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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta IS THI LITHBMMI HMAID II, Farm and ranch notes Japan trade is vital By Hie Swihort "THE CANADIAN farmer can look to the huge grain shipments to Russia and China with dollar signs in his eyes but it is the relatively small country of Japan which has the best to offer contentment. Agricultural exports to Japan have remained rel- atively stable at a high volume for many years. Eichi Uchida, consul-general of Japan, pointed out some changes in the export picture for Canadians during a convention in Regina in December which will leave the agricultural industry here in good shape for many years to come. Until the 1960s, agricultural products made up the majority of the export market in absolute values and percentages of the total. Statistics show this trend is slowly declining. In 1965, Canada exported grains valued at million whic.i made up one third of the total Canadian trade to Japan. In 1969, this figure dropped to million or one sixth of the total. All agricultural products exported to Japan rose in value from million in 1965 to a high of million in 1967. Sales declined to ?155 million attri- buted to agriculture by the end of the decade. Mr. Uchida pointed to several things which this pattern, including: slow growth of the Japanese fine grains market; diversification of pur- chasing sources by the Japanese government; Can- ada's heavy dependence on these items in it's mix of agricultural exports to and the general over- production of these commodities by the non-commu- nist world in the late 1960s. The changes forecast for Japanese exports, still in the agricultural sphere, lead back to the western- ization of the country and along with this move, a switch in the culinary tastes. There is a continuing switch to meat products, to the exclusion of fish. The total calorie intake per capita doubled in the 10-year period 1955-65, attri- buted to animal products. A study completed recently for the period 1970-85 shows promise for agricultural export from Canada. Poultry consumption in Japan will increase by 13.6 per cent and beef by 5.8 per cent per year. Rice wil increase only 1.8 per cent. The emphasis of Japanese government pressure is to be put on products for human consumption. This leaves little pressure to exert on the production of feed grains, wheat, barley and other coarse grains. The Japanese forecast for imports in 1975 has been set at metric tons of wheat, one million tons of barley and 10.1 million tons of other coarse grains; in I960, 1.2 million tons of barley and 12.5 million tons of coarse grains; and by 1985, 1.1 million tons of wheat, 1.4 million tons of barley and 14.4 mil- lion tons of coarse grains. From assumptions from the study, Japan will in 1975 have to import tons of beef and veal and tons of poultry; in 1980, tons of beef and veal and tons of poultry; and in 1985, tons of beef and veal and tons of poultry. There will be no gap in the pork situation since Japan has increased its domestic production to a great degree. Mr. Uchida indicated the Japanese move to in- creased livestock production would put substantial pressure on the Canadian ability to provide concen- trate feeds primarily in the form of grains. He said Japan can enter one of. two paths for the period. It can import feed grains on massive scales or adopt a policy of meat production and foreign feed import. "In either case, Canada stands to gain substan- tially if farmers are able to grow the feed grains re- quired at competitive international prices whether to export to Japanese livestock producers or to sup- ply Canadian livestock interests capable of produc- ing meat for export to he said. LETHBRIDK RESEARCH STATION Male lamb meat is good DR. J. A. VESELY, Animal Geneticist Ram lambs and cryptorchids ire known to grow faster and have leaner carcasses than wether lambs. However, under present marketing practices, producers receive one to two dollars less per hundredweight for intact animals because o( the belief that the meat has an undesirable flavor. At the Lethbridge Research Slat ion we have demonstrated that this contention is unjustified. We conducted a co-operative project with the Ellison Milling and Elevator Company of Leth- bridgc, who supplied and fed the animals, and the Leth- bridge Community College, who provided facilities for conduct- ing a taste-panel experiment. Thirty-two ram lambs, thirty- six induced cryptorchids, and thirty-two wether lambs were weaned at an average age ol 65 days and finished in a feed- lot. All lambs were slaughter- ed when Lhcy reached i weight of 90 to 1W pounds at an aver- ago of i S3 days. Eighty-three of the carcasses graded "choice" and 17 "good." A three-pound cut from the right hind leg of each carcass was roasted in a separate pan at 350 degrees F for 80 minutes. Eight roasts were prepared each day and cold samples of each were tasted the following day by eight panelists. The flavour of each roast was rated numer- ically from 1 to 5 depending on whether the panelist considered It to be very poor, poor, normal, good, or very good. These scores were then averaged for each ot the 100 roasts. Using a standard rating scale it was determined that none of the roasts rated very poor, 2 were poor, 32 nor- mal, 58 good, and 8 very good. Therefore, on the average, the panelists judged only 2 percent of the roasts to be below nor- mal in flavor. There were no- significant differences among the scores of the three "s e x types." These results demonstrate convincingly that meat from ram hmbs or induced cryptor- chids marketed at weights be- tween 90 and 100 pounds did not have an undesirable flavor and, for this reason, a lower price for intact male lambs appears unjustified. Auction market inspection is key Warble control program needed by industry By niC SWIHART Staff Writer AU systems read go for the implementation Feb. 1 at a province wide warble control program designed auction market inspection of cattle sold in Alberta, Gordon Ross, regional live- stock supervisor for the Alberta department of agriculture in Lethbridge, chaired a panel discussion on the proposed war ble control program at the gional agricultural serv i c board meeting Wednesday. He said all auction market operators have received the proper notification, veterinary inspectors have received In- structions and agricult u r a 1 fieldman are aware of sup- plies. Mr. Ross spoke very highly of UK program and told the 50 delegates end.guests that it be- hooves livestock men to sure Alberta maintains it's rep- utation of high quality beef that is warble free. He said most of the province will come under the program this year. The southeast por- tion of southern Alberta is being petitioned now and when this area agrees to the pro- gram, it will complete region 1. He said the Wainwright area and the County of Red Deer may not be in the control area this year. The panel consisted of men from various aspects of the livestock industry. PACKING PLANT Murray Baker, manager for the beef department for Gain- ers' Ltd. of Edmonton, said packers cater to chain stores mainly. They handle 70 per cent of the retail sale of beef in Canada. He said warble grubs cost the livestock industry thousands of dollars each year, especially with this trend to retail store sales. He said these chain stores won't accept warble damaged cattle even with a discount and this leaves a problem of how to dispose of damaged cuts. He said if the packer was to place a man to follow it through from slaughter to sale it would cost HO per animal. He said Alberta is the only area In North America to have such a program to control the warble fly. It started with a pilot project in the County of Wetasldwin in 1968 with 80 per Kent of the cattle owners in agreement. Joe Perh'ch, president of the Alberta Auction Markets Asso- ciation, explained the auction market approach to the pro- gram. He said all cattle will be In- spected by a veterinary Inspec- tor at the time of the sale. Any animals found to have warbles will be marked with i targe yellow W. The name and address of Die seller will be marked on a special form and when the ani- mal is led into the sale ring, the auctioneer will announce that the animal U warble in- tested. Once sold, the auction mar- ket operator must fill in UK Mme form witt) the name and address of the buyer. This form is made available to the agri- cultural service board and any other government agency. This will allow the service board to do a follow-up of the animals to make sure they are treated and to allow the board to find out where the infested animals are coining from. Mr. Perlich said this an- nouncement will likely mean that the animal will sell for a WARBIESI Top, the inside view'of an infeiled animal's back. This picture is the underside of the back skin and is the cause of the bumps which ore visible during January to April. If shows larvae at various stages of development. The inserted picture shows war- bles which have been partly squeezed out of the hfdft. Each one of these results from Ihe above larvae and con- stitutes a hole in the hide and a new fly. __ Vauxhall Bend Beet Growers Association formed TABER (HNS) Formation of the Vauxhall Bend Beet Growers Association, election of directors and officers, and con- sideration of resolutions were items of interest from the an- nual meeting of the Taber-Barn- well Beet Growers Association. In his report to the 137 grow- ers present, president Mike Pu- b'ci told of the recent forma- 4-H WARNER The Warner 4-H Beef club held their regular meeting Jan- uary 8. Called to order, by Murray Doenz. Pledge was led by Neil Herbst, Bill Paulsen, Garth Graham, Todd Shaffer. Roll call was to name a cut of beef. Minutes of the last meeting were read by Douglas Soice. Treasurer's report was given by Warren Minion. Ron Minion and Murray Doenz will select films to be shown after the next meeting. Impromptu speeches were given by Dale McKenzie, Vicki Lien, Garth Graham, Neil Herbst, Wade McKenzie. Evaluation of the meeting was given by Dean Lien. A special thank you to all the people who donated bottles and batteries to the 4-H bottle drive. MILK RIVER The January meeting of me Milk River 4-H Beef Club began at This, the first meeting in 3072, was conducted by Den- nis Ellert, and the pledge was given by Blair Stringam. Following this, the business went as follows: The swimming party was brought up and set for January 22 at the Lethbridge Family Y. The recent public speaking event was discussed and vari- ous important points brought out to the club members. Meeting discussion centred on public speaking for most of the remaining time. Three talks were given by Martin Snow, Diane Stringam, and Ross McCoy, and the meet- ing was adjourned. Two informative and inter- esting films, the first on parlia- mentary procedure, and the second on pollution, were then enjoyed by all. CLUB REPORTER Dime Stringtm tion of the new local formed from the Vauxhall and Big Bend sugar beet producers, formerly part of the local group. President of the new local is Cornelius Friesen, who now heads 48 growers in the Vaux- hall area and 35 south of the river in the Big Bend district. Division line is between Town- ships 16 and 17, six miles north of Taber. Vauxhall Bend's director on the Central Board is Peter Vapdcn Dungen. Taber Barnwell growers named 34 delegates, and Vaux- hall Bend eight delegates to the 47th annual meeting ot Al- berta Sugar Beet Growers As- sociation scheduled lor the El Rancho Motor Hotel, Lethbridge Feb. z. All retiring directors were re- elected, and all previous offi- cers were returned, including Mike Putici and Ed Shlmbashi as president and vice presi- dent. Central directors are Burns W. Wood and Jerry Kury- viat representing Taber local with Walter Strom representing the Burdett Bow Island grow- ers. Resolutions approved for presentation at the annual meet- ing related to the need for a receiving station at Vauxhall (now trucked to Taber) central- ized taring and sugar testing of delivered beets, possibility of sugar price stabilization through a federal sugar policy, payment of unemployment in- surance by shareholders in [arming corporations, and sell- ing cost on sugar specialties DOW produced in Vancouver. Of local interest were resolu- tions related to the payment of directors for atten dance at meetings aid the serving of al- coholic beverages at the an- nual dance. tower price, especially U there a Eluggtih market condition. He wJd the cattlemen will actually nuke money if they have an on-going control pro- gram. Dollars and cents will take care of a lot of the prob- lems. He said there has been some suggestion that treating facili- ties be made available at the sales outlet. He said his firm, Perlich Bros. Auction Market Ltd., was taking a look at this, as are other sales outlets. If it is advantageous, some may go ahead with the project. COW-CALF George Templeton, I Ready- made farmer who operates a cow-calf operation, said he couldn't say if he had actually made a lot of money from live- stock but that he "has lost money on grub and louse in- fested animals." He said ho felt the spraying program was important, espe- cially when the calves are car- ried on to pasture, in an effort to keep them free from warble infestation. He said the program must be carried out by a large percent- age of ths producers since it is impossible to keep the flies out from neighboring lands. He said a lot of the calves are bought in the fall after the date for spraying. This could leave a gap in the pro- tection. He said when the program catches on that he expects moie on farm treatment of calves in the fall. He said there have been com- pulsory programs before and there have been complaints, but there is no doubt that these programs have been beneficial to the livestock industry, FEEDER Roger Holt, a director and nutritional consultant for Hi- Way 52 Feeders near Raymond, said there are problems in- volved (with He indicated that there is a 10 per cent decrease in produc- tion in a heavy infestation as compared to a light infestation. He said the primary concern U with the packer. He said he would like to see alf feeders pay a higher price for preconditioned calves, indi- cating that more money would be made by the feeder. VETERINARY SERVICES Dr. Terry L. Church, a gpv. ernment appointed auction market inspector, said there will be no problem with market op- erators. "They all want to make sure they are selling healthy, disease-free he said. He said a gap in this aspect of the program could develop because the warbles are only visible during February, March, April and May. He said one drawback of the program is that the control doesn't apply to terminal mtr ket points governed by the Can ada department of agriculture There are three points in Al berta the Edmonton, Oal gary and Lethbrldge publli stockyards. He said about 40 per cent ol the cattle sold by suction in handled by these points. A resolution passed unani- mously by the board called for the CDA to make the neces- sary arrangements for auction market Inspection to be made at these terminal LOCAL AUTHORITIES Gordon Walker, program field supervisor for the County of Wetasldwin, said the auction market inspection approach was good because officiate can find cut where the warble in- fested cattle came from and why they were grubby. He said under the Pest Con- trol Act, which is the govern- ing power behind the program, the officers have the authority to send the animals infested with Hie pest back to the farms. The program is hi it's fourth year in Mr. Walker's county and for the first time this year, if the animals inspected are warble infested, they will be sent home. He said spot checks will bo made throughout the county. If grubby animals are the owner will fee given notice to film-ay the pests within so many days. The officials will check back to make sure the treatment has been followed through. In the ensuing question per- iod, Mr. Walker said if the treatment Is not done, tha owner can be taken to court and charged under me Pest Control Act. He said no farmer has been taken to court so far and added that co-operation between offi- cials and producers has been very good. He said the checks of farms are done without notice. Mr. Baker said his firm has broken the warble count into tour groups one to five, five to 10, 10 to 15 and 15 and more. He said from Red Deer north that there is a heavy cattle count in the 10 warbles and up category while in the south, the majority of the warble-infest- ed animals are in the one to 10 bracket. FOR SALE SAINFOIN SEED A perenlal or paiturt legurno thai don not cauM bloat, ilmilar to alfalfa al per Ib. For more Information yeur district aoricultcriit or I. Van- d.rvalk, Box 311, Fort Mac- leod. Phone 234-1114. "THE CAT'S MKJWI" EL DORADO SALES INDOOR TRAILER PROWLER TRAVEL TRAILERS I EXCITING MODELS 4 COLOR CO-ORDINATED INTERIORS TO CHOOSE FROM -16 FOOT SINGLE AXLE TO 24 FOOT TANDEMS -17 FOOT TO 24' MODELS. FULLY SELF-CONTAINED El Dorado Sales introduced the Prowler to Southern Albertan'i in the Spring of '71. We feel Prowler Trallen offer exceptional value, proven by our high volume af talei. PROWLER HAS TO BE A WINNERI SHOWING THE 1972 LINE OF TRAVEL TRAILERS Introducing for the first time in S. Alberta TRAVEL TRAILERS ALSO SEE THE NEWEST THING IN TRAVEL TRAVEL TRAILERS MIRK KLOVANSKY FOR INFORMATION Phone 327-1233 El Dorado Sales Lot Location: 2910 1st Avenue S., Lethbridgs (Eait of Government on Hwy. 3) LETHBRIDGE EXHI Deal now take delivery now or in the spring Your present trailer will serve as your down payment no cash required until delivery Generous trade-in allowances ;