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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Smiling with assurance, Nixon plays his trump card By CLIFTON DANIEL New York Tlmet Service WASHINGTON President Nixon played his trump cards Wednesday night. In his state of the union address to Congress, he declared first, that the chief legacy of his presidency would be peace. He was drawing on his strongest political asset his foreign policy successes, and there stormy analysis was applause Then he declared, second, that he had no inten- tion of walking away from the job to which he had been elected by the people of the United States. He was drawing there on his greatest personal strength his reputation for toughness and determination And again there was prolonged applause. For the first time in many agonizing months agonizing by his own account the president smiled broadly, in the presence of his enemies, and perhaps gratefully. Whether his enemies held a hand stronger than his remained to be determined in the contests that will now be played out in the halls of Congress where he appeared. It must have seemed to television viewers, however, that the president played his hand with more assurance than he has recently shown. Nixon seemed to be fulfilling the promise of his friends and allies that he would take the offensive and "fight like hell" to keep his job. The state of the union address, in its first 45 minutes, was conventional enough. It repeated the themes of addresses delivered a year ago, two years ago, three years ago. It was as if the president and his principal speech writer, Raymond Price, had been raking through old manuscripts in search of reassuring phrases suitable to a new situation. Only occasionally did the president come on strong, as when he unequivocally declared, "there will be no recession in the United States of America." He was conspicuously cautious when he discussed the possibility of ending the Arab oil embargo and avoiding gasoline rationing. Still, he must have been pleased by the frequency and generosity of the applause. It seemed as if his audience was trying to sustain him r- at least the Republican part of it in what everyone knew was an ordeal. "It was not a lynch one television viewer remarked. Still, the audience at home and in the house of representatives was waiting for the other shoe to drop. It listened as the president reported on the state of the union, but said nothing about the state of the presidency, on which the state of the union so much depends. It listened as he outlined proposals for legislation, but never mentioned the most sensitive piece of legislation that Congress must consider this year a bill to impeach the president Finally, Nixon closed the folder in which he had brought his speech It looked as if he had finished without mentioning Watergate. Then came that "personal word" that so many had expected but none had been able to forecast: A promise to co-operate with the house judiciary committee in its inquiry into impeachment, a call for a prompt end of the investigation, and defiant refusal to resign. "One year of Watergate is the president said. Some skeptical about Nixon's Watergate vow From AP REUTER WASHINGTON (CP) Vowing never to resign, President Nixon gave a qualified pledge in his State of the Union address to co- operate with House impeachment investigators. Nixon's promise came in a dramatic finale to the speech delivered Wednesday night to a joint session of Congress and to millions listening and watching across the country Until the finale, the speech had been dominated by the energy crisis and the economy. He said his co-operation on Detention home ready come fall A "youth assessment residence" for Lethbridge should be completed in September or October, says a provincial official. The province is ready to call for bids on the eight-bed unit to be constructed at 402 6th Lackey, assistant'director of child welfare fof the department of health and social development, told The Herald today. Construction will start early in the spring. The centre is planned to accommodate young people before and after court appearances, Mr. Lackey said. "We will be trying to assess their said, "to help us work out'the best plan for them. We hope to hook into the mental health service here Maybe they can provide a psychologist to help us." In the past, juvenile prisoners were detained in cells in the old city hall annex. They are now held in cells at RCMP headquarters pending court appearances. The residence was approved by the Municipal Planning Commission Wednesday. 7 survive NEW YORK (AP) A Pan American World Airways jet with 101 persons aboard crash- ed short of the runway at Pago Pago, Samoa, today and caught fire, the airline reported here At least seven survivors were taken out of the wreckage of the 707 jet, a Pan Am spokesman said "There may be he added We have just not been told at this point." He said first reports in- dicated a number of the passengers had been headed for the United States The LetHhridge Herald VOL. LXVII 42 L6THBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1974 24 Pages 10 Cents Watergate would have to be tempered by his presidential responsibilities, a remark that drew skeptical comments from some Democrats. Declaring that "one year of Watergate is Nixon called on the Democratic-con- trolled Congress to join him in making 1974 "a year of un- precedented progress" in ac- complishing a 10-point agenda of national goals. He called for action to "break the back of the energy crisis" and said he was sending Congress major proposals in the fields of health insurance and welfare reform. He promised action to safeguard personal privacy, a proposal that produced audible snickers from some Democratic lawmakers. He said Arab leaders will meet soon to consider lifting their oil embargo and he disclosed his proposed federal budget would total I3Q4.4 billion, with increased defence spending but no new taxes. Nixon drew one of his biggest cheers of the night when he said a lasting peace is "the chief legacy I hope to leave from the eight years of my presidency." He combined revisions of previous proposals and some new ones in the 10-point program, which he called "an. agenda of truly significant progress." It also included a pledge there will be no recession, continued efforts towards "a just and lasting settlement in the Middle continued efforts towards his goal of self-sufficiency in energy by 1980, decentralization of government, increased transportation aid to communities and reform of the federal educational aid system. Although most of the 30 interruptions for applause came from the Republican side of the House, Democratic lawmakers later hailed Nixon's goals while criticizing him over Watergate. Nixon began his Watergate remarks, delivered without a text, after it appeared he had finished his speech. He declared he wanted to end on a personal note. Stating he had co-operated with the Watergate special prosecutor, Nixon said "the time has come" to end that and other investigations. Noting the House judiciary committee investigation, he said he would "co-operate so it can conclude its investigation, make its decision, and I will cooperate in any way that I consider consistent with my re- sponsibilities for the office of the presidency of the United States." He said he will follow the precedent of past presidents "of never doing anything that weakens the office of the president of the United States or impairs the ability of the presidents of the future to make the great decisions that are so essential to this nation and the world On sliding scale Gas royalty rate bump to 22-65% EDMONTON (CP) The Alberta government today an- nounced substantially increased royalty rates for natural gas and natural gas byproducts, retroactive to Jan. 1. The new form of tax on rise froma minimum of 22 per cent to a maximum of 65 per cent, in- creasing on a sliding scale as actual gas prices increase. Cur- rent rates under most natural gas contracts are set at 16-23 per cent. Premier Peter Lougheed said in a statement that the royalty increases are expected to bring the government new revenues of between and million a year. The government expects to receive million from current royalties on natural gas in 1973. Premier Lougheed said the royalties may be changed by the government any time. The old policy of setting royal- ties for a period ojf five, 10 years is being that the government's hands will be free to developments 'A new royalty system for oil is to be announced later, probably in late -the premier said. Crudest; royalties were last increased- in 1972 and now average about 22 per cent. Gas royalties OFY to tap private industry OTTAWA (CP) The federal government will lean more heavily on the private sector as a source of summer jobs for students this year while manpower centres will expend greater efforts to find work. -j The premier said the prov- The policy change came to-w ince's Conser- day as Manpower Ministers Robert Andras announced were last adjusted in 1982. Let the cold winds blow ERVIN photo While temperatures are expected to climb to the 10 to 15 above range over the next several days, things are not going to get warm enough to melt the frost off 12-year-old Tracy Sinclair's mask. The weatherman can see no Chinook in sight and instead is forecasting Intermittent snow. Southern Albertans have, by now, re- asserted their control over the landscape, digging themselves out of the effects of Tuesday's blizzard. Schools are reopened and highways are reported clear, with occasional patches of snow or ice. Heath wants more talks as miners begin voting LONDON (AP) Britain's coal miners began vot- ing today on whether to strike. NDP provincial secretary lashes Ottawa correspondent Former Herald Ottawa correspondent Paul Jackson wrote "flat lies" about the relationship between the federal and Alberta New Democratic parties, the NDP provincial secretary charged here Wednesday Howard Leoson criticized interpretive articles by Mr. Jackson stating that David Lewis, federal leader, is abandoning Grant Notley, leader of the Alberta party, for the sake of votes in Eastern Canada. Mr. Jackson reported Sept 28 that eastern demands for energy are more important to Mr. Lewis than the future of the NDP leader in the province producing most of that energy. "That's just a flat lie being propagated by one Paul Jackson who thinks he has contacts within the Mr. Leeson told an NDP meeting here. He said it enraged him that the correspondent who reported in The HeraM for the FP chain of newspapers could make "the kind of statements that he does." Mr. Leeson said that federal party contributions to Alberta are increasing and that the. federal party is "not going to throw away" an effective hader like Mr. Notley. Mr. Leeson said earlier that the various wings of the party have agreed to disagree over aspects of the energy situation. But he hadded later that every party has internal disagreements and the NDP was no exception. Mr. Jackson left FP news effective today. Their leaders predicted an overwhelming "yes" vote de- spite a last-minute peace pro- posal from Prime Minister Heath. The balloting continues Fri- day. Counting of the votes is expected to be completed by Sunday, but the results are not to be announced until a meeting Tuesday of the union's leadership. If the affirmative vote is more than the required 55 per cent and a wage settlement is no closer, the leadership has Seen and heard About town it Office worker Koss glad his office air conditioner isn't in use... Valerie Reeves collecting flies for her pet spider. said it will close the mines Sunday, Feb 10 Britain's electric power sta- tions last week had enough coal on hand to keep the country operating on its present reduced work schedule until the end of March. Heath asked Wednesday night that the Confederation of British Industries and the Trades Union Congress, representing Britain's major employers and 10 million of its 26 million workers, join him in new talks on the miners' demands. Miners seek pay raises in excess of Heath's anti-inflation limits. The prime minister proposed that the talks be based on a new report from a government pay board recommending that the ceilings be modified for "special cases He held out hope that the miners might qualify. a fee-million summer- employment program, known in the past as Opportunities for youth. The federal government ex- pects, through the program, to create positions itself while guiding an estimated jobs in the private sector. Mr. Andras said in a news release "that last summer the labor force was 1.3 million and 1.2 million persons found work. Of that total, 86 per cent of the jobs were in the private sector. "We look to the private sec- tor to provide an even greater number of jobs for students this summer than it did last he said. Mr. Andras said it is obvious that private investment of tax dollars provides the greatest leverage in finding jobs for students. But he added that previous programs show there is an up- per limit to private industry's ability to provide jobs for stu- dents and some job creation by government was required. The minister said an objec- tive of the program this year will be to alleviate labor shortages in key industries. Part of the million would be a million agriculture plan designed to provide for farmers' manpower needs. The agriculture-assistance plan is expected to create about jobs, he added. vative government is op- timistic that with recent in- creases in energy prices Alberta's natural gas should soon reach the upper level of the new royalty 65 per cent of all wellhead price in- creases over 72 cents for each cubic feet. .A few weeks ago the govern- ment announced that the price of Alberta natural gas to the California market had been in- creased to an average of 56 cents per cubic feet, al- most double the previous figure. Premier Lougheed said the new natural-gas royalty system contains incentives to encourage further exploration by providing for a lower royal- ty rate on future discoveries. "This approach is logical because existing natural gas reserves were developed at a lower cost and thus should pay a higher percentage of royalty as prices increase. "Despite the substantially higher royalty rates, we believe the prospects for higher natural gas prices and an expanded exploratory drill ing incentive system will con- tinue to provide en- couragement to explorers to search for the more costly and difficult to find replacement reserves." Mr Lougheed said there will always be those who believe that every dollar of in- creased revenue should go to the government. Ammonia complex for Brooks CALGARY (CP) PanCanadian Petroleum Ltd. of Calgary and Tyler Corporation of Dallas, Texas, announced today preliminary plans for an ammonia complex in the Brooks area of Southern Alberta. The initial plant of the complex, scheduled for startup in 1976 and es- timated cost e, million, will produce than tons of anhydrous ammonia an- nually, the companies said in a joint news release. Later, the plant will also produce ammonium nitrate and urea. Ammonia is used in the production of fertilizers, commercial explosives and a wide range of chemical products. Inside Classified Comics Comment District.. Family 20-23 18 ..15 16, 17 Local News.....13, 14 Markets....... 19 Sports........8, 9 Theatres........... 7 TV.................6 Weather........3 Youth......12 LOW TONIGHT -If; HIGH FRI., WARMER Macdonald hopes to clarify role WASHINGTON (CP) Energy Minister Donald Macdonald said today he is keenly interested in determin- ing whether the United States really plans to do without Canadian energy in its long- range striving for self- sufficiency. Macdonald told a reporter as he opened talks with U.S. energy chief William Simon that he watched President Nixon's State of the Union speech on television Wednes- day and noted Nixon's reitera- tion of Operation Independence "One thing we want to clarify this morning is the ex- tent to which the administra- tion sees Canada as one of the foreign suppliers from which it wants to become in- Macdonald said. If the U S. wants to end its reliance on Canadian supplies by 1980, along with those of other foreign suppliers, "we want to know that Mac- donald said. Macdonald indicated that Canada is not particularly worried about losing the American oil market. But clarification of the American goal is essential for Canada's own long-range planning. In a speech before U S. manufacturers and businessmen Wednesday, Simon expressed both interest and concern in Canadian oil issues. He said the U S. is in- terested in co-operating with the Canadians in such longer- term projects as development of the Athabasca oil sands and the possible construction of a joint Canada-U.S. natural gas pipeline. "However, we must first re- solve some of the short-term problems that separate our two Simon said. ;