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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI IETHBRIDGE HERALD Solurrfoy, January 37, I97J Commonwealth embarrassed by Amin Pitfalls to peace V.'r..-.: today in Vietnam is a not peace. Peace ma> follow, bin the agreement signed in Paris leave? political mailers to the parties mosi directly concerned- That means the Vietnamese, North and South. A ceasefire noes r.ot necessarily mean or_v an interruption in the I', car. become a fairly stable j.- the current si'.u- aiion in Europe indicaie? as yet, there is no peace treaty officially end- ing the Second World War. But Eur- ope need not be the model for Viet- nam; the factions 'here can get to- gether at once, if they wish, and thresh ou" a permanent political Eeitlement. It would be unrealistic to think: that the engendered by de- cades of fighting will end quicXly. It would be unduly to believe that peace is now assured, or that it will be brought about by confer- ences and treaties. Whether there is to be peace or renewed war in Viet- nam won't be determined by docu- ments, tut by men's wills. The viil for peace will have to be most because tr.e pufalls are and dangerous, for both sides. The aspirations of the Nations] Liberation Fror.i are dear: it wants all of Vietnam all of Indochina, for that matter. It does not plan to disband, spirimal'y or physically: :t scarcely need difserr.bie. by the terms of the ceasefire agreement. It will have the support, covert or open. of an estimated 140.000 North Viet- namese troops. r.O'.v ir South Viet- nam and not required by tr.s Pans accord to withdraw. The temptation to overstep the ill defined, well-nigh indefensible lines of demarcation will be strong, perhaps irresistible: any such encroachment could evoke armed response by Saigon, and bring about renewed hostilities. On the Saigon side the perils are at least as great. For one, the Thieu regime is holding tens of thousands of political prisoners, all adherents or so it is claimed to the Com- munist cause. Some have been held for years in the infamous "tiger cages" on Con Son Island. The only undertaking with respect to these prisoners, is that various parties will "do their utmost" to arrange their release. What this means is difficult to say. but there can be no doubt that it will not be long before the N'LF requires an accounting for their loyal supporters, and there are dark and ominous rumors that this accounting may prove difficult, to say the least. In this situation, the seeds of renewed conflict are not far from the surface. Even more immediate is the problem of hundreds of thousands ol displaced persons, times their villages, and now being he'd in huge, wire- enclosed refugee camps. As shooting and bombing subside, these unfor- tunates will demand to be allowed to return home, and without concern for the political stripe of whoever hap- pens to be in nominal control. Presi- dent Thieu has declared he will not allow any return to Communist con- trolled areas, and that even in the case of "safe" districts, return to native villages will be slow and gradual. For the Communists, who seem to care little for mangled paddy- fields but avidly want people, this situation is made to order. 'Liberat- ing' people is their oldest and most cherished cause, so if they want an excuse for renewing their attack on the Saigon government, they need look no further. So, however much one may wish it were otherwise, there is more rea- son for hope than for confidence in the situation in Vietnam. But for all that, there Is undeni- able good news in the latest develop- ment. While Canadians have carped for years at the Americans for their involvement in Vietnam, just as they grumbled at us for harboring their draft-dodgers, our concern has been that of a close friend and good neigh- bor. And because we are their close friends and good neighbors, it is with unalloyed relief and fervent thanks- giving that we welcome the end ot their agony in Vietnam. A new market Three items in a recent Canada- Japan Trade Council newsletter to be read together. One hails ihe success of a recent venture by Bums Foods Ltd., shipping fresh and froz- en meat to Japan by air. Another notes a rising market in Japan for Canadian feed grain. The third mentions the possibility of selling -Al- berta alfalfa pellets in Japan For some time enterprising estern businessmen have known the amount of protein in the Japanese diet has been rising, and have worked hard to meet the resulting demand by such initiatives as thai of Bums F'oods. They should not forget that others are aware of it too. and tha: Japanese industry did not reach its present place in world commerce by letting others have all the play. Omission of animal protein from Weekend Meditation the Japanese diet heretofore was not a matter c: taste, but of geography. In those small but populous islands, with their mountainous interiors, there simply is no space for the huge pasture lands on which Canada's cat- tle industry grew. Any arable land has always been needed for crops, mostly rice and vegetables, which produce more food per acre than pasturing cattle. Lately, however, there has been quite a change in the cattle raising operation, as feedlots have become more and more prominent. Cattle for the Japanese feedlots v.ill probably be got from the Aus- tralian ranches but Canadian agricul- ture can still expect a boost from the development. The new market for feed that is opening is very good news for prairie farmers. The cry oi the soul When a man looks a: this world, al Ireland with its insane fratricide. narr. lus rrjaciress ar.d brutality, a: the Middle East cauldron. Et sttlhlr.g Airica. 2: ard America or rims-ridden Amer- ica, l-.e cso repeat praver of issiah. "0 tha: Thou wQuldeiL heaver-s and ccrr.e Vr' is God doing? Dees He ''sit like patience on a rnor.urr-ent. srr.ilina at In the Psalms rha Book of Revelation the cry is :he The nicked go their way arxi prosper. Tyrants remain in power. Good men are imprisoned and toriured. Martyrs still cry. "How long, 0 Lord, how long0'1 iru'.h bo. "forever on tho scaiicld. forever on the Tr.e r.f livrt in a It is that life '.illl barton the heart, it i: nr uill'ik it, and there .ire mrir.v broKi'-n ail around as today. T-.ey jiave IIOD-V: and pray- ed un'Jl they are all tired out. Tlicv har. e from tho bruiainv and jnjiMiro of men. W'r.erc :.s tho of Go-1'1 lias lie no They h.v.r t.-ei'r, so oiini told '.h.v is reliable, 'b.i: lie bo ciw.'M :n f all II proimVcs. Vet lo ho a tliorn.s anfl rr.snlt of a cross, N'o fjr.o ran L- when a soul in agony cries. "My God, my God. why has; Thou forsaken He only kr.ows that nros: through much trib- ulation enter into the kingdom of God." Ke only KT.OWS ihat the greatest saints have been -jie sufferers. He only knows that when suffering becomes a vocation it becomes a Mctory. One can rebel against suffering, stoically endure it, or use it. As a friend said to a greater sufferer, "Do not let i: go until it blesses you.'' As for the dependability of God. "in the maddening maze of things, and tossed by storm and flood, io one fixed trust my spirit clings. I know that God is good." One thing is certain in history, that in the long run it is well uith the good and ill with the wicked Tnii is not a wjrU in which selfishness rules, but where selfish- ness ruins. Hitler has his hour in the power of da.-kness. Vet for all his boasting pc-opie would believe any lie if it uure bie enough, he illustrated a German faying that 'lies have short legs." As Paul was fond of saying, to win a victory in life one r.eecls errJiirance. The men at fnith alone come through. One has to mako in life. Make ycurs on the faiUi- fulnoss of PMAYK.R: 0 God, when my feet are slippine, let me not fall into unbelief and fl.i.-knoss beam nf light shine lui.d; By Dave Humplircys, KP Publications London connnrntalor LONDON: General Amin Is beginning to embarass the Commonwealth whose law min- isters met here recently. The Ugandan president's perempt- ory expulsion of thousands oE Asians last has replaced Nigeria, Rhodesia and South Africa in the line of divisive, potentially explosive issues. Something clearly has to give between now and the heads-of- govemmejit meeting in Ottawa August 2 io 10. Secretary-Gen- eral Arnold Smith said at a press conference the other day that a lot can heppen between now and August. Indeed it can. Latest reports from say General Amin is recuper- ating from his second attack oi coping wiih organ- izational strains arising from his Africanization policy and parading captured guerrillas be- fore television cameras. At Us press conference, call- ed to discuss the law and Ot- tawa conferences, Mr. Smith said, "I don't think and I don't think Commonwealth gov- ernments think racial pol- icies are domestic affairs of 'anybody." He also read from the declaration of principles, approved at the last prime min- isters' conference, a reference to racial prejudice as a danger- ous sickness. "Each of us will vigorously combat this evil within our own it read. The clause was written with white discrimination in south- ern .Africa in mind. Uganda's Milton Obote was overthrown in a coup almost at the very time he was promoting the declar- ation. General Amin's subse- quent expulsions have forced the Commonwealth to consider racial discrimination of black against Asian. Some apologists are already arguing that the Ugandan expul- sions can be excused on the ground of prior provocation by the Asians. .Most were relative- ly rich businessmen and some allegedly exploited the Ugan- dan economy This issue isn't confined to Uganda. Neighboring Kenya is quiet- ly handing expulsion papers to between 300 snd -500 Asians an- nually. It may be that Kenya will escape racial discrimina- tion charges by allowing for an orderly, humane exit. Even though General Amin apparent- ly has dispatched a "truth squad" to try to convince the otherwise, the several countries who received refu- gees during the emergency will take some convincing. Mr. Smith strives to hold to- gether the semblance of unity with his superb, if evasive, di- plomacy. He talked about "the new fluidity" between the de- veloping and industrialized members. He hoped the era of confrontation was over and the Commonwealth could move to more fruitful subjects. The trouble with the Com- monwealth is that it has be- come everybody's idea of a gcorl thing, a second or third al- liance but not a first. It can ex- ercise little restraining influ- ence on policies oi members. the least they could do is call the beastly thing Common iViarket flu." War influence erodes American life James RestoD, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON America is moving out of Vietnam after The longest and most divisive conflict since the war between the states, but Vietr-am is not moving out of America, for the impact of the war here is Ukeiy to influence American life for many years to come. It is probably too early to distinguish between the tempor- ary ar-d enduring consequences of Vietnam, but oie is fairly clear: there has been a sharp decide in respect for authority in the I'niUd States as a resuh oi the war r.ot only a declir.e in respect for the civil authority of soverr.- rr.eiit. but for the ir.oral author- i ty of the schcc Is. the univer- sities, the "ress., the chinch ar.d even the family. There was r.o on this frorit. did star: the to but k respect 'h-e ex- ecu lives who to: the nation in- volved in the war in the- first place. the Congress tha: ]e: it on for more than a dec- ado, and for the democratic pro- cess of debate that failed to LT- fluence the course of the war for years and finally declined into physical combat and spor- adic anarchy. Even after the ceasefire, there uill stiii be considerable contention in the country OVCT whether thus ch-alience '.o auth- ority was food or bad. Many Americans argued thai i: was precisely this dl-wni and ance that forced rpf'.'rm at horr.e ar.d the ccasei i r e anroad. Others argued that the war produced a whole rcvo'.u- cost the United States 46.000 lives and at a minimum. Slid billion. But ftiis did not taJce into account the long-range obligations to veterans, which may add up to another S50 bil- lion, nor did ii include the addi- tional costs of the fighting in Laos and Cambodia, the con- tinuing United States military establishment in Thailand. or the dead, wounded, maimed azd homeless in all o: all this almost bevoai accurate The chang which encouraged the Commu- nists to proi'T.g tho war, disrupted tiio unity ar.d pre- viously >r 1.1- dards and rot-Lrninls of can public and private conduct. But very few Am-Ticnus lo.ired tho proposition (hat, fur pood or bad, pomethinc had happened lo American life that wo difln't yol understand or aerco about, but that it wns different, irnporlant and prob- ably ondurinc. The dirw-t rnsl.s of tho (o the Slates were to estimate thgn the indirect. impoderables the ia attitud es and as- and the decline a ETQ seif coiifi- cence. for example be even more sigrificar: for the :Utire :hari the actual ii- carcial of the Among other Vietnani changed the r.aiion's way of ioo-ons a: itself ar.d the world: reduced to get involved in distant con- land wars fo: ambiEu- cus reasons: and er.ver.omed the relations betTi-een rhe politi- cal parties ar.d bei'.veen the president and ihe coagress. Even the two vrorid wars of this century didn't have quite the same effect on American society. They divided v. estem civilization, iis old empires, broke its riorr.inaiion over worM and reslly changed Lhe of BriUiir.. Frar.ct.', and Cn.T7-.iany, thc-y oifj'n't quilc mi-y of Amc-ricr.n as the American single LI Vietnam. In .Munich had bocomc a symbol of appeasement tho dancers of nonintervention, vhic-h in tin LI iiad cr.cnuracM oicr.coas commitment by the United Stales ihnn any oi-ior nalion in history. But Vic-mam in tho 1970's had be- come a symbol at the dangers of intervention and led to Am- erican withdrawal and rvon lo foars of American isolation, Tlic lone of John F. rrdy's first Innueura] in iofil at tho bccir.ninR of the n.iiion's rlcop in Vietnam, and tho of dent Nixon's Inaugural address during the list phase of the illustrated the change a the Anerican mood and commic- mMr. "Let every nation kr.OTr. whe- ther i: wishes us well or Kerjiedy said in hcs oft-quoced promise, ''ihav we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any lurdshiti. s-pport ar.y frici-d. oppose foe to as- sure the surv-lval arc the ?uc- o: liberrj-. rcuch v.-e more.1' After 12 years. the e o p 1 e VsOUld CO. "rte co I- d-> vvhen '.v.ll e'.vry our cr c're: our cr pre- to 'xr.v to thc-ir Moreover, the of r.o: led to a ir.ore rr.cxies: o: v. hat the e-j'.'.'d or do to help corn ard order in ;ue -.verld. but seeir.ed to a dowr.- ward reappraisal c." '.vha: ccv- could do :o the heal'h a-d of the a: "A person car. lv :o CUB ir.ore to the philosophy o-f Nix-Da than the ex- periences oi Vietnam, but par- o the o-. foreign Vieuam is lil-.ely to regard ihe world as a much more ar-d diverse place than it did n ihe flf'.ies arid sixces. I; is less clear that the les- oi the war have been learT.ed ia Nixon has dearly reduced the coun- crverseas commiime n s en colci war but the of cen- rucei foreip policy ce- in the Whi-.e House, so of '.be Vietnam Mur.cers were made. per- as does the heavy irJlti- erjce rf the rr-iliiary on foreign Nixon has to deal v a: r.orr.e. a kirci ot with the coo opTreidon to his theme :he er.d of :he war '.vili -o-t re.ease acciiionai funds for c a! reconstr-ciion at home; :he oi policies reached in ?--xrer. arxi rlair.ed :o Con cress or the peo- rle: ;he cancers of a re- Arr.erican army facing ar.d exh-Drlations M N? ,-olf-relian'. aixl wv.h a 1-M Arr.crican conscience tho bloodshed ar.d POTTOW of :ho war. Tr.e CJOA? here is that it will f.r.u1 to restore the of Lhe years in tho United but i: may N? that the of many popular in Vietnam a more ciaiurc, ii nation. Between conferences members disregard its ideals, even to the point of going to war. The violations of the spirit of (lie organization take place in spile of tha Commonwealth rather than because of it This leads to the hopeful conclusion that, whatever its weaknesses, the Commonwealth does bring diverse peoples together. Yet it is doing a disservice to organization itself to pretend that its members can meet to brush under the carpet the most troublesome aspects oJ their relations. In this contest the prospects now are that the first two ques- tions for Ottawa are: "Did Gen- eral Amin violate the declara- tion of and, if so, action will the Common- wealth take to uphold I Letters Rail benefits I'm surprised at Joe BalU for accepting the U.S. reports on the advisability of the Burl- ington Northern reaching up into Canada to haul coal through the U.S. for the one and only purpose of furnishing competition to the CPR. The first article in his report says blarxlly. "The public in- terest of ail Canada will bs served by the building of the Kootenay and Elk Railway." This, of course, is from the pen of R. L. Banks and asso- ciates in Washington, D.C, He didn't mention how hap- py the U.S.A. railroad employ- ees will be. by displacing Cana- dian men arid women, and how they will rejoice over the way those Canadians swallowed ev- er.ihing. They wii] help supply tbe government with need- ed revenue in income taxes, to the decimeai of the Canadian government, not to Election revenue Eor.-jjg 10 the K and E railway. Of course U the Burtturton and Northern lowers its rates X ceocs s ton ard. the CPR complains to the railway com- mission that they are tasir.g money, all the Canadian gov- eramer.; has to do is subsidize it. end all will be well They already pay out million to tie railroads on Icsmj line? I bold no brief for the CPR, although I did work for it a long time ago. What I am most interested in is keeping Caoa- dians at work, helping our industries, a that the" U.S. has always done, and which has been the basis o; its phenomen- al growi F E. CASSEL Warner Tories hinder A fer short months ago Mr. SiarJield told the people of Can- ada that he would not bring non-corrfidence agEinst the gm-emment just for tha sake of bringing it down. Ha also cried wher Mr. TTUQMU did call for the firs: sirirg ir. December: said that i: was very important to on with Lhe fight against unemployrsen: and Here i: is going on to the end of January-, and Stanfield arxi his are doing all in their power to make "sure that the goveniinent does no: ge: a chance :o do some-J-ing about the problems in Canada." This is doir.g a great to the people of Canada. There Ere people v.h-o need help from un- ernployTner.l ar.d inflatipn in a hurry ar.d canrot wait for a year or ro until Slanfield fights hi? own personal battle jus: for ihe lust of po-.ver. This a little cor-struclive help from ihe NDP or ihe Conservative par- ties, could bring ia some of lha lecislalion ihis coun'.n' has ever had. These MFs are supposed [o h-o honorable mem- bers of Parliament, so lei's hope they act like honorable men ir, the rex: few months and try to help the people of Can- ada instead of just worrying about their own political GARY OSBERG LeLh bridge by Vshat do In short, af'.rr emphasis fx? r.o: on do but nn what it cannot arxl slw.ikl rot do; the emphasis not on hut on on ,1 co.-.iin'titivc in which tbo comfnrlahlo n'.ajnrity will p.ny Iffs in ard cvcrylxyly will rely on ard llv f.TliT.'i! L'ir. in M a y c ilio--o nirrcly in flnd rhetoric, The Lcthbridge Herald 5W 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRtDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1903 1M4. by Hon. A. BUCHA.NA.N CLEO W VOTERS. Efli's- TMOVAS M. ADAMS, N PILLING HAY i 'IHE HERAID SERVES THE ;