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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 29, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITOR! A LS Maurice Western Canada's "visitors ft Officials in the immigration department stated recently there may be as many as 200,000 people living and working illegally in Canada, thereby adding to the Canadian job crisis. These illegal immigrants they claim, are for the most part from the United States. They have entered Canada as "visitors" because they do not have the skills and other qualifications required by landed immigrants. The "visitors" have passed freely across the border where there is no real check on who they are and how long they stay in Canada. In time, they find work and stay on. According to the immigration department, all an immigrant needs to have to apply for a job is a social security number which can be obtained by filling in a form and sending it to the government. An employer is not bound to ask proof of an immigrant's status. To date, there has been no liaison between the social security section of the government and the immigration department, so there is no way of knowing how many non-Canadians are carrying social security cards. These cards can also be put to use to obtain welfare benefits. The illegal immigrants have found a big loophole in the present system. Landed immigrants who go through normal immigration channels are expected to pass the immigration de- partment's point system which requires of all prospective immigrants certain elementary fundamentals: a command of English or French, a minimum of education, and job skills. The "visitors" who come into Canada and stay on to live and work, get around this requirement by applying for landed immigrant status after they are settled. In many cases, the department has granted the application, asking only that a minimum of points be met. If the applicant fails, he can apply to the Immigration Appeal Board. Unfortunately, so many have failed the test the appeal board is sadly behind in dealing with applications. In the meantime, the illegal "visitor" continues to work in Canada until the board is ready to hear his appeal. The immigration department indicates the government is likely to correct the situation in the near future by tightening up on obvious loopholes and abolishing the appeal board except in special circumstances. But how can they control U.S. visitors in Canada if work visas are not required and no working liaison exists between Manpower officials and Im� migration officials? Since these two offices are under the one department it seems ludicrous that some sort of control cannot be worked out to protect the country against illegal im� migrants. Guinea-true or false? Grisly executions have been reported on a very large scale in Guinea. One report carried by the International Herald Tribune in Paris says that 58 black people were hanged in a carnival atmosphere. Another report later claims that only five have been publicly hanged. The truth is almost impossible to assess because President Toure isn't saying anything and he won't allow western newsmen into his country. President Toure, the Marxist-leaning dictator of what was formerly French Guinea, doesn't like the Germans whom he accuses of being involved with Guinean exiles who want to take over his regime. The Germans say that they have had nothing to do with the espionage of which they are accused. Just before Christmas Toure claimed that Portugal had taken part in an abortive attempt to take over his country. A UN team was sent to investigate and found that there was some substantiation to his claim, but the evidence was flimsy at best. The latest confirmed arrest is that of the Archbishop of Conakry who was taken into custody apparently because he refused to go on Radio Conakry to corroborate that there had indeed been an invasion attempt by Guineans-in-exile. The fact is that there has been practically no solid evidence of outside interference in the affairs of Guinea. Which all leads to the question, what is President Toure playing at? The only answer must be that he is worried about his own position, fears a takeover by internal forces, and is trying to blame someone else for it all. Outside observers can be an embarrassment, particularly if mass arrests and shootings of prisoners are, in fact, true. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - It could be the war or all the talk about revolution, but the latest fashion craze in the country is a cartridge belt for women. I discovered this the other day when I went into a store to buy a present for my wife. The salesgirl took me over to a rack where there were belts of bullets in all sizes. "This is the latest thing in accessories," the girl said. "Your wife would love one." "I was hoping for something more in a hand grenade," I said. "Believe me," she said. "Women are just crazy about these bullets. They can wear them around their chests or around their hips or let them hang loose like this." "You don't have anything in tear gas, do you?" I asked her. "Now, you're not being serious," she said. "I don't know how to tell you this," I said, "But ir.y wife is a Dove." "All the more reason for buying her a bullet belt," she replied. "It's better to wear bullets than to shoot tbern." "But I was in the service, and I don't know anyone who wore a belt of cartridges who didn't eventually want to shoot them." "These are dummy bullets," she said, "and all the powder's been taken out of the casings." .. "But what's to prevent another store from selling powder to go with the belts?" "Nothing," she said, rather irritated. "But even if a store sold powder for the bullets, you would still need a machine-gun to fire them." "What would prevent a handbag manufacturer from making a bag that could turn into a machine gun?" "It's ridiculous," she replied. "If a handbag turned into a machine-gun, all the contents in the bag would fall out." "I never thought of that. What are you featuring in flame throwers this year?" She was determined to sell me a cartridge belt. "Why don't you try one on and see how nice it feels?" She threw the cartridge belt over my shoulder. "There," she said, "If you were wearing black silk pajamas, you'd look beautiful." "Let me ask you something," I said. "Why do you think women have gone ape over cartridge belts?" "What do you know what it's like to be a woman?" she asked bitterly. "I didn't mean . . ." "Do you think it's fun to be treated as a second-class citizen, to have to cook and sew and scrub and give birth to children?" "No, I guess it isn't, but,.." "We're people, too," she said angrily. "And we're getting sick and tired of being sex objects." "Please, lady," I begged. "We've had it up to here living in a masculine society with a masculine power structure grinding us into robots. And even when we want to wear something as simple as a belt of bullets, men laugh and make fun of us." "OK, I'll buy it. I'll buy it," I cried. "Please give me one in size 22." After the sale was made, I happened to say to the floor manager, "Boy, that's a pretty uptight salesgirl you have over there." He just smiled and said, "That's possible, but she sells more cartridge belts than anyone else in the store." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Tall tales? By Doug Walker COME people apparently have doubts ^ about the authenticity of the things I write about in these fillers. They don't know if they can believe that Don MacKay really stuck stamps on both sides of his Christmas envelopes; if Jeanne Frame actually went calling with the price tag still attached to the wig she was wearing; if Lorna Wadstein did suggest that Al might help the McKillop choir with his yodeling. People who doubt thinK-s like that must j\e their difficulties giving credence to jme of the .stories that D'Aic Rickard has Restriction on imports to be imposed rvTTAWA: Mr. Pepin, the per-suasive minister of industry, trade and commerce, has been addressing skeptical importers on the government's commitment to "trade liberalization as a matter of long-term policy in the spirit of the "balancing act' applied between countries and between sectors of our domestic economy." The meaning of "balance" becomes apparent from seven examples offered by the minister. Five of these affect particular industries. They are automobile manufacturing textiles and clothing; production machinery and equipment; footwear and business machines. Special ar- rangements have been, or are being worked out in each case. The other two are more general; the anti - dumping legislation and curtailment of imports supported by foreign government export financing programs. It would appear from the examples that more liberalization and less balance would be of value to the great majority of consumers and taxpayers. Mr. Pepin was particularly emphatic on the subject of the textile arrangement, which, in his view, has been unjustly criticized by importers. As he explained, the new textile and clothing board has authority only to make recommendations; the final decisions will continue to be made by the government. The reality is, of course, that it is very much easier for the government to effect such changes as it may desire when it can point to recommendations from presumably expert and impartial commissioners. More remarkable, however, is Mr. Pepin's claim that Canada is particularly virtuous since "most other countries take restrictive action without a prior formal determination of injury." Have we then abandoned the system of "voluntary" quotas, which we pioneered and which until recently we continued to impose on selected countries? There has been no announcement to that effect. Further, the minister seems unduly modest in describing the legislation which he has urged on Parliament. The words used in his bill are "at such prices, in such quantities and under such conditions as to cause or threaten serious injury." So it is not necessary for the injury to occur; merely for a threat to be discerned. If this is "balance," the bill is a clearly discernible threat to the consumer interest. After all, the textile industry, over many decades, has possessed a matchless tal- taken to telling in his Pot Luck column. I happen to know that my friend D'Arc did take some liberties with one of his stories but if there were embellishments in his other stories only Hildegard knows. I am inclintd to believe he was telling it the way it was - especially in the story of the flooding at his house. Who could doubt that he underwent a traumatic plumbing experience after seeing his Christmas cartoon in which plumber's helpers figured so prominently? BERRY'S WORLD ft l�7l tj NW, tee.* "You're a true artist in the contemporary sense, producing an ephemeral thing to be experienced-not (o be bought and owned!" "Never mind the snow conditions-what are conditions around the fireplace?" Letters to the editor Education professionals and technicians In a recent article in the education corner of your editorifil page, the writer deplored the lack of professional educators on school boards. I agree entirely with him, but there is also a lack of professionals involved in the schools. Professionals are in the universities, just the same as the professionals in medicine and surgery are in university hospitals and research centres. The average practitioner, like a teacher, is a technician who relies on his professionals for direction, research and learning. Professionals in the universities are learned men; and in the faculty of education, we have the professionals who are experts in the methods of teaching. Now, the methods of teaching should be distinguished very clearly, from learning. It follows that any learned man can teach his subject, he may be helped by a semester in the faculty of education on teaching methods, but basically he can teach his subject because he has a knowledge of it or he is learned in it. Education is too important a thing to be left in the hands of education technicians. At the same time, I do not disagree that they should be on the school boards, because anybody who has attended school board meetings knows that they have nothing to do with learning or education. Their principal role is administrative, Instrument of torture Few people realize how the furs that adorn women are obtained. The unfortunate animals are caught by a limb in a steel leg-hold trap, which crushes the bone and tears the flesh in an ever tightening grip. The terrified animal fights to get free and inflicts more pain and damage to itself. Many traplines cover great distances and it may be days or weeks before the trapper comes to put the animal out of its misery. In the meantime it suffers unbelievably excruciating pain, along with hunger, thirst, freezing cold and fright. It may free itself by chewing or twisting its own leg off, then die a horrible death from gangrene. To prevent escape, some traps are set on sprung trees, which raise the animal in the air to dangle with all its weight on the caught limb. Every year four million of our wildlife suffer in the steel jaws of the leg-hold trap. How can we as citizens of a civilized country allow the use of this cruel barbaric instrument of torture? Only public opinion ou a large scale can bring an end to it. Mr. Harold Winch MP has four times introduced legislation in an attempt to outlaw the use of the steel leg-hold trap. In 'Crazy Capers' each case his bill has been talked out. If only the silent majority of humane people in this country would let their feelings regarding cruelty to animals be known to their political representatives, I am sure that we would soon join the other advanced nations of the world that see fit to put an end to such monstrous and unnecessary cruelty. The Canadian Association for Humane Trapping, Box 9, Site 13, R.R. 2, Calgary 2, is working for co-operation from government departments, the fur industry, and trappers in the areas of legislation and humane trap research. A large membership is necessary to convince the provincial government that many people are concerned about this barbaric treatment of our wildlife. MRS. J. A. BRADLEY. Strathmore. such as finding the money to pay the teachers and janitors, building the schools and such other mundane day-to-day affairs. They have no control over curriculum which is supplied to them by the master technicians in the department of education in Edmonton, so any teacher on the school board, will find himself at home with the people, Mr. Burke describes as "dedicated amateurs." It is all very well to criticize a system, but constructive change should be suggested. I would suggest the first change should be that degrees, such as B.Ed., M.Ed., and the D�d., should be abolished for they have nothing to do with learning, but they have everything to do with educational administration. For example, when I was on the scoool board, we interviewed a gentleman (four months away from his doctorate in education) and his thesis was concerned with the public school administration in Ontario in 1878, or some such other irrelevant nonsense. Anyway, I failed to see how it would help the learning process in any student, or any system. Also, we have been made aware several times on that school board, and others, of teachers teaching subjects they know nothing about. Mr. Burke refers to the way we follow America, and he describes the "educational bankruptcy in certain states," and this is precisely the same thing I am talking about. There is lots of education, but no learning. I hope we follow American education in one respect; in some of the more reputable universities, the B.Ed, degree has been thrown out and re- placed by BA or B.S'c, following which you do one semester in the faculty of education, where they teach you the technology of teaching. The system is set up so that you learn something and what you have learned you may be able to impart to your pupils. In Alberta, learning has sunk up to its neck in an educational swamp (to use Mr. Burke's own expression) and the much needed reformation of it can only be affected from the outside. For example, the government could establish a council of education, composed of learned men and dedicated amateurs, to guide education back to the paths of learning. I resigned from the school board, because I was so frustrated dealing with unlearned technocrats. For example there was one education committee meeting, when a principal asking for aides (which I entirely approve of) requested one type of aide that I couldn't approve of, namely, an essay marker. How far more can one go along the road of disinterest and lack of dedication? However, I will say that an 'essay marker' is an improvement on the present system where students correct one another's homework and in doing so perpetuate one another's mistakes in grammar, spelling and composition. This could be a just cause for student dissent and parent resentment. W. J. CRANLEY, M.D. Lethbridge. enl for peering Into the future and foreseeing disaster. Very similar language is to be found in the anti - dumping statute, another of the great achievements in balance defended by Mr. Pepin. But the most startling exhibit in the minister's showcase il the "chosen solution" for the concessional financing problem. The difficulty, as he explains it, is that Canadian machinery manufacturers have lost important domestic sales because they could not meet the financing terms available to some of their competitors through government export programs. Balancing is not so easy in this case because, as Mr. Pepin con-, cedes, this situation is beneficial to developing areas of Canada. How has thn government resolved this dilemma? The minister explains: "We are prepared to use all available means consistent with our international obligations to curtail imports financed by foreign governments where they cause injury to Canadian industry. We have already approached the OECD, indicating to its members the negative aspects of concessional financing among industrialized countries and suggesting that steps be taken to bring an end to this practice. We stand ready to investigate, on a case by case basis, all meaningful evidence provided to us, and to make every effort to find an equitable solution in cases where serious prejudice to Canadian industry is indicated, in particular where Canadian government financial assistance is made available. To this end, inter alia, Parliament approved before Christmas, an amendment to the anti - dumping act which allows the tribunal to inquire into cases of alleged injury from imports which -although not dumped - are said to be unfairly competitive." If OECD agrees to emphasize the positive, as indicated by Mr. Pepin, what will happen to the benefits now said to be available to our developing regions? As will be apparent, the government has now armed itself to deal, not merely with dumping or anticipated dumping, but also with "unfairly competitive" imports; those which benefit from concessional financing. But goods are "unfairly competitive" only when they are moving in our direction. Last November, the same Mr. Pepin introduced an act to amend the Export Development Act. This provided for a large increase in the resources available to our own Export Development Corporation for concessional financing. As the minister said last May, most industrialized countries have been making export financing facilities available for many years. It was supposed virtuous and as Mr. Pepin then explained, not much of a factor influencing sales until the sharp rise in the market rates of interest. It was at that time that Mr. Pepin spoke of the danger of a credit race and announced that he was going to OECD while Canada, at the same time, competed energetically in this form of commercial vice. He is still going to OECD. He is still going to rearm the corporation for the fight and will use all means to curtail imports although, as Mr. Benson has noted with gratification, interest rates are now on their way down. There is something odd, about the concept of balance that prevails in Ottawa. The manufacturers are few and the consumers many but, when the scales require adjustment, the weight that is added seems always to be on the manufacturers' side. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Speed slowly at times American Automobile Association Has it occurred to you that it's five yenrs since I had a new outfit!! AUTOMOTIVE traffic laws have always varied from country to country and the American Automobile Associat i o n has faced all sorts of challenges in Uying to decipher them individually for its well-travelled membership. For instance, during the early days of motoring just after the turn of the century, the Japanese government seemingly had ignored a number of written requests for information concerning its driving regulations. Persistence was finally rewarded by a reply from Tokyo. Handwritten in painful English, the letter to AAA read: "Honorable Sirs. "Among road rules of Nipponese road are, in narrow place of road, corner or bridge, speed slowly. "When you pass the corner and the bridge ring the horn. "When you meet the cow or the horse speed slowly and take the care to ring the horn. "When you cross the railway, wait until the other cars pass through. "When a passenger of the foot hove in sight, tootle the horn trumpet at him melodiously at first. Then if he still obstacles your presence, tootle him with vigor and express by word of the mouth by warning 'Hit' "When anything the matter with your car you go to police station and tell him. "When two cars are driving in the same road, if there is another car behind yoius or ahead of yours, you must keep CO yards away. He must do the same. If you go ahead of him, ring horn and pass by him." Through the Herald 1921 - The Coaldale hotel, built over 20 years ago, has ceased to function as such and will be turned into offices. Part of the building is owned by the Merchants Bank, but so far no plans have been announced as to any changes. 1931 - The decision of the High River municipal hospital board to close the sub-hospital at Blackie is meeting with much opposition from the Blackie and Denton district. 1911 - The fourth class of trainees under the mobiization act are to be called. These men will be drawn from the 21-24 age group. 1951-Four spans of the one-third-mile steel and concrete Duplessis bridge at Three Rivieres, Que. crashed with a thunderous roar into the St. Maurice River. At least four persons lost their lives. 1961-Hutteritcs in the three Prairie provinces have agreed to fight a government ruling which makes their communal colonies subject to income tax as profit-making organizations. The lethbrUUje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;