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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Rusk breaks silence on secret papers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Former state secretary Dean Rusk, breaking Ms silence on the Pentagon papers, says the Johnson ad- ministration did not deceive the public about its Viet- nam policy during the 1964 presidential election. Meanwhile, Defence Secretary Melvin R. Laird has moved to prevent further leaks of secret government documents. And the New York Times, Washington Post, Boston Globe and St. Louis Post-Dispatch, formerly restrained by federal court orders, published further stories they said were drawn from the portions of the secret study of United States involvement in Vietnam in their pos- Rusk said Friday that former president Lyndon B. Johnson had made no "deliberate attempt to deceiva Mrybbdy" about Vietnam policy during his 1964 re-elec- tion campaign. The Times had reported earlier that the papers show the Johnson administration reached a general con- sensus on Sept. 7, 1964, that bombing attacks probably would have to be launched against North Vietnam. Johnson said during the campaign he knew of no such plans. The bombing began in 1965. WEREN'T LBJ'S PLANS Rusk told the Athens, Ga., Daily News that in 1964 Johnson "had no plans to bomb North Vietnam during the campaign, although there were people on the staff who were working out all sorts of contingencies, but they were not President Johnson's plans." Later, in an interview in Altanta with NBC-TV, Rusk, now a professor of international law at Georgia University, said; "I can'i find any justification for the charge of deceit." Rusk, the highest-ranking member of the Kennedy and Johnson administralicns to comment publicly about the disclosures, also told NBC that he felt the U.S. had underestimated the North Vietnamese. "I personally think we underestimated the resis- tance and determination of lire North ha said. Meanwhile, Laird ordered the Rand Corp. Friday to turn over all its classified documents. One of Rand's former employees, Dr. Daniel Ellsberg, has been in- dicted on charges of unauthorized possession of the Pentagon papers. Elsberg has said he gave the papers to the press- HAD TWO COPIES Rand once had too copies of the Pentagon study, but those were recalled by the defence department after The Times' first article. Rand, a private "think tank" involved in secret research for the defence de- partment, also loses its scecial access to cryptographic information, intelligence data and nuclear weapons de- sip. "Lax security practices among defence contractors can no more be tolerated than will such practices with- in this Laird said in a memorandum be- fore leaving on a 17-day trip to the Far East. Rand, however, is expected to remain in the Penta- gon picture. Its president, Henry S. Rbwen, expressed support for the new security precautions and said re- search work would "continue to be conducted in an ef- fective manner." In Los Angeles, another former Rand employee, Anthony J. Russo, 34, was ruled in contempt bf court for refusing to testify before a federal grand jury in- vestigating Hie leak of the Pentagon documents. Rus- go's lawyer said he had refused to reply to questions that involved "Dr. Ellsberg 'and his work at Rand." Russo had been granted immunity from prosecution for his testimony. The Post-Dispatch reported in its Friday edition that Rusk told the South Vietnamese premier in May, 1964, that the U.S. would use nuclear weapons if the Communist Chinese entered the war in force. When asked about the story, Rusk repu'ed that he had never advocated the use of nuclear weapons in Vietnam. But he added: "I cannot imagine war between the United States and mainland China or the Soviet Union not becoming nuclear." WANTED BOMBING CUT The New York Times reported today in its seventh srticle on the Pentagon study that former defence sec- retary Robert S. McNamara sought to reduce the bomb- ing of North Vic-tnam 16 months before Johnson actually took the step on March 31, 1968. McNamara, The Times said the study revealed, also urged in May, 1967, that the administration be open to a coalition government in Saigon "that included ele- ments of the Viet Cong." The Times said McNamara's proposal for a reduc- tion in the air war was met with the "stiffest kind of condemnation" from military leaders. The Washington Pjst, in its 'analysis of the papers, traced "the first crucial decision regarding U.S. mili- tary involvement in Indochina" all the way back to the Truman administration. The Post said President Harry S. Truman had ap- proved million for military assistance to French forces in Indochina on May 1, 1950. The Boston Globe .said Gen. William C. Westmore- land, former U.S. commander in Vietnam, succeeded in dropping the enclave strategy in Vietnam a year before Gen. James M. Gavin proposed it in 1966. The strategy called for the military to seal off and defend small sections of the countryside in the south, preferably along the coast. SOUGHT REVERSE The Globe said the strategy was actually ordered into practice in 1965, "while the administration was im- plementing Uiis folding action, Westmoreland was pre- paring a plea to the president which would reverse our posture from one of defence to one of offence." The Globe said his request was soon met. In other developments related to the Pentagon papers: Mike Gravel's office reported that the Alaska Democrat has received hundreds o[ letters and calls regarding his emotional public disclosure of the Pentagon papers. Robert Dole, Republican national chair- man-, asked for a Senate session to examine Gravel's actinn in reading portions of the papers at a Senate subcommittee hesring. stale department reported lhat several news organizations have to State Secretary Wil- liam Rogers' offer to consult with the media about pub- lication of sensitive documents. The U.S. Supreme Court, in a 6-to-3 decision Wed- nesday, ruled that tha New York Times and Washing- ton Post could continue publication of the Pentagon papers. Shortly afterwards, government-won restraining orders against The Globe- mid Post-Disontch wore dis- 'Sad lack of planning1 Trudeau seeks discussion on Bennett Dam effects Peking By STEWART MacLEOD CRANBROOK, B.C. (CP) Prime Minister Trudeau said Friday he is trying to initiate discussions with British Colum- bia and Alberta on the side ef- fects of the Bennett Dam, which has dried up areas of the Peace River Delta. Taking part to a question- and-answer session during a visit to nearby Kimberley, the prime minister referred to the dam as an example of the lack of co-ordination in environmen- tal problems. He referred to a "sad lack of planning." He told a questioner he was concerned about both the imme- diate and long-term effects on the Mackenzie River. It was im- portant to maintain sufficient water for navigation. "I deplore the consequences" of the dam, he said. The prime minister, on the last day of a two-day tour LAID TO REST A mourner, attending the buria! lei-vices of three Soyuz-11 crew members who died Wednesday, leans to kiss portraits of the men Friday. The ashes of the three men were burled in the Kremlin wall, traditional rssting place for national heroes. Portraits are, from left; Viktor Patsayev, Vladislav Volkov, and Georgy Dobrovol- sky. Photo from Toss. Soviet space experts seek proof of fault in Soyuz 11 TWO killed through the B.C. Interior, spent 90 minutes at the town meeting which filled three-quarters of a school auditorium. He received four separate briefs from industrial organiza- tions, the B.C. Farmers' Insti- tute and the East Kootenay Labor Council and a joint brief from chambers of commerce in the area. They offered sugges- tions on everything from auto- mation to population control. The prime minister later flew back to Vancouver to rejoin his wife, Margaret, for a weekend stay in the area. FLOWER IN BELT Dressed in a flowery sports shirt and wearing a flower in his belt, the prime minister re- plied to all the major points in the briefs. One questioner from the floor asked whether federal farm pol- icies had anything to do with the defeat of the provincial Lib- eral government in Saskatche- wan. The prime minister replied he had been told that federal farm policies had contributed to the defeat but "I think too many other conditions prevailed to see the election on that basis." If his party elects only one or two MPs from Saskatchewan in the next federal election, "that would indeed be a condemna- tion" of the government's farm policies. The two meeting was the most formal event of Mr. Tru- deau's two-day tour. He drove here from Kimberley, opened a new community swimming pool and then attended a service-club picnic before flying to Vancou- ver for a private weekend. One issue which got obvious response from his Kimberley audience involved proposed shipment of Alaska oil through the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Mr. Trudeau said his govern- ment went as far as it could in "pressing on the Americans the undesirability of the but could only go so far in telling them how to run their affairs. What was more important, he said, is international agreement and co-operation in the fight against pollution. Another suggestion that un- employment insurance be changed to employment insur- ance and recipients be given jobs by tire government, he called an appealing idea, but one which would amount to forced labor. One of the briefs asked that the Regional Development In- centives Act, due to expire next July 1, be extended for another three years. Mr. Trudeau said "this is cer- tainly a representation I shall take but if no deadline were involved, industries might postpone decisions about invest- ing in particular areas. From REUTER-AP MOSCOW (CP) Soviet space experts are hoping to find conclusive proof that it was a small technical fault in the Soyuz 11 space capsule which killed the three cosmonauts aboard it. Soviet sources said Friday the three men, found dead in their capsule after they returned from a record-breaking space flight, died from embolisms (clots of abnormal particles) in their blood, possibly caused by a sudden depressurization of the craft through a fault in a dock- ing hatch. There was no official confir- mation of this and the report of the commission Investigating the Soyuz disaster has not yet been released. However, it is a conclusion which would seem welcome to space experts. A mechanical or design fail- ure could be cured, but a flaw in man's ability to withstand prolonged space travel possibly could not be. There had been speculation that the strain on the cosmo- nauts' hearts on feeling again the effects of gravity had proved fatal after iheir 24 days of weightlessness. If this had Devlin pregnancy sparks new feud DUBLIN (AP) Bcrnadetto Devlin, unmarried 23-year-old firebrand of Northern Ireland pulitics, announced Friday that she is pregnant. Her disclosure, coupled with her altitude to permissiveness snd abortion, sparked sharp re- actions among the feuding Prot- estants and Roman Catholics in her homeland. 'My wife doesn't understand me and J'tn not even a foltiicianl' Miss Devlin, a Roman Catho- lic and the youngest member of the British House of Commons, revealed her pregnancy in an interview with the Irish Times. She said she had decided against an in would have the baby in the fall. She refused to name the father. Miss Devlin, a former psy- chology student and the first woman to become pregnant while a member of the House of Commons, said the baby would not upset her political career. "My morals are private matter. When I'm a member of Parliament, I represent a politi- cal program." OPPONENTS GLEEFUL Tlie news delighted some mili- tant in Belfast, Northern Ireland's capital. Rev, Martin Smyth, loader of the Or- ange Order, commented: "We expect higher standards for our politicians, no matter what side of the political fence they are on." In the Bogside Roman Catho- lic quarter of Londonderry, Uls- ter's second-largest city, Miss D c v 1 i n's pregnancy shocked older people, though young vot- ers and teen-agers said her pop- ntority wnuW tw inflected. proved true, i t could have meant a major and unexpected stumbling block to space travel. AWAIT AUTOPSY FINDINGS Autopsies were carried out on the three Soyuz 11 cosmonauts Dobrovolsky, Vladis- lav Volkov and Viktor Patsayev n Moscow hospital Wednes- day, the day they died. The findings are beb'eved to be in the hands of the investigating commission. Western Communist sources reported Friday night that a loss of pressure through a tiny hole in the Soyuz capsule caused the deaths of the three cosmonauts. The sources, Who could not be Identified, said the hole devel- oped in the craft's landing cabin when it separated from the Soyuz orbital compartment. They said the hole was enlarged when the craft's braking rockets were fired just before the three began their descent into the earth's atmosphere Wednesday. in tram accident CHESTER, England (AP) A 10-year-old boy and a 13- year-old 'girl were killed Friday night when too coaches of a train packed with school chil- dren on a seashore outing de- railed near here. Police said five children were seriously injured and 25 chil- dren and adults were slightly hurt when the last two coaches of the train overturned. A fleet of buses carried the children from the wreck to Bir- mingham, where they were re- turning after a school holiday outing to Wales. The injured were taken to Chester Royal Infirmary while British rail experts investigated the tangle of steel on the track to discover the cause of the ac- cident. Hijacked jetliner evades capture RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) A Braniff International jetliner hi- jacked Friday over Mexico landed today at heavily-guarded Galeao Airport here, and took off again 13 minutes later. It next landed at Sao Paulo, Brazil, although it had been re- ported h e a d i n g for Buenos Aires, Argentina, when it left here. The two hijackers, identified as Robert Lee Jackson, 36, of Tennessee, and Ligia Lticrecia Sanchez Archila, 23, of Guate- mala, were reported to have or- dered the blue Boeing 707 to take off at once when they saw scores of military police stand- ing by. The hijackers were said to have become angry whon they saw n squad of air police and a small truck blocking the taxi- wny to tho civilian side of the sprawling airport, where they moted to (to. Before the jet touched down, a police officer had said mili- tary authorities were not going to let the plane take off again. ARJffiD WTH PISTOLS Jackson and the woman, armed with pistols and a suit- case said to contain explosives, previously forced tho airliner to land at Lima, Peru, and from there it took off before dawn today for Rio. The hijackers had collected in ransom for a hostage after seizing the Texas-bound plane over Mexico. They freed 100 passengers in Monterrey, Mexico, and then five hours later left for Limn. What their final destination might be was unclear, but there were indications the pair might want to go to Algeria. They asked Peruvian authori- BM for food and pep pills to keen them avtka. wheat By ERNESTO MENDOZA HONG KONG (Renter) Pe- king has promised Canada first chance to supply wheat to China, a communique published today says. The communique, quoted by the New China news agency, was issued after talks between Chinese officials and the first Canadian trade mission to visit Peking since the two countries established diplomatic relations last October. Canada received the Chinese assurance as an Australian op- position Labor party delegation travelled to Peking to find out, among other things, why China has stopped buying Australian wheat. Australia, which has no diplo- matic ties with Peking, and Canada have for years been the main wheat suppliers to China, which imports between 145 mil- lion and 220 million bushels of wheat annually. The communique said1: "In accordance with Canada's wishes, China would continue to consider Canada first as a source of wheat as import needs Weekend truce in postal issue By JOHN HALL OTTAWA (CP) Mailmen and the post office have agreed to a weekend truce in their bat- tle over what the mailmen call junk mail. Post office officials and lead- ers of the Letter Carriers Union of Canada agreed Friday that possible walkouts and imposition by the post office of a proposed new delivery system for third-class mail will be postponed at least until a meeting Monday be- tween the union leaders and Deputy Postmaster-General J. A. H. Mackay. "The storm is over, at least until said Jim Mayes, first vice-president of the union. The dispute flared up with a July 1 telegram from P. C. Va- lois, chief of post office staff re- lations, that said the post office planned to proceed with hand- ling changes for third-class, "dear householder" mail de- spite union objections. The third-class mail may be a burden to the mailman, but it is the post office's biggest source of revenue. TIME TOO EXPENSIVE The post office says that to restructure the mailmen's routes to grant then- request for more time to sort and deliver the householder mail would cost abrut million and take more than a year to implement. The post office has been trying to trim its deficit, now running about million. Prince Charles plans making parachute jump LONDON (AP) Buck- ingham Palace announced Fri- day that Prince Charles will set a royal precedent this month by making a parachute jump. The 22-year-old heir to the throne will jump from a height of or feet as part of his routine training at Cranwell Royal Air Force base in eastern England, a palace spokesman said. The prince, who joined the RAF last month for an intensive five-month course in advanced flying, will be Britain's first heir to the throne to take to a parachute. The dispute does not involve the union's contract, which runs for another year. It hinges on an April S agree- ment between the and the union. lhat agreement was based on post office clients bundling their circulars in batches of 20, 25 or 50 pieces. With the quicker sort- ing that would allow, the unions agreed to cut the delivery time to three days from six, an im- provement the post office used to lure more business. However, Mr. Valois said In his telegram that clients ob- jected to bundling in specified amounts because it would cost them too much. The union then requested more time, or more pay, for the extra sorting that would have to be squeezed into three days. Airliner reported missing TOKYO (Reutert Ships searched today for a missing Japanese airliner carrying 64 passengers and four crew mem- bers, believed to have crashed in bad weather off the northern island of Hokkaido. The domestic airline TOA said "there can be no hope" more than three hours after it lost contact with the twin-engine tur- boprop YA-11. The airliner was nearing the end of a 40-minute flight from Sapporo to Hakodate in Japan's northernmost island of Hok- kaido, when radio contact was lost. Captain Jack Spence, 49, of Mountain View, Calif., reported he had run into bad weather and feared he would havs diffi- culty in landtag at Hakodate, the airline said. Minutes later, the airliner disappeared from radar screens. 7-cent stamp honors B.C. OTTAWA (CP) Thirty mil- lion seven-cent stamps com- memorating the 100th anniver- sary of British Columbia's entry into Confederation will be issued July 20, the post office said Fri- day. Tha 40 by 24-millimetrd stamp, to be printed in purple, dark blue, orange, dark tur- quoise and yellow-green, was designed by B. R. C. Bethune of Vjncouvo-, Seen and heard About town TIJR- and Mrs. Ken Atkln- son of Nelson back for a visit and remarking it's nice to be back where the wind is strong and you can breathe again Charles Linn, marking his 46th wedding anniversary Dominion Day, saying 'all of Canada' cele- brates the memorable occa- sion. Jill Johnson (on her first fishing trip) urging grandfather Jim Stead to throw a fish back into the water before it died, ;