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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, July 3, 1970 Colin Legum Ranching For Tourists The French tourists who are cur- rently enjoying a visit to southern Alberta could inspire us to take a fresh look at some of the more in- teresting facets of our indigenous way of life. They are eminently pleased with our landscape, our weather and the more elaborate designs in our west- ern clothing. And in spite of the un- matched reputation of French cui- sine, they seem to like our casual picnics and barbecues. But give the French tourists a choice between eating or watching a rodeo, they would likely choose the rodeo every time. This is to be expected. Where in Europe are there ranches to compare with Alberta's? Where can they witness roping, branding and all the hi-jinks of trick riding seen here? Maybe this should say something to us. We have been slow and reluc- tant to take advantage of this prized natural resource. Perhaps we should do more to en- courage development of small ranch- type areas with entertainment of visitors in'mind. Miniature rodeos, somewhere to ride the trail and out- door cookouts are a novelty to our European friends. We have lots 'of this to offer, and even' if language is a barrier the environment overcomes the communication gap. Political Movies Hollywood's Oscar for the best for- eign film of the year went to "Z" a French language movie produced in Algeria. It has a thinly disguised political purpose to discredit the Greek military junta. "Z" has been drawing capacity crowds in Europe and North America ever since its opening. Now French movie makers have produced another political film. This one has as its target, not the mili- tarists, but the orthodox Moscow- directed Communists, French var- iety. The story is based on the ex- periences of a former Czech Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Arthur London, a victim of the 1950 Stalin- ist regime. London is still alive, and is a resident of France. The movie is bad hews for the French Communists. Many French- men have suspected that French Communists are pro-Russian first and Frenchmen second. Even though French Communist party leader Waldeck Rpchet, mildly pro- tested the Russian invasion of Czech- oslovakia, his castigations were lack- lustre, and in recent months, he has condoned it. Now political gossip has it that in actual fact Waldeck Rochet participated in the scheming that ended in ousting Alexander Dubcek from his post. Accusations by Roger Garaudy of the French Party Politburo that the party leadership turned over to two hard line Czechoslovak party leaders a transcript of a conversation that took place in 1_968 between Rochet and Dubcek which was intended to facilitate Dubcek's removal resulted in Garaudy's being drummed out of the party. There is a distinct similar- ity in Dubcek's case history and that of London, the victim of Stalinism. The public impact of both these films has been tremendous and it is likely that more movies with poli- tical punch will soon come into production. One would not have to think hard or long to come up with English speaking politicians, for instance, whose life stories would lend themselves to this kind of state- ment. Could it be that one of these days international politics will take over from sex at the box office? It would be a welcome change. Good Golfing All Year One of the attractions of the coastal regions is the opportunity generally afforded to play golf throughout the whole year. In Lethbridge in years such as the immediate past one it is possible to play most of the winter provided the golfer is satisfied -with winter greens (shaved areas of the The possibility now exists for good golfing here aE year. Research in which Dr. J. B. Lebeau of the federal agricultural research station at Leth- bridge has been engaged has shown that it is biologically and economically feasible to use greens in winter by heating them with elec- tricity. Advantages accrue in the maintenance of golf courses through the scheme of heating greens in that winter mold is reduced and growth of grass is promoted early in the spring. There is a hitch in this, however. Dr. Lebeau has pointed out that the system would be most applicable for high budget golf courses. The cost of providing a good course here is already so high that there have been complaints about the fees that have to be charged. But maybe there would be greater acceptance of high fees if there was reasonable expec- tation of being able to have good golfing all year. Art Buchwaid WASHINGTON The question came up at dinner the other night when peo- ple were discussing the Tory victory in Great Britain. "Why is it that the English! were able to rule the world for almost 200 years while the United States has been unable to hold on for less than 25 An Englishman at the table replied, "It's quite simple, my dear chap. There was no television." "Of someone else said, "televi- sion hadn't been invented "On the the Englishman said, "it had been invented but we were wise enough not to let the secret out." We all looked at him in amazement, "Lord Cashmere of Rutland invented television in the year he said. "You can look it up in the secret archives the British Museum. He was actually try- ing to invent the radio; rather than sound, he got a picture on his box instead." "What kind of a a skeptical guest asked. "A picture of a redcoat. In Boston flog- ging a Colonial old man." "It is hard to someone said. "Quite. In any case, Lord Cashmere knew he was onto something big, so he took the box to King George III and demonstrated it to the court, which at the time was meeting on the Television Moors in Wales." "So that's where the name came someone said. "It's all in the secret the Eng- lishman said. "The court was aghast at what they were seeing. There were large, burly redcoats beating on the poor Col- onials, kicking women and children, set- ting fire to their homes and committing unbslievable atrocities in the villages." Lord the Archbishop of Canterbury said, 'what in God's name have you "Lord Cashmere said, 'I'm not sure, but it's possible that this invention could change all of mankind. Just think, my noble friends, that with this box our peo- ple would bear witness to the great news events of our time. No longer would we be dependent on ships for our news. We could actually see our victories as they were happening. What a boost for the morale of the Empire." "A chesfr rent the air over Television Moors. But then General Sir Ronald Paley, the king's adviser on military affairs, spoke up: I do not wish to dash cold water on tins box, but may I point out to you gentlemen that this invention could be the end of the Empire? Do you be- lieve our young people would remain si- lent after watching what we were doing in the colonies, or for that matter any- where else? The would be split asunder. The strength of England is that her people have no idea of what we're up to abroad.' "King George III spoke up. 'Sir Ronald is right. If we're to wage war in the colonies, we don't want the people at home to know what we're doing. 'Besides, if we have to pull out, I want to do it without the whole world watching us. Lord Cashmere, you, have done your country an ill deed by this damnable contraption. I order you at the pain of losing your head never to reveal your secret. We shall bury the box here on the moors, and Britannia will rule the waves.' The Englishman paused as we hung on to his every word. "Then you kept the secret all these someone said. "That's the Englishman said. "Thirty years ago an American anthropol- ogist, digging around the moors, discover- ed the box. He turned it over to RCA who, without thinking of the consequences, started to manufacture them on a large scale. I imagine you can date the diffi- culty of the United States as a world pow- er from the day Lord Cashmere's box was made available to the world." "What a great I said. "Do you mind if I write "Go right the Englishman said. "It can't do Britain any harm any more." South Africa's Friends Back In Power T ONDON The new Con- servative British govern- ment favors tho resumption of arras sales to South Africa for two reasons. First, to improve the climate of trade relations between the two countries, somewhat chilled by the pre- vious Labor government's deci- sion to maintain a complete arms embargo since 1964, in compliance with an earlier United Nations Security Coun- cil decision; and, secondly, to develop a strong naval alli- ance for the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean, based on the Cape port of Simonstown. The new Foreign Secretary, Sir Alec Douglas-Koine, has described the cape sea route as "the main artery to the Western world, which must be kept secure." Until 1955 Simonstown was a British naval base, serving as the headquarters for the South Atlantic Fleet. It was under British authority and control. This position was changed in that year, when the sovereign- ty of the base was restored to South Africa, but on condition that the British navy could use its facilities, as well as those of Durban, freely in peacetime; and in wartime Britain and her allies including the United States could resume full con- trol over Simonstown. As part of this agreement South Africa accepted a larger share in protecting the security of the cape route. Acknowl- edging this role, Bri t a i n agreed to supply South Africa with a number of warships and to provide her with equipment necessary to the defence of S'imonstown. The Simonstown agreement was slightly varied in 1961, when South Africa was forced to leave the Commonwealth. Then the dockyard itself passed over into South Africa's ownership; but the right of British warships to use Simons- town for victualling and re- pairs was protected. Although the Simonst own Agreement was renewed in 1967, the South Africans have been threatening to end it since 1968, when Britain refused their demands for submarines, frigates, radar installations, sea-to-air missiles, and air- era f t (particularly Bucca- At one point, in 1968, their threats produced a Cabinet crisis when the then-British Minister of Defence, Mr. Den- nis Healey, led a ministerial revolt demanding the sale of arms for South Africa's exter- nal defence. But the Prime Minister, Mr. Harold Wilsop, defeated the move. The Conservatives promised that if they were returned to power they would reverse the Labor government's ban a pledge made on behalf of the Tory Party by its chairman, Mr. Anthony Barber, as well as by Sir Alec Douglas-Home. insisted that the only arms to be supplied would be for South Africa's ex- ternal defence, and both coup- led their promise with sharp criticisms of the system of apartheid. The problem that faces tha British government is to de- cide what arms are likely to be used only for external defence purposes, and what are likely to be used for internal repres- sion. The Buccaneer aircraft, a fast, low flying bomber origi- nally designed for naval use, was sold for South Africa's.ex- ternal defence. But it has been used extensively in fighting the infiltrating guerrillas in the Caprivi Strip the northern military frontier area between South West Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Khodesia. Simi- larly, British supplied Sara- cen, armored cars were used in suppressing local protest move- ments at the time of Sharpe- ville in 1960. And French sup- plied helicopters intended only for external defence are used continuously in fight- ing the guerrillas. The helicopters and Bucca- neers are used not only on South Africa's frontiers, but also along the. Hhodesian-Zam- bian frontiers. Despite these difficulties, it must be assumed that Sir Alec Douglas Home, a li- censing system for arms sales, will reassure the Se- curity Council as the French have done that supplying arms for South Africa's exter- nal defence is not contrary to its arms embargo. But there is bound to be a serious row over this new development. For Sir Alec, however, con- flicts with the UN are no new thing; he faced them, over his controversial policies in the Congo at the time of Katanga's secession. But Sir Alec's design for Simonstown goes much further than simply selling arms to fj> 1970 1} NEA, Inc. "7 time all ihs slimming gadgets you carry nw, bat bt we to call me as soon as any new ones come in.'" "Sorry, buiHy-MY guru is AGHEW1" South Africa. He is one of the foremost exponents of a naval strategy to counteract the ex- panding Russian naval pres- ence in the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. In a pamphlet he wrote for the Conservative Party in Au- gust 1969, entitled Britain's Place in the World, he ques- tioned whether in concen- trating on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) the British were looking far enough afield for their national security. "It so he wrote, "that Britain and Britain alone is plated to ensure that these trade routes are in all circum- stances safe; we have the Si- monstown Agreement with South Africa." The South Africans have been hard at work in recent years developing the idea of converting Simonstown into a naval base for a much wider military alliance, to include not only NATO, but also Aus- tralia and New Zealand. Lat- terly, they have also made ap- proaches to Argentina and Bra- zil to join in a sea defence al- liance to "defend" the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean from penetration by the Rus- sian navy. South Africa has a clear in- terest in getting the major Western Powers involved with her in such an alliance. The Republic has strong supporters among NATO's military lead- ers, who have shown them- selves critical of the attitude adopted by NATO's member- governments for being unwill- ing to become closely associ- ated with a regime whose poli- cies are so widely unpopular. The United States even more than Britain has in the past been reluctant to enter into a close relationship with S'outh Africa; partly because of the domestic repercussions on her Negro population, and partly because of the damage to her image in the internation- al community. Even under President Nixon, the U.S. navy has avoided calling at South African ports, on the ground that the colored American sail- ors could not expect to be treated equally if they went on shore leave. But with the closure 'of the Suez Canal, with the build-up of the Russian navy, and now with Sir Alec Douglas-Home at the British Foreign Office, it would seem that South Africa's hopes of becoming an accept- able part of a Western alliance may be closer to fulfillment than they have been ever since the disastrous massacre at in 1960. .Vritten for The Herald mid The Observer, London) Mark FranMand Hard-Pressed Cambodians Need More Aid pHNOM. PENH The Viet Cong and North Vietna- mese now seem intent on iso- lating Phnom Penh from the rest of Cambodia and without sizeable help from abroad there is little the hard-pressed Cambodians can do to stop them. By last week-end the two railway lines and all the roads into the capital were either po- tentially impassable or very dangerous. A Viet Cong com- mando or shelling attack against Phnom Penh airport is widely expected. As long as South Vietna- mese Navy holds the Mekong River corridor up to Phnom Penh and Saigon has every intention of keeping it open emergency supplies of food and fuel can be brought to the cap- ital. What Hanoi appears to be aiming at is rather the tton of Phnom Penh's natural economic and political rela- tionship with the countryside. The capital may have rice, but it will no longer be from the rich fields around Battam- bang from where a train bring- ing tons of rice to the cap- ital was seized by the Viet Cong recently. It will oil, but not from Cambodia's own refinery at the seaport of Kom- pong Som (formerly Sihanouk- ville.) Thus, Cambodia will become increasingly dependent on air support from South Vietnam and America and tb3 cost of the war to its allies will be in- creasingly high. Observers here arc alarmed by the efficiency Hanoi's forces have shown in preparing this new stage of the Cambodian war. Their major new baso area in the north-east is how a going concern. Supplies are coming down the Mekong and its tributaries from Laos and in some places are distributed inside Cambo- dia by lorries. The Cambodian army, forced into defensive positions around towns and along roads, is unable to pre- vent the Communist troops from moving across the coun- tryside ai.4 picking its targets around Phnom Penh at will. The American and South Vietnamese operations in the old Communist sanctuary- areas along the border have little impact on this new war. The best the South Vietnamese can dp is send in relief forces if an important and not too dis- tant town is threatened, as they did recently at Kompong Speu, south-west of Phnom Penh. But they cannot do this everywhere and since they ar- rive after the Viet Cong have entered a town, getting them out inevitably causes destruc- tion and loss and injury to the local Cambodian population. If spirits in Phnom Penh are still surprisingly high it is be- cause the Cambodian leader- ship and their supporters are convinced of the righlness of their cause as victims of a for- eign invasion. But what wor- ries military experts here is that .patriotism and willingness to fight are not enough against a powerful enemy unless they are underpinned by military ef- fectiveness. To be militarily effective, these experts say, the Cam- bodian army needs to have training, confidence in its weapons, knowledge that it is properly supported by medical services, supplies and decent firepower. None of these things exist, because for years Sihanouk in- tentionally kept the army weak. It is felt that there is now simply not time to train and equip the Cambodian army so that it could become a bal- anced, modern fighting force. The best estimates are that it would take a year to get ;'ie equipment in and another year before it could be properly used. The only other effective solution would be to bring in foreign troops with their own heavy equipment, as the Amer- icans did in South Vietnam. The -South Vietnamese inter- vention, limited by own resources and the primary need to fight the war in South Vietnam, is not the same thing. The promised force of a few thousand Thai volunteers will only be a drop in the bucket. The feeling here, there- fore, is that the only solution, however unsatisfactory, is to supply the Cambodians with as much of the type of light equipment they already possess as they have men to use it. But the appalling fact is that while the Western nations are encour- aging Cambodia to fight on they are showing great reluctance to provide her rapidly with the means to do so. Senior Cambodian officers cannot understand why Wash- ington is being so slow to de- liver smallarms aid for which President Nixon has already set aside nearly million. The Cambodians have been discuss- ing with the American mission here for nearly a month tile de- livery of rifles, but they have still not been delivered.' It was thought that the arms captured in the Viet Cong sanc- tuaries identical with the So- viet and Chinese weapons used by much of the Cambodian army were to be shipped 'Crazy Capers' Here. But as far as is known none has arrived. Saigon and Washington are believed to have sent some 000 rifles to Phnom Penh in April, a mixture of captured Communist weapons and Amer- ican carbines, but the Cam- bodian army has now a strength of nearly men, and perhaps a quarter or more of these are without guns. For example, of some nine Cambodian battalions defend- ing the important town of Kom- pong Cham, there are three newly formed battalions with few if any rifles among them. There are disquieting rumors that both Washington and Sai- gon are afraid that if they do send large arms shipments the Communists may eventually get hold of them. And while the need 'for mili- tary aid is the most obvious, the time is soon coming when Cambodia is going to need size- aole economic aid even If only to pay her troops. For the mo- ment Phnom Penh can live on fortunately quite large re- serves, but the economy Is at a halt and exports finished. Unless support is forth- coming time is on the side o! Hanoi. With time the North Vietnamese can probably or- ganize, through force if need be, at least a facade of a pro- Sihanouk Cambodian army hung around the few thousand Communist Cambodian guer- rillas who have existed since Sihanouk's time. Then they can .move on to what the shrewdest people here believe. must be their next phase: either an attempt to destroy tho Cambodian govern- ment by an attack on Phnom Penh or a bid to demoralize it more gradually by tightening their noose around the capital. (Written for The Herald .ind The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Miss Aileen Dunham of Lethbridge has been award- ed one of Hie six University of Toronto fellowships. Miss Dun- ham's brother was Alberta's Rhodes Scholar for this year. 1930 Brig-Gen. J. S. Stew- art, D.S.O. was nominated by the Lethbridge federal Conser- vative convention to contest the election of July 28. 1910 Viscount Caldecote, secretary for the Dominions, introduced a bill in the House of Lords today to include un- employment insurance in sec- tion 01 of the BNA Act. 1950 The trade department estimated that investment in new Canadian construction and equipment in 1950 will be 3 per cent higher than last year. I960 Three hundred per- sons were left jobless today, as a result of a fire that swept through a four-square block area in Vancouver. Like I said, Dobson, you don't think tip- The lethbridgc Herald 504 7lh 51. S., Lethbridge, Alberts LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishwi Published 1005 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN v Man Registration Number M12 Member a Tha Canadian Tnst and the Canadian Dailj Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllef and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM RAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROV P. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKEt Adverlilinf Managar Editorial Palt EdaMr "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;