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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Joseph Kraft Support of progressive opinion sought Suitably Canadian For nearly a decade the idea of a Canadian Development Corporation has been promoted and promised. Now it is about to become a reality -but not as it was originally conceived. In the beginning it was hoped by Mr. Walter Gordon that the CDC would be a means of saving Canada from foreign investment and might even enable Canadians to buy back some industry. But inasmuch as foreigners will be allowed to buy the CDC's preferred stock it is clear that the purpose has changed. There isn't much hope that Canadians could buy out American interests in Canada so it would be foolish to set out to achieve that aim. But there may be some hope of retaining more industry for Canadians in the future through the CDC. Nevertheless, it is not the purpose of the CDC to be concerned about this nationalistic issue at all. The objective behind setting up the CDC is simply to encourage development. There are some kinds of development that private investment is slow to take up. It is in such areas that the CDC will find its field of operation rather than in competition with others in the obvious and usual undertakings. Naturally a governing principle in the operation of the CDC will be the making of money for the shareholders - which in this case will include all the taxpayers in the country as well as those who have money to invest. Under that necessity it is not very likely that CDC officials will be irresponsible in what they choose to develop. They will just be more venturesome than private investors have usually been. It is an imaginative thing - suitable to the image many would like to think is appropriate for Canada- and its progress will be followed with keen interest. WASHINGTON -The State of the Union message makes it official. President Nixon really is trying to win the support of progressive opinion in the country. He wants revenue - sharing at a level of spending and in a form attractive to most forward - looking governors and mayors. His new health program with its emphasis on the delivery of a wide range of services is more comprehensive than the scheme concentrating on insurance which the most prominent Democrats support. His family assistance plan remains probably the best way to move from the chaos of welfare to a guaranteed annual income. In economic policy, Mr. Nixon is drawing on all the most advanced prescriptions for stimulating "prosperity in peacetime." He is practicing deficit - financing, in the best Keynesian manner. He is nudging the Federal Reserve to put more money into the banking system, after the teachings of the so-called Chicago school. And thanks to the opportunity given him by the steel industry, he is even borrowing the jawboning techniques of the Kennedy and Johnson economists to check inflationary pressures. On top of all that, Mr. Nixon is recommending sweeping structural changes which would virtually eliminate the cabinet to bring the shape of federal government in line with the functions actually performed. He is breaking out new money for city parks and water pollution. And the music of his message should please students and other groups whose enemies Mr. Nixon has, in the past, been want to court. In describing the new program, the president's aides have been using the term "revolutionary." At that point a familiar, sinking feeling asserts itself. The Republican good angels now dominant in the Nixon administration are about to be let in on a secret learned by Democratic good angels in past administrations but never advertised. It is that the national en- thusiasm for righting wrongs is distinctly limited. Good government, these days, is not particularly good politics. Those of us who are employed, some 94 per cent of all working Americans, don't really care all that much about the less fortunate. An activist economic policy is only what we have expected all along - the least a president can do. For the rest, the reform proposals are technical stuff - examples of what Pat Moynihan used to call "the professionalization of reform." To most ordinary people, revenue - sharing is a kind of game played to see whether the pea ends up under the federal, state, or local shell. Health costs are "already too Sunday blast-off This Sunday three Americian astronauts will take off for the moon. Priority on the first two lunar landings was simply - getting there. The rocks collected, the scientific instruments left on the moon's surface were incidental to the space trip itself. The third, Apollo 13, very nearly ended in disaster and raised anew arguments that manned space flights are simply not worth the risks entailed. Some said that the program should be phased out and replaced with unmanned flights on the order of the Soviet's Luna-16 and its roving Lunakhod vehicle. The Apollo 14 crew is the most-highly scientifically trained of any of the astronaut teams. The space ship, presuming that all goes well, will land in a spot where the rocks are thought to be nearly as old as the solar system itself, a billion years older than those collected by previous expeditions. The astronauts expecting to be on the surface of the moon for nearly 33 hours, will carry a variety of scientific instruments and will use a two-wheeled pull cart to carry the instruments and collect specimens. On the way back they plan a number of experiments concerning the behavior of liquids, heat convection, heavy molecules separating from lighter molecules and the solidification of solids under zero gravity conditions. If - and it's the big if which will have the world glued to the TV screen for nearly a week-everything goes the way it has been planned there will be another moon landing attempt this summer and a further one in 1972 when the Apollo era will end. What comes after that will be decided by the politicians, the state of the economy and a lot of other things. In the words of Walter C. Kapryan, launching director at Cape Kennedy, "if Apollo 14 doesn't go well, we may have no future at all." Happy landing to astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa! Publicity for the poor The poor peoples' demonstrations across Canada have been sad affairs and that's not just because poverty in itself is tragic. The demonstrators appeared to be confused about their aims, about whom they wanted to see, and in general there was an air of unreality about the proceedings. They did not seem to be spontaneous, and there was a definite aura of staging behind the scenes, which was plainly evident on the extensive CBC-TV coverage of the events. The plight of the unemployed, of those who find themselves on welfare and unable to make ends meet, did not attract the public sympathy when Maoist slogans were introduced into the whole sorry picture. The public has been left confused, because the demonstrators the m-selves are unco-ordinated as to purpose, method of protest, and aim. Staged demonstrations do the cause of the poor people more harm than good, and anyone responsible for encouraging them for publicity purposes is doing them a grave disservice. The plight of the jobless, the poverty stricken, the suffering, is far too serious to be used in this way. The drug problem By Ed Ryan 'J'HERE are probably some communities which still haven't encountered a "drug problem." Unfortunately, Leth-bridge and southern Alberta isn't one of them. There probably isn't a secondary or post - secondary school in the area in which young people aren't abusing drugs of some kind. Each day finds additional kids being introduced to the likes of "pot," "hash," "acid," "mesc," and a host of other psycho - active drugs. And, although the vast majority of them are not abusing drugs, it appears that a substantial number are. What kinds of kids are abusing drugs? All kinds and types, really. There just doesn't appear to be anything like a typical drug abuser. They come from all classes, backgrounds and age groups. Some are boys but many are girls. Some wear their hair short; others wear it long. Some are junior high school students; others attend high school, college or university; still others aren't going to school. Some come from impoverished home environments; others are from "seemingly" good homes. Some are regarded as "good" students; others, "failures." Many are dispirited and despondent - just plain unhappy. Others are emotionally unstable. Why do they abuse drugs? Just as there are many different types of people who take drugs, so there are countless reasons why they take drugs. For some it's a way of trying to cope with the difficulties of growing up. For others it's a temporary escape from what they consider to be unhappy home and school situations. Peer group pressure is undoubtedly a factor. If can be quite difficult to refuse drugs when many of one's friends are taking them. With some it's a "status" thing. Curiosity attracts others. For still others it's a way of rebelling. Some, frankly, enjoy the euphoric experience of being "tripped out." And some . . . well, the reasons are endless. For most, drugs is a one-time affair. For others, a weekend habit. For still others drugs have become a necessary emotional diet. The sad part of it all is that many people are ignorant of the extent of the problem, and those who aren't just don't know what to do. Should something be done about it? If so, what? Better yet, by whom? There are those who believe that the school is the best place to start. And, there's no doubt that the schools could play a role but I wonder how effective it would be. Similar fruitless campaigns have been waged in the past against such "evils" as alcohol and tobacco. To assume that the schools can solve the problem by themselves is to engage in delusions of grandeur. Mind you, the schools could do more than is being done at present. But most schools lack the necessary personnel and resources to do an adequate job in the "3 r's," let alone get involved in drug education. Concerned teachers are searching for answers that will give them some direction but are coming up blank. Some have an honest fear of doing more harm than good. Most are totally unprepared to teach about the use and misuse of drugs. Frankly, some of the students have more reliable information than the teachers because it has been gained from experience. It's not just a school problem; it's a community problem. And, as it stands right now, apathy reigns supreme. Not big enough By Doug Walker "Are you going to watch Raquel Welch this evening?" he asked D'Arc Rickard. D'Ai'c pondered the question a moment and then sali, "Naw, I've only got an 18-inch screen." JIM Wilson is somewhat of a fan of Raquel Welch. When he discovered that she was slated for an appearance on television recently he made sure that some of the rest of' us were aware of the impending great moment. 'After games like that, I feel it's an awful long haul from a box of popcorn to a hundred grand . . ." complicated for anybody but accountants. Restructuring of agencies is a public administration thing that won't change much anyhow except the prerogatives of the various' Congressional committees. And as to welfare, it is nobler in the mind to criticize than to change the system. The Democrats in the Congress, accordingly, are not going to be under great public pressure to act on the president's program. On the contrary, in the House, the new leadership headed by Speaker Carl Albert and Majority Leader Hale Boggs will be straining to show that it is savvy and tough and very good at serving the Democrats' partisan Interest. That means obscuring, delaying, obstructing, and transforming large parts of the president's program. In the Senate, the absence of public pressure to do the president's business will afford maximum scope for the various Democratic presidential aspirants to show their stuff - the more so since Sen. Edward Kennedy's setback in the race for whip the other day. That means a heavy emphasis on foreign affairs. For the president can now be made to pay for his Cambodian venture and for his cuteness in using the anti - ballistic missile, or ABM, as a bargaining chip in the arms control talks with the Soviet Union. It is practically certain that the next session in the Senate will see battles over Southeast Asia and the ABM even more bitter than those fought last year. The true test of the president, in these discouraging circumstances, is not good intentions but staying power. The important thing is whether Mr. Nixon is prepared to play it out with the Congress, higgling and haggling with the Democratic leaders and accepting what he has to in good grace instead of outraged hostility. The question is whether he has truly learned as Henry Kissinger of the White House staff put it in a remarkable toast the other evening, that "compassion is more important than righteousness." Everybody has to hope so. For whatever the motives that led Mr. Nixon to become so benign, it is a far better thing he does now than the sharp partisanship rooted in willingness to exploit community and national tensions that has characterized his performance in the not-too-distant past. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Joseph Kraft Why McGovern has announced his candidacy early WASHINGTON - Why so early is the question that has to be asked of Sen. George McGovern's announcement that he will seek the Democratic Presidential nomination in 1972. The answer is named Edmund Muskie. As Sen. McGov- ern himself said the other day, Sen. Muskie had made it seem that "he was the only man on he track." Given another year without formal challenge, Muskie might have tied up the nomination. Simply by announcing now, Scientific method By David Hendin, NEA Service SCIENTISTS were the first to see and understand the problems of our environment. They called attention to the effects of chemical pollutants on the tiny phytoplankton which are the bottom of the ocean's life chain. They pointed out the hazards of carbon monoxide and other products of incomplete fuel combustion; and that detergent - borne phosphates feed the blue-green algae that steal oxygen from already dying lakes and streams. Scientists live intimately with nature. Their concern is a natural thing and laymen should be grateful for it. But the gratitude falls off when scientists speak - even on the side of the angels - in the name of science but without its reserve. The prompting of scientists sometimes causes individuals or groups to go off half-cocked -working for the betterment of life, but without the conclusive evidence that was once such an integral part of the rigorous scientific method. That was the case with NTA. NTA, hailed as a successor to pollution - causing phosphates, was being phased into washday products by a number of major detergent makers. But recent research data shows that NTA contributes to a 10-fold increase in birth defects and fatalities in rats and mice. Exit NTA as a phosphate substitute. The washday problem came to the forefront _a number of months ago when environmental awareness was at its peak. Detergent manufacturers found themselves in holter-than-com-fortable water over their phosphate-containing products. Conservation-minded laymen and scientists pressed the industry. The industry felt they had fought long enough and decided to switch, thus getting conservationists "off our backs." They had had some experience with nitrilotraicetic acid (NTA). It aided the cleaning process, as did phosphates, and it caused no apparent environmental damage. Still, research was sparse and many scientists held concern over its long-term effects. Nevertheless, detergent manufacturers gradually began to substitute NTA for a portion of the phosphates in their products. When the danger of NTA was disclosed recently it was estimated that some 5 per cent of all detergents contained the chemical and the industry was preparing for more. There was a glimmer of hope for eliminating phosphates from detergents but now, less than a year later, we find ourselves stewing in an old pot. Independent scientists, backed by an anxious public, pushed for changes. Industry scientists, hoping for the best, took a chance. The chance did not pan out and we still have phosphates. Fortunately, no person is known to have been harmed. But thousands of dollars and man hours were wasted. More than a few interested individuals should be looking at the NTA episode and asking, "what ever happened to the reserve that was once such an important part of science?" Sen. McGovern stakes a claim to advantages that previously went by default to the front-runner. He too must now be considered when Democratic party leaders and fund-raisers think about naming a national spokesman to contest the President. He too must figure in the calculations made by the press, and especially the polls, as they measure opinion for 1972. Announcing a candidacy in order to get equal time points to certain weaknesses. As a one-term Senator from South Dakota, George McGovern does not have the Senate position or the big-stale backing that assures national regard. He does not have the glamor that attracts the media. Neither can he buy attention. The $30,000 required to pay for a kick-off mailing of 275,000 Dear Friend letters this week put the McGovern campaign in the red. While the Senator's financial backers know they can raise that sum, and another half a million dollars for a modest campaign in 1971, they don't begin to see where they can get the five to six million dollars that will be necessary for the race in 1972. But if the weaknesses are apparent, Sen. McGovern's cause is not hopeless. Nobody is better equipped to personify the issue of man against machine, citizen against system, which animates so many ordinary people all across the country. Thoreau was not less connected to the big cities, big business, big unions, and big organizations that make up the American power structure than George McGovern. He has in abundance the qualities that set individuals apart from organizations - decency, consideration for others, great personal courage, a willingness to try new things. And these rare qualities find expression in a disarming manner - which gives Sen. McGovern the great political advantage of being almost always underrated. Moreover, Sen. McGovern has a line into many of the loose bits and pieces' of the Democratic party. Consistent opposition to the Vietnam war gives him a strong position with the peace movement which helped Sen. Eugene McCarthy so much in 1968 and could revive as the hollowness of Viet-namization becomes apparent. Long association with Joan and Robert Kennedy gives him entree to their wing of the party. And as an agrarian radical, he has a claim on the Midwestern and Western producers who backed Hubert Humphrey in 1968. Then there are some favorable stretches along the primary route which Sen. McGovern intends to follow. New Hampshire, which will be tough for McGovern, can be discounted, if not avoided altogether, as the backyard to Serf. Mus- kie's base in Maine. But in Wisconsin McGovern will have both a big peace constituency and a large farm vote. Similarly with the Democratic electorate in Nebraska. And if he can come off those two primaries as the David of the plains fighting the Goliath from the East, Sen. McGovern could make a strong appeal in Oregon and California. Lastly, it can be said of the McGovern campaign, as of few others, that it will pay off no matter who gets the nomination. For George McGovern is emerging this year as the man to keep the Democrats honest on the issues they dearly love to duck - the conscience of his party. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through the Herald I9il-Sons and daughters of financial ability would be made responsible for the welfare of their parents under a bill introduced in the Indiana legislature. The bill provides that offspring who seek to avoid their responsibilities may be fined up to $200. 1931 - Three grain elevators were destroyed by fire at Iron Springs with an estimated loss of $100,000 or more. 1941-A city bylaw limiting parking on Saturdays, between the hours of eleven in the morning and nine at night on Fifth and 6th Sts. to one hour, between 3rd and 4th avenues and 3rd and 4th avenues between 7th and 8th Sts. was passed by city council. 1951-Six hundred new telephones are expected to be installed in the city during the next few months. Currently there are 1,200 applications for telephones on file. 1961 - Thirteen of Canada's most eminent judges, including five chief justices, will be forced to retire March 1, the effective date of the amendment that ends all bench careers at 75. The UtHbridge Herald 304 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and. Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;