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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 30, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta tw FOUR THE LfiTHBRIDGE, DAII^Y DAILY AND WKEKLY Proprietors and Publlthars thl uethbridqe herald print-- Inq company, limited m eth Btrent South, Lethbrldge W. a. Buchanan Preatdfftit and MBnagtng Director Xefcn TorraUQe Bttslnesa Manager Buainesa Kdltorlal telephones OfHoo.............. 1!5J Omca............... 1824 Subierlptlon Rates: Datlr. fleUverad, piar week . delivered, per year . by niall, per year T .18 .16.00 .J4.00 Weekly, "by mall,' per" year '.....�1.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to U.S.. ja.OO Dally, Dally, Datea ot expiry ot subacrlpUona appear dally on address label. Acoept-nce of papers f.fte; expiration date la 0U authority to centinuo the 8ul�-scrlptlon. eat, Coal is needed (here and la not ayallable. As there U. no effort being nVndo to relieve the eastern famine by the westerd aurplus,. the proposed (heatro order would work noedlosa hardship In the west while It might bo a necessary evil in the east. Nevertheless Uio posslbilily ttint there might be such an order hroiiRht homo to us Just how serious tho fuel situation Is in other parts oC Camulii. Wo are living on a conl mlno with millions ot tons of coil everywhoro round uu. and It behooves tho poople of Lethbrldge to take an interest In the fuel equation in order that wo may bo able to help solve fho famine elsewhere by supplyinjc from our plenty. This would be profitable business which WQ cannot afford to pass up. HERALD '.......... ��i eat ^PtCKB^ UP PA S^IIVG JfQ^ TNS BJf^TMAN THE PRO0RE88 of THE WAR A collective statement of war aims nay be Issued by the allies shortly. This Is now being considered at the later allied war council being held in farls. Such a atatemeat. It is be-H�Ted. would carry more weight than ladlTidual statements. The Italians have taken over 1500 prisoners la their new attacks gainst positions held by the Au�-triaoa. Some of these important po-�tUons have been captured and held ky the Italians; It is denied that the Bolshevikl IkavQ 'resumed peace negotiations with the Germans. ITHE MAYOR AND (THE HERALD Mayor Hardle in a letter to the Her-�ld appearing today is InclInM to blame the newspapers for the agitation over the prefereittial form of btUot. 1  As the mayoir-knows, every effect must have its cause. The agUation la the effect. .The oause was Jtliayor Hardie's opposition to the preferential ballot put In the form of an amead-inent to be asked of the proyinclaJ legislature, doing away with it Tho Herald would have been liack-iagin its duty as a newspaper hwi it failed to publish the. fact that such an amendment was ebout to bs asked for. and the fact also that a number of citizens were aroused at this apparent usurpation ot the voters', rights by thjB council elected by them.' . The mayor will therefore be pleased to withdraw his imputation that thei Herald helped to stir up a needless agitation. [{ there is one thing iUayor Hardle claims to be, it is that he is democratic, and'he would therefore, be the last man one would expect to object to the people having an opportunity to discuss and decide on a question of such prime importance as the ballot. WHY RESTRICT OUR VOTING PRIVM.EQES On Tuesday next the people of i..ctli-brldge will decide by their votes whe-ther they want to continue electing commissioners to office by tho present method provided by the preferential ballot or whether they want to go back to the straight ballot such as is used in the school board elections. Frankly the Horeld favors the preferential ballot-not because we believe M is perfect by any means, but because we believe it is an Improvement over the old form ot ballot in that, with a number of candidates In the field it comes nearer getting the voice of the inajority of tho electors. Tha straight ballot with three or more candidates In tho field, only one of whoza is to be elected, often results in placing In otfioo a man whom a minority clique ot the electors, controlling� number of votee, wish elected. Probably S5 pMcest only of the voters elect Um, yet he is chosen to repreaent bie other 65 percent of the voters. He Is responsluie ot course to all the peoqple after his election, bat he feels his reeponsiWIIty e.s-peolaUr to the SB paremt who were able to pat him thors against the wishes at the 66 percent. The preferential ballot aims to rem-edy this detect anid from Lethbridge's experience - it Abes remedy it. We have not had uiy rsasoa to condemn the preteraBtial ballot because ot any ill-effects'It haa had In our-elections. Why thea shonld we s�ek to curtail oUr Totiog powOT by limiting our-1 selves p one choice of candidate in! a field ot three or more. We believe the majority ot tha electors of Lath-bridge view the matter the same way. Wclliugton county cbunoll Increased the Patriotic grant from $60,0(jf0 to $75,000. While Thomas Kelly and Sons hnvo beun awarded the contract for the laying of snmo at t2D2,315, .James Cooper, Qcorgo DeWcr Cooper, and Clarence � Brockenbury, three prisoners in Simcoo Jail, made a getaway. Sarnia women who aro conducting a campaign to secure 5,000 member^.] for tho Ked Cross, have already s cured over 2,000; y Hamilton Board ot Control will Rsk the local members of PArliament to ask that cities ba permitted to Impose a head tax on aliens. Stratford Public Utility Commission will cut off power users who did not curtail their lights In ac'ar as a money making game and the men and the parties and govero-meuts that have "played politics wlih the w^r and overlooked the national Interest, will be put In their place by the^ men who-have {ought and sacrificed for three years or more. These inen.j \vlll be a force In' our. affalris. They will be able to dictate and domi-,;uata;and they may revolutlonUe things. .As long as their ideals arB|Of S)^' . the ..kind Mr. Lyon mentions, CanaBa Is, not likely to suffer. News of proposed new consolidated schools in Southern Alberta is being heard.on every hand. Which Is one of the very best indications of the south's prosperity. Cash oats No. 2,C.W. sold In Winnipeg last week for ninety cents, and it is being freely forecasted that they will reach a dollar. It was not like that in t&e olden days, recalls the Bd-mohton Journal, Oats once sold in the Winnipeg market for nine cen^s. While an increase in the light rates is not the fairest plan In the world, if It will help Lethbrldge pay its debts and keep its head up in the financial seas, let's give the scheme a very fair consideration. It is probable a better plan for securing the necessary revenue might be evolved. V T. O. King, of Raymond, didn't gel to the legislature, but he Is a director In the Farmers Parliament and it's a toss up which is' the greatest recognition. Mr. .King will give the farm-era'good aervlce. He is ah Intelligent man of splendid Judgment, and the TJ.F.A. will find him a valuable ac-quiaitloh to the Board Of Directors. COAt-SUPPLIES AND V' COAL' famines IflpJf^TSe .Herald sincerely hopes the dis-''p||;j�teii are rl^ht aiad that the Domln-'�!, Ion gotomment will not impose such 'LV' ^ haU-baked ruling on us as that rum-i>rod in connectlonpivltl^ the theatres, �'Which.were threatened with closing ^^6HW(i':^y;B .a. w;e6k. We. are speaking #l.ro^tttestandp6int^ of}Western Can- V^have on fuel conservation. We ought to be grateful that we live in. Alberta, where t'here is plenty of coal and gas and chlnooks to keep us warm. Wouldn't It make'you shiver to read the following extract from one of Uncle Sara's weeklies: Pine stumps are' legal tender for subscriptions at The Mears News office. If, yoii win send us a cord of pine stumps we will send you the Pftjjer for. seven years. , Bring us a pine stump leas we perish. o �-� * * ? > *   � ? � selecting officers, and later.made advances towards remedying it by bringing forth, in collaboration with' another gentleman,^ the proportional representation scheme. ' . , At the very first election it was very plain that a well devised system ot collaboration In a three cornered tight between two candidates and t,heir supporters agalnst^he single candidate would have ensured the election of one of them. What saved the situation at that time %vas'the great.'multiplicity of candidates there being five In the field, � , .  The next election shows very clearly what combination could do; in tact it stigmatized tho ballot** a "spite ballot." It was actually used against one candidate without any of the othur candidates themselves being aware ot the fact. '. Reason for Raid's Defeat Mr. ReUl was defeated, in jiiy estimation not because he was :an inefti^ dent or incompetent commissioner; but because he unwisely took a very �active part on a subject qn which our citizens were very much diyided, and was no civic matter. Those , he supported In this issue did not heartily support him in, U|b. own^electlonl He ,wa8 punished not because 'he ^Y^s inefficient or incompetent; but' because ho was Indiscreet and^perbaps because by nature ho was not tacitfUl. Two citizens of 'the city of Lethbrldge as candld'atOH, can, with tho connivance ot their supporters, defeat the, th'Ird man. They cannot pro-determine which one of them will be elected, but they can determine 'that ono ot them will be and at least they can rtake a forecast with long odds In favor ot one' ot Uie two. ' , In tho tlrst lustatjfco it is praotloally imposslblo in a Ihreo cprnered fight/ that any candidate will got 60 per cent, plus one vote, ot 'all the 'Votes cast In tlr^t choice. Lot us assume that the total tlrst choice vote' is 100 and the leading candidate gets 48 vptes. He is not elected and now there ar? 52 first choice vot^s.agalnst hjm (rtven to the other two candidates. JFurthsr th^roare 100 second oholcM tlmt may be against,him by>tbe fact that his friends might give �"their-48 second choices to the other candidates, while the other candidates' frlefids might not give the leading catidldate a single second choice. The position now is tills, that the leading candidate has 4S first choice votes, and that is als\> his final total. Thej,other two candidates, let us suppose, split evenou tlrst choice and eaoh got half ot 52 or 26 first choices. They can get also halt of the 100 second choices or 50 second choices each or a' total of 7� votes. This would'"a tie but we can easily sei^itbatntbis finesse will 'scarcely hold and eit]iier:candidato can get a small or, lar^e njalorlty. . : I haye-gltren an'eiWeme case, bat there are a'great'm^ly combinations in these figuFea that will eventuate in one of the two; opposition candidates getting a majority :bri: tho second choice count. > ' The point J want tp-make is, that the leading c8ndidate,jqan^only rely on first choices .or one ,vote while the Others have their llrat choice and a strong probability of a second choice. In fine the other fellow has two votes to his one. This is not fair play in my Judgment. This manipulation can be varied In Innumerable ways without ftrleness to accomplish the same object, r do not think it is necessary to go further to show its undesirabllity from a point of fair play. Defence of Syatam ' As a matter of defence in putting up the request for a return to tho old ballot, 1 have already "pointed out, as nearly as my memorv serves me, how it got Into our charter, and at each succeeding election it'was put up to me on the street to explain why such a tool ballot was put in the charter. In tact I seemed to be saddled with the whole blame .and' I neisd not say that I felt thattjio flrsEahd 6�ery uuc-ceedlng election showed its wcakpess not to mention the Influence that the talk.on the stroot had onmynilnd., No commissioner could bring the matter up until his own election was over, and 1 resisted all influences to ask tor an omenrimont until my own election was past, in fact I had not;o8 in all the addresses I liiade at my last election, advocating the repeal Of the preferential ballot, ot course giving the reasons fo* aueh advocacy, It I did not bring It up-I, think I, did ati one meeting-It' was simply because A . � "One of our pilots attacked a raider over the northeastern outskirts ot London with tho result that it dropped Its bombs on open groufid and made off. All our pilots returned safely," .boston peels pinch Doston, 'Mass., Jan. 30,-The coal pinch'was felt In.Its fuUeat extent here today with the enforcement of ordorR forbidding the dpllvery of coal to stores or factorleo during the next 48 hours.  ,!, I had so many otlior things to deal with that I could not get that far along In my notes. >jy,, . . ; f(lp.;. Freeman's,'stand 5 Mr.'Freeman, I thlnk,iSieeS the effect ot tills, ballot, but his': ppsltlQn.is that he would rather take the-cbance wltb the ballot he won on thaa advocate the change .because the people might ho susp'lcloiifl, , , . , TlilEi Ib home out by aome^men that 1 liavo spoken with. Thoy. do not like Mr. Freeman becuuHe 'he beat Mr Reid, whom they regardedvvery high ly. They say foeeman does not wont to take the chance Retd had - to jtfilce and while they regard the ballot as a "fool ballot" they wouldcnot stand for amending It until afterfiha Uex'telec tlon. Vs* * ' As to ..the pleblaclte.'.wwhy should I, or any commissionot^^hftvf) any-oD-Jeoftlon to It. If the tfa'dple waii^' I they can demand It by th^roferendum but I would not ask iavejiv that. >" the man on the street-miffbs even hint that there should baH^ plebiscite It will be held at orloe, IniljJenty., ot |.lme to decide before tho.'legislature will pass on it. ,.,But'Ju�.aj[lJtfilrn�^Bia ballot that' Is' admltt^^ly 'icu^ceptlble of manipulation In- an el^^tloa; shoUld not be a part' bt our jBysiem, .'That.lc not HvJnB'.up to. my fflOtt,p^ of ,?QYevri ment by th'o. people. iv/y ..;��!!.: I'may say. to tbo protfigoij^iBtki, that do not intend to. dofend''imy positM> further. I am honost a�d lully,-;C0n vince^ ,^hat the ballot is iqt)t f|ilr,'b,ut' I the people dosli'o to s^y,.iby tpljspiaolte . whether they shall pr.sMH not retalu bui were all turned back by gunfire,' >he unfair ballot, the)f''*iih>U ttay^,it At about the same time three or four so faras I a.m concern^df .r.l ' ' otjjer raiders crossed the KbjT&x: coast. W, D, u-flABDJfi^ . i;ttM. OV lulled to penetrate tho out- SECOND AIR RAID Short Course School in Agriculture The Provincial Department of Agricultttre Have Arrange^ to Hold Two Day SHORT COURSE SCHOOLS at Macleod, Monday and Tueiday^ February 4-5.;' 1 Raymond, Thursday and Friday; February 7-8. Carmangay, Monday & Tuesday, February 11-12. , The subjects to be discussed include Soil Gultiva-lion, Selection of Seed,' Weed Control, Suitable Varieties of Vlj/heat, Oats and Barley, the Silo; Alfalfa Grasses and Fodder Grojss. .  Illustrated/Lectures on Live, Stock and on Weed. Identification on the evening of the first day at each ^plac'e;.' The most experienced speakers in/the Proy- ; , ince will take part in the prograiiirrie. Further particulars from, ALEX. GALBRAITH, Supt, of Fairs and Institutes, Edmonton. ;