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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 29, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta VOL. LXVII 40 The LetKbrldge Herald LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1974 24 Pages 10 Cants High-priced food 'superior to none at all9 OTTAWA (CP) While Ca- nadians are preoccupied with rising food prices many areas of the world are going hungry, the annual agricultural outlook conference was told Monday. A.G. Leeks of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said that while food production is always vulnerable to weather, the world relentlessly grows by "about 80 million people a year "The FAO maintains an early warning system of food shortages, and its latest report lists no less than 14 countries with current he said. "Fourteen more countries face a danger of poor harvests." Mr. Leeks said the present world food shortage, "probably unprecendented in its originated through a combination of short-term events being superimposed on longterm trends. "This now has been joined by radical economic changes, arising outside the agricultural sector, whose consequences for agriculture cannot yet be fully he said referring to the energy crisis. Relief will be brief On the domestic scene, con- sumers were told they may see food prices levelling off this year, but any relief would be temporary. Andre Raynauld, Economic Council of Canada chairman, warned that because of the energy crisis the trend toward higher prices will continue. "Given current economic conditions, persisting bottlenecks for basic products and the costs of energy, significant slowing of the rate of increase of prices is unlikely in the near future." And Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan reiterated that consumers still" are getting a bargain in food and indicated that speculation that food prices would drop this year should be rejected. In an interview, he said it was obvious that if farmers are going to be faced with increasing energy costs, "the costs for their produce must rise accordingly." Expansion will slow Mr. Raynauld, dealing with the impact of the energy situ- ation on the country's economy, said the pace of expansion in 1974 will slow to about five per cent from 6.7 percent last year. "An easing of consumer spending and a reduction of expenditures in the housing sector are the key domestic sources of this he said. Consumer spending, he said, is expected to increase at a rate of 5.4 per cent in 1974, compared with 8.5 per cent in 1973. On the labor front, Mr. Ray- nauld said in an interview, we can expect the unemployment rate to remain at the "5.6 per cent level of 1973, or slightly provided the size of the labor force remains stable. Last year force grew by S.2 per out, or workers, over'the 1972 level. High interest rates.and a shortage of mortgage money "combined with A shortage of building materials and some basic will lead to a reduction in the number of housing starts this year. Housing starts are expected to drop to units in 1974 compared with 1973's record starts. Brisbane flood crests, left homeless BRISBANE (Reuter) An Australian civil defence spokesman said tonight that the crisis for Brisbane, battered by the worst floods this century, is over as the waters of the swollen Brisbane River began re- ceding. The level of the river dropped to 19 feet five inches tonight, more than two feet below its peak early today when the river reached its highest level since 1893. But the picture is still grim as hundreds of homes remain under water in 25 flooded sub- urbs covering almost a third of the city of Nine thousand persons are still homeless and most are not expected to be able to return home for two to five days. Eight persons died in the floods and an unknown number are still missing. The city was in chaos today as people tried to reach the centre to report for duty on the first working day since the Australia Day long weekend. Some used boats to travel along the still-flooded main streets to reach their offices. Prince's Grenada visit cancelled after unrest LONDON (AP) Britain today cancelled a visit by Prince Richard of Glouchester to Grenada for independence celebrations Feb. 7 because of mounting strife in the Caribbean island. The foreign office said, at Premier Eric Gairy's recommendation, the island's governor, Leo de Gale, will become governor-general and will represent the Queen. Labor party lashes mine leader's tactics Overnight surprise This is some clean-up job facing Ken Mostowy, St. N., before he could go to work this morning. Some two inches of snow fell in the city overnight, covering the floor of the roofless Sportsplex. The weatherman Is calling for continued snowflurries, m r Inside i N ixon removes curbs foreign investment 'How about something In ntct Classified........20-23 Comics............18 Comment.........4, 5 District............15 Family.........16, 17 Local News.....13, 14 Markets...........19 Sports..........10, 11 Theatres............7 TV.................7 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT -10; HIGH WED. 15; SNOW FLURRIES. Bolivian farm workers mount armed barricades LA PAZ (CP) Bolivia was under a country-wide state of siege today as armed farm workers barricaded roads and threatened to open fire on troops of President Hugo Ban- zer's right-wing government. Banzer said a leftist con- spiracy is trying to overthrow his government. Banzer proclaimed a state of siege, one step short of martial law, Monday night as more than peasants blocked all three roads from agricultural areas in southern and eastern Bolivia to the heavily-populated highlands WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon lifted today all curbs on foreign portfolio investments by Americans be- cause of a dramatic improve- ment in the United States bal- ance of payments. In an executive order, Nixon in effect suspended the interest equalization tax adopted in 1963 to restrict capital outflows from the U.S. In related actions, the com- merce department terminated foreign direct investment controls and the Federal Reserve Board ended use of its voluntary foreign credit restraint guidelines. The moves came a day after the commerce department re- ported the United States had a record foreign trade surplus in December and a edge for exports versus imports for all of 1973. The improvements in the trade situation were attributed mainly to two formal devaluations of the U.S. dollar. While curbs have been linted, the department said certain reporting requirements will be maintained temporarily so the government can monitor money flows involving American businesses and financial institutions. Purpose of the interest equalization tax was to discourage foreign investments at a time when Americans were sending increasing amounts of capital abroad in search of higher in- terest rates than then available in the U.S. Adopted in July, 1963, the tax rate has been altered periodically because of changed conditions, most recently on Jan. 1. At that time the rate on foreign stocks was cut to 3.75 per cent from 11.25 per cent and on for- eign bonds and other debt obli- gations to .75 from 3.75. Judge will order Nixon to testify LOS ANGELES (AP) A California judge said today he will order President Nixon to testify in person for the Lawyer challenges police authority Licence suspension 'lawful, but not legal9 By DAVID B. BLY Herald Staff Writer The suspension of drivers' licences by policemen may be lawful, but it's not legal, says a Lethbridge lawyer The legality of 24 hour suspensions of drivers' licenses is being challenged by W. Douglas Maxwell, who is defending Malcolm McManus of Picture Butte McManus was stopped by Lethbridge police officers Dec. 22 Jim Langston, prosecuting attorney, told Provincial Judge A H Elford His licence was suspended for 24 hours, then he was stopped again 40 minutes later and charged with driving while suspended Although McManus has entered a plea of not guilty, Mr Langston, and Mr Maxwell agreed the facts as stated are true, and that the police had grounds to suspend McManus' licence. The dispute centres on the difference between "legal" and Mr. Maxwell stated Mr. Langston claimed the policeman who suspended McManus' licence was acting under the authority of the Highway Traffic Act, therefore, the suspension was legal, he said Mr Maxwell said the suspension may have been lawful in accordance with the law but was not legal, since the suspension had not been ordered by a judge in a court. The Canada Criminal Code states that a person who drives while disqualifed by reason of a legal suspension of his licence is guilty of an indictable offence and can be sentenced to two years in jail. Provincial Judge Elford asked Mr. Maxwell what he thought of licences which are automatically suspended upon a conviction of impaired driving. The licence is suspended under the authority of the Highway Traffic Act, the provincial judge said, not by order of a judge. "Then the accused has had his day in Mr Maxwell replied. "Only a court of law can decide what is and what is not legal, not a he said. The lawyer said the traffic act disqualified the driver from holding a licence, and does not disqualify him from driving. Mr. Maxwell told Provincial Judge Elford that Sec. 2073 of the Highway Traffic Act states that a surrender is not a disqualification to drive, only a disqualification to hold an operator's licence. The lawyer said the only thing his client could have been charged with was driving without a licence, and is therefore not guilty of a criminal offence Provincial Judge Elford remanded McManus to Feb. 19 so that he could have time to study the case. Neither Chief Ralph Michelson of the city police nor Imp. Bill West of the city police traffic division would comment on the case before a decision has been handed down. The 24 hour suspension, however, has been an integral part of the Alberta Check Stop program administered here by the Lethbridge City Police. Harry Max ted. director of law enforcement for the Solicitor General's office and the man in charge of Check Stops, told The Herald the decision would not seriously affect the program. "We're not necessarily looking for drivers to he said in a telephone interview "We're trying to take impaired drivers off the road Mr. Maxted feels the section of the Traffic Act which empowers a policeman to suspend a driver's licence is a good law. It gives the policeman power to use some discretion on the spots, he said Lethbridge policemen, he said, have been using their discretion wisely He praised the efforts of the city police in their administration of the Check Stop. When the Check Stop program was announced fall, Insp. West said 24-hour suspensions were being used in "border line cases." Many drivers suspended, he 3 nd then, could be just over the legal Wood alcohol It would be possible, then, should the McManus case be dismissed, that city police will be prosecuting many more impaired drivers defence of John Ehrlichman in the Ellsberg burglary case. Superior Court Judge Gordon Ringer said it will be the first time in United States history that a state court judge has taken such action Ringer, acting on a request by lawyers for Ehrlichman, Nixon's former top domestic adviser, said: "The court will sign and issue a properly prepared Certificate commanding the president, the honorable Richard M. Nixon, to testify before this court on Feb. 25 and to ap- pear on April 15." The trial of Ehrlichman and two co-defendants on charges of burglary and conspiracy is to start April 15. A pre-trial hearing is set for Feb. 25. The charges involve the 1971 break-in at the Beverly Hills offices of Dr. Lewis Fielding, a psychiatrist whose patients included -Pengaton papers figure Daniel Ellsberg. "The court is said Ringer, "that the honor- able Richard M. Nixon is a material witness for the In Washington, presidential spokesman Gerald Warren re- fused comment on the judge's action until he has conferred with Nixon's lawyers Ehrlichman's lawyers say they want the president to tes- tify about Ehrlichman's rolp in the no-called "plumbers unit" created by the White Home to plug security leaks. Bidding to bring down government LONDON (AP) The Labor party accused a Communist leader of Britain's coal miners today of using the miners as a "political battering ram" to force a strike in a bid to bring down an elected government. The party, which gets most of its political and financial support from labor unions, said in a rare public censure of a union leader that it "utterly repudiated" the Communist tactics. Although the document did not mention any names, it was clearly directed against Michael McGahey, vice- president of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and a member of the.Com- munist party. He has been touring Britain seeking sup- port among miners for a strike. The miners have been on a work slowdown for 12 weeks. The Labor party con- demnation followed a toughly- worded attack on McGahey and the Communists by Prime Minister Edward Heath in a television interview Monday night. Labor Leader Harold Wilson was the principal signatory of a motion in Parliament that repudiated statements by McGahey "seeking to invoke the strike weapon as a means of chang- ing an elected government other than through a democratic election." Even McGahey's union Joe Gormley, disowned him. Gormley, clearly angered by his Scottish deputy's tactics, said: "I alone speak for the union as its official spokesman." The Labor party statement said Communist strategy "is silly and dangerous non- sense." "Let the extremist spokesmen on the NUM ex- ecutive recall that whatever happens in other countries, at least in this country we can, and do, change our governments at the voting booths and in no other way." Heath accused militant mine union leaders of seeking to "get rid of the elected government." He accused McGahey of using the miners' pay dispute "to get a left-wing government that would toe the fine as far as he is concerned." McGahey, 48, has become a controversial figure as miners' leaders tour the country urging their members to approve a strike in a vote Thursday and Friday Soviets test new warhead WASHINGTON Soviet Union has conducted its first long-range test of intercontinental ballistic missiles with separately targetable warheads, the Pentagon said Monday. Two SS-19 missiles carrying multiple warheads soared Friday and Saturday about miles from a launch site deep within the Soviet Union to a test range about 850 miles north of Midway Island in the Pacific, a Pentagon spokesman said. and hord About town Veterinarian Dr. Clayton Carney splitting his sides after seeing his luncheon associate take a mouthful of salad dressing that locked like tomato soup BUI Bvlbck getting a few more curls in his hair after eating a large bit of gravy-covered horse radish ;