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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 27, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Mondty, January 27, 1974 Fighting continues in Vietnam Ceasefire of 1973 has meant little Sticks and sandals A stick-wielding plainclothes policeman fights South Vietnamese Buddhist nuns in Saigon Sunday during anti-war demonstrations. Meanwhile, the nun In the rear prepares to strike him with a sandal. The fighting flared up after a convention of the political opposition. SAIGON (AP) Every eight minutes a South Viet- namese soldier is killed or wounded. Every two minutes a civilian is made homeless. With every passing day, the outlook for South Vietnam's economy grows grimmer. All this two years after the ceasefire that was supposed to bring peace and prosperity to Western diplomats say mo- rale in South Vietnam is at its lowest point in nearly three decades of war because the Paris agreement of January, 1973, had raised hopes that the war would stop. More vicious fighting is in prospect with little hope for negotiations. "It doesn't look says one official. "There is an irre- concilable political difference between the two sides. We can only hope the Communist side will stop." The United States has cut military and economic aid in Vietnam but there is still subtle American involvement which North Vietnam and the Viet Cong say violates the Paris agreement and is prolonging the war. U.S. reconnaissance flights are continuing over both North and South Vietnam, providing intelligence for the Saigon government, and Washington seems ready to back President Nguyen Van Thieu in his expected bid for an unprecedented third term in October's presidential elec- tion, Western diplomats say. The number of Americans Vietnam, both official and nonofficial, has dropped to fewer than nearly of whom work for the U.S. government. Sources say perhaps more than Americans in the U.S. em- bassy, the Agency for Inter- national Development, the Central Intelligence Agency and the defence attache's of- fice might be labelled ad- visers, although they are not necessarily in daily contact with South Vietnamese of- ficials. U.S. officials acknowledge there is a certain amount of technical advice being given to the South Vietnamese by both military men and civilians. But they say the military advice is limited to supply problems. North Vietnam and the Viet Cong maintain that the U.S. actions show a continuing in- volvement in the internal af- fairs of South Vietnam and are a violation of the Paris. agreement. The United States says it offers technical advice throughout the world in the administration of its aid programs and that it backs no political candidates in South Vietnam. The casualty figures in the two years of the ceasefire are staggering. By the Saigon government's count, more than South Vietnamese soldiers, nearly civil servants, more than 500 policemen and more than Heath wants near-perfect Britain LIVERPOOL (Reuter) Edward Heath, fighting for the leadership of the opposi- tion Conservative party, ex- plained Saturday the sort of Britain he wanted to see and accused the' Labor govern- ment of bleeding the country to death. He said: "I want a Britain that frightens her enemies, delights her friends; a Britain that is fun to live in and ex- citing to work in; a Britain strong enough to be tolerant, and confident enough to be compassionate." Heath said Britain was be- ing badly governed by a group of ministers who were at the same time arrogant and inept. He agreed on Thursday to put his leadership of the Con- servative party to a vote of party members of Parliament on Feb. 4 and has so far been challenged by two former- ministers, Margaret Thatcher and Hugh Eraser, civilians have been killed. Western diplomatic sources estimate refugees have been uprooted by fighting in towns, villages and hamlets since the ceasefire. By mid-January, one provin- cial capital, Phuoc Binh City, 75 miles north of Saigon; 11 district towns, and scores of bases and outposts had been captured or overrun by North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces, including virtually all of the territory American forces had once controlled. The South Vietnamese claim that North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces have sustained of their troops killed by government forces. But Western military analysts say the claim is only an estimate and there is no firm figure on North Viet- namese and Viet Cong casu- alties. The peacekeeping machinery established by the Paris agreement, including the four-nation International Commission of Control and Supervision and the two-party Joint Military Commission, is paralysed. Talks between Cong and Saigon delegations to the Joint Military Commission, designed to insure a real ceasefire, have been suspend- ed since June. Talks in Paris between Saigon and the Viet Cong to carry out political provisions of the agreement have been suspended since April. The Viet Cong has called for Thieu's ouster, saying they will not negotiate with him. Thieu says this negates the Paris agreement. Analysts say Thieu shows no signs of caving in, despite se- vere battlefield losses, eco- nomic setbacks and non-Com- munist opposition at home from Roman Catholics, Buddhists and politicians who charge that his regime is cor- rupt and has failed to end the war, restore civil liberties and bring about social reform. Economists say total infla- tion in South Vietnam last year was 41 per cent and un- employment stands at roughly a million, about 15 per cent of the labor force. With nearly 50 per cent of South Vietnam's national budget set aside for military purposes, the economy is drained by the continued war. FAST EFFICIENT SERVICE U.S.A. increases arms sales lead WASHINGTON (AP) -The United States has reinforced its position as the world's largest arms dealer in recent years and outsells its nearest rival by nearly 2 to 1, a government study shows. From 1963 through 1973, U.S. arms sales abroad totall- ed billion.. The Soviet Union sold billion in weapons during the same period. The study was prepared by the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. It does not go past 1973 because of in- complete data. The 123 pages of statistics also disclose that the total amount spent by all countries for military purposes in that time was trillion. The American share of that total Was more than J765 bil- lion; the Soviet figure was billion. However, Moscow's military spending was climb- ing at a faster rate at the end of the decade, rising from {74 billion in 1971 to billion in 1973. China spent billion on its military establishment during the decade. Officials point out that the. figures are for strictly military items and do not include such factors as veterans benefits, civil defence, space programs which have civilian potential, debt service and strategic in- dustrial stockpiles. Tougher stand needed on raises Chretien OTTAWA (CP) The gov- ernment will have to take a tougher stand on civil service pay raise demands in 1975 be- cause it cannot afford high percentage increases, says Treasury Board President Jean Chretien. Speaking on the CTV tele- vision network program Ques- tion Period scheduled for broadcast Sunday, Mr. Chre- tien said civil servant salaries over the last six or seven been far "ahead of inflation." Mr. Chretien agreed with panel members that the public service and the federal government seemed to be in an adversary situation all the time over salary demands. He agreed also that the con- stant confrontation between his office and the over people who work for him probably presents a bewilder- ing situation to the ordinary citizen. It does not appear like the ordinary collective bargaining situation. The treasury board presi- dent criticized the Canadian Union of Public Employees for taking advantage of the collective bargaining situa- tion but said that if they choose to go to arbitration, it is the arbitrator, not the gov- ernment, that should receive the blame. He said the union takes ad- vantage of the situation every time it chooses to place only a fraction of workers on strike while the entire number reaps the benefits of a settlement. "You know, there is no suf- fering if you have only a little portion of your members who are on strike and can derive, enough benefit for the he said. Mr. Chretien said there had been "a lot of growth in the expenditures of the government" in the last few years, but that he expected to substantially reduce the growth rate in 1975-76. He denied allegations by panel members that his role in the restraint of government spending has been undermin- ed by the cabinet committee on planning and. priorities. The committee, he said, works on the priorities of gov- ernment but does not go into their implementation. Close follower picked DACCA (AP) Sheik Muji-' bur Rahman, newly installed as Bangladesh's all-powerful president, selected a trusted follower Sunday as his top aide. Named prime minister was Mohammed Mansoor Ali, home minister in the parliamentary government that Mujib jettisoned Satur- day for a presidential system concentrating all authority in his own hands.. In a constitutional amend- ment approved by parliament without a dissenting vote, the 54-year-old sheik also was given power to form a one- party state by outlawing all opposition groups except his ruling Awami League. The moves met a measure of approval among many Ben- galis, but there also were un- confirmed reports of dissent among a few Awami League leaders who apparently feared that the sheik was slipping to- ward the kind of ab- .olutionism he fought during tie pre-1971 days when Bangladesh was East Pakistan. Sheik Mujib, on taking over as president, said his battle to give the people what they need motivated his changeover from parliamen- tary democracy. NOTICE WOOLCO WILL BE CLOS TOMORROW JANUARY 28th FOR OUR ANNUAL INVENTORY RE-OPENS WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29th a.m. to p.m.) ;