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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 28, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE January Ontario, Alberta suffer most from fires By BETTYANNE TRACK The Canadian Press Ontario and Alberta were the chief sufferers in what Canadian forestry of- ficials termed an average year for fire damage. Conservationists, fire- fighters and government officials said above- average precipitation in most vulnerable areas was largely responsible for limiting fire losses. As cooler autumn weather virtually eliminated the hazard, a total of fires had been reported across- the country, destroying approximately 2.25 million one-quarter the time: twice the fun of cooking! The Micro-Maid Oven by MODERJST MAID first in capacity 2-speed timer (to 28 mins.) automatic defroster free 168-page cookbook 2 qt. baking dish! For Full DON DEMERS SMITH'S COLOR TV APPLIANCES CLOSED MONDAVS acres of wooded area, a Cross-Canada Survey by The Canadian Press reported. The figures were a slight improvement over 1973, when some 2.69 million acres were burned in fires. Ontario lost 1.28 million acres in fires. Keith Barr of the natural resources ministry's forest fire control branch said the figure was "a little bit worse than we expected." It was a sharp increase over 1973, when damp weather kept losses down to acres. Remote fire However, Mr. Ban1 said many of the forests burned were in far-northern areas consisting largely of scrub spruce and pine with little commercial or re- creation value.' Even the acreage loss was a far cry from the 2.12 million burned in 1923, the worst year since Ontario began recording its fire tolls. Alberta also reported larger fire losses than in 1973, with acres burned in 489 fires as against acres in 423 fires the year before. Ministry officials said a delayed "green-up" period coupled with a prolonged dry spell and a lightning storm caused Alberta's worst fire in the third week of June, destroying acres of prime timber in an area about 100 miles northwest of Edmonton. Fred McDougall, Alberta forestry director, said the major cause of forest fires in the province is lightning although many result from spring burning of land by farmers in fringe forest areas. He said the government has launched a program to persuade the farmers to do their burning in the fall when conditions are less hazardous. Mr. McDougall said only acres of high com- mercial value were lost this year, as compared with one million in 1968, Alberta's worst year. British Columbia reported a relatively good year, losing acres in fires as compared with in fires in 1973. W.C. Phillips, chief protection officer for the B.C. forest service, said a wet spring and more rain in July kept down the Legal booklet offers general farm principles EDMONTON (CP) The University of Alberta has published a new exten- sion bulletin, Principles of Farm Law for Alberta Farmers. Edited by Professors M. J. Sychuk of the faculty of law and T. A. Petersen of the department of agriculture economics and rural sociology, the publication provides general legal principles to help farmers decide on the kind and amount of special legal advice and service they can profitably use. Dr. Petersen said the growing complexity of the farm business has created a need for farm managers to understand the basic principles of law which may affect their business. "The trend toward larger farms suggests the need for a general knowledge of real prop- erty law, perhaps partnership and incorpora- tion law and contract law to cover the possibilities of legal problems in land leasing, purchase or other forms of business arrangements involving land assembly and con- solidation. There is also the matter of a farmer's legal rights when oil-well drilling or right of way for highways, power lines and pipelines is considered. "Increasing dependence on non-family employees losses. The province had its worst year in 1971 when fires destroyed ,000 acres of forest with an estimated commercial loss of ?13.5 million. Mr. Phillips said fire- fighting methods have not changed since 1960 when aircraft began bombing fires with a mixture of water and fire retardants while they were still small. Cool and damp weather restricted losses in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. The Yukon lost acres in 61 fires this summer as compared with in 108 blazes a year earlier. In the Northwest Territories 167 fires burned acres while 1.86 million were lost in 490 fires in 1973, Best year Beiow average precipitation brought Saskatchewan its lowest incidence of fires in 10 years, 170 burning over 000 acres. The 1973 acreage was even less, but the forestry service had 350 fires to contend with. The province had its worst year in 1961 when 1.94 million acres were destroyed in 507 blazes. The number of fires was up but the acreage was down in Quebec where 775 fires, 156 of them caused by lightning, burned acres. The province lost acres in 503 fires in. 1973. Officials said only 590 acres of this year's losses were of conunerical value. Manitoba reported 461 fires, compared with 615 a year earlier, but the loss of acres was 85 per cent more than in 1973. Electrical storms in June and July were responsible for most of the damage. Dry spell The province suffered its worst losses in 1961 when million acres were destroyed in 707 fires. A long dry'spell in the At- lantic provinces was responsible for many of the fire warnings issued throughout the summer in those areas, officials said. Stu Baker, chief of the forest protection branch of the New Brunswick natural resources department, said there were about 325 fires this year, but most were relatively small and about acres were lost. Last year, there were 300 fires and 800 acres were lost. Mr. Baker said the province was lucky none of the outbreaks during August developed into serious forest fires. In 1934, the province lost acres to fire but the worst recent year was 1962 when acres were lost. Forest ministry officials in Nova Scotia said the aid of a Canso water-bomber stationed there but owned by the Newfoundland government was in- strumental in acreage burned in 550 fires in that province down to lower than last year's acres which were destroyed in only 457 fires. Fire warnings were posted in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island for periods of time due to un- usually dry weather con- ditions. In P.E.I, officials said they considered themselves fortunate this year to have kept the total fires down to 60 with less than 200 acres burned. The worst year in that prov- ince was 1960 when no rain fell for about two months and almost acres were destroyed. Chief Forester Joe Doyle advised that Newfoundland lost acres in 228 fires, most of them occurr- ing in an uninhabited scrub area of northern Labrador. No comparable figures were available for 1973. for farm labor also increase the probability of legal responsibilities aris- ing out of negligence on the part of the employees as the farmer's agents in farm business activities." Modern farmers purchase.' an increasing proportion of their inputs outside the farm and Dr. Petersen said "this calls for farmers' broader com- prehension of the legal aspects of contractual arrangements in the purchase of equipment and supplies, especially when credit is involved." Growing farm units tend- ed to lead to larger estates, resulting in estate planning and asset transfer problems from one genera- tion to the next and fi- nally, "there are the legal aspects of increasingly complex income tax legislation." Operating grants Agriculture Canada has awarded 140 operating grants totalling to researchers at 21 Canadian universities for agricultural research in 1974-75. The money comes from the department's operating grants program which supports agricultural research in Canadian universities. Promised irrigation equipment Never put water on a crop BUY FROM GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES AND BE SURE OF EARLY DELIVERY Shown here are some of the many loads of equipment that have arrived and more are coming. Order now so it can be made ready for delivery when needed. Choose the Wicks Ter-Rain Master Pivot, A M' Wheel move and hand move or the Heinzman Traveler to be sure you have the best irrigation equip- ment available. GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES Coutto Highway Box 1202 328-1141 ;