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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THI ICTHBRIDOI HIHA1D Friday, July 3, 1770 bisects And Operation Lift L. A. JACOBSON, Entomologist Past experience has show that changes in cropping prai tices can affect insect infesta tions and result in crop dam age. The current wheat acreag reduction policy includes pro posals that could affect infesta tions of some of our major in sect pests, such as cutworm and grasshoppers. It is certain that crops to re- place wheat will be grown i many areas. Flax, mustarc and rape are very susceptibl to attack by cutworms. A pop illation of cutworms that woulc cause only slight damage wheat may completely destroy plantings of these crops. Quite often when wheat ant Fire Activity Down In April Forest fire activity through- out Canada this April was con- siderably below the average for recent years, the Canadian For- estry Service of the Depart- ment of Fisheries and Forestry reported recently. There were an estimated 310 flres in April, the first month of the forest fire season, and as a result some 3.000 acres of woodlands were damaged or de- stroyed. During the previous decade there was an average of 538 for- est fires in the month of April with the total area averaging acres. barley plants are cut off above the ground or when tillers are fed upon, the plants continue to grow if moisture conditions are favorable. When flax and simi- lar crops are attacked by cut- worms the plants cannot re- cover. Similarly, the delicate young seedlings of grasses are sus- ceptible to damage by low numbers of cutworms. If the recommended precaution of not cultivating land during Au- gust is not heeded, increased acreages of summerfal 1 o w may favor greater numbers of cutworms. Grasshoppers also may be more concentrated in crops if more than the usual acreage of the surrounding land is sum- merfallow. On the other hand, ie increased acreage of sum merfaUow may result in small er grasshopper populations, .be cause fewer locations will be available in the fall for those grasshoppers that prefer to lay heir eggs in stubble fields. Even minor changes in land management can affect the numbers of insects. It is more necessary now than ever that h e recommended cultural methods be followed for the revention of insect infesta- tions. During ths past few ears infestations of cutworms TRADE MEETING Officials of the Alberta Hereford Association and members of a Russian cattle buying mis- sion are shown with Alberta's minister of agriculture the Hon. H. A. Ruste. They are left to right F. J. Adby, president of the Alberta Hereford Association; S. Tara- soff, interpreter; Dr. P. R. Praekov and Dr. V. M. Nehin, members of the Russian buying mission; Hon. H. A. Ruste, minister of agriculture and J Noble, secretary manager of the Alberta Hereford Association Beef Association Exports To U.S.S.R. and grasshoppers have been at low level and outbreaks have een very limited and of minor ignificance. We know that re- urrence of large numbers of Irese insects can be expected. Preventive measures should e followed to reduce future amage and crop loss. Canadian cattlemen must be repared to keep accurate-pro- uction records, if they hope to evelop a thriving cattle export larket, warns F. J. Adby, president of the Alberta Here- ford Association. Mr. Adby was speaking in connection with his recent five- week tour of the province with two Russian cattle buyers. He explains that foreign buying missions are providing in- creasing evidence of the Im- portance of Seeping perform- ance and progency testing rec- ords. Ten years ago the Rus- sians were quite satisfied with a visual appraisal of the cattle, but today they are asking for data on such .factors as rate the only cattle exporting com- pany in Canada. Known as the Alberta Hereford Export Com- pany and owned by the Alberta Hereford Association, this com- pany has exported Holstein, Angus and Hereford cattle to Russia. This last consignment, con- sisting of 512 Hereford heifers and 120 bulls, will be shipped by rail to Montreal where the animals will be put on a ship for Russia. Three buffalo from will accom- which leave Elk Island Park pany the cattle mid-July. The Al- berta Hereford Export Com- of gain, feed conversion, pro- geny test results and so on. This is the llth consecutive year that the Russians have Might cattle from Alberta. Their reasons for buying here, says Mr. Adby, are that they ike our cattle, our weather is similar to theirs and we have Gopher Control Project Under Way At Raima A Lesson In Economics Once upon a time there was! a little Red Hen, who scratched about and uncovered some grams of wheat. She called her barnyard neighbors together, and said: "If we work together and plant this wheat, we will have some fine bread together. Who will help me plant the "Not said the cow. "Not said the duck. "Not said the pig. "Not said the goose. "Then I guess I said the Little Red Hen, and she did. After the wheat started grow- ing, the ground turned dry, and there was no rain in sight. "Who will help me water the asked the little Red Hen. "Not said the cow. "Not said the duck. "Not said the pig. "Not said the goose. "Then I said the little Red Hen, and she did. She watered the ground and the wheat grew tall into golden grain. said she, "Who will help me reap this "Not said the cow. "Not said the duck. "Not said the pig. "It's out of my classification." "Not said the goose. 'I'd This Year Fly Suzuki lose my aid to dependent chil dren." "Then I said the little Red Hen, and she did. When it came time to grini the flour: "Not said the cow. "I'd lose my unemploymenl said the duck. When it came time to bake the bread: "That's overtime for said the cow. "I'm a said the duck. "I never learned how.' "I'd lose my welfare bene- said the pig. "If I'm the only one that's helping, that's said the goose. "Then I'll do it said the little Red Hen, and she did. She baked five loaves of fine bread, and held them up for her neighbors to see. "I want said the cow. "I want said the duck. "I want said the pig. "I want said the goose. said the little Red Hen. "I can rest awhile and eat the five loaves myself." "Excess cried the cow. "Capitalistic the duck. quacked "Company grunted the pig, "Equal screamed the goose. They hurriedly painted a picket sign, and marched around the little Red Hen sing- ing lustily: "We shall over- come." And you know they did. When the farmer came to in- vestigate the commotion, he said: "You must not be greedy, little Red Hen. Look at the op- pressed cow. Look at the dis- advantaged duck. Look at the underprivileged pig. Look at the less fortunate goose. You are guilty of making second- class citizens out of them." "But said the little Red Hen. "I planted the wheat, and I watered it, and I reaped the grain. I ground the flour, and I baked the bread. I earned this said the farmer. "That's the wonderful free en- terprise system. Anybody in this barnyard can earn as much as he wants. You should be lappy to have this freedom. In >ther barnyards you would lave to give all fivs loaves to the fartner. Here you give four loaves to your suffering neigh- bors, and keep one for your- self! You should be And so they all lived happily ever after, including the little Red Hen, who smiled and smiled, and clucked and clucked: "I am grateful. I am grateful. I am grateful." But her neighbors wondered why she never baked any more bread. The Hanna-Youngstown area of south-eastern Alberta is the site of a provincial government experiment to control gophers (Richardson's Dale Alsager, animal pest control specialist, in charge of the work, says that the Hanna- Youngstown area was chosen for the study because the gopher population has been ex- tremely high for several years there. In fact, estimates show that the number of burrow open- ings is somewhere between 600 and 800 per acre. The purpose of the experi- ment is threefold, Mr. Alsager says. First, it is to test and eval- uate (in terms of cost, labor and degree of control) the ef- fectiveness of: covered portable baiting stations reflectors to attract the gophers while at the same time repelling birds. other animals and i a modified technique using the recom- mended for pocket gophers, for subterranean control of gopher populations in large areas. Secondly, it is designed to evaluate the above methods of control in terms of their effect on other species of wildlife in the food chain. This part of the experiment will be done by re- cording poisonings and residues found in seed-eating birds, pred- atory birds and meat-eating an- imals. Thirdly, the experiment is in- tended to initiate preliminary laboratory and feeding trial stu- dies which will lead to field test- ing of anti-fertility and anti- metabolic agents as a method of large-scale gopher popula- tion control in 1971-73. pany is in charge of all-ship ping arrangements. According to Jock Noble, sec retary-manager of the Albert; Hereford Association and member of the tour, the Hus sians really know cattle. Liki everybody else, they are look ing for long, stretchy animal with lots of growth potential good conformation and gooc bone, he says. Although the Russians havi been importing Herefords, An gus, Charolais and Shorthorn cattle from.Europe and Canada for a number of years now they are still about 10 years away from commercial cross breeding programs. At present they art concentrating on building up good, purebrec foundation herds. They use ar- tifical insemination extensively and intend to implement a sys- tem similar to our purebred herd book in Ottawa. Mr. Adby feels that we could export considerably more cattle than we are doing at the present tune if we had more of the right quality. Last year, for example, the demand from Russia was considerably great- er than the supply. To help im- prove the supply situation, the Alberta Hereford Association is very anxious to establish a cattle testing center where dif- ferent herds and different breeds could be compared on the basis of rate of gain, feed conversion, carcass quality and progeny testing results. Flower Arranging iVeti? A one day basic course In flower arranging for home- makers and gardeners will, be part of this year's Horticulture Week held at the Agricultural and Vocational College in Olds. Hoit Week will be held August 10 to 14 with the Home- makers' Flower Arrang i n g School being held on August 14 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Lome White of White's Flow- ers, Calgary will teach partici- pants how to make corsages and to arrange bouquets of jarden flowers. The fee for the one day ses- sion is ?5.00 per person. During Hort-Week five other schools will be held. These are Ire Advanced Floral Design School, the Floral Design Com- mentators' School, the Grow- ers' Clinic, the Nurseryme n s Clinic and the Canadian Di- Course ploma In Horticulture School. Paul and Daranco Cole, P.F.C.I., of Delivery fnc., Lcachville, Arkansas, will be instructors for the Floral Design and Floral Design Com- mentators' Schools. Hort Wea is jointly ar- ranged by the Department of Extension of The University of Alberta, Alberta Horticultural Association, Canadian Society for Horticultural Science, Al- berta Nursery Trades Associa- tion, United Flowers-By-Wire Service Ltd., Alberta Region of Flowers Canada and Alberta Department of Agriculture. Complete details about t h e Homemakers' Flower Arrang- ing School and the other schools offered' during Hort- Week are available from the Department of Extension, The University of Alberta, Edmon- ton 7, or by phoning 439-2021. Agro-Outlook By Steve Bareham CERTAINLY no one is going to solve all agriculture's problems with one fell swoop of his hand, but some areas such as controlled production deserve special atten- tion. At the recent annual meeting of Unifarm District 14, in Lethbridge, however, a suggestion on controlled production drew harsh criticism from one of the farmers in attendance. It seems no one wants to be told what to grow, or when to grow it, even if it would mean better and more profitable utilization of land and time. But why grow a commodity if it won't sell? In this past year, Canada has seen an example of gov- ernment control of production, not directly or forcibly, but control! nevertheless. Farmers were simply told if they grew wheat as they mve in past years, they were not going to be able to sell it Even the quota system under recent amendments put the onus on the fanner not to grow wheat. Is this type of government action an infringement on In- dividual rights, or is it a necessary course of action in a world trade market that is becoming increasingly competi- ive? Perhaps agriculture w-ould benefit If information on market trends and prospects was made more readily avail- ble to farmers. In a much simplified example of wtiat this would mean, you have just enough money or capacity for three dozen and if personal consumption can only use two dozen, and if other markets seem doubtful, then it doesn't make ense to have enough hens to give you 10 dozen eggs. An example of how planned production works can .be een in contract crops (sugar beets, vegetables and oil where markets are established for only so much of a ingle product, and then only that amount is grown. Problems could arise from controlled production, but Tploration of the idea could prove fruitful. T-250 I! HUSTLER Twin cylinder, two stroke engine developing 33 h.p. at r.p.m. <5 speeds andm.p.h. up to 100-105 BERT MACS CYCLE LTD. 3rd Ave. S. Phone 327-3221 "Over 300 Bicycles In Slock" Open Thurs. and Frl. Till 9 p.m. "Serving Southern Alberto For Over 30 Years" BEEF JUDGE Dr. Har- lan Kitchie, associate profes- sor of animal husbandry, Michigan State University, will be one of the guest judges at the Little Royal beef competition to be held in Fort Macleod July 10. Dr. Ritchie is a nationally rec- ognized judge of beef cattle and swine. For o better 100 you may pay a little more, but you get the best. 10-speed transmission, 11.5 h.p. Ceriani type front forks, Automatic oil injection. Double loop tube frame 185 Ibs., 6 month, milo war- ranty. LETHBRIDGE KAWASAKI SALES AND SERVICE 13lh St. N. and Hardieville Road Phone 327-6117 OPEN EVE3Y NITE TILL 7 P.M. "Selling Kawosaki only for the best in sales and service for you, .the customer." Forestry Course For U Of A The University of Alberta will introduce a four year Bachelor of Science degree program in forest resource management I this fall. The Faculty of Agriculture will administer the program, which will be inter-disciplinary in content and will involve a number of departments in dif- ferent faculties. At present there are four schools of Forestry in Canada, but none situated in the three prairie provinces, in spile of their substantial forest re- sources. In the four year program three optional sequences will be offered: forest management, forest hydrology, and forest range management. The first option will deal with such mat- ters as fire control, harvesting, I forest regeneration, sustained yield management, and wood technology. The second option will concentrate on ground water geology, principles of hy- drology, forest soil erosion, soil physics, and general meteorolo- gy, and the third option offers courses in animal ecology, bor- eal neology, livestock production and management, and forest! range economics. j Control Of Insects In Stored Grain JAMES G. ARCHIBALD Agricultural Fieldman There has been an increase in insects infesting stored grain in the south part of Al- berta. The farmer is faced with added costs to control insects, which may damage grata in storage. Generally outside piles have been heavily infested and in some cases, grain in storage has become infested also. The two species found main- ly in this area have been Husty Grain Beetle and Red Flour Beetle. The usual grain mites and a few other less damaging insects are usually present in most grain storages. Grain should be probed and screened to determine if in- sects are present. Control can be obtained fumigation or by treating grain when augering, with deodor- ized Malathion. For identifca- tion of insects and control re- commendations see your dis- trict agriculturist of Plant In- dustry Division, Administra- tion Building, Lethbridge. Calendar Of Farm Events JULY 3 Lethbridge (Boulfon Farm) Bale Wagon Rodeo JULY 3-4 Brooks 4-H Beef Show and Sale JULY 5-9 Annual Convention Agric. Inst. of Canada JULY 7-9 Vauxhall Taber M.D. 4-H Beef Show and Sale JULY 8 Othellow, Washington Potato Seed Lot Trials Field Day (including Alberta grown stocks) JULY 9-18 Calgary Exhibition and Stampede (Milk is JULY 10-12 London, Ontario Annual Convention Ca- nadian Seed Growers Association JULY 10-11 Calgary World Charolais Show and Sale JULY 13-16 Olds Alberta Women's Week (Communica- tion, Landscaping, Handicrafts, White Paper on Taxa- tion) JULY 13-21 Lethbridge Livestock Pesticides Institute (International) JULY 16-17 Youngstown Prairie Wool Buck Brush. Trek (East-Central Alberta Beef and Range Manage- ment Tour) JULY 16-18 Lethbridge Lethbridge and District 4-H Show and Sale Rice Production World rice production during the 1960s rose by 30 percent. Import needs have been re- duced in a number of import- ing countries and this has turn- ed some of them into minor exporters. ASPHALT PAVING TOLLESTRUP SAND and GRAVEL Construction Co. Ltd. PHONE '328-2702 327-3610< For Summer Fun l. AVENUE t STREET, SIIIII 1 AVINUE, UTHUIOIil, ported less lard last year. In from the previous year and th FRAME STYLES FROM AROUND-THE- WORLD B.F. GOODRICH FIBERGLASS BELTED TIRES F78XM ls BRAKE SPECIAL PRICES EFFECTIVE MOM., TUES. and WED (Parts Extra] Regular 35.00 SPECIAL COMPIETE CAR CARE GAS UP FOR FREE GIFTS JOIN THE BONUS PARADE Mechanic On Duty All Day Sat. Open 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. Daily UNION 76 MAGRATH SERVICE Mayor Magrath Dr., 4th S. Phono 328-9766 MAVERICK nn The First Car of The 70s at 69 Prices. coLLeoe ;