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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 31, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHMIDGI HHAID Monday, January 31, Carl Rojoan Indian press worsens U.S. relations Malta's future Negotiations concerning the futuie of Malta continue no decision yet. The NATO nations have become in- volved because they are reluctant to allow the Russians, or the Libyans, to gain a foothold there, either through economic investment or as a naval base. The Soviets, who are not liked by the people of Malta, are not or do not appear to be, entering into the picture. They don't need the base for strategic purposes because they have a good one on the Black Sea. The Libyans, for whom the Maltese have no particular love either, were re- ported to be more than willing to spend some of their oil billions on the island, but so far nothing has come of it. (Reports that Libyan technicians had to be imported to man civilian air traffic control facil- ities seem far fetched, since Libya is so short of trained technicians it- self that it is forced to import Premier Dom Mintoff, the mercur- ial British educated leader of the Maltese Labor party has been grab- bing headlines because of his angry outbursts, his threats, and his un- diplomatic behavior. All of this has caused the withdrawal of British forces from the impoverished island, resulting, temporarily at least, in in- creased unemployment and great un- cenauity among the Maltese people about their future. But Mr. Mintoff may not be quite as silly as he has made himself appear. He knows that what Malta desperately needs is for- eign investment, and investment which will reduce its independence on the dockyards as a source of em- ployment. There is no long term future for Malta if this is based on a simple in- crease in dockyard rental, which would alleviate some of the problems temporarily but would prolong the island's dependence on other na- tions, and hence the endemic sense of insecurity. What Malta needs, as Mr. Mintoff well knows, is economic investment. There are practically no natural re- sources which can be developed, and almost no soil on which to grow food. (Natural limestone rock used for building material is cut in chunks from the cliffs, the debris pulverised and hauled away for use on small garden plots and diminutive Therefore development of industry is the greatest hope for future stability. It would appear reasonable that the NATO countries, including Great Britain should negotiate on this basis. They could invest, say in a ship- building business, in an electronics industry, or other manufacturing with a high employment potential. Having done this, Western European nations could help in finding mar- kets for Maltese products, thus en- couraging independence and stabil- ity on an island which has had so little of it in ils long history when it has a strategic value it no longer has. One hopes that the rigid postures which have forced confrontation rath- er than negotiation will be abandon- ed in the present discussions; that the Western European nations, and possibly the U.S. as well, will see fit to invest in Malta, rather than abandon it to the highest bidder. Businessmen contributed to blight By Jim Maybie Editor's Note: The following appeared originally in The Herald on November 4, 1968. It may be relevant to the current discussion on the future of downtown Lcthbridgc, and is reprinted for that rea- IOU. pREAT PALLS Downtown Great Palls businessmen, scared and jealous of other, have contributed considerably ID the blight which has taken a firm hold on tbe downtown area two city hall offi- cials said in an interview here. Then is no mJ eohesiveness among the businessmen, there is a definite- lack of co-operation and they arc using out-dated tod poor merchandising techniques, the of- ficials said. Absentee ownership of downtown proper- ty has been another major reason for the lack of progress and the continuing decay of the downtown area, said Kobert P. Rob- erto, director of the Great Fails City-County Planning Board. Bent realized by these owners has been straight gravy, he said, the land long-since paid for. Don E. Swingley, building inspector, lik- ened the downtown businessmen to alcohol- ics "You can't help them unless they want and ask for help." There now are many major plans pre- pared by citizen committees with the aid of technicians and consultants which could benefit the crumbling downtown area, Air. Roberta said, but there has been no or- ganized or continuing effort to co-ordinate all this planning Into one over-all master plan with a set of goals, standards and priorities for accomplishing the same. "Most of these plans have been pre- pared by dedicated citizens working hard for a particular project but there is exist- ing, at present, a desperate need to collect all of these plans and goals and place them In their proper perspective and rela- tive importance to the needs of the com- munity." The planning board, he said, will work with the citizens of Great Falls and Cas- cade County in creating a future for the community. Mr. Roberts stressed the plan- ning board will plan with, the citizens, not for them. Citizens are to be asked for their in- terests, ideas and suggestions concerning the future. Planners seemed somewhat discouraged about the downtown area. They had work- ed on proposals involving downtown ped- estrian malls but IhatY c.s far as the pro- jects got to the proposal stage. Nobody did anything about it with the result the downtown area now Is crumbling. However, not all is gloom. There are tome new developments proposed for the towutown area by private enterprise some older buildings are to come down in the next couple years and some new ones are to be constructed. While these proposals arc still dangling, the general feeling is.that the downward trad on Central Avc. has not yet reached iti low point. "Everybody has the right to go appears to be the philosophy of city hall. II businessmen in the downtown area don't want to do anything to assure their future, that's their business. If they want to go broke, that's Uicir business. right his the city to bull in? But if UM downtown, businessmen want to do something, the planning board'and city are there to help them. Some of the top businesses in downtown Great Falls have folded. Central Ave., the main business street, has stores empty in every block. In some blocks there are five empty stores. Little has been done to upgrade the down- town streets. Compared with Lethbridge and its street upgrading program, nothing has been done in downtown Great Falls. There are smoother gravel roads here than existing paved streets in downtown Great Falls. Curbs are falling apart in places. Probably the best restaurant in the area is closed. A top clothing store has closed its doors. The store now is occupied by a senior citizens centre. The main furniture store in the downtown area has moved into its warehouse and renovations are tak- ing place to turn the store into a number of smaller shops. The EDC's suggestion that downtown merchants upgrade their product and prem- ises is in evidence in at least one loca- tion in downtown Great Falls. An exclu; sive women's shop has located in the for- mer furniture store premises. One sporting goods shop is going out of business. The proprietor has been in busi- ness in the downtown area for 23 years. "What's the he laments. The big slump began in 1966 when Mont- gomery Wards moved from the downtown area to the Holiday Village shopping cen- tre. C. R. Lawrence, manager of Wards, said 10th Ave., on which Holiday Village is located, has the biggest traffic count in the state. He felt the downtown area would even- tually make a comeback, perhaps in 10 years, "but who can wait that Mr. Lawrence said it works in a cycle. The downtown avea decays and after it has sat in stagnation for awhile, the value of downtown property drops to a point where a developer can economically pick up the property and do something with it. The big problem, he said, is with absen- tee owners. The property already paid for, owes them nothing. They can afford to wait. But after waiting long enough they can be talked into selling at a decent price. While the downtown area continues to decay the peripheral shopping centres are battling for the dollar. At least one centre plans to open 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily. In another some stores are to open Sundays. Several persons felt that if downtown businessmen had been able to get togeth- er with the absentee owners about 10 years ago the problem of blight might not exist today. During a peak business hour in Leth- bridge, Central Ave. in Great Galls was almost deserted. Despite the recent openings in Lcth- bridgc of two peripheral shopping centres, downtown Lethbridge is still vibrant, com- pared with Great Falls. The Question Is, how long will downtown Lethbridge re- main vibrant if action of a positive nature is not taken immediately? Great Falls city officials appear resign- ed. They have tried to save tho central core but have had little support. Now they're waiting for the businessmen to get cracking. "Everybody baa tte right to broke." CALCUTTA, India The dispatch out of Bangladesh says that a "genocide enquiry commission-' will be given al- legations that "the American organization, the CIA, and the military adviser of llie former governor conspired in killing in- tellectuals of Bangladesh." One of the largest Bengali language dailies in this teem- ing city of 7 million people car- ried this attempt to blame, the U.S. for atrocities committed by West Pakistan soldiers, re- porting that "authentic docu- ments on this conspiracy have been recovered, it is learned." A dispatch out of Bombay quotes "unimpeachable sources as saying that "it was Hie American submarine, Fargo, which torpedoed the (Indian frigate Khukri) in the hgih seas between Bombay and Karachi" in the first week of December. This attempt to blame the U.S. for the sinking of the In- dian vessel appeared in the Hindustan Standard, one o{ the largest English-language dail- ies, and in Ananda Bazar Pat- rika, the Bengali daily with the largest circulation in India. U.S. Ambassador K e n ne t h Keating called this report "to- tally false" and pointed out that there is no American nuclear submarine named "Fargo." The chief of staff of the Indian navy told a press conference recently that it was a Pakistani submarine that sank the Khu- kri. But news stories and editor- ials continue to pin the attack on the U.S. Navy. "CIA Conspiracy to Foil Ben- gladesh Revolution" screams the headline from Darpan, a Bengali weekly. It reports from Dacca, without attribution to anyone, claims that the CIA and "Indian vested interests" are plotting against the new country and that Bangladesh has "set up a special cell to watch on the CIA and ils agents." These are just samples of the journalistic fever, the prca paranoia, (hat evidences one fact: U.S. relations with India have been bad during the past crises, but they have never been worse than now. And there is sum hope for improve- ment very soon. I visited Asoke K. Sarkar, managing director and editor 'of the Standard and Ananda Bazar Patrika, the papers that kept accusing the U.S. of sink- ing the Indian ship despite even Indian government denials. I asked Sarkar when the emo- tional attacks might end when there might be some im- provement in U.S.-Indian rela- tions. "Not as long as Nixon and, Kissinger are in Sar- kar said, "and I expect Nixon to win another term." Sarkar's papers, like many others, take the line that they still like Americans but they hate Nixon and Kissinger. Nonetheless, the attacks go far beyond the two men in the While House, portraying the Pentagon as pushing a war strategy In which Americans incite Asians to kill each oth- er, deploring U.S. foreign aid as a foul attempt to buy up countries and, of course, whip- ping the U.S. Central Intelli- gence Agency as an omnipre- sent, almost-but-not-quite-omni- potent internatlnoal ogre. Sarkar is in fact an enigma- tic example of the deterioration in Indo-American relations. He was for years1 an outspoken friend of the United States but is now one of the most intem- perate critics. In midrDecember the Bengali Darpan, which has lean- ings toward the Communist party Maoist branch had a front-page story that "Darpan understands from a reliable source that Abhik Sarkar, eldest son of the proprietor of the Ananda Bazar Patrika- Hindustan Standard1 group of newspapers, has been supply- ing unauthorized war news to "I couldn't find any fairy tales so I'm reading Justin the next closest thing one of your old 'Just Society speeches a suspicious news agency, As- ian News Service. Its head- quarters are at Manila and Hong Kong. Both are jurisidic- tions of the ill-famed CIA." Darpan claimed that only af- ter charges of the CIA link .sur- faced did Ananda Bazar Pat- rika being to write anti-Ameri- can editorials. Several editors and others here say that the Communist parties will realize what Asoke Sarkar called "maximum bene- fit out of this situation created by Nixon and Kissinger." This volatile, poverty stricken, high- ly emotional state of West Ben- gal is where they might make the most of anti-Americanism. The Maoist branch of the Communist party won 111 seats in the West Bengal Assembly in the 1971 mid-term poll whereas Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's Congress Party won only 105 (total seats: ISC) tad had to join with the Russian- leaning Communist party and 'other splinter groups to form a ruling coalition. That coalition fell apart quickly and West Bengal Is now ruled from Del- hi. New elections occur here id March and Mrs. Gandiii al- ready is campaigning heavily to help her party exploit her new popularity gained in the military triumph over Pakistan and the "liberation of East Bengal." Her party Is expected to gain several seats, but there is un- easiness that the Communists may parlay anti-Americanism into Etunning gains of their own. This fear may explain Indian government leaks to news- papers about "letters pouring in from the American people, praising Mrs. Gandhi and de- ploring the Nixon-Kissinger pol- icies. "Whatever conspiracy may have been hatched against In- dia and Bangladesh by the Nix- on administration, these letters prove that the U.S. government is detached from the people of its own says Kalan- tar, another Bengali daily. But it may not be so easy to steer West Bengalis away from the simplistic notion that dur- ing the crisis "The Russians were our friends and the Amer- icans were our enemies, so let's vote Communist." Except that Mrs. Gandhi is going to remind them that the Communist party she fears most leans to China, which was on Pakistan's side. The question is whether vot- ers will hear this distinction over the din of anti-U.S. rhe- toric. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Bruce Hutchison Election will not be settled on real issues T IKE the first swallow that may, or may not, foretell a spring election, a handsome circular comes from the Liberal party's headquarters at 102 Bank Street, Ottawa. Its front page is covered by a smiling portrait of you-know-whom, in dashing fur cap, posed against the Peace Tower the image and incarnation of our True North, Strong and Free. And in case anyone should miss the point, we are told on the page that Pierre Elliott Ttudeau "symbolized the Canada of to- day and tomorrow." Then, in a dozen brief and snappy paragraphs, we are told at the government's good works, the impressive record on which it hopes to be re-elect- ed. But as I ventured to suggest here some time ago, the gov- ernment will need more than its record, and more than the original Trudeau charisma (al- ways a silly word worn out by the newspapers until it is now almost The gov- ernment will need an issue. Mr. Trudeau seems to agree. While promising to make no "great promises all over the lot which are going to cost us a devil of a lot of he quickly adds that "we'll have to come up with some answers to the challenge of the 70's which will be more specific than our general philosophizing of the 3968 So the issue of 1972 begins to emerge, for use in spring, summer or autumn when the climate looks right. Already the issue is visible to the naked eye, in broad out- line at least. The government will go lo the country as the champion of the little, ordinary, nameless people, their protec- tor from the big interests, the vehicle and embodiment of his- toric Liberalism in its modern version. Or in His rough, mis- leading shorthand of ideology, it will move toward the Left (but gently) and hope lo shove tire Conservative party toward the Right. This will net please MM fashioned liberals but what else could they expect, given their party's basic doctrine and Mr. Trudeau's philosophy? The is- sue between Left and Right, however, will not be nearly as clear as those brave words sug- gest. For two reasons the elec- tion will be confused, ambi- gous and normal. In the first place, Robert Stanfield, who is by no means a Conservative in the tradi- tional sense, will not be pushed toward the Right if he can help it. He will declare himself as ardently for the little people as the prime miniser, if possible, more so, and his sincerity is be- yond doubt. In the second place, a pri- mary law of democratic politics usually forbids a clearcut elec- toral choice between one so- ciety and another. If such a choice were presented we would face a revolution, or a counter-revolution, at every letter To The Editor Meeting a need As a concerned group of stu- dents at the Lethbridge Com- munity College we wish to indi- cate our concern that the Cen- tral School Drop-In Centre be allowed to continue operating. We have regularly been involv- ed in rap sessions at the Fish- market (the room used by the Jesus People) and find that our times there have been profitable to ourselves and others. No doubt there are things happening in the school from time to time that are not the most desirable, but if the school wasn't available it would only mean that the problems were being hidden and not solved. We feel that the building is very definitely meeting a need and to close it or force it to stop op- erating for lack of funds would he a definite loss to the youth and to the rest of the com- munity. STUDENTS AT HIE COLLEGE poll. Between times the two major parties may seem to stand far apart, al opposite sides of the spectrum, but when an election is called they move toward the centre in that grand peaceful compromise which is the secret of democracy, the antidote to violent change. In any case, the parties' la- bels, ideologies and actual in- tentions are so mixed up now- adays that no one can be sure whether any important politi- cian is a Liberal or a Conser- vative, whatever he may call himself. Thus President Nixon, the right-wing Conservative and unreconstructed free enter- priser of 1968, puts the nation- al economy under government control and proposes a guaran- teed income for all Americans in 1971. Mr. Stanfield, also a Conservative by name, was the first party leader to propose a similar income guarantee in Canada. This is Conservatism? On the other hand, Mr. Tru- deau, a Liberal, opposes such a scheme as too costly and, in a certain Quebec crisis, his ap- parent Conservatism was de- plored not only by many Li- berals and socialists but by many Conservatives as well. Indeed, Senator Grattan O'Leary, that true-bine and un- ambigious Conservative, has recently been quoted as saving that the Liberal prime minister is more Conservative than Ihe American president. In Laur- icr's famous phrase, "What a Yet the electoral salad offer- ed this year' is the same old salad served up so often in the past, with some new condi- ments and flavorings the salad of sensible democratic compromise, our clumsy safe method of moving slowly to- ward vague goals called pro- gress, but moving. Tho new flavorings, if I sniff them accurately, are not in- cluded in I lie Liberal literature fll this writing. Tho party pam- phlet says nothing about Cana- dian nationalism, presumably because the party, like the op- position, is split on that highly sensitive issue and the govern- ment, led by a self-declared in- ternationalist, is groping for the middle way. Anyhow, there can be no doubt that nationalism a word of varied meanings, some sound, some crazy is extremely powerful in the contemporary Canadian mind. To be sure, it always has been or the nation would have perished long ago, but lately it has taken on extra power and passion. Below the surface, it permeates the whole current of our life. However the parties interpret, misinterpret or try to implement it in policy, nationalism will run through the election as a profound and sub- tie pressure, conscious or sub- conscious, a kind of leitmotif in the symphony, or cacophony. But it is naive to suppose that the election will be settled on any single specific, black-and- white issue, unless such an is- sue appears at the last moment by accident, as it did in 1911 and, so far as I can recall, never again. Though the politi- cians will assert glittering prin- ciples and define stark choices between good and evil, the elec- tion will be settled otherwise. It will be settled within the skull of the common, anonymous ci- tizen, a skull like yours or mine. And that skull is not a golden casket of logic but a pack rat's nest of teeming, contradictory prejudices, per- sonal likes and dislikes, bitter disillusionmenls and held hopes. Concerning which John W. Dafoe once said that there are only two kinds of government on earth those just barely tolerable and all the others. The decisive electoral question, then, is whether the Trudeau government, as judged by the people, falls into the first cate- gory or the second. (Herald special service) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1922 The Blairmore Hotel Block and the Blairmore Cash Grocery burned last night while temperatures remained at 25 below. Damage was estimated at 1932 Plans for a national demonstration of the unem- ployed involving parades in the capital of every province were made public in Winnipeg. 1M2 Residents of the city and district have generously contributed to the Red Cross for buying medical sup- plies for Russia's advancing armies. 1952 Added attraction: For a visitor will be able to take a conducted tour of Van- couver's nudist colony this summer. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberla LETHBRIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second CUsi Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of Tht Canadian Inn tlw Canadian Dally Newspaper Association and Ihe Audit Bureau ol circulations CLEO w. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLINO WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associfllo Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advlrllilnii Manager Editorial Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;