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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - January 31, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta ' f h + ls# jii VOLUME XI. LETJI BRIDGE, ALBERTA, Tlfl'KSDAY, JANUARY 31, 191K NUMBER V.i GERM i NY _ -�_?"..Btj.3i GEN. LEONARD WOOD IS RECOVERING I First Story Told of He v U.S. Destroyers Crossed Atlantic To Joifit the British TEN DAYS ON THE TRIP; HAV& ESCORTED MANY SHIPS SINCE New York? Jan. 31.-How secretly the United States dispatched the first flotilla of torpedo boat destroyers last. Aprli to join the British navy in .the hunt for German submarines was told for the first time publicly last night by Commander V K. Taussig, V. S. N., who took them across the Atlantic. The narrative was related 'before an audience which thronged Carnegie Hac to celebrate the opening of a war! savings stamp campaign. Commander Taussig's story of the work accomplished by the navy's grey hounds far from home -was wildly cheered. "So anxious wae-tho navy department that the outside world in general know nothing of the movement of these ships/' he said, "Uiat not even l,_wh� was *n conimanu of the expedition, was informed of our destination. . "My orders were to proceed to u | point;*fifty miles east of Cape Cod and then open my sealed instructions. Until 1 got to that point at. midnight; on the first night out I did not-know that our first seaport of call was to be Qucenstown, Ireland. ''It is quite natural that the-few in authority who knew of m\r movements watched with anxiety for news of our crossing. It was the first time tr>at vessels of this type had ever made so long a continuous passage without re-fueling or without the company of larger vessels. Ten Days on Trip "We were ten jdays in making titc trip, due mostly to a southeast gale, which accompanied us for seven of the ten dags. So rough was the sea during this time that for seven of the days we did not. set our mess tables. Wo ate1 off our laps. On the ninth day, we were pleased to be mod by a day, we were pleased to be met by a 'Mary Hose'. She picked us up early one morning and came along flying the international sigiral 'welcome to the American colors.' "They were very glad to see us. Things were looking black. In the three previous weeks the submarines had sunk 152 British ships. "We had depth bombs installed so as to fight the submarines. The night before we entered the harbor al Queenstown, a German submarine planted 12 mines right in the channel. Fortunately for us they were swept up by the BriUsb mine sweepers before we arrived. r Escorted Many Ships. 4'We escorted many ships, and we Raved many Jives, I cannot say we sunk any submarines. The submarine, ^.1 found, was a very difficult bircl to catch. He always sees you first. Only once did" my vessel in seven months succeed in actually firing at a submarine. He. then went down after the fifth shot was fired. At- that lie was five miles away. But what they are afraid o\are the depth bombs, i cannot say positively that i sank any submarines. I saw* results on several occasions which led me to believe that I had at least damaged one or two. The patrol duty was.very trying as the ocean was strewn with wreckage for a distance.of 300 miles off shore. It. was hard to tell a, periscope when we saw one.  We fired at fish, floating .spars and other objectives, because wo could not afford to take a chance. The submarines grew* less active, or did less damage as the summer wore on. � "The night patrol work whs very dangerous. There were frequent collisions and we had to use our judg-j Nment as to whether we should turn on the lights and avoid danger of collision and take-the risk qf a submarine seeing Us or keep our lights out and take our chances. We have to remember if a ftubmariuc sinks us she onN sinks one ship. A * serious collision! might sink two ships! So it is a mat-J ter of judgment." ' I Can Beat Submarine The question is can we beat submarine," he was asked. "I am sure we can if the people will '-do their part." ' Paris, Jan. 31,-'Major General Leonard Wood, U.S.A., who was w,ounded recently while visiting the French front, is confined to dhe Ritz-Carlton hospital, where he is reported to be doing well, He expects to be otit in about a week. ' Lieut. Col. Charles ICilbourne, chief of Gen. Wood's staff, who was wounded in khe face, may lose his right eye. Major Ken-yon A. Joyce, who wacTwounded in the arm, is improving. ? ? ? ? ? WORKERS GERMAN ALL BIG THOUSANDS OUT AT BERLIN AND HAMBURG � ~mr- TWENTY London, Jan. 31.-The German strike is growing -n magnitude, the Exchange Telegraph correspondent at Copenhagen reports. In Berlin 700,000 persons are on strike, he reports, 78,000 of these being women. A great number of Socialist leaders have been arrested in various German towns, according to this authority. A German Report -The First time in Six Months- Raids Few and Far / ' Between Amsterdam, .lan. 31.-of strikers in Berlin i.s ahout 120.000, according official statement issued terday, when there had Inconsiderable increase since Tuesday, The Berlin newspapers, with few exceptions, havje been published. The afreets of the German capital, the statement adds, show no signs of a number at u semi-in Berlin yes-been only an in the strike State of Seige-Copenhagen, .Ian. 'M. -A state of siege has been declared at Hamburg, Altona and Wandsbeek. according to the Hamburg iOcho, a Socialist newspaper. Strikes *Spr eading Amsterdam, Jan. 31.-Both in Berlin and the provinces the strikes are spreading, according to Wednesday's edition of the" Koehii-ehe Volks Zei-tung, which reports that representatives of' labor in the various cities in the industrial region were expected to meet in Berlin on Tuesday. ^ Agitation for a general strike in Munich is said to have failed after a stormy meeting but the movement spread to Nu rein burg and Firth, the largest manufacturing towns in Bavaria. The newspaper says that the demand of the Fatherland party for the ! c oil 11 nuance of the war and the bad strike. All traffic is proceeding quietly j food gu p,y ln tnfl towns were Paris, Jan. 31.-Twenty persons were killed and fifty injured in ,*a&t night's raid, it is announced officially. One of the German machines which raided Paris was brought down. The occupants of the airplane were made prisoners. Story of Raid Paris. Jan. 31,- German airplanes raided Paris )ast night. The alarm, was given at 11:30 o'clock. Bombs were thrown at various points in Paris and the suburbs. Several persons Were killed and material damage 1b reported, according to an official announcement. Full details are lacking at present but a luvthpv statement will be issued as soon aa accurate information is received. German air raids on Paris have been infrequent during the past year. During the first two years of the war Zeppelins were in the habit of bombing the French capita?, bui defensive measures proved too much for them. ' The last previous,raid on Paris wits made on the night of July 27, 1917. Two bombs were dropped without doing any-damage. Before that the last air raid Alarm was given on the night, of March 16-17 but the raiders did not' reach the city. On January 29, 1916, Paris Was raided by; Zeppelins for the last time, 24 persona being killed and twenty-seven injured. and undisturbed. The statement says there have been no disturbances anywhere in the empire 1 Fifteen Merchantmen Suijk Past Week-Increase Over .Past Two Weeks in t I START London, Jan. MO.-An increase in British shipping losses is shown in five official summary issued tonight which reports the destruction *\f. nine vessels of more than l,c>i)o-tons and six of lesser tonnage. The following is the statement: / Arrivals 2,257: sailings V.OJK. British merchantmn.i 1,(J;\0 ,to;\s or over sunk by mine or submarine, nine; under 1,600 tons, six; fishing vessels, one. "British merchantmen unsuccessfully, I eight. ' The sinking of fifteen British merchantmen exceeds by seven the total for the previous two weeks, in bpth of which six large ships and two small ones were lost. The admiralty reports of botb January 2 and January 9 gave the sinkings as'Ul merchantmen. reasons giyjen for the strike at several meetings. All Work Stopped London, Jan. 3!f.-The cessation of work in Hamburg is now virtually j complete, according to a Daily Tele-j graph despatch from Rotterdam. The strike has extended from the Vulcan Shipbuilding - Works in Hamburg to t^e works of Blohm and Voss, another targe ship building concern. The strikers demand an immediate peace on the basis of/no annexations and j , uo indemnities, i Taking a-Serious Turn London, Jan. 31.-No one hap been permitted to pass the Swiss frontier from German^'since Tuesday morning according to. the Daily News "correspondent at* Vienna. Private reports received in .^Switzerland represent the strike situation' as having taken a serious turn !ateTue�day. The refusal of Herr Wallrnff,. the minister of the interior to confer with the strike lead ers is said to have infuriated th^ strikers. The central strike committee in Ber- | moment of crisis and to remember "their brothers in the field." Want Reichstag Summoned London, Jan. Hi..-The Socialist, party leaders in Germany, according to a statement in the Berlin TagehlaU forwarded by the Amsterdam cofrespondent of the Central News, have asked President Kaempfe. of the ,reicbstagf to summon the reichstag immediately In view of the alarming events of the, past few days. At a meeting of the Berlin strikers on Wednesday, the Togeblatt adds,"a- resolution was pass- > ed declaring that the strikers would oppose to the utmost of their powpr any reprisals against their leaders or representatives.. v Ultimatum to Govt. London, Jan. 31.-Strikes by half a million or more workers in Germany and the presentation of an ultimatum 2J� Ho the government demanding immediate negotiations for a general peace en the basis' of no annexations and 7* ? ? v ? v �> ; v v ** GULLS BEST DETECTORS OF SUBMARINES Boston, Mass., Jan. 31..-A plea for the protection of gulls, described as the best submarine detectors in the world, was made yesterday by ISdwnrd H. Korbush, state ornithologist, at, a legislative hearing of a bill providing for the extension for the closed season on water fowl. v V A !� V V A M PLE TING THE Is t>> ? ? �> > > *> *> > D ecree issue I: :d A ssignmg Term for Organization of Notorious Force Big RUMOR RUMANIA BY JUDGE DUFF HAS MADE SEPARATE AGREEMENT HUNS Centra! Appeal Judge Decides Case-Makes Important Ruling (Continued ok*Faqz 4) Ottawa, Jan. HI.-The necessity of specific indication of an applicant's homlon, Jan. -A Holsheviki decree establishing an All-Russian collegium for guidance in organizing th�-1 ''workmen's and peasants' red army of the Russian councils' republic" is announced, in a Russian official wireless ! statement, received here. The committee will he composed of two representatives of the * war commissariat land two representative* of the general ' staff of the Red'Guard's. Another decree assigns L'O.Ouu.Ohti I I. Lusk, employees of J. C. Wilson and ' quently. company, Belleville. Mutter was de Can Obtain Fuel Only By Ticket -Factories and Stores Close New York. Jan. 31.-The coal shortage in New York City and state has now reached an\alarming stage, according to reports made today by various fuel administrators. 'Factories, stores and public institutions in large numbers have closed, it is reported, scribed as a man who had worked for Wilson and company for eighteen months and was trained "from a rough operator to a skilled operator on several of the most difficult machines in our shop and from there graduated to an inspector guaging and inspecting the work from a group of machines." Itiisk was described in much the same way. The employers described their business as about eighty per cent manufacture of munitions and claimed exemption for the men on the ground, first that their services were essential in carrying on the manufacture of Separate Agreement The Pravda prints a rumor that Rumania lately had made a separate agreement with the central powers and suggests that this \nay include'1 compensation for Rumania in Bessarabia. The Bolshevik! government, according to despatches from Petrograd, continues to claim considerable military success in Ukraine and elsewhere. It is announced that after the Bolshevik! troops captured Uach-mafsch station the officers of the nobility withdrew to Kiev, which is surrounded on all sides. The Ukrainian rada is said to have iosi confidence lin "now has sat continuously since' and unless relief conies soon others noon Monday. Assurances of solid a r- Jwill be forced to shut down. The fuel ity are eaid to have reached the com- supply in many hospitals m this citv VOTE i FREIGHT OF ALLIES mi tic* Tuesday rfro'm Xeipzig,Dusae! dorf and Barmen, notwithstanding the rigid military control throughout Germany. Reach Crisis Soon Opinion in Geneva, the correspondent 'says, is that the; strike situation will 'reach 'a crisis, soon. It is felt the movement either will collapse or take a turn which may force the German 'government to its knees. The report of a strike in the works-at Essen is not confirmed, but the Munich Post says that Dr. Krupp Von Bohle has issued a statement to the workmen in the Krupp Works urging them "to keep steady nerves in this is reported-td be low. Reports from up-state indicate that the situation is even worse than in New York City, pne administrator describing it as "dreadful." Much suffering has been reported in virtually every county in the state. To alleviate the .sufferings among the poor here, the administrators have set aside 200 tons ot-coal daily, to he distributed in small lots by red tickets only. in the Ukrainian soldiers. Workmen' munitions; secondly, that exceptional! are now organizing a white guard hi hardship would ensue from a business the Ukraine under Russian and Polish point of view by reason of their with- officers who had Ueen reduced to the drawal into the 'military aervice. | ranks in the Russian army. ; As to the second grbund, .ludge Duff j The capture of the.towns of Kartell, concurs with t^ie local tribunal and the ; Theodoaia and Yalta, in the Crimea, appeal tribunal that there is no evi-j is claimed by the - Bolshevik!. It is dencc to support the claim for exeinp- paid that "the Cossacks have been de- - lion. t'eated. Special despatches from PetrO- Nanton Case flsrad enricuv in the belief .hat all Cos- Judgmeut has also been given'in the \ sacks will declare themselves, on the- nV M,intnn .side of the Bolsheviki.* The reports case of John 0. Marshall, of Nanton. , . , , Alberta. Marshall is in partnership ; �n? ..insU_neer,_ .of,Ar^\\n6 wi t h h is ra th er i n the hard wa re and adhesion forecast theNdownfall of the gov- QUIET REIGNS business and exemption was granted � eminent of Gen. Kaledines. Those op-by the local tribunal -on'the ground he ; l,0�ed to tho Bolshevik:, according to was urgently needed in that business.!the Petrograd correspondent of the The applicant has one brother with the {Dail*v Express, admit a growing con-forces overseas and one brother, aged I Action that the Bolsheviki have come 1.5, at home. Judge Duff finds that tho : to stW> if not permanently, at least an nature of the business is not. such as ' inconveniently long time. He says the Result Cannot Be Known Until ( Ballots Opened and Counted Ottawa, Jan. 31.-Final allocation of the North American military and naval vote has been practically com-pleted and the actual counting is expected to begin within a week or so. In view of rumors as to tike way in which the military vote has\ gone, it is emphasized here that nothing can actually be known until the envelopes containing the ballots are opened. Some difficulties have arisen -in regard to constituencies jWkero a candidate was returned by acclamation. Soldiers resident in such constituencies have apparently been under the impression that they, were entitled to vote in another constituency. Where a soldier is known to have voted irregularly in this way his ballot will be rejected. freight other started New York, Jan. 31.-Fast trains, loaded with food and supplies for the entente allies, from the middle west for New York and other Atlantic seaboard points ^today under orders issued as a war measure by A. H. Smith, regional^ director of railroads. This action was taken on urgent, representations by tho British, French and Italian governments as to the food situation abroad. According to Mr. Smith valuable time will be saved under the plan. The solid trains will run on a sixty-hour schedule between St. Louis and J Chicago and Nev York. MILITARY REVIEW to justify total exemption but grants exemption til* May 1, 1918, to give the father an -opportunity to make other arrangements in the business. Took Sleeping Austvians Completely By Surprise Smart Strategy But Fighting is Under Way At Other Points With Revolutionaries >* \ the DECIDE FAIE Quebec, Jan. 31.-The fate of the li-tpior traffic In the province of Quebec will be decided today in the legislative assembly In all probability. Hon. Walter Mitchell's bill to aim end the Quebec Temperance Act was given first reading yesterday and is due for second reading today. While the opinion is that there will be enacted a goneral Versailles, France, Jan. 30.-T^l� session W)day of the,supreme war*council aroused more interest than the preceding meetings of the body, as was evidenced by the crowd which gathered. The Boulevard De La Heine was so thickly thronged that the police guard was reinforced to keep the crowd out ot the Trianon Palace, where the discussion took place. The meeting opened at 3 p.m. with Premier Glemenceau presiding. General Petain, General Foch and General Weygand sat at the premier's left. David Lloyd George, the British premier, and General Sir William Robertson, chief of the general staff, and Alajor General Sir Henry Hughes Wilson, sub-chief of staff, at his left. General' Bliss, the chief of staff of the American army, and General Pershing were in front at the right, with Prof. Orlando, the Italian, premier; Baron Sonnino, Italian foreign minister and. Oenerul Cadorna beside them at the Will Be at Work Shortly-Regulations Under Which They> Work Ottawa, Jan. 31.-The establishment of medical review boards under the military Service Act is now virtually completed; and, in,each military'district, the boards are expected to he at I work within brief delay. Regulations governing the new boards have been drawn up. The principal are the following: "Where fitness for measure of prohibition, there is still a Jeft. belief in some quarters that light beers i The meeting wan concluded at about tud wine** will be allowed, |5 p.m. any doubt arises as to the military service of any man on whose behalf exemption is claimed on the ground of ill health or infirmity, the local or appeal tribunal, before whom the claim is made, shall, If the man has*already been examined by a military medical board, and'"may, if he lias not been so examined, refeir the case to the medical board of re* view for the military district and the' registrar may at any time refer to such.board the case of any man who has been exempted from military service on the ground of ill health of infirmity. " The decision of such board shall, subject to appeal to the central jndge, be final and the claim \for exemption shall be granted or nefused by any local or appeal tribunal ili accordance therewith. "On an appeal to the central appeal judge, he may direct such further med-1 H^h ical examination as may seem exped- Lew lient.'1' Forfait; Fin Italian Headquarters hi Northern Italy. Jan. 30.-Eye-witnesses of tho | Italian attack of the past few days on the Aslago plateau tell a story of thrilling'interest. From their accounts It appears that the first Italian rush began, in the darkness at throe o'clocJc Monday morning. The sleeping enemy forces were taken completely by sur-1 prise. The Alpin! were in the thick1 of this fighting and by daylight they .bad swept the first: line trenches and phad taken an old church which form-e'd a strategic point in the enemy line of defence. They were vigorously supporting the heroic Sassari brigade, whichitook and re-took the height of Col Del..jfeosao three times against the { stubborn, desperate resistance of the enemy. These eaHv movements were a diversion to screen the main drive on the right where a stroke was delivered for the, dominating height of Monte Din Vai Bella. It was here that the most severe' 'fighting occurred through Monday, night and in the early hours of Tuesday. Italian storming troops took the eastern and western slopes, and by 11, o'clock Tuesday morning bed cut their way to the summit and Were* establishing themselves firmly in definite control of the key positions. Stockholm, Jan. 30.-All is quiet at Hetsingfors, a dispatch from that city reports, but fighting i.s under way at other points in Finland between the Red Guard, which is, supporting the revolution, and the White Guard, which is upholding the Finnish government. The White Guard is fighting with enthusiasm and scoring suc-| cess everywhere notably at Kemi, Uleaborg, Kajanailmola, and St. Michael,  disarming the Red Guard:*- In fighting Tuesday near Kemero station the Red Guard lost 87 killed and 127 injured, Ottawa, Jan. 31.-Dealers who attempt to sell middlings at a higher price than that fixed by the food controller for shorts are violating the law and rendering themselves liable to heavy penalties. They may also lose their licenses if the practise is continued. The food controller said today that under authority of an or- i der-in-council issued under the Adul* ( teration Act, the department of inland | revenue had construed "shorts" and "middlings" as being the same product. The sale of middlings at a higher price than that prescribed for \e I shorts is therefore illegal. Enemy Still Victor, We Must Give Best Effort 9> ^Bennett in Great Appeal Bolshevik! has won the confidence and respect of the people as the provision* al government never did and have also struck a popular note on the question of peace. He adds: "It is more or less generally acknowledged here with mingled Joy and gloom that the power of the soldiers and workmen's council is no empty boast, as many know to their cost." Demobilization of four more classes of the army has been ordered by the government. All men thirty-one years old also are to be relieved of army duty. k Makes Up With Persians Petrograd, Jan. 30.-Foreign Minis, ter Trotzky, � according to the semiofficial news agency, has sent a letter to the Persian minister at Petrograd whom he addresses as "Citizen Ambassador*," informing hjm that t\\e government of the Russian republic makes this declaration: v "The Anglo-Russian agreement of lf*!7 was directed against the liberty and independence of the Persian people and is null'and void for all time.' Moreover, the government denounces all agreements preceding and following the said agreement which may restrict the rights of the Persian people to a free and independent existence.1' Ott�wa, Jan. 31-The third pay-m#f�t on Victory bonds purchased last November t* due tomorrow, twenty per cent., and mu6t be paid on that date or interest at the rate of five and a half per cent, will be charged. Seldom does the eloquence of H. B. Bennett fail to touch a responsive chord'in the hearts of his hearers. It did not fail last night in the great and splendid appeal he made xiu Knox church on behalf of the Red Cross, of the provincial branch of which he is president. A scant audience heard his appeal, but its eloquence stirred them to greater depths of feeling for the Cause, Inspired within them a new determination for greater effort in the urgent Work of tlie Red Cross. Had the auditorium been packed to the doors as it should have been, no doubt, the balance of the funds needed to reach the $30,000 marlc'which "Leth-bridge has set for itself in" the present [drive, would have been subscribed on the spot. The noble work of the Rod Cross at the. front was exalted*bx the eloquence of this master of phrases to a pinnacle surpassed only by the local branch presided, and Mayor Hardle said a few words of appeal in opening the meeting. Mr. Bennett's Addrete > Mr. Bennett said it was a privilege to be associated with such work as the Red Cross. There was the satisfaction of knowing that one was engaged in work that was accomplishing something of permanent good. Alberta had done well he said in this work, and there must be a sensation x>f pride in what had been accomplished. Nevertheless there must also be a feeling of humiliation.' "With our homes intact, our lives undisturbed by war, our prosperity growing, when we compare our lot with that of France or Belgium, our feeling must be one of humiliation, said Mr. Bennett, if we fail to do our part. Mr. Bennett went on; to trace the history of the Red Cross from the day d *. # * + WEATHER ****** P *># * * * 12 32 lowly moderating. brilliant achievements of the alliod j tho Swiss student, wandering over troops themselves ami none who heaxd the address could fall to realize the immense importance, tho vital necessity of carrying forward this great work to its greatest possible degree. -J^dge Jftokson, president of, the tho battlefield of Spifcrino, nearly 60 years ago and seeing the wounded men lying unattended, wondered if some thing could not be done nbout i i N N. S. DISASTER j -I* Halifax. N.S., Jan. 31.-A jury was empanelled yesterday under Coroner Kennedy of New Glasgow to inquire into the deaths in ,the Allan mine* explosion. It was found that the jury had not at least three miners in its panel, and on this ground, R. H. Murray, K.C., who repoesentr, the men, asked that the inquest be adjourned until �he following afternoon and that a new jury be empanelled. This was granted. Two more bodies have beeu recovered, those of Louis Bartholomew and Alf Hanuse, both Belgians, making the total 43 taken out, and leaving 45 bodies still to be secured. -r------ > * > * * BANK CLEARING6 > �* .January, 3918 $3,001,039 �� * January, 1917 ..... 3,tl6,732. +\ * This week ........ 492,673 �fr 1039 ;