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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta WINDY FORECAST HIOH FRIDAY IN MID 40i The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No; 40 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY, 28, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 22 PAGES Morale low in American All-night curfew armed forces eased By COLIN DEACON WASHINGTON (Reuter) - The U.S. armed forces are going through an uneasy period, plagued by a mounting wave of dissent from within and assailed by a growing barrage of public criticism and discontent. Some officers will admit in private that seldom before has discipline appeared so threatened and morale so low. Chief among the problems, of course, is Indochina and the Vietnam war in general. But the military also was badly hurt in 1970 by the My Lai disclosures, by race riots, drugs and pot parties and fragging grenade-throwing at officers. The problems have been caused by a series of misfortunes and events over which service chiefs have little or no control and thus it is difficult to find effective solutions. Top officials in the defence department try to maintain a stiff upper Up and only a few would agree with retired army Gen. Hamilton H. Howze, a former commander-in-chief of the United Nations force in Korea. He said in an article in the January issue of the magazine Army: "I believe the military forces of the United States face a disciplinary situation which, if not already critical, is at least one of rapidly growing proportions. "Should senior commanders not be able to reverse the trend toward indiscipline, this country will not long from now lose its status as the world's first power and stand helpless against those who would humble it or destroy it." One pointer to the mushrooming anger among servicemen - especially in the army - is the number of men going absent for more than 30 days. Such men are technically deserters, but they could be charged on a lesser account if they voluntarily return to military jurisdiction. Desertions rise Figures supplied by the Pentagon show that last year 65,643 soldiers were absent for this period - a ratio of 52.3 per 1,000. In 1967, the number was 26,782 or 21.4 per 1,000. In the marines, the rate was even hgher - 16,109 59.6 per 1,000 absent last year compared to 6,654 26.8 per 1,000 in 1967. There also were increases in the navy and air force, but considerably lower than in the other two services. Senior officers also are alarmed at the number of incidents of fragging-a term initially used to describe attacks by enlisted men on officers with a fragmentation grenade. No statistics are kept on the cases, but they are increasing and are becoming steadily more serious. More and more disorders, especially in Europe, are being reported. Many are due to black-versus-white antagonism. But there is also a feeling among blacks that the services discriminate. They cite the proportionately higher number of courts martial of blacks for offences for which they claim a white would receive a minor punishment from his commanding officer. Black servicemen, again mostly in Europe, have also complained about housing discrimination. Defence Secretary Melvin R. Laird has told commanders to put off-limits any accommodation where discrimination is evident, but this applies so far only in the United States itself, not overseas. ' A major contributory factor to the rebellion has been the increase in drug use. Officials concede some incidents of fragging and revolt have involved men high on drugs. According to official estimates and testimony to Congress, about half of all U.S. soldiers in Vietnam have tried marijuana at' one time or another, and many have moved on to hard drugs such as heroin. As they are transferred, they take the problems to new camps and the habits spread. There is also believed to be some effect on morale because of the acknowledgement that the U.S. role in Indochina is a declining one that may soon come to an end. Attempts by service chiefs to make life more attractive - through beer in the barracks, fewer kitchen duties and more overnight leave - have been greeted with enthusiasm by career servicemen. But congressional critics charge in the long run they will add to the permissiveness, which they feel is underming discipline. Front Reuter-AP PHNOM PENH (CP) - The Cambodian military command announced today it is easing the dusk-to-dawn curfew-but only for Cambodians-as a sign of improvement in the tense Cambodian capital. The curfew was imposed after Viet Cong guerrillas raided the airport on the outskirts of Phnom Penh Friday and shelled parts of the city. The attack inflicted heavy damage, destroying at least 10 planes, four helicopters and a napalm dump and claimed close to 100 military and civilian lives. Sporadic terrorist grenade and bomb attack .in the follow* ing days kept the city gripped with feflfi ARMOR RINGS CITY The Cambodian army pulled troop reinforcements back into Phnom Penh from other war zones and threw a protective ring of armor around the city as refugees fearing further Viet Cong violence flooded in. More than 20battalions fanned out to pAish the Viet Cong away from the capital. Cheques to be thinner for far north workers OTTAWA (CP) - Hundreds of federal public servants in northern Canada will receive thinner pay-cheques starting Feb. 1 as the result of a special survey showing that living costs in some of the larger western Arctic towns are decreasing. The treasury board has announced cuts of up to $625 yearly in special allowances paid to federal employees in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. The allowance, paid over and above regular pay, is to compensate for the higher prices northern residents must pay for food, clothing and other necessities. Not affected by the cut are the housing subsidies and isolated post allowances which in some cases amount to well over $1,000 yearly. A treasury board official said the cuts in the living differential result from a recent Dominion Bureau of Statistics report showing that improved transportation and higher sales have produced lower prices in a number of northern towns. The harshest blow of all fell on Fort Smith, nestled just inside the Northwest Territories. An allowance there of $625 was completely wiped out. Public servants in Fort Nelson, B.C., and Hay River, N.W.T., also lost their full allowances. In addition to such regular government departments as Indian affairs, transport and fisheries, members of the RCMP, the CBC and the aimed forces also are affected. Kent State riot report thrown out CLEVELAND (AP) - A federal judge today threw out a grand jury report on last spring's Kent State University disorder but let stand the jury's 25 indictments stemming from the disturbance. Judge William K. Thomas said in U.S. district court the special Portage County grand jury exceeded its powers by making accusations in its report and trying facts. He said jurors violated secrecy instructions in the preparation of the report. He ordered the report to be "physically expunged and destroyed" within 10 days. ORDERED BY GOVERNOR The jury investigation was ordered by then-Governor James A. Rhodes after 13 students were shot, four of them fatally, during a confrontation with Ohio National Guard troops on the campus May 4. The jury's report was critical of the Kent State administration and stated that the guardsmen on the campus were not liable to criminal prosecution. AM A flights to Europe whittled South Vietnam group barred from Canada OTTAWA (CP) - Immigration Minister Otto Lang said Wednesday that entry visas have been refused to five representatives of the provisional revolutionary government o f South Vietnam on grounds that' they intended to speak primarily to an audience in the United States. The provisional government is the political arm of the Viet Cong. Mr. Lang said in an inter- Ministers clash over job issue SURVIVES RABIES-Mathew Winkler, is shown above, celebrating his seventh birthday in Ohio, ready to leave a hospital where he became the first known survivor of a documented case of rabies. He was bitten by bat Oct. 10, while asleep at his home. His father, Nicholas, captured the bat which was later found to be rabid. OTTAWA (CP) - Provincial welfare ministers today demanded that discussions on welfare program changes be set aside in favor of an effort to find immediate solutions to unemployment. They clashed immediately with federal Welfare Minister John Munro whose opening statement to the conference asked that central focus of their talks on improvements to the quality and coverage of social welfare programs. Welfare Minister Philip Gag- No hush-hush directive on unemployed figures CALGARY (CP) - The Alberta Motor Association Wednesday reduced the number of charter flights it will operate to Europe this year from Calgary and Edmonton. The reduction was a result of a decision by the British Board of Trade to apply an International Air Transport Association regulation which refuses landing rights to charters operated by organizations with more than 20,000 members. Don Carlson, the association's public relations director from Calgary, said flights were reduced from 18 to nine and the association has switched its European terminal from London to Brussels, Belgium. Charters out of Calgary have been reduced from nine to three and from nine to six out of Edmonton. OTTAWA (CP) - Manpower Minister Otto Lang Wednesday denied sending a directive to Canada manpower offices asking them to "spell out favorable features of the manpower policies of the government at this time of high unemployment." The words were quoted in the Commons by John Diefenbaker (PC-Prince Albert), who said the directive also asks the regional offices not to release information unless it is cleared by higher authority. Mr. Diefenbaker asked whether the minister had sent such a message, dated Jan. 21. No, said Mr. Lang. Mr. Diefenbaker said that if the minister has no knowledge of a directive being sent to manpower offices in Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver, "will he look it up.'* OLD DIRECTIVE The minister said that while no directive of Jan. 21 had come to his attention, the manpower centres had been reminded of a three-year-old directive which says that information should be released with "the necessary information about its validity." Mr. Lang said this three- year-old directive was to ensure that no one would be misled with erroneous figures. Outside the Commons, Mr. Lang said that only one directive'had been sent out from his office that he knew of, and it was sent Jan. 18. The contents merely redirected regional manpower offi- cers to a three-year-old directive designed to ensure that any information given out was accurate. The "routine administrative memo" had pointed out the wisdom of having managers of local manpower offices-rather than any staff members-give out such information. Vicious blizzard cripples Quebec Wf'ks 'Sir! You could deposit that money with us. We pay 6V� interetL' MONTREAL (CP) - A vicious blizzard, propelled by 40-mile-an-hour winds, deposited she to 10 inches of snow in Quebec Wednesday and contributed to six deaths. The storm hit late Tuesday and played havoc with traffic and pedestrians alike as wind-driven snow reduced visibility to almost nothing. With sub-zero temperatures, the chill factor was about 70 below. Two pedestrians died after suffering heart attacks on city streets and a third died of a heart attack at the wheel of his car. A fourth Montrealer, Lorne Snyder, a 58-year-old executive with the Royal Bank of Canada, died when he slipped under the wheels of a moving commuter train. The storm caused at least two other deaths north of Quebec City. Nine-year-old Steve Marti-neau of St. Francois de Mont-magny was struck by a car near his home, 40 miles northeast of Quebec City. Florent Dube, 36, died when his motorcycle was hit by a car near his hometown of Notre Dame de la Doree, about 150 miles north of the capital. In Quebec City, the blizzard dumped 10 inches of snow, bringing traffic to a near-standstill. Highways all over the province were closed and motorists were advised to avoid Quebec's three autoroutes because of treacherous conditions. The storm spread into Quebec from Ontario, where it had already spread chaos. Driving conditions in Montreal were atrocious all day Wednesday. Some Montreal residents, however, were hardly impressed by the winter storm. More than 16,000 fans turned up at the Forum for a National Hockey League game and another 3,418 hardy souls defied the elements at Blue Bonnets Raceway to play the ponies. Los Angeles hot LOS ANGELES (AP) - The Chamber of Commerce publicists who brag about sunny Southern California usually hibernate in January. But they beamed Wednesday as the temperature in Los Angeles reached 86 degrees, the hottest Jan. 27 here since 1938. Thousands swarmed to beaches. lardi of British Columbia said just before the opening of a federal-provincial welfare conference that talks on the niceties of life are useless when millions need jobs. He said the federal government created the unemployment fiasco without curing inflation as had been intended. The provinces' welfare programs were tantamount to a guaranteed income so further discussion of such topics should wait for a main attack on unemployment. John Yaremko, Ontario's minister of social and family services, said the conference must come up with solutions to the national plight of the unemployed instead of general discussions of how social assistance programs operate. STEPS NEEDED With one in 15 jobless, urgent steps must be taken immediately to help the unemployed and lift the extra burden on existing social services. "Real benefits of what we had planned for at a conference such as this will only accrue when the government has made some effort to strengthen the economy to reduce the current unemployment rate and to cope with the problem of assisting the unemployed." He proposed an extension of unemployment insurance payments beyond the normal cutoff period, an increase in rates and a speedup in handling applications and delivering benefits. He also called for reinstatement of the winter works program. Mr. Gaglardi said that British Columbia's unemployment problem is mostly the result of a large scale migration to the West Coast of young married and single persons, particularly from Ontario and Quebec. Unemployment was high despite the fact the province had created more new jobs than the rest of the country put together. Coleman coal miners back on the job COLEMAN (CNP Bureau) - About 100 coal miners agreed to go back to work today in Coleman Collieries' B-level mine 12 miles north of here after refusing to travel a snow-slide endangered road Wednesday. Drilling and blasting of a potential snow avalanche area was carried out Wednesday afternoon under the supervision of John Russell of Water-ton Lakes National Park and mine superintendent Hall Chamberlin. The miners were off work two days. view that the decision does not reflect a change in Canadian policy, although two of the five Vietnamese are believed to have been members of a party admitted to Canada in 1968. The five made their application for entry visas at the Canadian Embassy in Moscow "some time a g o," Mr. Lang said. The decision to deny them ministerial permits to enter Canada was made Tuesday. Purpose of the visit was to have been to address an audience in Detroit via a closed-circuit television link from Windsor, Ont. Mr. Lang said entry would have required special permission from him because immigration regulations put the five into the class of prohibited persons, normally ineligible for entry visas. Admission of people in the prohibited category is defined as being "not in the public interest," Mr. Lang said. He added that it is "not normal to reveal the grounds for such rulings." Mr. Lang's decision follows a similar recent ruling by him to deny entry to Abbie Hoffman, U.S. Yippie leader. Earlier decisions to admit representatives of the National Liberation Front of South. Vietnam, the forerunner of the provisional government, were made by his predecessor in the immigration portfolio, Government House Leader Allan Mac-Eachen. Judge warns Rose MONTREAL (CP) - Paul Rose, facing trial in the October kidnap-killing of Pierre Lapoite, was warned today by Mr. Justice -Marcel Nichols that he would be ejected from the courtroom if he did not stop interrupting proceedings. The Court of Queen's Bench justice delivered his reprimand to the 27-year-old accused as the trial went into its fourth day today. Rose is the first of four persons to appear on charges of murder and kidnapping of Mr. Laporte, former Quebec labor minister who was abducted from his home Oct. 10 and strangled a week later. EXPRESSES REGRET "You have shown your intent to use this court for propaganda purposes," Mr. Justice Nichols told Rose. He said he would regret having to take a"radical decision" to eject Rose from the courtroom "You may leave me no choice. In another courtroom, a 12-man jury was to begin its deliberations today in the case of Come Leblanc, 22, an unemployed laborer charged with being a member of or professing to be a member of the outlawed terrorist Front de Liberation du Quebec. This figures! OTTAWA (CP) - United States residents in 1969 retained the title they won from Canada in 1968 as the world's most frequent users of the telephone, the Telephone Association of Canada said today. The number of telephone conversations in the U.S. during the year rose to 745 per person, up 44 from 1968. The comparable Canadian figure was 710, up 18. Until 1968, Canadians held a record as the world's most frequent callers. Canada will have about 10 million telephones in service by the end of the year. There are more than 255 million in the world. Political prisoners turned loose Seen and heard KAMPALA, Uganda (Reuter) - Uganda's new military strongman freed 55 political prisoners today including a former prime minister, five cabinet ministers and an army chief in front of thousands of cheering relatives, friends and supporters. The detainees had been arrested by ousted President Milton Obote and the man who seized power from him, Maj.-Gen. Idi Amin, was on hand when the 55 detainees appeared at an airstrip here in a prison bus. The Associated Press said police estimated the croud at the airstrip at between 15,000 and 20,000. The airstrip was the place where Pope Paul ordained African bishops during lus 1969 visit to Uganda, and where the British flag was lowered for the last time over this former protectorate on independence day in 1962. FREE KING'S SISTER Another freed detainee was a sister of the kabaka (king) of Buganda, a tribe which has played a powerful role in Uganda for many years. Obote deposed the king nearly five years ago. The most prominent prisoner was former prime minister Be-nedicto Kiwaauka, who before his 1969 arrest by Obote was opposition leader. Kiwanuka was detained and his Democratic party was banned after an attempt on Obote's life. The five cabinet ministers all held office under Obote, and former health minister Emmanuel Lumu told the crowd after his release, "this is a great day for me." Amin welcomed the detainees and delivered a brief speech before driving away to set about forming a cabinet. He told the detainees there was "no room in Uganda for hatred and enmity." Uganda stayed clamped under a dusk-to-dawn curfew overnight after Amin claimed troops from neighboring Tanzania were planning to invade at the request of Obote. The unofficial death toll in the fighting Monday was reported between 70 and 200. Amin, who seized power in a military coup here early Monday, told reporters who asked him whether he took the invasion reports seriously: "They are not rumors. There is no smoke without fire." Meanwhile in Dar es Salaam, Tanzanian President Julius Ny-erere held secret talks late into the night with Obote. The Tanzanian government meanwhile said today it continues to regard Milton Obote as president of Uganda. About town    INSPECTOR Ralph Ml-chelson .presenting bogus cheques to marksmanship winners at the city police awards dinner because no one had remembered to have them signed . . . Ted Schcurkogel asking friends tc excuse his speech because, "I'm breaking in a new set of teeth." Canada to help GEORGETOWN (Reuter) - Guyana and Canada signed a memorandum of understanding Wednesday under which Canada will provide about $1 million to help in upgrading civil aviation here. Canada will supply meteorological equipment, vehicles and airport .maintenance equipment ;