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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 28, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuesday, January 28, 1913. THE liETHBRIDGE DAILY HER AT, T> fakejrour Cue9* D.OJiOBLIN TORONTO m SOLE AGENT' IN CANADA Sold by all Reliable Dealer* G.PR. EMPLOYEES NOT GIVEN RIGHTS ; Company Has Too Much Pull f� with Borden-Mr. Buchanan's 'M- Speech' .The following Is the official report pf the speech' of the member for ledicine1 Hat in the House of Com-ions, W. A. Buchanan, on the freight.' Uiandlers.' strike. Mr. Buchanan dealt vith tlie auestlon from the standpoint :*^if the western men: 4; W.- A. Buchanan (Medicine Hat)-!  I have tieen accused of having 'become 1 fft partisan of the Minister of Labor .because I commended his action in ./{going through Western Canada and Cinvestigating ' labor . conditions there, 'iput todayrlhave to criticize.the action -'of the minister in connection with the >mafter which we are'now discussing, i believe that this particular brotherhood has, been treated unjustly; I believe that,they have the right to have '..their case considered by a board of /conciliation, and that the. report: of such a board should have been given consideration by the Minister of Lab or. One of the main contentions set up by the men was for recognition of the order,-and let me point out that it is a Canadian order incorporated under the _ laws of Canada and fn that respect iCl'differs fi'omjl'many of the other labor organizations in connection 'with the railways of Canada. Those of us who are'anxious to build up the union forces as Canadian institutions, arc. anxious to encourage this particular' order and the government of Canada seemingly did so by giving it recognition on the government railways. I can say, from evidence which.. has i been submitted to me, that the" wages, paid by the Canadian Pacific railway, to-,'-*glv6n. There would, I am sure, be no di ,culty, in following �the, swcSfv� oqurfi the case, of the Brotherhobd ,bti$M- way Employee^, -.The,-vnubltoitg-,vfea*U tiire of" th'e'jndus.U'ja'l' Dlsm&&5lY tigation Act is the strongest feature in it, because by this publicity practically the public are left to- decide" the merits of the case, and had there been that publicity in this instance 'which . the law contemplates, I am quite sirre that a settlement would; have .been, effected long ago. AMERICAN POLITICIAN CHARGES THAT CONDITIONS BREED ILL-HEALTH AND CRIME �' . i Washington, Jan. 27.-Investigation; oi conditions in the. "garment working industry in New York was  proposed today by Representative Ber-ger from Wisconsin. The . resolution would authorize the appointment o� a special committee of seven members to inquire into the conditions surrounding the garment making trade, and the recent strike.. In his resolution Mr. Berger sets forth that the New York clothing industry supplies the trade of a large section of the country, that the wages in the industry are so low, that healthy surroundings and-; a '. decent standard of living^have .. become; air most impossible. It is further charged; that' there is needless misery coincident to .the manufacture of the nation's clothing; and further that said manufacture: is carried on in filthy and .unsanitary places, saturated with germs of consumption, smallpox and scarlet fever and other contagious diseases. Mr. Berger's resolution sets forth that clothing made under such conditions is a serious menace and danger to the welfare and health of all. In a statement on his/resolution Mr. Berger said that he desired to show the! close connection' which the conditions of the garment workers hear to crime and vice on the ouo hand and hon' the, second conditions revenge themselves upon all the poo-ple because the people allow them to exist..- ' ,,  Success of the Enterprise Due Largely to Detail - Recent De velopments in Machinery Have Made Its Completion Possible By FRED A. COLVIN, Assistant Editor, "American Machinist" MINER CRUSHED TO DEATH Halifax, Jan. 25.-Thomas Baxter, miner was killed by a fall'of coal in the Arcadia mines, Westville, yesterday, bein'g- suffocated under tons of ccalvun'd stone. Geo, Bevendt, who was. working with him, only left him toljusb'va futybox to the slope and received Very slight injuries. Baxter s.Yes^pyidow.,-,and,1.njue.� small- child,; The following article on the Panama Canal from the Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin, New York, should prove of general interest: More than any other undertaking in the world's history, perhaps, the Panama Canal is. due to the combined development of many elements of civilization. While the French cngin-eers failed to complete the canal, we must remember that no one could have succeeded at that time, and we must give them credit for courage, engineering ability and a creditable achievement. Without a Col. Gorgas to first eliminate the mosquito and make the Canal Zone not only livable but comfortable and even attractive the canal would never have been built. Without the modern developments of excavating machinery and of concrete the great locks at Gatun, Pedro Miguel and Mirafiores and the nine-mile cut at Culehra would never have been completed. within a reasonable time Without the repair shops at Cristobal, Gorgona, Empire arid Balboa to keep the locomotives, steam shovels and other machinery in operation the rapid progress would have been impossible. And without the selection of proper material to stand the climate, not forgetting the too often overlooked item of belting, the cost in delays and in actual money might be difficult to compute. The shops at Cristobal and Balboa handle the repairs for the dredges and other excavating machinery at the Atlantic and Pacific ends of the canal, respectively. This includes the barges which carry the material away to be dumped, some being self-propelled and called by their French name "clappers," as well as tugs, launches and any. sort of sea-going craft which may be used. The largest shops are at Gorgona, enlarged from the French shops at this i-place, and here all the locomotives and cars for the excavation 'work as well as for the Panama Railroad are repaired; .At times this shop has employed 1800 men. It is difficult to see the necessity, for such a large shop- until-we-stop to -consider that ,the Isthmian Canal" Commission railroad, built solely in the Culebra cut and for hauling the drrt (or "spoil," as it is called) away from it, is about .the size of the Boston & Albany railroad;' There are over 300 locomotives and 4000 cars, and most of the locomotives are big ones, weighing over 100 tons'each. They are very unlike the usual contractors' locomotives we usually think of in connection with 'excavation work.  At .Empire the steam shovels are repaired arid the shops employ about 700 men at times. It takes a lot of shop work to keep the dirt flying, but they are kept at work with as little delay as possible by a thoroughly organized plan of action and a corps of inspectors- and workmen. � The inspectors visit each shovel as it works away, and not only gets the reports of the shovel engineers, but look it over for weak spots arid worn parts. Any needed repairs are reported to Empire by telephone so tliat repair parts and supplies can be prepared in advance. Repairs at Nlgh't . I: After the dirt trains have stopped running at fi p.m. the repair train starts out from the Empire shops! and, makes its rounds to the steam I shovels- 'which are in need of its services. This repair train consists of a'heavy locomotive, a large wrecking crane, a box car, which is a fairly well equipped machine shop, and another ,box car filled with supplies and parts ordinarily used, such as bolts and-nuts, packings and -similar pieces. The train takes the small machine shop directly to the shovel to be repaired and in most cases does all that is heeded without its leaving its position or losing a minute from the, work, an excellent example of real efficiency. Sometimes a whole new arm or boom is swung into place by the wrecking crane and a trip to Empire with its attendant delay is avoid: ed. And, these arms or booms weigh several tons, and are not easy to handle. But the aim of everything is to keep things1 moving, and push the job through to completion. At Empire, too, is the .main airr compressing plant of the largest air-compressing syBtem in the' world. Three stations-Las Cascades, Empire" and Rio Grande-pump into about 14, miles of 10-inch pipe line, which carries compressed air to-within 40 miles of the reported  dis-, '; that it can be reached by-three/route's'-l-i-:-; leading out of Atlin. , i ' ' "It is believed, that Silver, Creek.,, and others nearby, form the great, placer field that was deserted by. the v miners 40 years ago on .account of, the excessive cost of getting supplies into the country. Hildebrand belleveB- the discovery is one of great importance?' INSANE MAN'S AWFUL DEED ON A TRAIN ; Shot Attendant and Then Turned the Revolver on Himself , Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. 24.-Alex. Shutte, a mail carrier, of Mankato, Minn., this forenoon shot and killed Joseph Budde, a policeman, of the ,' same city, and then turned the .wear.-w-a. pons on himself, with fatal results, �, * while on board a Chicago- and North- Si*1 western Railway train, passing ij ^ ,, through West Alles, en route to Mil-j':i waukee, from the northwest. i s ' ^ Shutfce was on his way' to a skny, ^. .itarium, and was being a.ttende4ir,'bxr|i'Jj|4: Budde. It is believed Shuttewas h%5T>! sane. - " ri *-i *'"! The ihen were sittingjsin the ioot rofvthe smoklng;cari,,*ndj^urInB. the" course; of*ia, hea*ted;?afguinent one at^tf A the men shoMtheTpther^\tlen .tur&^ra'iC the > weapon Ven' himSif.Pflj^g'H^w^ the 'Uu' reached;;�|ieef� b'bdieo' of the victlmitT�r|i'^en'Jt� .,,-r:ff,�W� l.the morgue, Ill 89 ;