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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday. July 3, 1971 William MilUnship Lessons learned by the Pentagon leaks The new look lew years ago if a member of the lay public asked a lawyer why he and other members of his pro- fession, did not take a more active part in suggesting changes in laws which have been irrelevant, archaic, or even downright unjust in modem society, he might very well come up the stock answer. "The he would say, "is not in the business of making laws. It interprets them." This attitude lias changed during the past decade. The need for reform has become so apparent, that law- yers have been taking a very active part in assuring that changes will take place, and in urging that the time to start is now. Four years ago, after much con- sideration, members of the bar asso- ciations of Alberta and Ontario were instrumental in forming the Alberta Institute of Law Research and the Ontario Law Reform Commission. The work of these organizations was so successful in the provincial juris- dictions that four other provinces es- tablished similar bodies. In 1969, the federal minister of justice sought the advice of the Canadian Bar Associa- tion with a view to establishing a Canada Law Reform Commission. After a year's study and considera- tion as to how this should best be done, the CBA presented a brief to the government. A bill has now been passed establishing a Canada Law Reform Commission. The Com mission chairman has been chosen. He is 44 year old, Mr. Justice Patrick Hartt, a former justice of the Supreme Court of On- tario, whose experience prior to his appointment was almost, exclusively in the practise of criminal law. His appointment has had not only the enthusiastic endorsement of mem- bers of his own profession, but of the press as well. In the Canadian Bar Journal, Mr. Justice Hartt sets out his approach to reform in the criminal law. "Criminal he says, "is ac- tively involved with the way people wish to live. And it is most import- ant that we deal correctly with peo- ple who refuse to live within the rules. We must always try to think through what we are trying to ac- complish through criminal law. We keep sending people to jail. But what in fact are we doing to them? Are we punishing them, reforming them, or simply frightening them? The Law Reform Commission of Canada, through its chairman, will give the public the opportunity to become in- volved in the re shaping of our laws, and in the formulation of new law. I want to stop turning people against the law. I want to turn them for it." These are words the Canadian pub- lic should be happy to hear. Although the four commissioners coming from different sections of Canada, who will work with and under Mr. Justice Hartt, have not yet been appointed, it is expected that the selection will be made soon. The work may be started by late Fall. The methods the Commission intends to use have not been announced but the commission- er says he is going to try to interest everyone law students, professors, high school and university students, labor uniors, the home and business community in fact all segments of society. It would appear that the commis- sion's first priority will be an inves- tigation into reforms required in criminal code and that civil matters will come second. It must be emphasized that the commission will be a permanent one. This means that the commissioners, when appointed, will be appointed for life, or until retirement age, as judges are appointed. It will be in- dependent of government, free to work in its own way, free to make its own decisions and completely free of any political pressure. The Cana- dian Bar Association made these rec- ommendations to the government which accepted them. Both bodies realize that the need for reform is never ending. Of course when the Commission makes its decisions on what it believes the changes in the law should be, the government will have to act upon them in other words accept or reject them. The Canadian public should wel- come this great step forward in the process of law reform. There are many people who are now going to have an opportunity to take an ac- tive part in the dialogue. Everyone in Canada should look forward with anticipation and inter- est to the Commission's choice of pri- orities. Will it concep itself with the treatment of juveniles, of habitual criminals, of drug users? Whatever it is the discussion will be lively. The results are bound to change old laws to new ones, more relevant to the society in which we live. Weekend Meditation Courage, the heroic virtue fOURAGE is the mother of all the vir- tues, according to wise men, who maintain that when courage goes, every- thing goes. But faith is the parent of cour- age. A little girl defined courage to her mother as the fighting spirit of the cat who, faced by a dog ten times bigger than itself, lays its ears back and spits at him. The mother led the child into the woods to a place where the foliage had been burned away. A yellow buttercup was pushing its way through the blackened, burned earth. "That's said the mother. That was the kind of courage that Jere- miah had when he knew that Jerusalem would fall, but he bought land in the ruined city. No braver man ever walked than Jere- miah, who stood against the mob, the rul- ers, and the king, and condemned their folly despite his dreadful punishments. Even the priests and the church were against him and Jeremiah had to stand alone with God. Jeremiah had a long-range faith and hope, but he fearlessly proclaim- ed the doom, of the foEy and sin of Judab. All the prophets were men of astounding courage and it is a virtue that God values highly. Anyone who reads the first chapter of the book of Joshua will be surprised at the commandment repeated over and over to "be strong and of good courage." Jesus repeatedly told his disciples to "be of good whicb is a translation of the Greek word, meaning As Paul said, "We Christians are not cow- ards." One must marvel at the fearlessness of the men of faith described in the eleventh chapter of Hebrews. Pilgrims, prophets, martyrs, and leaders, they were all men of a faith that produced heroic characters. There is a saying in athletics that cow- ards never win. Winners never quit. Jesus had nothing but condemnation for the man who refused to invest his talent, excusing himself with the words, "I was afraid." General Sceley in his autobiography which is full of incredible adventure tells how faith brings astonishing victories. "Fear and be slain; believe and be. saved." Never- theless many heroes have been killed. The highest kind of courage is shown by those a poor ivinner too By Doug Walker gOME time ngo I confessed that I had and by virtue of subtracting the four count WASHINGTON Since the New York Times began publishing secret Pentagon pa- pers on Vietnam in huge, grey, mdigeslible waves, the pres- ent state of the war itself has seemed forgotten in the up- roar over freedom of the press and who lied to whom in the 1960s. But the great legal, poli- tical and constitutional battles thsi have erupted here are to a large extent a reflection of the extraordinary nature of the Vietnam conflict. It has lasted so long that the New York Times and the Washington Post and other pa- pers who joined in the relay "leaking" race can argue with considerable force that tlie se- cret documents they obtained belong to history and could not endanger national security to- day. Their decision to publish is indirectly a reminder that the United States has never issued a formal declaration of war on Vietnam. The form of censorship accepted as a com- mon-sense measure in the Sec- ond World War has not been introduced in the case of Viet- nam. The argument over whether or not the newspapers should three gallant men in the Book of Daniel who replied to the furious monarch when he threatened to throw them in the furnace, "O Nebuchadnezzar, we are not careful to answer thee in this matter. If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace and he will deliver us out of thine hand, 0 king. But if not, be it known unto thee, 0 king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up." That "if not" is the final word of heroism. It was the word of Jesus in Gethsemane. One may disagree with Luther, but no one can fail to admire his courage as he went to Worms to face the Emperor and his accusers. Nor can anyone fail to be amazed at the courage of the Wesleys. Charles relates how he met John at Not- tingham. "My brother came, delivered out of the mouth of the lion. He looked like a soldier of Christ, His clothes were to tatters." For hours the mob had dragged him about the streets shouting, "Drown him! Hang The ring-leader was con- verted by his courage and rescued him. "What thought you of my asked Charles. "Think of replied the form- er leader of the mob, "That he is a man of God; and God was on his siiie when so many of us could not kill one Every day demands courage, the cour- age of daily routine if nothing else.'It takes corn-age to stand up against one's friends and family, courage to defy custom, cour- age to meet sickness and life's failures. Kipling says that one of the final tests of character is to "see the things you've toiled for broken and stoop and build them up with worn-out tools." To "hold on" when there is nothing in you except that uncon- querable will, this is courage says Kipling. The final tribute in heaven is, "Well done, good and faithful servant." The servant was doubtless greatly surprised, since he would not know that such faithfulness was the highest l-.croism. PRAYER- Give me, 0 God, a brave heart, a true heart, an unconquered heart, a heart fixed on doing Thy will. F.S.M. hsve published and should be allowed to resume publishing top secret documents has been essentially a battle between the constitutional right to a dee press and the govern- ment's right to protect its se- crets. The Second World War notions about protecting the morale of the "home front" have not been heard. For, from the start, the United States has been waging war without being in a state of war. The documents so far pub- lished reveal again and again that successive administra- tions consciously set limits on American objectives and use of power in Vietnam. The con- flict should not be allowed to spark off. a world war involv- ing Communist China or the Soviet Union. There would be no attempt to destroy the Com- munist regime in Hanoi. The objective was the limited one set out in the first sentence of a memorandum which Mr. Robert McNamara, the de- fence secretary, sent to Presi- dent Johnson in March 1964: "We seek an independent non- Commmiist South Vietnam." He went on, however, to say that "the stakes are high." He expounded the falling domino theory, according to which, if South Vietnam fell to Com- munism, many other Asian countries would fall or be se- riously threatened. Perhaps more important, he talk- ed about the Vietnam conflict as "a test case of U.S. ca- pacity to help a nation meet a Communist 'war of libera- tion.' The aim then was to win lime to strengthen the weak, divided Saigon governments and enable them to take ulti- mate responsibility for defeat- ing the Vietcong insurgents, who were rapidly gaining ground. At the same time, pressure had to be applied to Hanoi to persuade it to stop supplying the Vietcong. The background to this was the belief that the North Viet- namese, faced with the almost unlimited military power of the United States, would in ef- fect capitulate. This con- fidence was fostered by Mr. Walt Rostow, the administra- tion's intellectual hawk, who stressed "that limited but real margin of influence on the out- come that flows from the sim- ple fact that we are the great- est power in the world if we behave like it." He held that Hanoi's will could be broken by calculated doses of Ameri- can air power. It was this basic error that led President Johnson from the clandestine operations against North Vietnam in ear- ly 1964 (what Mr. McNamara described as "maximum pres- sure with minimum: to I lie sustained bombing of the North in March, 1965 and the commitment of American forces to the ground combat in the South a few weeks later. Hanoi had been warned, through a Canadian interme- diary, of the "devastation" to come, and may also have been cffered a "carrot" in the shape of American economic aid if it was reasonable. In most of the papers pub- lished so far, the problem un- der discussion was the right dosage of American power to bring the North Vietnamese to their senses. The hope always was that the next turn of the screw would do the trick. In the meantime, the administra- t i o n deliberately concealed from the American public haw far it was prepared and had "I have to get the paper before he sves it, otherwise hes impossible to live with for Letter To The Editor Tourism official outlines some problems played meanly in a game of scrabble against Elspeth. Now I think I should re- veal why I am occasionally goaded to meanness. In recent game, Elspeth finished first I was caught with and adding the four to her total she won the game 319 to 317. She won the game fairly but the gloating In which she indulged was totally uncalled for. May I be afforded the oppor- tunity of responding to your editorial of Monday June 21 en- titled "Maybe they are tired." A recent check by a staff member reveals that all but one hotel had a supply of the composite map produced by this association. The southern Alberta brochure has now ar- rived and has been distributed. Specific attractions such as the Japanese Gardens produce and distribute their own bro- chures, if they wish they may take advantage of a standing offer from this association to handle distribution. Over the past three years all have made some use of this service as far as out-of-Lethbridge points are concerned but apparently pre- fer to be responsible for in-city distribution. Since they are pay- ing the printer this is of course their option! In my judgment no attrac- tion produces sufficient quanti- ties of printed materis! to ade- quately service the potential market. The end result is that supplies are used rather spar- ingly to avoid the embarrass- ment of having to admit that no more are available. This is of course a direct result of in- adequate publicity budgets. As you can appreciate, printers like to be paid, as do photog- raphers and make-up artists and cartage companies and post offices and travel counsel- lors! In answer to your question: No, tourists arc not expected to spend the night in Lethbridgo and then move on. In fact, a considerable amount of effort and expense is devoted to at- tract and inform our visitors by this association and by hotel, motel, restaurant opera- tors and their employees and also by many other citizens not necessarily motivated by finatv cial gain. No, the Travel and Conven- tion Association of Southern Al- berta is not overburdened with work, we are "undersupplied" with the dollars required by all that we need to do. Is an an- nual ten million dollar contri- bution by visitors to southern Alberta's economy such a bad return on a promotion budget of thirty seven thousand dol- lars? Again in my opinion a one hundred thousand dollar budget is urgently needed. No, the motel owners are not at fault, without exception these businessmen and women work hard to provide not only good accommodation but also do much to "sell" our city and TV ads NBA service AADVERTISING pays. The question is: Whom? In a 2V day test in Atlanta last year, the New York adver- tising research concern of Daniel Starch and Staff discov- ered that a significant number of television viewers misidenti- fy the sponsors of these "im- portant" messages. One soap, for example, was identified by 5 per cent of the viewers of one program, but H per cent thought the commer- cial was for other brands. A current survey of so-second commercials, says tiie Wall Street Journal, indicates that 24 per cent of television viewers recall the kinds of products ad- vertised, but about a fifth of them associate them with the wrong brands. H could be worse. The figures suggest that 76 to 84 per cent of viewers don't recall com- ma-dais at all. its attractions. Why not, if vis- itors stay over it's certainly to their advantage? Yes, brochures, maps, and other material are distributed year round in answer to mail inquiries (current surveys indi- cate that about 50 per cent of recipients arrive in Material is also sent to those outlets which are in our judg- ment most effective in attract- ing visitors to southern Alberta. Any consideration of tourism seems to produce differences of opinion in respect to the re- lative importance of local ser- vice versus exterior publicity. There really is no conflict save that both cost money and hav- ing a limited "pie." My direc- tors and I must assign priori- ties in the expectation of in- come from government grants and memberships which ma- terialize in July of a Septem- ber-October operating year. Sometimes our "crystal ball" leads us astray but our overall performance is pretty good. No, the Travel and Conven- tion Association of Southern Al- berta isn't tired it's alive and well and actively working to improve the southern Alberta economy. Though maybe- I'm prejudiced, it's worthy of far better support from the com- munity than the current level. My directors and I weclome any constructive criticism, but, we are a little concerned at being on the receiving end of unsubstantiated complaints from unidentified individuals. If the gentleman mentioned had contacted me in person, by phone, or letter, I could have investigated his charges and since I am accountable to my board of directors, dealt with the situation in a much more constructive and positive man- ner than this. FRANK SMITH, MANAGER. TRAVEL AND CONVENTION CENTRE OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA. Lethbridge. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 Mrs. George Deveck, believed to be Canada's oldest woman, died today near Van- couver. She had celebrated her 107 birthday last Monday. projected non-stop flight of Reg L. Robbins and H, S. Jones from Seattle to Tokyo will be delayed for st least another day on account of having to wait on their re- fuelling plane, stationed at Ed- monton. It was officially an- nounced today that Palmyra surrendered to the Allied Forces this afternoon. Sncad today won his third Professional Golfers Association championship after crushing Walter Burkcmo on a 7 and 6 victory on the 36-hole final. men and supplies were flown today to Kuwait to boost the three-country defence force fighting Iraqi forces. planned to go in Vietnam. The air raids were launched against the North, in spite of repeated warnings by Ameri- can intelligence that bombing would not break the will of the North Vietnamese. The deci- sion to commit American ground forces in the South was taken despite a memoran- dum from John McCone, head of the Central Intelligence Agency, on April 2, 1965, in which he warned prophetical- ly: "In effect, we will find our- selves mired down in combat in the jungle in a military ef- fort that we cannot win and from which we will have ex- treme difficulty in extracting ourselves." There was no under-estimat- ing of the strength of the Viet- cong. The American Ambassa- dor in South Vietnam, Maxwell Taylor, gave a frank briefing to senior officials in Washing- ton in November when he said: "The ability of the Viet- cong continuously to rebuild their units and to make good their losses is one of the mys- teries of this guerrilla war." He went on: "We still find no plausible explanation of the continued strength of the Viet- cong if our data on Vietcong losses are even approximate- ly correct. Not only do the Viet- cong units have the recupera- tive powers of the phoenix, but they have an amazing ability to maintain morale." But all warnings were disre- garded in favor of the theory that a super-power could bring a puny, backward country to heel without really extending itself. President Johnson waded reluctantly but ever more deeply into a war with- out seeking a formal declara- tion of war from Congress. The United States did not need the secret Pentagon papers to perceive that what the presi- dent said and what he did were r.ot the same. What the papers have done is pinpoint specific moments when deceit was be- ing practised.' In the early stages, it was apparently hoped that Hanoi would give in to pressure be- fore the American public no- ticed Washington's sleight of hand. But once the credibility gap had opened, it was politi- cally impossible to f a 11 back on that conventional form of wartime concealment offi- cial censorship. The result was that Ameri- cans have followed the horrors of the war on their television screens, heard soldiers coolly explaining to interviewers why they had refused orders to mount an attack and heard others confess that they were taking heroin. A war hero re- ceives the Medal of Honor, America's highest award for gallantry, from the president, and promptly confesses that he was "stoned" on marijuana when he performed his acts of bi avery. If an American family goes to a high school graduation ceremony, as 1 did the other day, the main guest speaker will almost certainly dwell on the need to end the war in Vietnam. Against such a background, it would be absurd to accuse the New York Times of de- moralizing its readers. What it and the Washington Post havs done is pose in an acute form the constitutional question of the people's "right to know." They have not pretended to write a definitive history of the Vietnam involvement, only to make a contribution to it. They have enabled Congress to win the right to read in full all 47 volumes of the Pentagon study ordered by Robert Mc- Namara in June 1967 and com- pleted a year later. It is too early to know what tie long-term political effects of all this will be. The initial damage to the Democratic party is so obvious that there were at first suspicions that the present Republican admin- istration had leaked the docu- ments. But the damage to presidential credibility seems unlikely to stop at party lines. The fact is that America is still fighting an undeclared war in Indb-Ciiina and that, while the present administra- tion is reducing not increasing its forces there, its objective is still apparently the same as the one Mr. McNamara spelt out in 1964: an indepen- dent, n o n-Communist South Vietnam." (Written for Tlie Herald and The Observer in London) The Letttbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasl Mall Registration No. 001! Member of The Cnnadlnn Press and the Canndlnn Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau uf circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;