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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, July 1, 1970------ David Pei'inaii Dubcek's Downfall Mr. Alexander Dubcek has fallen a long way since he was the im- mensely popular leader of Czecho- slovakia in 1968. In quick succession, he was removed from the. offices pf First Secretary, and President of the National Assembly; then he was sack- ed as a member of parliament and member of the Central Committee; recently, having been stripped. his post as ambassador to Turkey he was expelled from the Communist Party Only one final stage in the usual Communist program of humiliation remains: trial as a traitor and execu- tion. It is to be hoped that Mr. Dub- cek will be spared this fate. Yet the possibility of this happening .cannot be ruled out even though it would be viewed as outrageous by great num- bers of people in Czechoslovakia as well as throughout the world. _ The very fact that the Russ i a n leaders viewed the reform program of Mr Dubcek with such alarm as to invade and occupy -the country suggests that it would be easy for them to believe the deposed leader to be worthy of death. No doubt the Russians were constrained from forc- ing siich -a thing earlier because of the unmistakable resentment they en- countered to their action. But now the conservative element has consoli- dated itself in Czechoslovakia and the ae logical step of purging the country of its. "traitor" might be considered safe. That Mr. Dubcek's attempt to ad- just Marxist Socialism to the mod- ern industrial society should have caused such alarm to the Russian leaders is hard to comprehend in the West. Outside the Russian orbit Mr. Dubcek still stands as a symbol of intelligent adjustment to reality. Per- haps he is widely viewed in this way in Eastern Europe as well. If that is so then the conservative element among the Communists is courting the possibility of fixing that symbol through continued humiliation of Mr. Dubcek. Guerrilla Plea Guerrilla groups in the Portuguese African colonies have been seeking independence for nearly ten years. They have repeatedly appealed to me West for recognition of the justice ot their cause. Recently a major cam- paign was launched in a conference in Rome to gain the active backing of Western countries for the libera- tion movements. The liberation movements in An- gola, Mozambique, Guinea and Cape Verde already have the backing of 42 African states, most, of the Third World, China and the U.S.S.R Sup- port of Western nations would not only help preserve the non-alignment stance but would probably be the most effective means of bringing about an end of the bloodshed. Although nations of the West gen- erally frown on Portugal's colonial- ist policies they have not hitherto supported the cause of the hbera- tionists. Indeed, the countries in the NATO alliance find themselves ac- tually contributing to the oppressive policies of Portugal. If it were not for the military aid supplied through NATO it is extremely unlikely that Portugal could continue to wage war in Africa. There seems to be little excuse for Portugal to continue to be the world's leading colonialist nation. Not only Mas colonialism been repudiated but war has turned Portugal's colonies into economic liabilities instead of assets. Waging war is taking Portu- gal into impoverishment. It seems like extreme blindness for Western nations to refuse to recog- nize the justice of the cause of the African liberationists. Even from the point of view of calculated self-inter- est that recognition should be given because good relationships with'Afri- can states is of far greater signifi- cance than with Portugal. Portugal's hold on the African colonies is doom- ed and it is stupid not to realize it. There is fear that the new British Conservative Government may open- ly support Portugal and that other countries will be indifferent to the new plea of the guerrillas. The West will be disgraced if these fears are realized. Progress Stinks In Japan By Robert S. Elegant, rpOKYO I have seen ihe future and it teems. It also gives, off abominable stenches, tortures people with extraor- dinary pressures and kills them with poisonous effluvia. Japan is moving implacably into 21st century technological civilization. Tokyo, the largest city in the world, boasts more than 11.5 million inhabitants, 10 per of Japan's population, and enormous in- dustrial concentrations. The world's most jerve-racking and1 most polluted me- galopolis could portend man's miserable future. The Japanese once exalted nature in their crowded but beautiful archipelago. They now exalt economic growth. Their golden calf is a gross national product in- creasing 15 per cent annually. It appears to be growth for growths sake. With GNP third in Ihe world, Jap- anese per capita income is 16th. Vast sums are reinvested hi capital plant but so-called "social benefits" stfll lag. far be- hind the resl of the overdeveloped World. Determined to ealch up with the Soviet Union- and the United States in sheer economic size if not surpass the super- powers the Japanese have already overtaken Americans in physical and psy- chological pollution of their environment. Only the traditional Japanese virtue called gaman, litterally, "bearing enables them to endure conditions increas- ingly inimical lo human life. If thay did not shut out the outside world through taut self-control and a rigid society, the Japa- nese might reject the mixed blessings of their mighty economy. Only recenlly have government and private agencies like labor unions begun expressing concern over wholly uncon- trolled pollution by industry, the chariot of Japanese prosperity. A Japanese author- ity asserts that tola! neglecl of the broad public interest is a major factor in the "economic Talk has begun to express public con- cern, but it is far loo soon to expect specific action to reverse unrestrained destruction of the ecological balance. Ja- Has A Cog Slipped? By Doug Walker AT THE supper meal recently we had a complaint registered: Keith said he didn't like sausages! Thai brought aji immediate response from bis mother who told him he had better get used to the cheaper kinds of meat products including radishes! We were all rather surprised to hear that and, of course, sait! so. Elspcth appeared to be shook up by the fact that she had said "radishes" instead of "sausages." Basis Of Japan's 'Seventy Problem' day for which every Japanese radical student has been polishing his bamboo stave or practising his aim with a bottle bomb, and for which every left .wing politi- cian has. been polishing up ,his ahti imperialist arguments, has come and gone: That day was June 23j when the so- called "Seventy Problem" was expected to burst violently upon the nation. The basis of the Seventy problem is the Treaty of Mu- tual Co-operation and Security, concluded between Japan and the United States in. 1960 for an ihtial 10 years, and then able to be continued, amended or abrogated oh. a year to year basis.. Socrn after the treaty was signed, there .was serious anti- American and pacifist serious enough; in fact, to force the. resignation of the Cabinet of Mr. Nobusuke Kishi the elder brother of Japan's pres- ent Prime Mini s t e r, Mr. Eisaku Sato. For years, the Japanese Left have been pre- paring to repeat their success of I960, though with the addi- tional refinement that in 1970 they a united "gov- ernment of the' people" which would immediately' repeal the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty. The riots, the demonstra- tions, the token strikes and de- nunciations all took place. More than a million Japanese reoorted to have turned out a new defence policy for million, bill that still represents Japan ought to play some part agaiTlhe rental of the if, .winch the ;sccurity only of treaty. But this massiye show of force might as well have been a sideshow at Osaka's Expo 70 exhibition for all the effect it had on the political re- alities. Disregarding the pro- tests at home arid the strident condemnations .of Communist countries abroad; the conserva- tive Sato government quietly issued a statement, saying that the treaty with the United States would be mairitaitied in the interests of Japanese curity. Why did.the opposition to newal of the treaty' be so ineffective? ate feasOh is the tcry that Mr. Sato's Liberal Democratic Party gained.last with the United States, has a pjace at least for the lime being. The rising Komeilo, .or government party" for example is the politi- cal arm of the Biiddhist S6ka Gakkai sect has called for the treaty to be phased out as Japan d e v e 1 o p s its own "Fatherland Defence Force." This appears to be much near- er to the thinking' fit the Japan- ese of the seventies than the bald opposition to the treaty of the left parties. tional product which is expand- Asia. These two streams met m ing each year at a phenomenal the Okinawa .agreement; which fm-mally linked the handing Back of the island to Japan with a Japanese commitment to the security of Formosa (Na- tionalist China) and South Korea. The new director general of the Self Defence Agency, Mr. Yasuhiro. Nakasone, has been years, the United States has afforded Japan the protection of its nuclear and non nuclear forces; irielufling the Seventh pace. Japaii could be poised 16 be- come a really formidable mill- tary power in Asia, with .very little economic effort. .The tiling that has made this un- necessary, as many Japanese see it, is the U.S. Se- curity Treaty: .For the past 10 Fleet. Japan has provided c'rbssfb'ads. U rider Japan's post war Con'stitutipn, .the, na- has been able to .expand with- calling of late for an expansion to .the armed forces, the grad- ual reversion to Japan of the American bases, and an en- largement of Japan's intelli- gence sendees. Mr. Nakasonc, who is a constant target of left- wing criticism, has .also con- tacted Japan's leading indus- trialists to form closer links lasc post wm me, ua- December; when' the Socialist tioh denied itself the right to out the burden of a large de- between the- agency and the de- heavy have an afiny; pavy, and; air ence budge t, and an entry into fence indus ry But he a In The Vancouver Sun pan is destroying not merely ihe delicate ecological relationship among animals, plants and man but also the ecological balance between man and man. Unbelievable overcrowding is the most obvious destructive factor. By comparison even with New York, Tokyo is dirty; noisy and traffic-bound. Only one of its 23 wards has a complete sewage system, itself polluting the sea. The rest use cesspools which pollute the water table directly. Strange epidemics like the itai itai (it hurts! it disease kill dozens; The minamata disease, finally traced to mer- cury poisoning, disabled 70 and killed 46. Oilier unexplained epidemics strike regu- larly. Ths offshore waters, once Japan's greatest food and recreation resource, are almost unusable. At the hot springs resort pf Atami, trucks from a hundred-odd hotels regularly dump garbage into a svrf now the color of chocolate and UK consist- ency of crude oil. Ships carrying raw materials and finished goods regularly contribute their filth. Psychological effects are less 'obvious and less measurable in a nation which prides itself on a self-restraint neurotic by Western standards. But the esthetic effects are blatant. Once a charming sprawl of small, wooden houses, Tokyo is today a mon- strous concentration of ugly concrete, steel and glass boxes. The Imperial Hotel, Frank Lloyd Wright's masterpiece, exemplifies deterio- ration. The low, lava-block building, unique blend of Japanese and Western values, has been replaced by a slab-sized grey building seemingly half plastic. Just three months after its opening; the plastic is scuffed and ripped, while the service is most mercifully called execrable. -Yet the hideous, inefficent complex displays Ja- pan's successful modernization. The great strength of the Japanese is their single mindedness. Singlemindedly nurturing economic growth, they are destroying not only their environment, but themselves. opposition suffered Heavy HI .u feats. Mr. Sato looked upon this force. Legally; that is still .the election victory as a mandate position, though in it has for renewing the treaty and it long since become a fiction..By is evident that his opponents 1971, for example'; .the so-called were forced to admit the truth "ground self.- defence force" of this. The General Council of will Have men under Trade Union's, which' is the the self defence backbone of the Japanese Sff- force" men, anil the cialist Party was so dis- "maritime self aefence force by the election result men. All three wing's of that it abandoned its plans for the Self Defence Agency are a general strike against the equipped with the most modern security treaty and there are a fur- A more basic reason, though, (her reservists and.. ci: is the facl that the government vilian sup'port personnel. This and other right wing parties year the government has in- in the Diet (Parliament) af.e creased national defence now feeling their" way towards spending by 18 per cent toJ650 the non aligned markets of Asia aiid Africa urispoiit by the ima'ge of being a military Power. This could not last. On the one hand, there was a growing feelings in Japan that the na-, tioh was too tightly linked to American policy in Asia, which because of Vietnam and Cam- bodia would hot do the Japan- ese any good. On the other hand, there has been a corres- ponding feelirig in. the United States that Washington could not be expected to bear the whole .burden of Japane'se de- fence for ever, and further that She wondered if she had a cog that had slipped. A few days later she was remarking about the appearance of someone's hair and said Ihat sbs bet the lady was wear- ing a This does not necessarily mean a cog has slipped. Wigs and beards have something in common: they are both hair. Maybe its only a Freudian slip this time extra hair may simply be an ex- pression of masculine jealousy and all that jazz. 1970 kr NEA; he, -Don't ask me Julius--the leather Jieaitatf just doesn't suit that's you mini mi S'DJHIJ 'Raindrops Keep falling u, atij {fa j en my Head' until sufficiently in tune with the feelings of the country to pro- pose that Japan's future de- fence forces should remain outside the control of the "riiil- itarists" and be more closely linked to Parliament, .through a Defence Committee of the Diet. He has also called for a redef- inition of the Jap'an-U.S. Secur- ity Treaty to correct the im- pression that Japanese policy is "merely a link in American Far East, strategy." Mr. Nakasone is the sower of formative ideas that the Sato government may reap, once it sees how ths country takes them. The future of the coun- try's defence forces cannot bo decided without consideration being given to the more gen- eral role that Japan intends to take in Asia. At the recent con- ference of Asian nations which met iri, Indonesia to discuss ways of achieving a' peaceful settlement in Cambodia, Jap'ari was chosen as a member of the three natiori team to look fur- ther into Cambodia's problems. This is the. sort of role .which gives the _a certain pride iri knowing their country is now taking a more'pend- ent stance in the world. .But such a role might riot have been possible if there we're a Japanese naval .fleet patrolling the Pacific or Indian .Oceans, as some ardent nationalists have propbsed in order to prp- tect the country's crucial oil or iron ore imports'. Whatever defence role Japan adopts hi the next 10 it will not be that of total depend- ence on the United States that the treaty heralded in 1960. It will be worked, out according to two criteria: the desire for an independent and secure de- fence force serving Japan's basic interests, arid the desire to be accepted in the ivorld at large as .a peace. loving, pre- dominantly trading nation which has turned its back on militarist ambitions. (Written for Tie Herald The Observer, London) Maurice Western MPs As Board Members Of Crown Corporations? The House of Members of Parliament, to be v Commons, in a somewhat appointed to the boards of unusual procedure, has given Crown corporations and agen- the formality of first reading cies, thereby making their au- to no less than 37 bills placed thprity more commensurate on the order paper by Halph Stewart, Liberal member for Cochrahe. This certainly was a legiti- mate exercise In time-saving since the bills, with two excep- are almost identical and Mr. Stewart justifies them all with a single argument. Con- versely, the same objections could probably be brought against most, if not all, of them. In his words: "The purpose is to underline in a signi- ficant way the need for repre- sentatives of the people, the Letter To The Editor "All these bills are identical in that they ask for a Member of Parliament to be included in the board of directors of .eScn of these .organizations, with the exception of two, those which deal with the CBC and the CNR, in .respect, of which we specifically ask for two Mem- bers of Parliament, one from the opposition and one. from the government." The argument is both inter- esting and symptomatic of a When Will We Learn? Well we've been "conned" again. When will we Lethbridge res- idents ever get it through our thick skulls and find out what we're getting for our money be- fore we part with it. WHat a gala night it was go- ing to be a nir.e piece waiian band direct from those enchanting islands a 11 o p r show flowers for the ladies Hawaiian food, a treat to be remembered-June dale to go down in the annals of Lethbridge's lu'story. But what did we get for S6 per couple. For one lot of false advertising. Not a nine piece live piece band, two members of which resembled the other three were (ill-ins picked up somewhere along the road. Flowered Exotic Hawaiian food boil- ed and fried rice beef with gravy with a few pieces of pineapple thrown in. A spoonful of limp salad and a couple ot sweet pickles. A floor show something along the lines of a display but definitely riot a show. Then of course the grand, fin- ale was that outstanding "Rock" band whose main ob- jective in life seemed to be "How many people can we drive out of this, place." As I mentioned earlier in this will we Icarri. WM. F. CROSLYNi Good Pictures I would just like to stop for a moment and commend the staff ot The Lethbridge Herald on the fine job they are doing with photography. There are a lot of good pic- tures in south Alberta, but just in the past few weeks have you printed them. Keep up the good work, pic liku to see pictures of local happenings instead of all CP wire photos. R. SIMPSON. Lethbridge. mood in the House of Coin- moris.- Qbviously, the absence of JIPs from these boards is not the result of oversight. Crown corporations are often ad- vocated precisely because they operate as independent bodies at arm's.length to the govern- ment. They are definitely off limits for" ih'embers. There have at tiriies been suggestions of influence, notably in the case of Ihe CBC, and these have al- ways produced angry public controversies usually with vigorous disclaimers from the politicians accused of interfer- ence. There exists, however, a strong feeling that the mul- tiplication of corporations and agencies detracts from Ihe role of Members of Parlia- ment. These appointed bodies make regulations with the force of law. What they do may as has happened with CRTC regulations infuriate a member's constituents but he is helpless 16 provide a remedy. Sometimes it is diffi- cult even to obtain ihforriiation as was shown some years ag'6 in the long-running comedy about the CBC colored televi- sion sets. To recognize the problem is not to endorse Mr. Stewart's suggestion. The appointment of governrnent members to 35 boards would doubtless have the effect of making them more suspect to members of other parties and probably to the public. There would seem to be a much better case for introducing the various safe- guards suggested by the com- mittee on statutory instru- ments. While the idea may have been foreign to Mr. .Stewart's thought, such appointments might be welonmc to various memoers for reasons having little to do with political the- ory. There is at the moment a good deal of unhappiriess in Parliament because the .pro- posed increases in salaries of members has encouritere'd much criticism from unsym- pathetic constituents. Iri the rules about offices of erholumerit under the Crown appear to be much less strict than, those observed in Ottawa. Both ministers and members have been success- ful in finding wider scopi for service. Indeed, of the 68 on the goverrirneht side, than a dozen are solely de- pendent on basic indernnities. One riiehiber earns' as a representative, on .the Ontario H o s p it a 1 Services Gorimiis- sion; another about for service on the racing commis- sion. Some earn up to and a minister without port- folio is paid, possibly as com- pensation, nearly aa chairman ot .the. Ontario St. Lawrence Parks Coriiriiission. It may be doubted that such appointitients s e r v. e iri. the 10.ri g run to promote a desir- able objectivity. But they would certainly open doors .ot opportunity to members who have failed up to now to ,win prpm'otioh either to the rank, of minister or to that of Parlia- ment ary assistant. Govern- ment is so big nowadays. that there ought to be something for almost everybody. Mr. Stewart places the em- phasis on. authority arid rRespon- sibility. There of course, nothing iri His general argu- ment which would necessitate any provision' being made from the public purse. If the matter comes to possibly at the next session, it will be in- teresting to see whether the prospect of higher service with- out reward is attractive to members or whether there is greater appeal in the Ontario practice despite the hard things said about it by members in opposition (and c o m p a. r a live destitution) at Queen's Park. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1020 Sir Robert Borderi, Prime Minister of Canada, yes- terday anrioiiriced his resigna- tion. He had been prime minis- ter since 1911. 1930 On July 1, the wild rose officially became the flor- al emblem of Alberta. 1940 Tne first German pris- oners of war from the United Kingdom were encamped "somewhere in Canada" after being disembarked at Quebec and Montt'eal. 1950 Radical Henri Qyeuille today formed a French cabinet with the sur- prise appointment of Paul Rey- naud, a former premier arid anti-Communist, as minister responsible for policy in the Far-East. TheLetlibtidge Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lclhbridge, Alberts LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors end Published 1903 1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second' Class Mail Registration Number' (WI2 Member of Canadian Press and the Ccnadian Daily Ntwi publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS U. ADAMS. General Manager JOE BALU WILLIAM ffAT Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKRI Ad vert isms Manager Editorial Put Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;