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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta TMiradtr, JWMMry LITHWtDOl HMALD-f DSC Friendship Dollars extend projects By Dr. Lotta Hitschmanova, executive director of The Unitarian Service Committee of Canada Editors Note: The annul report ot the Unitarian Ser- vice Committee of Canada has been released showing the total and pledges for im reached The original objective of the highest in the 28-year history, was over- reached by almost 14 per cent. Of that amount, Southern Albertan; contributed The following is an except from the report. As always, our most enthusiastic donors have been the very young and the very old, and countless moving stories abound on my desk. An 8-year old boy set up a car wash in front of his home last summer-and sent us the proceeds "for children overseas who need milk and ho't meals." In Saskatoon, seven little girls organized a Friendship Club and raised the enormous sum of by selling popcorn and kool-aid and holding raffles, plays and skits. Uncounted children forwarded their allowances and odd, job money. An anonymous 82-year old pensioner sent us "as he was packing his luggage for the last an elderly gentleman from Alberta whose right arm had been paralyzed by a strike, signed a cheque for with his left hand; a lady in British Colum- bia, handling the estate of an elderly relative, de'cided against buying an expensive casket after reading triy "Jot- tings" from Vietnam and forwarded a contribution to the USC instead. One of the most extraordinary gifts reached my desk after my return from overseas from a 19-year old student who had heard me speak at his high school two years ago he had saved working as a pack boy in a supermarket for three years and had decided to send this enormous amount to the USC with no strings at- tached, except for the sugges- tion that he would prefer his gift to be used for family plan- ning, if possible A gentleman in Manitoba has touched me deeply: he has decided 'to contribute per day each day of the year to us as a thanks offering for all the blessings he enjoys in Canada. Forty-three Prince Edward Island students brought their own rocking chairs for a 16- hour Rockathon and raised for the Prince Edward Island Centennial Project of our local USC Branch The students were .paid from 50? to per hour of rocking. A Calgary couple held a Christ- mas party to raise money for USC milk distribution centres in Bangladesh. A total of was realized. One gentleman paid for his evening out. Six guests who could not make the party sent donations amounting to If only space allowed, I could fill pages with other stories, each moving in its simple generosity Whether the contribution that is entrusted to us is large or small, we receive it with im- mense humility and pledge to stretch every Friendship Dollar with utmost delibera- tion and concern. To my great joy the number of our projects is increasing in Lesotho, Southern Africa, the third poorest country in the world, where the USC began its aid program in July 1971. Our greatest concern this past year has focused on Lesotho, Bangladesh and Vietnam, for reasons which are obvious. The immense need I witness- ed during my latest survey and memories I cannot escape spur me on to work practical- ly around the clock, to fulfil commitments which have never been greater. Every single USC project has several objectives: it must fill a well-determined need; in as many cases as possible it must lead towards self-help. We fervently believe that charity can cor- rupt and that to overstay our usefulness is a great mistake and disservice to the recipients. We come as partners and as friends and must protect the dignity and sense of independence of those whom we are anxious to help Projects are conceived in the thick of the field, not at my beloved desk at 56 Sparks Street. Each must respond to a felt need and be requested by our partners. We agree to fund a program only if its usefulness has been proven beyond any doubt and our partners are ready and eager to share responsibilities which will lead towards shared success. While I was in India, I again confirmed to our partner agencies that the USC will br- ing to a complete end all its almost 50 commitments in the country by June Our work in India began in the summer of 1953; now all but two of our partners will be ready to step into our shoes by our deadline and to remain longer than necessary would completely defeat our purpose of coming to help initiate pro- jects which otherwise might never have come about. Why do I wear a uniform? This is a question still being constantly asked of me. And so I keep explaining that the kind of life I lead would be un- necessarily complicated if I wore the customary woman's attire, consisting of frilly dresses, hats and elegant shoes. How could I possibly travel thousands of miles, es- pecially overseas, but also in Canada, if I had to change clothes several times a day? A uniform is acceptable at all times and requires only a minimum of space in my luggage, which on overseas planes is limited to a meagre 44 pounds allowance. As it is, my bags are constantly overflowing with heavy reports and a tremendous amount of files, cameras, films, tapes 'and my typewriter. My USC uniform is thus the only sensible answer and fortunately to thousands overseas and across Canada our USC olive green skirt and jacket with the maple leaf and the "Canada" on my lapels have become the incarnation of a peace-loving, humane agency. Many people ask me, "do you ever get Of course I do. During my just com- pleted 28th trans-Canada fund- raising tour, some of my days lasted 20 hours and even longer. But there is a goal to reach and a commitment to fulfil pledges given in the field. The knowledge that lit- tle children are crying and dy- ing from hunger; that essen- tial medical programs must go on; that scholarships for eager students who consider it an enormous privilege to go to school cannot and must not be stopped. All this respon- sibility for our entire program now consisting of 124 pro- jects in 13 countries on three continents drives me on and on and allows no rest, until victory is in sight. The most powerful antidote against tiredness is of course success and I appreciate nothing more during a fund- raising tour than news from Ottawa office that Friendship Dollars are rolling in and that my all-out labor of love is meeting with success. USC overhead, according to the audited statement for our last fiscal year, ending April stood at 10.8 per cent of our total income in funds and gifts-in-kind. I quoted this figure in practically every one of my talks from coast to coast and the unavoidable question arose "How did you manage to keep your overhead so low one of the lowest in There are two reasons, I believe: first of all I watched intently over the spending of every Friendship Dollar entrusted to us by our Cana- dian friends, but just as im- portant are the many services which are contributed to us free of charge, thus con- siderably reducing our operational costs. Two air companies provided me with free passes, to reduce the cost of my travels overseas this year; in Canada, Eastern Provincial Airways carried me free all over the Atlantic Provinces, including New- foundland; an increasing number of hotels and motels offer us free hospitality; most others charge one-third or one-half of their usual rates. Free publicity by the media is still growing. The CBC granted us one million dollars worth of free promotion dur- ing calendar year 1972. Private radio, television and cable contributed their own impressive share. The press has been continuously backing us whole-heartedly in the past years. Why do people trust the USC, I have often asked myself during my latest fund- raising tour from coast to coast. Why are the receptions so immensely warm and out- going and why has money literally been pouring into our office during this just conclud- ed triumphant campaign? I believe that there, are some very simple, human reasons for our success: we never use gimmicks and our books and projects are open for inspec- tion at any time; I watch like a good housewife and a little bit like a policeman over the spending of each Friendship Dollar, entrusted to the USC for overseas aid; we are im- mensely practical and each project has a definite objec- tive and very often a phase out date. Because we come as partners and as friends, our assistance does not degrade nor humiliate; there is no hap- pier day than when we can say goodbye, because local resources and know-how have become available through common effort to replace our USC input. We are all- Canadian and our aid is given without strings, except that we demand highest efficiency, complete honesty and full co- operation. Book review Blair, alias Orwell "The Unknown by Abrahams, (Longman Peter Stansky and William Canada, 255 pages, The Letltbrtdge Herald think PART IV PICTURE QUIZ 5 POINTS Soviet author shown with hie eons, IB In the news because of hie latest book. HOW DO YOU RATE? to 100 TOP SCOtt! SI to SO potato 71 M SO GMd. to 70 pahm Frir. UrrtMT (Trnml FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION What do you think of tne wiretap legislation approved by Parliament? YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 Kenneth Bylow, an 18-year-old Orillia, Ontario, youth, made headlines after be a-set a Commonwealth Games record b-saved two friends hurt in an IceflsbJng accident c-wrote a song about Americans 2 The People's Republic of China and are enmeshed in a territorial conflict over the tiny Paracel Islands. a-South Viet Nam b-Japan c-The Philippines 3 Charging espionage activities, the People's Republic of China recently expelled several (CHOOSE ONE: U.S., Soviet) diplomats. 4 Bora Laakin is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. True or False? 5 Urban Affairs Minister.. T.. said house prices could drop if the construction boom continues. a-Eugene Whelan b-Robert Andras c-Ron Baeford PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. 1.....constituent 2.....counsel 3.....constable 4.....consul 5.....conclave a-peace officer b-dlplomat c-person whom an elected official represents d-private meeting e-attorney PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 5 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Alan Eagleson 2.....Hafez Assad 3.....David Elazar 4.... Jooslyn Lovell 6.....King Hussein 128-74 a-President, Syria b-Canadian bicyclist c-Jordan's leader d-Executive Director, NHL Asso- ciation Chief of Staff VEC, Inc. STUDENTS This Practice Examination! Valuable Reference Materiai for exams. ANSWERS ON REVERSE PAGE In his will, Eric Blair directed that no biographies be written about him, so peo- ple would know him only through his writings. So this book, and what seems to be a spate of Orwell biographies, violate the author's last- request. But Stansky and Abrahams cover themselves by saying that it was Orwell who wrote the will, but Eric Blair came before. With the exception of some useless description of Blair's family tree, filled out with almost trivial detail, the book is a well-written contribution to the store of knowledge about one of the greatest authors in this century. The book covers the first 30 years of Eric Blair's life, up to the time when the young, still relatively unknown author adopted the name of George Orwell. It follows him from birth to a middle class, but certainly not rich, family, struggles to get into the English public school system, to Eton, and then on to Burma. It is in the Burma period when Blair was a member of the Imperial Police that the authors do the most justice, when Blair was beginning the metamorphosis to George Orwell. WARREN CARAGATA Books in brief "Paton's Book of Knitting and Crochet" by P. Home and S. Bowden (William Heinemann, 295 Paton's is a well-known English company specializing in materials for the crafts of knitting and crocheting. Two of its staff members have produced a beautiful book with the instructions included for a variety of items. There are suggestions for varying patterns and for creating attractive and useiu! gar- ments, toys, household ar- ticles and novelties It will perhaps be more useful for Canadians when the metric system is in universal use but hints are given for making adaptations now. A chart is also given to solve the dis- crepancies in needle and hook sizes in England and America. Quantities are given in grams rather than ounces which may require some initial mathematical computation for Canadian novices. ELSPETH WALKER Teaching with a purpose By Peter Hunt, local writer There is good reason to believe that, here in Alberta, our schools, on the average, and with striking exceptions, are not in so bad a state as in some other parts of Canada. To judge from a growing volume of criticism, high schools in Ontario, which once enjoyed good standards of academic achievement and dis- cipline, are much worse than those here. This may only appear to be the case, for one may be generalizing too broadly from the local ex- perience. Here in Lethbridge, for instance, the high-school teachers I know insist on, and obtain a good deal of purposeful work from their students. We do not merely struggle to elicit suitable work from the students in our classes; we succeed in doing so. This, however, must be qualified, but somewhat later in this brief glance at certain details of schooling. Some shattering reports come out of On- tario, and, one must add, Quebec. For in- stance, in the September issue of Saturday Night, Vicki Branden has a vitriolic article about the young people in Ontario classrooms. She writes as a teacher at a com- munity college, where one might expect low standards, but she also refers to high schools. The picture is depressing. Here "revelations" are simply one more evidence, admittedly lurid, of the softness and.per- missiveness that seems to possess modern, conformist schools. We are given examples of "students" who simply refuse to learn, dic- tate the programs, are bored by anything and can hardly read and write. And together with this ineptness and total lack of enthusiasm goes complacency and egotism. She writes: "They don't want to be challenged. They want to be entertained and amused, passively, as they did when they were children in front of the T.V. screen." However, there is also a good deal of evidence in this article that the teachers themselves' simply did not know how to teach; and this was seen in two ways. One was in the approaches to what the teacher thought an interesting subject; the other was in the weakness of teachers who blamed the administration for their own lack of control in the classroom. In the first instances, the teachers seemed to be assuming that students know what they really need, and try to build on the expressed interest of the student, without much regard for the steps by which enthusiasm for knowledge is developed. In the second, which is, of course, closely linked with the first, the teachers seemed intimidated by student boredom or hostility to work. No teacher worth his salt will allow his students to move him one inch in the direction of Simply indulg- ing laziness. It is ti ue that, for a number of .reasons, too numerous and complex to set forth here, many more students are difficult to interest than was the case only ten years ago. But strength and determination are es- sential from the start. This is not authoritarianism; it is simply self-respect, respect for learning and respect for one's obligations to the young in our classrooms. The teacher's stand ought to be: (1) I know that what I can teach these young people is worthwhile and helpful to them; (2) I am secure in the knowledge that I can teach if the right conditions prevail; (3) Once I have in- sisted that a curriculum be followed, and that the assignments which I judge to be worthwhile will be done, I will make the course as purposeful as I can and let them see the purpose at every stage; (4) I will recognise that, even though I may provide good material and almost turn myself inside out to make the course interesting and enriching, some members of the classes I teach will still call it boring; will realise that to cave in before the bored ones or to lower my standards and thus betray both the subject and the students, is to commit pedagogic hari-kari; (6) Even though the mass-class is quite unsuitable to education in the best sense, I will try not to lose sight of the individual student as a person, and will use whatever methods enable me to get away from the mass-approach; (7) Always I will remember that the old dictum of 'challenge and response' is as fresh as today; (8) My in- sistence on a sound curriculum and adequate assignments (as varied and enriching as I can make them) will be placed before the students in a responsible way; that is, they will know that I am not there to give away credits for nothing or next to nothing. The logic is clear. If I am to put my name to a record of marks, I betray my profession if those marks do not represent an appropriate amount and standard of work. On the local scene, there is evidence of something like the situation in Ontario, which may or may not be exaggerated in some reports. Recently a local professor said at a public meeting that students told him they had not written an essay in high school for three years, because they simply refused to do so. Graduates of the school where I teach tell me that at universities other than Lethbridge students from other schools often have no practice in writing essays. Many of our local professors are far from pleased with the reading'and writing of high school graduates. Schools vary. But whatever the variation, weakness at any level and gross lowering of entry standards to universities will make the job of responsible teachers more difficult. With trends as they are, it may not be long before the collapse of standards occurs in Southern Alberta. Centres of excellence are going to be "essential. centres flourish in exis'ting institutions or will they have to be developed in new ones? ANDY RUSSELL The legendary king of the range "Cowboys and Cattle Ranching, by Patricia Lauber, (Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 147 pages and 124 photographs plus drawings, distributed by Fitzhenry This is a young people's book that will be enjoyed by both boys and girls interested in cowboy lore, horses and cattle. It is a history of the oldtime cowboy and the cattle industry starting back in 1493 when Columbus landed cattle on Santa Domingo Island, and follow- ing the trail of the cattle industry to the pre- sent day. In this day and age, youngsters tend to get a distorted idea of the legendary cowboy through exposure to television with its horses that can run for miles over incredibly rough ground without working up a sweat; six- shooters that are apparently loaded on Sun- day and go off rapidly for the rest of the week; and cowboys that habitually warble to the moon accompanied by a twanging guitar. They rescue damsels in distress by shooting the villain and whoever else gets in the way and swagger into the sunset giving off an aroma of adventure flavored with an utter disregard to personal safety. As Patricia Lauber points out, this was not the way it was when the oldtime cowboy was king of the range. Although adventure was no stranger to him, it was all part of the riSy's work. They were specialists in '.heir own way, most of them skilled at one or more phases of range work; some all-around hands good with horses, ropes and guns, when occasion called for it. For the most part they were not trouble-hunters, but when trouble came look- ing for them, they knew how to take care of it. The author follows the development of the cattle industry from Florida and Texas north to Canada. She gives two modern ranch operations detailed description in two widely separated areas Florida and Wyoming. But unfortunately, like many American historians, she has a tendency to stop and start everything in the good old U.S.A. Nationalism is great stuff until it undertakes to put blinders on the young. It is small wonder that Americans tend to grow up knowing so little of neighboring countries. She gives brief geographic mention of Canada, but overlooks the fact it was here the last of the open range cattle ranching flourished as late as 1910. She undertakes to make the United States, the beginning and the end of the cowboy. In reality, the Mexican and Californian vacqueros were the first cow- boys and developed the western saddle, the lariat and many cowboy accoutrements still in common use. Many of the words for these tools of the range have a Spanish origin. While this book has some interesting inter- national flavor, it could have had a lot more. ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein One of those things. Now for a common, because inconspicuous, error: "It is one of the few current films that does not overplay "He is one of those fellows who loves to gamble." In each instance the singular one is misleading in giving the impression that it governs the verb, but actually it does not. This becomes apparent if you turn the sentence around: "Of the few current films that do (not loves) to gamble, he is one." The error is one of those things that betray (not betrays) the thoughtless writer. Watch tails. As almost everyone knows, the expression "Mind your p's and q's" means to be careful, to watch your step, to be circumspect in your behavior. But what no one knows is where the expression comes from. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable passes on three explanations that have been suggested. One is that in the oM-time bars the beer accounts ned p for pints and q for quarts and when the customer got around to settling up he found it was a good idea to mind his p's and q's or he might overpay. A second possible explanation traces it to France in the time of Louis XIV. Huge wigs were worn and deep bows were made with great formality, so that two things were necessary: a "step" with the feet and a low bend. When the bow was made the wig was liable to get disarranged and even fall off. The caution of the tutor to pupils, therefore, was according to Brewer, "Mind your p's (i.e., pMs, feet) and ft (i.e., CMMS, The third explanation is that the ex- pression was an admonition to children learn- ing the alphabet and even more so to printers' apprentices sorting type, because in both handwriting and print the side that the tail is on determines whether the letter is a p or a q. The vote here goes to the third explanation, which seems by far the most likely. But UK whole business is quite p-q-liar. ;