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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LlTHBRIDGE HERALD Thuridoy, January 17, Carl Rowan So what's new Mr. Nixon? Preliminary reaction by American politicians to the revelations of Pres- ident Nixon's newest peace offers to Hanoi indicate that his proposals will neither end the war, nor silence his critics. There is no question that Mr. Nixon is making valiant efforts to live up to promises made in the 1968 election campaign. He wants peace with honor, but Hanoi is not interested in that kind of settlement. It is not interested in America's hon- or, or, according to early reaction in Paris, in the president's terms, which do not go far enough towards meet- ing its own. It sticks precisely and rigidly to the terms it has already laid down a firm date for with- drawal of all American troops, a ces- sation of the Vietnamization pro- gram, withdrawal of any kind sup- port for the Thieu regime. The president may get some politi- cal mileage from the revelations of his secret offers since he can now counter critics who say that he has been doing nothing towards ending the war through diplomatic means. He has been trying, and trying hard for a breakthrough. But he has had no real success, and success after all is what counts. Mr. Nixon and his foreign affairs advisers in the administration have consistently underestimated the stub- born determination of the North Viet- namese to settle the conflict on their own tough terms. It is doubtful if any diplomatic approach will shake their entrenched position. The alternative is a continuation of the present unsatisfactory so call- ed negotiations or a military set- tlement. The president will be forced to choose the former. The latter is out of his reach, both militarily and po- litically. Day parole justified Unemployment is a condition pain- ful to bear by most people who are in it involuntarily. Thus a high de- gree of sympathy is appropriate for a person who utters the sort of senti- ments to be found in a letter ap- pearing on this page even though there is disagreement with them. The day parole program for per- sons held in correctional institutions has been operative in Alberta for a couple of years. It is expressive ot the philosophy of giving priority to rehabilitation over retribution which has steadily been gaining ground in this country. By giving individuals the opportunity to leave confinement during the day for work or school it is hoped that the difficulty of being assimilated back into has undoubtedly contributed heavily to the high rate of recidivism may be alleviated. Prison life does not ordinarily pre- pare a person for living responsibly in society. In fact, the opposite is the case. An individual who has not been required for several months or years to make even the elemental deci- sions about food, clothing, shelter and the like is apt to be in a state of dependency upon release. This will make him peculiarly vulnerable to being led again into undesirable paths. Day parole makes it possible, while still under some surveillance, for the Individual to get established in work or study habits; to make new ac- quaintances among people who are not accustomed to being in trouble with the law; to reorient their think- ing and attitudes from those that might prevail among a prison pop- ulation to those found in society generally. How successful this theory is in practice has not yet been deter- mined because of the shortness of time it has been tried and the few- ness of those who have qualified to participate. Any notion that inmates of correc- tional institutions pose a mass i v e threat to the unemployed as a result of the day parole program is false. The number of men currently going out on day parole from the Leth- bridge Correctional Institution to work is barely half of the small fi- gure quoted in the letter. It is really unfortunate that there are not many more on day parole but it is hard to find positions for men with criminal records in the best of times, let alone in a time of high unemployment. Be- sides, only a small portion of men in a correctional instution are consid- ered ready to take advantage of what day parole offers. A man who may be passed over so that a job can be given to a day parolee is not likely to be appeased by the thought that society stands a chance to gain another stable indivi- dual thereby. But resentment should not be allowed to lead the writer to suppose that it would be an advan- tage for him to get himself locked up in an institution. Any man who rebels against the idleness induced by unemployment would find the re- stricted idleness of prison life nearly intolerable. To be idle outside of a prison is infinitely preferabe to being idle inside such an institution for most people, at least. Open areas By Gregory L. Hales JF THE purpose of public education is to cram young heads full of facts, ex- clusive of all else, open area schools can never be successful. Open areas permit too many other learning experiences to happen to be able to concentrate solely on the processing of information. Open areas are too life-like, too real to be able to fulfill the function for which the classroom-boxes of traditional schools are to well suited. Open areas are too full of activity, too full of potential experiences, too full of life, in the same way that the world outside the school is full of these, to allow Uie teachers and pupils to occupy themselves with just the three R's. Occupants of open areas pupils, teach- ers, administrators, visitors, cats, dogs, and goldfish interact with one another just as they would outside this school. The open area has, in fact, brought the day-to- day worldly relationships inside the walls the school and included them in the learning environment. The obrious aspect of open areas is the constant interaction among all the people within the school. No one can avoid for very long affecting others and being affected by them. The result is an ever evolving, ever developing responsibility of every person to every other person and to himself. This is inescapable. As the child develops responsibility to himself he learns not to allow every other activity to distract him from the one In which he is Involved. But at the same time he realizes that some of these other activi- ties will be valuable to him and he capi- talizes on them. The child learns to distin- guish and choose the worthwhile activities from among the many around him. And, as in the world outside the school, not every child chooses the samo experience as every other child. The open area encourages and fosters a concern for one's surroundings. It pro- motes a genuine concern for the affairs of one's fellows whether they be younger or older, for all ages occupy the same area. The child realizes that everyone is interrelated in some way; that what any child does affects what others may do. A respect for the rights of others develops from this; but not a respect demanded by some authority, rather, a respect learned through the experiences of interacting with others. The child learns that if mutual respect is not practised confusion, disap- pointment and unhappiness result. The child carries this respect with him when he leaves the school because the relation- ships in which he finds himself outside are the same as those inside. Interwoven in this fabric of respect and responsibility is the thread of increasing in- dependence which the child develops through discovering and learning for him- self. He comes to realize that he is not a helpless creature, dependent upon a teacher for his learning. The child dis- covers that he has the ability to glean valuable kernels of knowledge from his en- vironment without having to wait for an adult to remove the chaff. Children in open areas are not protected from life. They are part of it. They are not kept snug and warm inside artificial box-like containers. They must confront and grapple with real situations. They must grow. If education is to be considered success- ful it must have positively changed the be- havior of the individual; not merely in the realm of the three R's, but in the fourth and fifth R's and the I Responsibility, Respect, and Independence. The open area helps education be successful. Special ministry By Dong Walker VPHEN Jim Mayblo read the filler about my wife saying I wasn't smart enough to bo able to write a piece of tho calibre of the ribbing of the Bums people, he gazed upon mo in his best quizzical fashion and said, "With a wife that, how is your ego I guess Elspelh operates 'on the premise that my ego is virulent thing that must be constantly starved rather than fed. Keeping me 'healthy' is her special min- lady. Japan claims military strength no threat Hardly a day passes that Communist China's propaganda organs do not scream: Japan is rearming to attack us Asians. Top Japanese officials say this is absurd, coming from a country that could seal off Ja- supply lines and "choke UB to death In two weeks unless the U.S. came to our assis- tance." Yet, the Chinese propaganda is having its effect in the Far East, and perhaps no place more than in Japan itself. Hie Chinese cries of alarm become more believable throughout Asia when tlie Jap- anese announce a sharp in- crease in their military bud- get, as they just did. Leaders in countries with bitter memories of Japanese attacks three decades ago lift an uneasy eyebrow when a wire service quotes an Ameri- can embassy official as warn- ing that Japan could turn to nuclear weapons. The fact is that, under the Innocuous label of self-defence forces, Japan now has built a military machine greater than "How can we keep up with the Joneses when we can't even catch up with the cost of Letters to the editor The procedure for becoming a Canadian citizen Hurrah I can now wave the Canadian flag and heartily sing, The Maple Leaf Forever, God save Uie Queen. I'm a Ca- nadian! "Why, Marian Virtue, you've always been a Cana- dian" So thought I. But dur- ing- the last six weeks, in an ef- fort to get my passport renew- ed, I've wondered. MH709763 on that little book- let I've had renewed many times in the past 25 years, as- sured me I belonged, but when I turned it in for a five-year renewal, I found I didn't. I had to prove I wasn't "James Kay about to murder Martin Luther and that I wasn't an Arab, an Italian or a Persian. "Produce your Ca- nadian birth Pass- port office, Ottawa, demanded. To a Nova Scotian, that was as difficult as asking me to pro- duce the Kohinoor diamond. Even though I was born under the maple leaves (my mother's handmade quilt) and stood as straight as a ramrod on Em- pire Day in the country school in Selmah, singing all the na- tional songs as I waved the flag, it didn't help now. The deputy registrar in Halifax said "No record of birth but he kindly sent along a most complicated, wordy question- naire, obviously designed by someone born in the '50s whereby if I could give the an- swers and supply necessary documents I could get a "de- layed certificate. Patience is a virtue but Vir- tue, I assure you, isn't always patient. When I reviewed this cold document the situation not only became tragic but hilar- iously humorous, "born in what hospital" I never saw one till I had my appendix out in Cal- gary, age 20. "Medical in those horse and buggy days? "Newspaper announce- ment of Our paper, the Family Herald and Weekly Star from Montreal. I'm sure my arrival wouldn't have inter- ested the Quebecers. "Infant No hope. I was born a Baptist and had to be immersed at the age of reason. "Cradle Roll In that N.S. village, I was carted from the Methodist church to the Baptist church and to the Presbyterian church each Sun- day no tune for cradles and no ski resorts for the par- ents. "Family My fath- er read it every morning at breakfast but they never men- tioned my name in it. "School Nothing to brag about but the teachers were Convicts take over jobs Has this country got to the lion is taken. So what, if we're point that a person must go lo jail and become a convicted cri- minal just so he can obtain a job? Do you know that there are about a dozen of these convict- ed criminals working 'on jobs during the day and returning to the jail each night? Do you realize that these convicts arc getting free room and board and transportation to and from work at the taxpayers' expense as well as drawing full wages on top of all' this? We, the unemployed must live on unemployment Insur- ance if were eligible for some while these convicts lake over our jobs. If we go to Manpower we're told that there arc no jobs available, while at the samo time they arc busy plac- ing Ihcse convicts on jobs. How much longer docs Man- power think we're going to put up with this? 1 feel that It's time stronger arrcsled and thrown in jail? Then perhaps Manpower will see fit to supply us with jobs as we'll be one of their pre- ferred convicts. UNEMPLOYED BUT HONEST Lethbridge. Well done Recently before the basket- ball game between the LCC Ko- diaks and the Dawson College, BUI members of the Navy League of Canada, under the command of their training of- ficer, Lt. P. Patterson, did a color guard honoring boUi the American and the Canadian bas- ketball teams. This was very well done, and It is felt that these boys deserve some mention as the Navy League is doing a fine job In training the young lads, who one day will be our future citi- zens. AN INTERESTED PARENT. worse they didn't keep the registers for posterity in that "little-room big-room" school in Selmah, at the mouth of the Shubenacadie river. But they did teach us readin', writin', 'rithmetic, and grammar of which the.latter seems to be a lost art. "Shall with I and We fortells and Will denotes deter- mination. With other subjects Will fortells and Shall denotes nccessitation" (Grade 4 So in order to prove I hadn't been regurgitated up on the beach of Cobequid Bay from the mouth of a large codfish. I recruited Dr. Beveridge, presi- dent of Acadia University, Bud Olson, minister of agriculture and his assistant, Kent Jesperson, Deane Gund- lock, Tory federal member Chief of Police Michelson, Vir- tue and Co., legal advisers, Pe- ter Roberts, assistant to Prime Minister Trudeau, Chief Judge Feir and Sheriff Gilchrist who advised that I should give up the idea of proving I'd been born in Canada and "become a citizen" instead. So then I add- ed John Schnurr, Court of Ci- tizenship, Calgary to my list. Tiw phone calls were so nu- merous that soon John and I were on a first name basis. His advice, "Find your husband's (now deceased) birth certifi- cate. Since you were married before 1932 and even though you might have been from black Africa, that, coupled with your marriage certificate, will do tlie trick." Horrors, John, must I start digging out anoth- er certificate, I'm already hav- ing nightmares. However when I saw the blizzard and thought of warmer climcs.in spite of flu, put on my fur coat and sat in a below zero attic, and haul- ced stuff out of a 1920 trunk. Luck! A five pound Bible. The pages flew and I humbly ap- ologize Lo Matthew, Mark and Luke, in my hasto to find Ab- ner Gladstone Virtue's record- ed birth. It was there together with the story of his great- great-grandmother Almlra Cook, granddaughter of Cap- tain Samuel Cook who fought with Wolfe In the capture of Quebec, (United Empire Loyal- On January 111, John (bless him) drove from Calgary in a howling blizzard csmc lo my and it p.m. UN documents had been approved and he proclaimed ma "A citi- zen of Canada." Then bango the air strike, so I'm still wait- Aig for my passport to come from Ottawa. However, my let- ter to Peter Roberts apparently stirred Ottawa and on the 19th, a phone call came from the Hon. Mitchell Sharpe's office. (dept. of external His Secretary, during a %-hoiu- con- versation apologized for these exasperating intricacies suffer- ed by all in my age group. She asked that I should tell all in south Alberta having similar problems to phone their office and they will attempt to expe- dite matters. I hope mine have been expedited! I advise this. When one is 5000 miles from records, unless you use slow mail which poses months of waiting the cost is extreme. Yes, it's devastatingly awful and ex- cruciatingly humiliating to be a Canadian grandmother and have to prove it. Phone collect, Miss Frances Lee, care of Mitchel Sharpe's office, Ottawa, 992-5076 area code 613. MARIAN VIRTUE. Lethbridge. the combined military forcei of all the countries of South- east Asia. The reassumplion of total sovereignty over Okinawa af- fords the major excuse fw the newest increase in military might. Everyone in this port of the world is acutely aware that Ja- pan has built up the military- industrial infrastructure, and she has the sophisticated tech- nology, to become nuclear superpower within a few years. The key to Japan's future course lies in whether implementation of tin Nixon doctrine and U.S. over- tures to Red China cause the Japanese to believe that the promised U.S. nuclear shield does not give them sufficient security. Foreign Minister Taken Fukuda, the heir apparent to the prime ministership, insist- ed that his government Is not harboring new doubts aboui the merits of the Japanese- American security treaty. Therefore, he said, Japan will strengthen her self-defence forces, but will not develop a military strong enough to as a deterrent to war. But a panel of leading Jap- anese editors insisted that doubt about the treaty and fears of the future are rampant in Japan, and that Fukuda is merely being diplomatic, in denying it. The fascinating, or baffling, thing about these editors and Japanese intellectuals is the confusion (some say naivete) they show in trying to come to grips with the new anxiety. There seems to be a large number of influential Jap- anese who think the treaty with the United States ought to be scrapped by 1975. A lot of hard- liners and a few of the intel- lectuals insist that Japan must then b u i 1 d up her military to the point where she can pro- tect herself meaning go nu- clear. But an astonishing number of people insist that this would be a foolish'course because it would alarm China and provide momentum toward an Inevit- able war. "We have been aggressors against China time after time during me last century, and security really lies In taking steps to leave China absolutely certain that we are no one editor told me. "We must junk the treaty with the United States and then reduce the military machine that we have. Japan must then strengthen her diplomacy so that we are prepared to pre- vent war. If no one fears us, we can live and prosper and build in peace." "How stupid can these intel- lectuals be? Don't they learn anything from history? Weak- ness is an invitation to one government official said. Yet, he made it clear that Uie Japanese government shud- ders at the thought of a U.S. military pullback of such mag- nitude that Jipan would have to face the choice of going nu- clear or disarming unilateral- ly. Japanese leaders quiver at the mention of Sen. J. William Fulbright or Stuart Symington they see as pushing the U.S. toward an isolationism that would force hard decisions on Japan. That is wh> the Japanese government recently invited here the administrative assis- tants to several Senators. That is why this government has thrown out a lush welcome mat to key U.S. newsmen and un- leashed a powerful pubb'c rela- tions campaign in the U.S. The Japanese may feel strongly that they want a more independent foreign policy, but the people in power still like the shelter of Uncle Sam's arsenal. (Field Enterprises. Inc.) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD Alberta cattle arc now very free from disease of any kind local veterinarians state. Mange and other conta- gious diseases have been root- ed out of the herds thoroughly. employees of In- ternational Coal and Coke Company, Limited, called a one day protest strike in Colcman today. 1942 Lcthbridge's salvage campaign marked its official opening Monday auspiciously as a steady flow of urgently needed materials poured into two depots. 1952 The motor mechanics shop of tlie Lethbridge Colle- giate Institute got a brand new Plymouth motor from Imperial Motors. 1962 The Lethbridga Broders came from behind a nine point deficit in the first half to post a 86-72 exhibition basketball victory over the Northern Montana N o r t h ern Lights. The Lethbridge Herald SM 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Publlsherl Published 1905 by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sicond Clul RMKtnllon No. Ml! rltmMr ot TIM Cinldlin Preu ind IM cinidlin Dill Publlihiri' Auoclillon ind Audi! Bureau of Circulati CLEO w. Editor Puniiihtr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Centril Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managlmj Editor Aisocllto Ectllor ROY F. MILES DflUGLAS K. WALKER Mvirtblng Manigtr tdllwlil Pigt Editor HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;