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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HESALD Tuesday, January 30, 1973 Living better electrically A report entitled "The Destruction Manitoba's Last Great River" pre- sents a grim picture oi the devasta- tion that will result as Maritoba Hydro completes its exploitation of that province's river systems. The details are there for anyone interest- ed enough to send a dollar 10 Cana- dian Nature Education. 4o Elgin Street, Ottawa. To those who value the Canadian wilderness, the picture a sickening one. It is also commonplace: T3 per of all Canada s eiec'riciiy comes from hydroelectric sources, the gen- eration oi hydroelectric power re- quires the damming of water- courses and the creator, of large res- ervoirs. This floods ihe adjacent land, not just a few acres of it, but hundreds even thousands of square miles. Two or three examples may pro- vide an idea of the scope of some projects. That E: Churchill Falls, in Lebradpr, has already creat- ed a reservoir covering- ".700 square miles, and it is still crowing- The Jloran Dam. proposed for the Eraser in B.C.. will form an artificial lake some 175 mile; long, about the distance between Calgary and Ed- monton. The Portage Mountain proj- ect on the Peace River, among other things, he; created a lake large enough to have a measurable affect on the ciimE'e of northern B.C. And even these rnlshty undertakings are small compared to the James Bay project, ar.d which will have c'imat'c and ecc'-ocica! effects ever an area of 150.000 square nv.lss. There are scores of such projects, and more are planned. Hundreds of thousands of square uiiles are involv- ed. Even in Canada's vastness, such areas are significant- one is going to stop these de- velopments, not as long as there is an unexploiied river and a market for more power It must be recogniz- ed, however, tnat every kilowatt has its price, that must be measured not only in dollars but in acres of flooded land. But if '.his exploitation of rivers cannot be prevented, at least there is no need to collaborate so tamely in the despoliation plans of the Electricity does no; need to be wanted on ihe present scale. Pub- lic ar.d eiher large buildings do not need to be lighted, inside and cut. all night and every1 night. Every city and to'.vn does not need to be an in- candescent blaze from dusk to dawn. Above all. there is no need to con- tinually seek pu: more and more ways to use cr waste electricity, under the guise of "living better electriciaily." There may be no way of preventing nrivate power compan- ies from advertising their wares, and seeking greater markets for their prodtic: But surely the publicly owned power companies must not continue to spend tax dollars on ad- vertising campaigns which, while they may bui'd a few private em- pires, inevitably must cost more miles of dimir_shlr.; wilderness. Grain moving problem Canadian farmers have been exas- perated in recent years by the prob- lems associated with the movement cf grain to ports for shipment to overseas customers. Or.e problem piles on another until sometimes has seemed as though the whole sys- tem is doomed to collapse, with cus- tomers turning to other nations that can deliver. On page five today there is re- printed an article that recently ap- peared in the Wall Street Journal. It chronicles some of the massive head- aches the United States grain shippers are encountering in trying to meet contractual obligations '.o the U.S.S.R. Canadian irain producers can de- ive a small measure of comfort from this article, i.iey will be able to reccgnize that the problems which have bedevilled the Canadian sce-e are not to t.iis country. They will perhaps be less impatient then as solutions are sctigrt. Some oi the ar_xiery engendered by the cf losing may be assuaged by -Lncwirg that other de- livery systems also function at less than desired efficiency. At least would seem that the U.S. poses no overwhelming threat in its grain de- U'verv svstern. RUSSELL BAKER The energy crisis WASHINGTON We had heard about ir.e energy crisis, of course, but had cot ex- pected it to strike so close to hone. You never do. It's always the other fellow's neighborhood that will get it. you tell your- self. But well, there it was. Bill Simpson. Just two doors down. ''Guess the children said bubbling with joy o: some wonderful bad news to .veicoir.e dadch- home from work. '-.Mister Simpson won't get out of bed." "Hush, children." said Livia. shoving television into their httle mouths t3 c'jiei them. "You'll alarm your ur.rxces- sarCy." "What is it, Livia? Give it to rr.e straight." "Bill Simpson didn't gei out oi bed this monur.g." she said. "Its the energy crisis. Livia' "Hush." she said. -The children can hear over the television when tlte com- mercials are on." We went to see him. Myra. Bill's wife, asked us not to that would require Bill to think, because he hadn't any energy for thinking. "Bill, you old son-of-a-gun! Quit piay- Ing games and get out oi that bed'" "It's no use." Bui murmured. "The old fuel is all burm out. fella." "Don't try to tell me that. Bill. Just yesterday I saw you ticking the bejtbb- ers out of the rad.'ator grill en your car." BUI said thai kicking the car was vh.ii had finally t'L-jshcd him. Yesterday morn- ing it l-.t.c! refute to Bill realized it to he lowed to the fhop. where mechanic u-oulrl prescribe a major tune-up and a water pump at a cost of SI42.T7. "I suddenly knew innor irrefut- able certainty that I no h.irl enough energy left to earn tlt.v tional SM277." Bill .-aid. last drop in kicks to crawled nchl up hon- tn We prc-v-orl to "Bill, you ii to thf ml and gas companies of America in col. out ar.d keej: up an urj.aggirjg exploration fir new supp'ies." "K'S no he whispered, and plainly he was risht. For 40 years Bill had so-p.: tirelessly for soijrcei oi energy to replace the vast drain on his reserve made by cor- stantly nliing prices and the inexorable demar.cs oi sccierv- uhich required bl- to behave fashionably youthful vicer ai ar. age .'.her. tr.usculartiy v as fast failing arc his natural cxurerar.ce He r.o-.v ar. e.-pty tari. As we icoked at him. c-f the fcl'y cf a po'Jcy vhii-h had created er trerhaps throLg- an r.jve Iver. tj tne searc-ii for er.eigy. Ir.steaii. tho had to rira.n him rlr- Latcr ?e-.era! of is f.vr.-. the hoed .Tte: ;j d_-cLL-i We -.i-.-re aware, ar.d said so. of tx-rso.ia! to the oil ar.rl Jis cf Arr.'l-rica. had c-r.> piaining of an for several rr.onths past From our lor.a exr-eric-r.ce oi the ml ar.d ga.T o; uhai uas Cun'.ir.j: ar. ir.cro.'ise in oi! and cas pri.Oi. Greater than fver were rrjitie to h-e upon tr.e payers ot c had to he ready to meet them. To fulfil to pro'-.'ic the i-il ar.ii L.IS rompar.ies of America an ample nf rca.'Sy bill ptuers at a time when industry demand for money '.vould bo rc.iching unhcnrcl of pc-riks. v.e M'ould have 'o our for "You won't need this one anymore, dear." Look back in puzzlement By C. L. New York Times commentator NE'.V YORK Fan; agreement L'l'k- ed Stales WE: and sihlo reacc s t-.vo E-..I. :r. r.c: u- of that: r..T r'fes seem to a ceaserire :r. Ei ard Cc-bcdls. Presid-D-i ar.d his ev iator. Kissinger, have Bn EC- cord Hare: is opc-r- erded IT. the ?er_se :r.3t i: ccu'.d conceit arvy lead to re- or :o In il-.e ccr.- WEc'-ir.rer has stuff- ed Soirh z of S'Tviv'rz. Presides: Thieu tr'.d last Feb. at- tacked is beca_.-e of our v.-eas- It ii E i'cod lesion fcr us 'v :r. ".he care :o a -S-.T us a soh> 57rori. Thleu Harci r.-nu'd :o peace" and pjbsec'jer.tly try :o achieve its objective cr dorunacr.s South "over a live- tr six-year per-od." He moreover, tha: ''sorr.e trae in 1JT3" tl-e forces :heir rriair. eft'c.1 to Lss; End Camboiia. seekir.g a x-li-ira! a-vartare Ce-ai-Iy r.i hi? yet been pu'r'l: so-ves Lie c: 1.305 cr Svo.'d TrJeu's pre- niaterlal'ie. fi hare for ie United to p-cvcr; o: la--; to'c cr. March o. Niyor. d.'-crlrE ?a'-s :'-a: v.ill helo these who help them- difficult for Vientisne or Phnom Penh to accomplish despite any event- ual subsidiary accords. Nevertheless, whatever its shortcomings, the president realized settlement was imper- aiive in what he described to ir.e as "a war where there are no heroes, only goals." And what has been achieved is not Vietnam ITES divid- ed 150 years along the exist- ing Demilitarized Zone border. The push thai terminat- ed negotiating came after Nixon broke oi; stalemat- ed on Dec. 13, 1972. He did '-his because he vss con- vinced Hanoi was playing cases, rs-lsiisa language in proposed draft accords, because he beiieved North Vietnam was another offensive to coincide sviLh agreement, and because he was still havbg dip- lomatic difficulties with Saigon. T2e aerial bombardment Hs.ici and Haiphong was order- ed ;o reduce chances of a new rnu-uary attack by weakening its rear bases, and to serve 33 EH ;_T.Ddcit warning. Ii was as- sumed that, despite negative public reaction, the bombing would prove worthwhile if set- tlement was thereby achieved this month. It was. Nixon's negotiating technique was interesting He did not give precise instructions to Kissing- er cr. a basis In- he met at great lenc.h is-lth him. between Paris ses- sions, to the presiden- ts "game plan'' and "discuss- ed orovisions essential to any settlement. Tr.en he left Kissineer oo his Tr.e fbal result was an accord which was not brilliant hut which was honorable and clearly rot jjiticipated by Nix- political opponents. When, historians look back on the unhappy conflict with less passion than contemporary an- alyst, Ihey may see factors now ignored. Contrary in fore- casts, it L-.creased rather than decreased the Sino-Soviet rift. The failure to achieve a swift Communist triumph probably helped Indonesia to frustrate a Communist take-over plot. The United States lost immense pop- ularity but. in the end. nan- EZed to retain international re- pect. American generals never wholly mastered the techniques of countering Gen. Giap's Rev- olutionary Warfare. The helicop- ter proved a disastrous innova- tion because it encourage? bad US. s-Tstegy. Troops krrivir.g and departing by air could net root out a skilful enemy. The Viet Cong and North Vietnam- ese became adept at baiting helicopter traps. Finally, no catejorical an- swer was given to the primor- dial question: Can a free so- ciety fight a limited war? U.S. national interest waned as U.S. public impatierjce waxed It proved difficult to convince sol- diers for their that It was "worth fighting for an improved negotiating position in a distant, little-known coun- ty Television, unfettered and widespread in the frw world, advertised grisly horrors. Neverthe-ess, with ejctraor- dinary determination. Nijon did produce a even though its final worti remains to be tesied. The pull-out is not tug-oui. Whatever comes next, war or peace, it will be wholly Vietnamized with those beside whom American soldiers foueht having a fair chance to derend themselves fully. Another bone of contention By Maurice Western, FP Pnblicauoos Ottawa commentator OiT.VvVA .re or. c-T-dc-ice ingly o: ui rlnlflrrn I 'ii.T of rr.i-v new hri? t-een uncemur.ed by more research and is no Ic-ger to the "In tre of eADar-dizg need for care sen-ices, it is urcer- :r.2t the federal gov- r-25 been called upon :o a? sr.ive lesdershio Ln 255ir-irg the -his field." r. is that i: 'ras responded since responsi- arc dirldtd in a federal Tr.r1 nature of the divi- sion that public mirht ir.oT'e reasonabl" be b a different direction. Day cc-r.tres vary widely :he procrams nf'ercd: the r-.r-jor being full day lurch ar.d alter schcol, day ar.d occasional. But the .T.ajont" arc school related; ir.cre than half being nursery schools. Education is a provin- cial sphere and nothing in our HmiLs responsibility l" over the aze of five or Kvon u" a centre us to he rerarded primarily 25 a social provincial. The recognizes this at implicitly since Ottawa pi.iys a supporting role, sharing in cost.s as rent, doprecia- of procram r.'.-irirjcnl. >npplic-, food, snla- i so nn rrpni: i.--urd by and Welfare rofcis tn the con- rhisions of ihe Rcual Commis- sun on Lhe o: ''Because the o: diy care cenires is o: siajor iispor- Umce to the women of Lhe Conmissiori trw federal goverrtment should assume a concnuirg it is of major L-T> porTscce. Bu: the queition re- main5: VTnv the federal Govern- ment? Ii is a peri'J35'.ve to say that are no: biUbes. For in that case, the provmcial should be called to NOT is ;t ment has some role of leadership in nar.ers -orrnaliv within pnn-inca! jurisdiction. It w as the whether wisely or not. which firsi ven- tured bto the lie'd.i of medical and hospiLsi In fact the federal covem- men: has oirer yrjesrs o: aisifi- ing which do not threaten future confrontations. Perhaps the least controversial of the tax re- forms now in effect i> the provi- sion tn clriin1 for day cciv.rc costs. shared cost pri> involving raralicl Bu- reaucracies, are anoiher rr..i'.tor especially when Liurs coaxed them inlo oxijience. Sn.1- comes appalled by a of i'. cnnr.r.t control. morr moro in fodcrr.i- provincial rclaLions ihcro ap- pears to be. Abortion upheld By Joseph Kraft, U.S. syndicated commentator WASHINGTON The right (o abortion Is a liberal cause if there ever was one. So how come it was upheld the other day by, of all things, the con- servative Supreme Court with its four Nbcon appointees? The answer is that the con- servative court is not nearly ihe threat to liberty it is some- times cracked up to be. On the contrary, American conserva- tives are so bound up with in- dividualism and free enterprise that they usually come down, a? the court did In the abor- tion case, on the side of priv- acy and against that chief sgem of oppression, the modern state. The claim of a right to abor- tion has been pushed in re- cent years by a coalition of re- form-minded lawyers, doctors, social scientists and womens libbers. They have built their on the showing that scien- liflc advance has made medi- cally supervised abortion sale. They have also charged that ilk'ial abortions tend to be un- safe. 2nd to breed political cor- ruption. They have argued that unwanted children are a social blight. those arguments have had a dramatic impact on public opin- ion. In 1968. a Gallup poll show- ed that only 15 per cent of Am- ericans favored the idea of abortion on request. By 1971, a similar poll showed that about half of those polled were in favor. public opinion swinging, the fortes favoring easy abor- tions began pushing their case in the state legislatures and coLrls. In several states, includ- ing Texas, legal tests of the laws making abortion a crime were instituted. Four stales (New York. Wash- ington. Hawaii and Alaska) passed laws permitting abor- tion oa request up to a certain specified period in the preg- nancy. Fifteen other states pass- ed reform laws permitting Ebor- tion in cases of rape, or where the mother's health was endan- gered or the fetus deformed. Inevlrably. rapid change on a so to rbo bone of opinion about life and death, stimulated a counter-reacuon. The Catholic Church, in par- ticular, mounted a serious ef- for: to oppose easy ebortion. and scored a number of suc- cesses. For example, in New York, the legislature repealed the abortion reform law, and the repeal was held up only by veto of Gov. Nelson Rocke- feller. In these delicate circumstan- ces, with a controversial polit- ical issue poised so uncertainly in the states, the Supreme Court made an unusually sweep- ing decision. It held unconstitu- tional, by 7-2, a Texas statute which made abortion a felony. It ruled that during the first three months of pregnancy, abortion is a matter for deci- sion by a woman and her doc- tor, As a result of that decision, anti-abortion laws in 30 other states besides Texas became unconstitutional. The reform laws passed in 19 states, in- cluding the very liberal New York law, are validated. The effort to beat back re- form is dealt a very severe blow. From the point of view oi the Catholic Church the de- cision was, as Cardinal Cooke of New York put it in a formal statement, "shocking" and "horrifying." Even those who favor the general thrust of the decision, as I do, must feel the force of Justice Byron White's statement, in dissent- ing, that the majority opinion is "an exercise of raw judicial power.'' So there is all the more rea- son to notice the rationale by which the conservative Court came to uphold a liberal cause on such a sweeping basis. The issue (hat carried the day was the issue of privacy. As justice Harry Blackmun put it in the majority opinion- "The Court has recognized that a right of personal privacy does exist under the Constitution. This right of privacy is broad enough to encompass a wom- an's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy." What that means is that the present Supreme Court, in a test between the rights of the individual and the power of the state, comes down in a truly decisive fashion, on the side of the individual. Such a choice is, of course completely true to the principles of conservatism in this country. It offers a hope- ful sign that, whatever one may think of Mr. Nixon's nomina- tions for the Supreme Court. liberty in th'ls country Is not truly endangered. Worship helps heart By Don Oakley, NEA service A ''long and riersiied" srjdy of the effec: of water quality on health in western Maryland has shown a lower death rate from heart disease for white males, are 45-64. if they drink soft wster. The study was made by Dr. George W. Comsiock. professor of epidemiology at Johns Hop- kins University, and was re- ported by him to the sixth an- nual fctemational Water Qual- ity Symposium held recently in tt'fl shyngffin But tben came the or as Dr. Comstock called them, the "variables." For ooe thing, he found that people from lower social and economic levels showed a great- er risk of eying from heart dis- ease than these who were bet- ter educated or lived in houses with rr.ore than one bathroom. Also, the risk of fatal heart disease, was higher for cigar- than for nonsmok- ers. but lower for both than for those had ever smoked Most surprising, he said, was that hear, diease risk for per- sons arter.diae church irifre- quectly v, as nearly twice that for persons who attended church once a week or oftener. Thus, he summed up. ''At the present time, careful review o: ail the available evidence sue- cests soft water per se is not likely to be related to arterio- sclerotic heart disease." The moral? Either install an- other bathroom, stop smoking cigars, go to church, don't live in western Maryland or avoid c-piderniologisis bearing quos- Lonr.aires. AH the talk about a national four day work week being around the. comer just isn't true. So says one student of the matter, anyway. ''Actually, business and In- dustry are movhg more slowly in that direction than the head- lines would indicate.'' manage- ment consultant Roy W. Wal- ters told an American Manage- ment Association workshop in Chicago the other day. He points out that in the last 20 years, the average work week has been cut only 3.4 hours. The prospect is that It will be cut by only two or three addiaoaal hours in the next 10 years. The whole idea of a four day week seems to indicate that we are giving up on work Itself as source at engrossing in- terest and creative growih in favor of more leisure time. This Is faulty reasoning, says Wal- ters. Instead of trying to stretch the weekend, he belives man- agement should be concerned with, what inrava'.es workers. The best thing a businessman can do ro alleviate employ ee dissatisfaction or boredom is to take a long, hard look a; the jobs his employees are being asked to perform. ".Asking people, especially young people, who are leading meaningless work lives f o r eight hours a day, five day a week, to do the very same thing for 10 hours a day, four days a week. solve anything. What do you do for an encore go to a L2-hour. three-day work When workers are dissatisfied their jobs, four days in- stead of five won't help much, he says. Many, in fart, will Lake on a secor.d job that is more rewarding, or to make up for lost overtime, thus adding to job shortages and creating new economic problems. Die Uthbruleje Herald 5W 7th SL LoUtfmdfip, AJbcrU LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Can Wjn N? ocu c' Ca-a3iST Frju ire Careen fti'sc.alion f-e If-t ii-si'f B-j'f (j ClrfL- CLEO Ed TMOVAJ H. ADAMS, Ci-ini DON PILLI'-G WILLlAV Ea -y ROY F WlLEa DOUGLAS Uvinlilng Bdiiorial Peji Editor HERALD SERVES THE ;