can understand the com- plicated and seemingly nonsen- sical series of events that led to crises and successes. Mr. Macmillan has done this ad- mirably in most cases. The only real drawback is that he has perhaps relied too much on his diary as a source of direct quotation rather than taking the time to go over it and take out some of the obscure comments which need explanation. The context of the passage is often not enough. This also makes for tiring reading. If used properly this method of illustration is extremely effective but the au- thor lets it take over from his well written narrative in the later chapters of the book. Much of Mr. Macmillan's character comes out in his ex- planations and justifications for his actions. The reader is also treated tc first hand accounts of the other statesmen of his time such as Eisenhower, De Gaulle, Adenauer, Hammsr- skjold, and the various mem- bers of the British government. Mr. Macmillan was just as mys- tified by De Gaulle as the rest of the world but was quite clear about Hammarskjold whom he describes as "weak as water." Harold Wilson is described many times in the book and the impression is that although the two were political enemies they had great respect for each other. Lester Pearson "had all the diplomatic gifts ease, tolerance, clarity of thought and expression, and a capacity for seeing both sides." Mr. Macmillan acknowledges Pearson as the one man in the United Nations Assembly who stood against the United States during the Suez crisis. Mr. Macmillan took over the governing of Britain at a cru- cial moment in her post war dilemma. Anthony Eden had resigned due to ill health at a point when the Suez crisis was at its height. Relations with the United States were tattered and it was up to the new prime minister to repair them as he saw fit. Thus it was that Mac- millan did not bow down to the whims of America Immediate- ly and refused to meet on American soil but rather in Bermuda to discuss the Middle East situation. Once that was over, however, he was quite prepared to be dominated by American fantasy if it was for Britain's own good. An interesting sidelight, to the book is the way it illustrates the importance of Churchill in those days. Whenever overseas administration became tense or Famous architect "Le introduc- tion and notes by Martin P a w 1 e y, (Oxford Univer- sity Press, 136 pages includ- ing 97 illustrations, ARCHITECTURE has fallen into disrepute in latter days. The time of cathedrals, palaces and sumptuous family mansions is long past. Houses adhere faithfully to a standard- ized pattern of ticky-tacky te- dium. Apartment buildings are monuments to functionalism without the counterbalance of beauty. A man treasoned by this use of geometric design without de- fence to over-all concept was Le Corbusier, the Swiss-born architect whose real name was Charles-Edouard Jeanneret. Born in 1887, he moved from engraving to painting to archi- tecture, finally targetting on urban development as his prime concern. He worked to- wards efficient, mass-produced city structures. But always he took into account general city planning, use of parkland and parking areas and the needs of the people who would reside in the structures. In 1923, after building homes in Europe, co-editing an arts magazine in Paris, he authored his fame treatise on architec- ture, Vers une Architecture. The five main points of his work: replacement of cellars and foundations with piles or pilotis Hhus elevating a struc- ture above its dis- tribution of floor weights to free internal design; use of roof gardens: replacement of win- dows with strips of glass from wall to wall; use of cur- tain-wall facades. .He attempted to put these controversial ideas to use in his buildings; Salvation Army Headquarters in Paris, the Swiss Pavilion in Paris, the apartment Unites d'habitation. Sometimes he w a s not suc- cessful. Often the structures were compromised by lack of Colorful personalities difficult he was always there to be sought after and talked with. Few prime ministers were in such a healthy position as those who followed him in of- fice and benefited from his ad- vice, ff Churchill thought it was right and would say so then the British public thought so too. A book such as this cannot "Portraits from The Plains" by J. W. Grant Wac- Ewan (McGraw-Hill Rycrson, 287 pages, DOTH Indians and non-In- dians today are taking a keen interest hi the history of the native people of North Am- erica. When this interest, and admiration for the work of J. W. Grant MacEwan are brought together as they are in this book the publishers are as- sured a good sale. Thirty-three Indian personali- ties from the tribes inhabiting the Canadian plains are ap- preciatively sketched. Most of them were leaders of their peo- ple during the period when the while people were settling the land. The familiar names of Crowfoot, Red Crow, Bearspaw and Poundmakcr meet the reader along with others that will likely be known only to those who have immersed themselves in Indian history. Making a selection of the most colorful personalities is hard enough when dealing with the past but lo choose some from among those still living must have been very difficult. help but give the reader a bet- ter perspective of the world around him. It is a particularly good one in that many of the events described have a direct influence on the state of na- tions today, especially in Lira Middle East. One gets an in- sight into the great rulers of the past two decades and how they reacted to one another. To a political science student it would be a great experience. Probably the most interesting aspect is how Macmillan looks on events with hindsight and comments on what might have happened and what he wishes had happened. Such a man cannot help but try and justify himself. SIMON RUDDELL. money, political events or inde- cisions of municipal councils. Sometimes his ideas were too advanced for his technical know-how. He planned the complete re- organization of the city of Al- giers, and his designs are still used by urban developers. He oversaw and personally designed the construction of residential areas and adminis- trative buildings in Chandi- garh, India. Le Corbusier's most famous structure is probably the cha- pel at Ronchamp in France, for which he utilized modern rein- forced concrete, thick mason- ry, glazed and plain glass to suggest, as one critic says, the mysterious aura of the cata- combs or monasteries. The bulk of this book is given over to photographs and floor plans of Le Corbusier's build- ings. Tfce foreward is dispas- sionate and a trifle bloodless, as if the man were a bundle of ideas and lacking the human heart which he took into ac- count in his constructions. Only in the last paragraphs, dealing with his death in 1965, does it strike some humanity. "Resistance to his personal- ity (although the foreward never describes his personal- ity) and reputation robbed him in turn of the league of Na- tions building, the UN head- quarters in New York and the UNESCO Secretariat in Paris The world had ignored him When the construction large buildings and the plan- ning of the cities was at his disposal, the real issues had moved elsewhere" to pollution and global planning and the re- duction of architecture. A man intrigued with sky- scrapers, he had visited Man- hattan in 1935 and hated what he saw. "Manhattan is so antngonislic to the fundamen- tal needs of the human heart that the one idea of everybody is to escape." JOAN BOWMAN. The four living men James Gladstone, Dave CroWchild, Gerald Tailfeathers and Allen Sapp must feel very honored indeed to be included. Women do not appear to have ever risen to prominencn among the Indians. The best that Dr. MacEwan could do for them was to include a portrait of a lady warrior and she is nameless! Sitting Bull is included in this collection of Canadian portraits in spite of the fact that he was technically an American. The justification given is that he spent a lot of time in Canada and the gallery is incomplete without him. It is curious that Dr. Mac- Ewan explains the European names of Henry Bird Stein- haucr and George McLean but makes no comment about how Canada's first Indian senator, James Gladstone, acquired his name. Where possible, a photograph or painting ot the person is in- cluded. Also included are paint- ings by Gerald Tailfealhers and Allen Sapp. These enhance an altogether pleasing book. DOUG WALKER. Getting a line on it Qua! Montebello, Porii -Photo by Henri Cartler-Bresson Gifted photographer views France Carticr Bresson's France; text by Francois Nourissicr: with 265 photographs, 17 in color, (Thames and Hudson 285 pages, S17.95, distributed by Oxford University BRESSON'S pho- tographs are human docu- ments, affectionate, revealing and emotional. People how and where they live are his overriding interest. He is no sentimentalist; honesty is his guide, understanding, his goal. He is the only photographer to have had a one-man exhibi- tion of his work in the Louvre, a distinction which acknow- ledges him as an artist, and lifts his medium into the realm of the great. Some years ago his exhibition called "The Fam- ily of Man" drew thousands to New York's prestigious Museum of Modern Art where the ad- miring throngs knew, most of them for the first time, what the modern camera in the hands of a master, could tell. It was a record of tile human condition from birth to death, in joy, in misery, at play and at work a moving universal document of men and women stopped in fleeting moments of existence. Now the master has used tha camera to tell the world about the people of France its farm- ers, its youth, its women and its men; its artisans, its busi- nessmen, its intellectuals in short, its life. In doing this his remarkable genius has some- thing to tell us all about our- selves. Enlarging and expanding Ilia pictorial delights of this mag- nificent work, is the text writ- ten by French novelist, essay- ist and critic, Francois Nouris- sicr. It has a charm all its own, a light hearted approach to French foibles, in polities, in art, religions, social attitudes and a multitude of small things which go to make up the whole. He tells us what it is that forms that subtle difference between them and the rest of the world, and what makes them that way. Lei, M. Nourissicr speak for himself. "Whatever it may be, this role of being a Frenchman is one which fifty million actors never dream of turning down. We have not been great colon- izers or adventurous travellers. Nor have we emigrated in large numbers. We have never joined the hordes of Russians, Ger- mans, Irish and Poles in be- coming Americans. On three oc- casions only have we swarmed away, and each time it was in-a deluded spirit of Christianity and patriotism; this was to the Frankish kingdom of Jerusal- em, to Canada, and to Algeria. Looking only at our more re- cent adventures, in Algiers and Quebec, the least that can be said is that French settlers abroad do not easily forget their country of origin." If you would know France and the French intimately, you could hardly do better than to read Mr. Nourissier and contem- plate Henri Carrier Bresson's revelations. This book is a hap- pening. JANE HUCKVALE. Cashing in on pop H "Woodstock, Songs and Photos" (George J. McLeod Ltd., 96 pages, and "Bob Dylan Self Portrait" edited by Dan Fox (George J. McLeod Ltd., 72 pages, ALF a million kids came. They sang. They listened. And it was a free festival. Warner Brothers has capital- ized on the freedom of that phenomenal three-day "camp out on the land." It has gath- ered into a book the music and words of many of the songs performed in the Wadleigh- Maurice production of Wood- stock. (It has excluded John Sebastian, The Sha-na-na, The Who, Santana, Ten Years Af- ter, Jimi Hendrix and Jefferson Airplane and included instead Janis Joplin and The Band.) And it has added a 15-page photo section for those who feel nostalgia for the three-hour Once a month, on page five, The Herald will feature the best photo submitted by persons not on the staff of Ihe paper. There is no set subject. Entries should be unmounted black-and-white prints 5x7 in. or larger. On the back ot cadi print should be the photographer's name, address and proposed title for the picture as well as any ex- planatory information that might be needed. Ten dollars will be paid the monthly winner. Entries should bo sent to the Editorial Page Editor by the end of the third week of the month. Non-winning entries can be left with The Herald for competition in succeeding months or can be recovered by enclosing a stamped, self-addressed envelope of .suitable size. A panel from The Herald staff will do the judging. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE A constructive suggestion AS an illustration of how traces of an essentially moral upbringing will per- sist, every now and again I feel an im- pulse to think of something constructive. The urge seems to be upon me now, and I will leave it to you whether or not the following has a small component of con- strucliveness. (I think that's the "constructiviti1" sounds a bit like a dis- For years and years, it seems, I have read reports and listened lo speeches ex- tolling our i.e., Alberta'? system of preparing young people for the teaching profession. I have little first hand knowl- edge of how this worthy goal is accom- plished, being at best an amateur in any of the formalities of teacher preparation, so must on the opinions of experts as to how effectively our system operates. These assure me Alberta's system is the best. (For the purposes of this article, let us resist tha temptation to wonder what British Columbians and the good citizens of Saskatchewan are told about Best does not mean perfect, however, and; even Uie experts concede that there are minor imperfections in the system, and continually assert their eagerness for im- provements. I would tike to suggest one such improvement. One question that seems to come up whenever teacher preparation is publicly discussed is the method whereby indivi- duals are selected for teacher training. I have heard a great number of answers, from many different educators, but what these boil down to is a series of varia- tions on the theme, "They select them- selves." Generally speaking, any student admissible to university and capable 9! compiling acceptable grades in the "right" subjects can enter a teacher training pro- gram. In the program he or she is subject to a process which, while it may encourage home and discourage others, incorporates a basic recognition of the students' having "earned" the right to be there, and which therefore judges them almost entirely on the basis of the grades they are able to achieve. In the short, while the system may ensure that Lew teachers are academically qualified, it does not and cannot do very much about the equally important matter of personal qualifications. I think it is a fair statement fcat only during practice teach- ing is any real attempt made to weed out the unsuitable, and even here the weeding process is not. really drastic. Even if this weeding process were com- pletely effective, it would still have two long movie of the Utopian-like festival. The only things the book is missing are the Sani-Oan inter- viewing, mud sliding, and dope smoking. However, the book, tike most others of the songs-and-photos breed, is expensive, and only true dyed-in-the-mud musicians or souvenir savers are likely to fork out for this paper- back replica of the festival. The Bob Dylan Self Portrait would warrant the same criti- cism as the Woodstock book too expensive. The book, which follows the two-record album exactly, in- eludes Gordon Lightfoot's Early Morning Rain, Paul Si- mon's, The, Boxer, and two of Dylan's best known songs, Quinn The Eskimo and Like a Rolling Stone. JUDI WALKER. drawbacks. The first is that it applies only to a group that is already self and I don't know what, if anything, can be done about (hat and the second problem is ihat it occurs much too late in the game. To reject a candidate for the teaching pro- fession during the third year of his training may be necessary, but it represents both a waste of resources and a serious blow to the candidate. If it can be avoided, it should be. I think it can, in large measure. According to most authorities, the best tutor for a child is en older child. And according to the elementary teachers I know and there are several of them, there is never sufficient time in the class- room to provide the individual attention that many pupils need. At the same time, there are great numbers of senior students in the school system who are thoroughly bored with their classes. Many of these bored seniors will enter the teaching pro- fession at a later stage. What would wrong with asking them to mention their possible interest in teaching earlier than they do now. and having them spend a few hours a week in the elementary class- rooms, as monitors or assistants or what- ever label you like? This arrangement certainly would help to meet a very clear need for assistance to elementary teachers, and if the experts are right, would do it extremely well. For the senior btudent, it would provide a much needed relief from the boredom of classes, permit him to make a useful contribution this can be very important to young people and at the same time confirm or qualify his interest in teaching as a pro- fession. With a modest amount of effort and organization, a routine for observing and evaluating personal qualities could be worked out, which would be very useful at a later date, when the individual is being judged as a candidate for teacher training. At the very least, it would provide evidence that an alleged interest in teach- ing is not a spur-of-the-moment notion, or something galvanized by disenchantment with other prospects. Admittedly Implementation of this Idea would require some study, and probably a year or two to work out the details. But now the pell-mell rush to produce batta- lions of new teachers annually is due to subside, this fairly simple idea might be worth exploring. Obviously, it will not by itself solve the problem of teacher selec- tion, but I submit that it is a sounder proposition fran leaving it to the Indivi- dual and hoping for the best. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORIEY Canada goes Communist (COMMUNISM boasts that it is the wavt of the future. It is a wave that will wash over Canada and cause more fatal pollution than oil on the beaches and debris in the rivers and lakes unless some dykes are built. Mussolini once pointed out that the U.S. was crammed with Fascist poten- tial. James Eayrs in the Canadian Forum contends that Canada is on the Fascist highway. The prognosis points rather to Communism. One remembers Churchill's comment, when told that they were poles apart, that the North and South Pelar re- gions looked like, the same thing, cold and devoid of life. Canada is suffering a cultural sickness which recalls the warning of James Madi- son and othar prophets that, if democracy were destroyed, it would be from decay within, not from enemies without. This is the Communist strategy with which most Canadians are enthusiastic collaborators. Take some examples. Communist countries penalize heavily anyone who goes to Church. Yaroslavsky said, "It is impossible to be a Communist- Leninist and at the same time go to Church." Youth athletic groups continually tempt young boys and girls to play games on Sunday and, if they wish to be on teams, must stay away from Church. Busi- nesses conduct meetings on Sunday. When ths budget came down a major investment firm forced its employees to work all day Sunday. A vast number of Canadians be- lieve that they fulfil their religious duties in service clubs or work for society. Gurian said, "Work for society is the Communist's summurn bonurn." Communists believe that atheism and Communism are retroactive; one leads to the other. Marx said, "Com- munism begins the moment atheism be- gins." Canadians attach tittle importance to the fact that a man is an atheist and immigration laws are changed accordingly. Canada has swung to the doctrine that so- ciety should be man-centred, especially in the field of education. Marx said that "the criticism of religion ends in lire doctrine that man is the Supreme Being for man." Values are the victims of pornography and pornography is spawned by material- ism. Communism is based on dialectical materialism which maintains that an thought and spiritual experience is the pro- duct of matter. Marx regarded as his worst enemy "the illusion, the dream, and tha postulate of Christianity that man has a sovereign As for freedom, a Com- munist Manifesto declared, "The workers need not be misled by democratic plati- tudes about freedom." What a lack of con- cern Canadians showed1 over the govern- ment's abrogation of civil liberties. Preven- tive detention will come more easily to the future. Engels berated "the insipid, parsonic idea that UK use of violence is demoraliz- ing." But it would be possible to quote endlessly from revolutionaries and counter- revolutionaries in America who believe in violence. How slow man is to learn that violence begets violence and that good goals cannot be achieved by evil ends! A dreadful demoralization is taking place in American life as the falsehood and decep- tion of successive Presidents in American policy become clear for the most stupid to see. Did not Lenin say, "It is necessary to use any ruse, cunning, unlawful method, evasion, concealment of the He would be a naive man indeed who did not believe that Canada has one of the most secretive governments on earth. Canadians have no concept of what Canada's interna- tional commitments are. What really was said of importance in the conversations with Russian leaders Canadians may never know until the event. A fanatical secrecy pervades all meetings from the Cabinet down to the committees. The fact is that a large number of Cana- dians no longer believe that democracy a a workable or even desirable form of gov- ernment. In every department of life men are being collectivized, controlled by lead- ers and bosses. According to John Stuart Mill democracy was based on the dissenters, on men of independence and integrity. The Communists have made war on the intel- lectual; they contend that the intellectual is their chief enemy. In this country a cult of mediocrity is imposed which has the same resul'.. As Canada celebrates an anniversary, she needs to consider how dangerous is her drift to Communism. Noteworthy achievement By Doug Walker rpOM Morris' wife Mary was waiting for him when he came oft the golf course recently. When she saw that I had been one of his companions she laughed and said, "I suppose Tom will be in the paper after this." Actually Tom didn't do anything worth reporting. He seemed to think that clear- ing the lagoon al (he eighth hole in one try was a remarkable achievement and for a Ruy stepped up to the tee with his pockets full ot old balls maybe it wul ;