Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Little agreed on at Ottawa welfare meet By KEN KELLY OTTAWA (CP) - After more than a year of preparation, federal and provincial welfare experts and cabinet ministers met for five days this week to change the welfare system. They ended Friday with little agreed upon except that individual provinces will talk separately with John Munro, the federal minister, to work out the changes that can be made most quickly. Mr. Munro told reporters he hoped the talks would reach the point where the ministers could meet again in June to put final touches on what changes will be made. Two circumstances had altered in the 14 months since the minister first undertook a major overhaul of the welfare system: -Unemployment Had soared this winter to nearly unprecedented heights, placing an extra strain on provincial welfare budgets. -Quebec had concluded a major study of its social policies with a proposal that a modified guaranteed annual income be adopted for the province. The unemployment issue resulted in extensive provincial pressure that discussion of emergency remedies take precedence over the welfare system revision. Mr. Munro maintained federal steps to spur the economy and open up jobs soon would take hold. He promised study of the various emergency measures suggested, including higher unemployment insurance benefits. Parts with warning "They are going to hear from us again," said Brenda Robertson, the New Brunswick minister. Meanwhile, Mr. Munro's troubles were compounded by the insistence of Quebec's Claude Castonguay that basic differences between the federal white paper on income security ot Nov. 30 and his government's study left the chances of agreement uncertain. He was not prepared to enter bilateral talks with Ottawa solely on the basis of the federal white paper. The conference reached agreement in two limited areas. The welfare minister permitted publication of special studies of welfare costs and of developing public assistance programs. But they insisted on it being stated that publication did not mean they agreed with the contents of the reports, prepared by committees of senior civil servants. And they declined to permit publication of a third study which defined those things in society that alienate individuals and swell the welfare roles. The costs study showed a 167-per-cent increase in the cost of public assistance-to nearly $600 million in 1968-69 from $223 million 10 years earlier. The welfare rolls rose to 517,195 cases in 1968-69 from 429,781 eight years earlier. Kidnap move underscores real dilemma NEW YORK (CP) - A survey of the progress of freedom in the world says that Canada's action in restricting civil liberties during the Quebec kidnapping crisis last year underscores an unresolved dilemma for democracy. The dilemma, says an article in the Freedom House survey, is how to protect the rights of all citizens from assault from the few without resorting to undemocratic measures. The article says Prime Minister Trudeau acted with courage and dispatch in invoking the War Measures Act after the kidnapping by the Front de Liberation du Quebec of James Jasper Cross and Pierre Laporte, Freedom House is a non-profit organization in the United States dedicated to strengthening democratic institutions. Each year it puts out a survey of freedoms, or lack of them, around the world. Fear emerging! Leonard R. Sussman, Freedom House executive director, writes of a fear that there might be emerging in the United States, "as in Canada, the threat of a parallel power which defies elected power." He s?'d it this fear is true one wonders "whether the U.S. government will respond, as did the Canadians, or instead the vigilante of the far right will rise ominously to challenge the far left terrorist." In another article in the survey the Freedom House Public Affairs Committee notes that the Canadian government "carefully protected citizen's rights while rooting out terrorism." It warns that authoritarians on the left and right in the U.S. would welcome suspension of the country's Bill of Rights. The present level of urban violence should not be exaggerated, it says, and wild rhetoric by itself should not be treated as though it was a physical assault. Em of bombing Sussman said the decade of street riots and demonstrations appears to have given away to an era of bombings. He quotes these statistics for the U.S.: In 16 months there were 4,330 bombings, another 5,794 attempts and 35,000 threats. These bombings caused 43 deaths, 384 injuries and $23,000 million in property damage. More than 50 policemen were killed in the U.S. last year. In New York City eight policemen were murdered, 38 shot, 46 cut or stabbed, 101 bitten, 390 punched or kicked and 1,030 lost time from duty because of violence against them. In the vendetta between the Black Panthers and police, 11 Panthers and 10 police have been killed. Removed from court Rose found in contempt at Laporte murder trial WILLIAM P. ROGERS ... .unlimited air power By RUSS PEDEN MONTREAL (CP) - "Out," said Mr. Justice Marcel Nichols. Paul Rose, found in contempt of court Friday after a week of shouted insults and political ha- U.S. prepared for red action WASHINGTON (AP) - State Secretary William P. Rogers, expressing concern about Communist supply buildups in southern Laos, says unlimited United States airpower will be available throughout Indochina to protect withdrawing U.S. troops'. Asked about reports of an impending major push by the southern allies into northwestern South Vietnam near the Laos-Cambodia border, Rogers refused to discuss "what we are going to do in a military way" about the Communist buildup. "There is a very critical period about to ensue," Rogers told a news conference Friday. "By May 1 we will have withdrawn about 50,000 more troops and we will have our troops largely out of the combat role," he said. "The enemy-obviously because it is a dry season-will attempt to build up its base areas so that it can attack us at that point." USEtyAS NECESSARY Most of the North Vietnamese activity is in Cambodia .and southern Laos, ^Rogers said, adding: "So omS airpower is going to be used to the maximum extent necessary, that the president feels necessary, for the safety of Americans." And he said it could be used in Laos, Cambodia or either Vietnam. On other matters Rogers said: -"We are encouraged by the developments in recent weeks" in the Middle East dispute and, Settlement bid is made in postal strike LONDON (AP) - A possible compromise settlement of Britain's 11-day-old nationwide postal strike emerged today as the country's top labor leader stepped into the deadlocked dispute in an attempt to get talks started again. Both management and the Union of Postal Workers wel-corned the move of Victor Feather, secretary-general of the Trades Union Congress. The settlement bid came as the Ford Motor Co., second largest car manufacturer in Britain, was hit by a total shutdown of its 22 plants in a pay dispute. The Ford strike does not begin officially until Monday but workers jumped the g and began walking out Friday "We are convinced that the parties may be on the verge of actually entering into serious negotiations." He called for a start on Arab-Israeli talks under United Nations auspices and voiced hope for an extension of the Middle East ceasefire due to expire next Friday. No estimate of flood death toll BEIRA, Mozambique (Renter) - Rescuers hauled the first bodies from the mud and debris smothering villages in this Portuguese African province today after catastrophic floods Friday. There was still no official estimate of the disaster death toll but one official said: "It could be a few hundred or it could be many thousands. "Our first concern is to save the living." Unofficial reports from rescue teams in the stricken area of Zambezia, lying between the northeastern coastal town of Quelimane and the Malawi border, put the death toll in hundreds, possibly reaching a thousand. But half a million people are feared trapped on islands in the disaster zone, two days ago a rich farming belt and now an inland sea inundating farms, villages and plantations. Desperate messages from isolated villages said: "We are hungry and thirsty. Help us. Help us." gun .>u- rangues at his kidnap-murder trial was taken by the wrists and led from court by police. "Vive le FLQ, vive le Front des Quebecois," he shouted as he left the prisoner's dock. Rose, 27, a burly 210-pound former teacher standing trial for murder in the Oct. 17 strangling of Pierre Laporte, kidnapped Quebec labor minister, is expected to be back in Court of Queen's Bench when the selection of a 12-man jury gets under way. Crown Prosecutor Jean-Guy Bollard told a reporter after Friday's court session that the expulsion of Rose was temporary. If Mr. Justice Nichols had intended to remove the accused from court for the duration of his trial, he would have specified this and told Rose the reasons for the action. CHARGES COLLUSION Rose was found in contempt for his allegation in a motion that there had been collusion between the judge and the Crown prosecutors earlier in the trial. Mr. Justice Nichols said he regarded this as "an ignoble affront." He told Rose he would be sentenced for contempt at the conclusion of his trial. Rose's response was: "I find you in contempt of the Quebec people." This was the last, straw. Mr. Justice Nichols, who had reprimanded Rose on several occasions for his courtroom behavior and had warned .him twice about possibleexpulsion, wasted no words. . :s* "Sortez," he ordered. Police moved in when Rose made no immediate move to obey. . The expulsion followed the rejection by the judge of four legal motions by Rose, acting as his own lawyer. Two of the motions were presented earlier this week. One called for dismissal of the charges on grounds that widespread publicity had made a fair trial impossible. The other alleged that Quebec law is discriminatory because it bars women from jury duty, and called for disqualification of the jury candidates. In lengthy judgments turning these motions down, the judge commented that Rose was asking in effect for an acquittal without a trial. No sooner were the first two motions rejected than Rose presented two more, asking the judge to declare a mistrial. One motion alleged collusion between judge and prosecution and the other said police had prejudiced the defence's position by opening a letter sent to a jailed lawyer. "I'm not here to judge police, but to judge you," Mr. Justice Nichols said. Referring to the motion alleging collusion, he told Rose: "I have no intention of playing your game and permitting you to judge me." If Rose had a complaint about the judge he could ask the Parliament of Canada to remove him. Mr. Justice Nichols then described the motion as an affront and told Rose he was being cited for contempt. Big jobless increase admitted by government OTTAWA (CP) Before the winter is over, the government expects unemployment to increase "substantially" over the present figure, Acting Prime Minister Mitchell Sharp said Friday. Talking to reporters outside the Commons, where he had just fielded a long series of opposition questions on the subject, Mr. Sharp said the government has a "general idea" of how high unemployment is likely to go. But he said he wouldn't give specific figures. The acting prime minister was commenting on statements he made earlier in the Com-mons- that reports indicate some 756,000 Canadians now aro drawing unemployment insurance benefits. He was asked about this reported figure by Frank Howard (NDP-Skeena) and replied that his information showed it was "of this order." 538,000 OUT OF WORK Outside the House, Mr. Sharp said the number receiving benefits , invariably runs substantially higher than the actual number of unemployed during the winter months. The latest official unemployment figures showed there were 538,000 Canadians looking for work at mid-December. Mr. Sharp said at this time last year some 700,000 Canadians were receiving insurance benefits, while unemployment figures were "well below" this. Pail of the reason for the different figures, he said, is the fact that soma seasonal work- ers, such as fishermen, are drawing unemployment benefits. And others receive benefits longer than they are actually out of work. A spokesman at the Dominion Bureau of Statistics said another reason is that persons receiving benefits can earn up to 50 per cent of those benefits without losing their insurance. Mr. Sharp was pressed by reporters for the government's projection on unemployment figures for the remainder of the winter-In declining to give specific figures, Mr. Sharp 6aid it would only be an estimate in any case. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield asked whether the federal government would increase its welfare assistance as an interim measure. APOLLO 14 CREW AND VEHICLE-The Apollo 14 astronauts-Alan B. Shepard Jr., top; Edgar D. Mitchell, and Stuart A. Roosa, bottom-will ride a Saturn 5 rocket, right, away from their home planet Sunday on America's first moon flight in nine months. Astronauts relaxed, ready for Sunday's space flight By HOWARD BENEDICT CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) - The countdown ticked on, the astronauts relaxed, and everything was "go" today for Sunday's launching of Apollo 14 to the moon. At 1:23 p.m. MST Sunday, if there are no hitches,. Alan B. Shepard, Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa will ride the power of a Saturn V rocket away from their home planet cn the first moon flight by the United States in nine months. The launch team concentrated today on the Saturn V after completing preparatory work on the command and lunar modules Friday. Batteries were installed on the rocket and power was transferred to internal from an external ground source. This will be the first manned launch to the moon since the abortive Apollo 13 mission last April. The future of the Apollo program is riding on it. Apollo 14 was delayed nearly four months while design changes were made to the oxygen tank system and additional safety features were added to the spaceship. For three days, Apollo 14 is to coast outwards for the moon and fire into lunar orbit at 12.01 a.m. MST Thursday. At 2:16 a.m. Friday, Shepard and Mitchell are to land the lunar machine they call Antares in the ancient highlands of Fra Mauro on the eastern edge of the Ocean of Storms. They aim to touch down in a' narrow valley between two clusters of craters nicknamed Triplet and Doublet. They will require precision flying, for this is an area of hills and ridges 8,000 feet high, numerous craters and rocks as big as automobiles. During 33% hours on the moon, Shepard and Mitchell plan two outside excursions, each lasting four to five hours. The first will be devoted mainly to deploying a nuclear-powered science station, which is to relay data to earth for a year or more. The second will be a geology field trip that will cover 8,400 yards. Roosa will orbit alone in the command ship Kitty Hawk, conducting photographic and other scientific observations. The nine-day .mission is to end with splashdown in the Pacific Ocean at 2:04 p.m. Feb. 9. Avalanche strands number of skiers Seen and heard About town CRATING enthusiast Ken Christensen taking full advantage of a beautiful ice surface formed on the top level of the city's parkade by the recent warm - cold weather . . . Barbara Michel making a pun on the current icy - under - foot conditions, saying she was just "slipping around" to see some friends . . . Ray MacPherson wondering if the new city ball electronic secretary will "self-destruct in five seconds." BANFF, Alta. (CP) - The Banff - Japser highway was closed today for the second time in less than two weeks following an avalanche near Waterfowl Lake, 60 miles northwest of this national park community. The highway was first closed Jan. 18 when two slides struck the area and others threatened to come down along the 170-mile route. It was reopened Jan. 22 after officials used helicopters to break up key snowpack areas. About 200 skiers were stranded at Sunshine Village, eight miles southwest of Banff, for three hours Friday when two slides thundered down to an access road which connects the ski area with the Trans-Canada Highway. A third avalanche followed later in the day. Park officials said, however, that traffic was being moved through the area early today without "too much difficulty." Warm weather and heavy snow also have combined to trigger a number of avalanches and mall now slides in Brit* ish Columbia - but all main highways remained open to traffic today. Crews reopened the Rogers Pass section of the Trans-Canada Highway closed for a time Friday by a slide 38 miles east of Revelstoke. But a department of highways spokesman said there was single-lane traffic at another slide site five miles east of Golden and motorists may face two-hour delays today. There was also a danger of more slides in the area. Highways crews also opened one lane through an avalanche that blocked the Trans-Canada Highway one mile west of the B.C.-Alberta border. Several small slides were reported on the Hope-Princeton section of the southern Trans-Canada Highway, but crews were clearing the slides as they occurred and traffic was moving on the route. In the cariboo country, 12 to 18 inches of snow fell between Cache Creek and Williams Lake and snowplows were keeping the road open as snow continued to fall.