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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 27, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta iiHiomvis Maurice Western Round two With the announcement of the U.S. administration's intention to employ the full range of its air power in Cambodia, fears have been revived that President Richard Nixon is allowing his country to be sucked into a wider war in Indochina. Also stirred up is the battle between congressional doves and the administration. Much of the time of the last Congress was consumed by debates and hearings on putting legal limitations on the president's power to commit the country to the defence of Cambodia. Congress finally passed a military aid bill with an amendment sponsored by Democratic Senator Frank Church and Republican Sena� tor John Cooper which ruled out the use of any "appropriated funds to finance the introduction of U.S. ground troops into Cambodia." The obvious intention was to avoid any further entanglements in Indochina in keeping with the desire to get out of the war altogether. The commitment of air power to support of Cambodian troops contravenes the spirit - although perhaps technically not the letter - of the congressional amendment. Conse- quently round two of the internal battle is under way. New legislation has already been introduced in Congress calling for the ban of use of funds to "provide U.S. air or sea combat support for any military operations in Cambodia." No matter how Defence Secretary Melvin Laird explains what is being done it continues to seem to be contrary to the pledge made by Mr. Nixon last June. At that time he assured the nation that "the only American activity in Cambodia after July 1 will be air missions to interdict the movement of enemy troops and material . . . necessary to protect the lives and security of our men in South Vietnam." No American troops appeait to be imminently endangered by what is happening in Cambodia. The implication seems to be that from a long-range point of view there is danger to American forces in South Vietnam if the Cambodians cannot hold out against the North Vietnamese. If that is so then it is an admission that Vietnamization is the myth its critics have been contending. Oil from OPEC Fifteen international oil companies have closed ranks and called for centralized negotiations with the Middle East, Venezuela, and Indonesian producers in an effort to reach a long-term agreement. The producing nations have formed a united front of their own, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a formidable association which provides about 90 per cent of the world oil supplies, apart from the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. Before the American oil companies, which number 12 out of the 15 taking part in the negotiations, could join forces with one another and with the British, French, and Dutch oil interests, they asked - and speedily obtained - clearance from the U.S. attorney-general. Otherwise they might have risked prosecution under anti-trust laws. For the first time Japan is acting in concert with Europe and the United States in trying to work out an agreement with the Middle East producers. It is a powerful line-up, although both OPEC and the 15 importing countries deny that it is a confrontation. The companies point out that it is in the interest of the producers Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - There is no problem at the Pentagon in organizing bombing and strafing raids in Indochina. The real difficulty is what to call them. A special section of the defence department has been set up to supply the secretary of defence and his spokesmen with various alternatives to describe the air war in Indochina. Every morning promptly at 8 o'clock, the committee which is called BULL (Bureau for Lethal Logic) meets to discuss what the day's raids will be called. A typical meeting goes something like this: "We've got 20 B-52s bombing Cambodia today. What do we say we're doing?" "We're interdicting enemy supply routes from the North?" "We said that yesterday. Why don't we say the strike is a defensive measure to speed up the Vietnamization program?" "We used that phrase three days ago to explain why our helicopters were supporting Cambodian troops." "Why don't we say we're bombing North Vietnam to enhance the Nixon policy of speeding up the withdrawal of American boys from Vietnam?" "That's not bad. But it would be stronger if we announced the raid was made to wipe out Communist sanctuaries that were being used to build up an offensive which is expected to be launched after the rainy season." "How would we say it?'' "We could say that our air operation in Cambodia was being conducted to limit the enemy potential before they can bring it to bear effectively against friendly forces in the area." Unemployment problem plagues MPs ATTAWA - Few events were more predictable than the attempt of the opposition parlies to fix the blame for unemployment on the Trudeau government. Opposition parties have been doing this, often with success, ever since John A. Macdonald launched his comeback on the picnic grounds of Ontario. Thus, it is natural that there is a dreary sameness about unemployment debates in Parliament. The government knows in advance that it is going to be taxed with blindness, i n difference, callousness, mismanagement, muddle and the rest of it; the opposition is equally well aware that it will be accused of gloom, doom, lack of faith and a cynical desire to profit from the public's miseries. There was a difference this week. The House echoed to most of the old arguments to present a united front. Otherwise producing countries like Libya could escalate the demands beyond reason. The companies offer an increase in posted prices on which tax and royalty calculations are based, and a moderate annual adjustment against a yardstick of world-wide inflation. Added to this are some temporary transportation adjustments. They reject further increases in the tax rate beyond the prevailing 55 per cent, retroactive payments and obligatory reinvestment of funds in the producing countries - all of which have been demanded by Libya. It was the revolutionary young regime in Libya, and their unrealistic demands which alarmed the developers and forced them to act together. It appears now that OPEC and the oil companies are close to a satisfactory five-year agreement. But whatever the outcome, there is bound to be a rise in oil prices. The big question is how much. About the only comment to be made is that it could have been a lot worse if private enterprise had not been able to unite in a common front, and if the oil rich Middle East nations had not done the same thing. Everyone is By Doug Walker but it also heard one which, in this context, is new. It can be' summed up in two quotations. Mr. Douglas: "There, on the treasury benches, sit the guilty men." Mr. Lewis: "I say to the members of this House, particularly the members of the government, that the unemployment crisis in Canada, which grows worse every month this winter, is economically unnecessary, morally indefensible and socially disastrous. I accuse the prime minister and the minister of finance of deliberately and unnecessarily creating inhuman misery for hundreds of thousands of Canadians." Thus, the allegation is that ministers are "guilty men" (a phrase originally applied to those responsible for Munich) because they acted deliberately to produce unemployment. It was their way - in the NDP view - of curbing inflation in Canada. This is an extraordinary charge because politicians in power have every reason to fear the consequences for themselves of widesrtread unemployment. They may be misguided; they may miscalculate; they may bungle, but they do not deliberately steer a suicide course. In fact the record suggests that fear of unemployment normally looms much larger in cabinet considerations than fear of inflation. Otherwise ministers would scarcely have been so tolerant of inflation for so long, taking effective action only when the country was in the grip of an inflationary psychology which, if not curbed, threatened in the end to generate even greater unemployment. But Mr. Douglas and Mr, Lewis have been long in poli- tics; they would scarcely bring such an accusation unless they thought it had some chance of acceptance by many people. It may be that it does possess a certain plausibility and, if so, the government is partly although unintentionally responsible. We have had in the past decade extremely ambitious government, managing an ever-widening range of activities with a ever-growing army of expert advisers. Sometimes it has responded to public demand; sometimes it has created it. Mr. Benson testified to this steadily widening role in his We Know Best speech to the Toronto Canadian Club in which he claimed, among other things, that "we have made considerable strides in our ability to control the economy." It may be added that opposition parties generally, and the NDP invariably, have held that "That's beautiful, General. No one's ever put it that way before." "This may sound as if it's coming from left field, gentlemen, but I thought we might blame Congress for the raid. The secretary could announce that all he was doing was following the letter of the law which was passed by Congress to support any action by the president that would bring our American boys back home." "It's worth running up the flagpole, Colonel." "One of the people in my office had a unique suggestion. He thought we might announce that the B-52s were not bombing in Cambodia but were just making a defensive ordnance drop on fixed enemy positions." "I like the sound of that. Let's write it down before we forget it." "Has anyone thought about saying that we were neutralizing a free-fire area?" "Neutralizing is a good word. It has an innocent ring to it." "I don't want to top you, but what if we said we were neutralizing Cambodia to protect its neutrality." "Wow. That's got everything in it." "I know you guys think I'm a hardliner, but I think we should stop beating around the bush and announce we're bombing the hell out of Cambodia to kill as many Dinks as we can, so the dirty Red S.O.B.s will become true believers." "You want the secretary of defence to say that?" "Why not? That's wljat we're doing, aren't we?" "General, wasli out your >numth with soap and water." (Toronto Telegram News Service) 'Of Course I'm an expert on unemployment-I'm really the cause of it' Letters to the editor Government travel plan for youth too limited Let's restore balance to citizen decision making by countering Mike Golia on the transient youth plan. (Jan. 20). Studies of transient summer youth show that 95 per cent are "straight kids" going to schools and colleges and engaged in other so-called legitimate activities of the young, rather than "hippies" (whatever they are). For several reasons the burd.en of unemployment falls heavily upon the young. The pooled rate is now at 6.6 per cent, 40 per cent of which is composed of people in the 14-24 age bracket. The prospects for an easing of this situation through next .summer are not encouraging. We are steering a high-speed collision course with overpopulation, distorted, development, hunger, poison, disease, chaos, expected within the lifetime of the majority of us now living. The young have had no part in fashioning this world. Responsibility for unemployment, inflation, profiteering, inadequate pensions, poor housing rests with people like M. G. who over the past twenty-five years have proven themselves inadequate. The plan to aid youth travel in Canada is a good one but with nationalism now a worldwide, and possibly fatal, disease it does not even meet the minimum requirement needed for world citizenship. W e should plan to include Africa, India and China. Bold strokes are needed. It's our poverty of mind that is getting us into so much trouble. The plan would encourage the poor, the timid, and the physically weak to advance their own essential insights. The timid would be helped to overcome their fear of many things beyond that of being abandoned far from home and suffering hunger and exposure for days at the side of the road. We are being wasteful of young and grasping minds and reaping the harvest of bitterness. Any program that will help to overcome the inappropriate-ness of fear and despair for the days ahead must be encouraged. But the brave will be out Resents government help for hippies Pursuant to Mr. Michael Golia's lettei to you in The Herald of January 20th, 1971, 1 am writing to say that it is really encumbent upon every taxpaying citizen in this country to send a petition to the government authority at Ottawa who is responsible for the proposed expenditure of $50 million on the hippie transient issue of the coming summer months. I have nothing against the hippies moving anywhere in this country summer or winter, but seeing that taxpayers normally have never had concessions made by the government for their private or nomadic movements across this vast land, I see no reason why the hippie or non-hippie of Canada should be supported in their projected move across the provinces as they contemplate. The government has been Another thing to keep out WTHILE there was company at our place during the recent holiday season, the opportunity was seized once again to give mother a bad time on the age issue. There was some question about who should go to the kitchen to fetch a desired article. Elspeth suggested that Paul ought to go instead of herself. "You arc younger than me," she said. "Everyone is," was liis prompt response. From an obscure newsletter I gathered that behavior-altering drugs are being given to some children in the U.S. Since things have a way of creeping up here I think we should be watchful. The reason for giving the drug was because some children had been identified by their teachers as "hyperactive" and unmanageable. This is very shocking. Can it be the prelude to a robot society'.' The effect would reduce all in a class to an approximate level. The side effects are at present unknown, what if they prove to be dangerous or lead to addiction? As if we were not a pill-eating populace already. Interestingly, one such drug produces opposite results in adults and children. What an opportunity for a teacher to have a child she has trouble with put on drugs to make her classroom more peaceful. In this age of computer memory banks, will they record that so and so needed tranquilizers in school? What will a person think when on leaving school he is told that drug-taking is wrong? After all when you have given a kid pleasantness and confidence through a "happy" pill, it's going to be tough to keep him off "pot." Like all such things a tolerance builds up, so does the dose. Of course parents' approval is sought. But figure the chances against councillor, boards, doctors. Naturally if anything goes wrong it's the home's fault, as they knew he was haywire all along. The drug companies love this, for it's another field in which to sell their products. This is one other thing that we must keep out of the country. H. BAGOT. High Level, Alberta. voted for by the people, and for the good of the people, and it is ludicrous for any sane-minded person to even condone such a vast sum of money being spent in the way Mr. Golia so rightly pointed out in his letters to the prime minister and Mr. Deane Gundlock, Lethbridge MP. I now challenge Mr. Gundlock of this southern Alberta constituency to get written petitions from all the members whom he represents in Parliament, to oppose very strongly such a wicked and wasteful use for the public money towards which even the poor contribute, though Finance Minister Edgar Benson seems to be mistakenly under the impression that the poor are not involved in paying of taxes. That man should think again, place his brain in action before he puts his mouth in gear! When will our apathetic society ever rise en masse and challenge those whom they believe to be the custodians of the taxpayer's hard - earned money when It comes to lha flippant spending thereof? As the purport of this expense is not warranted the government w o u 1 d do well to reflect upon the abuse of its moral right incorporating expenditure of such a magnitude bringing no visible good as I see and I am sure many other Canadians as a whole. MRS. CANICE M. P. FINCH-VERLINDEN Lethbridge. there next summer dodging the brickbats of unfriendly "natives" doing what they know they must do to pioneer their "new world", whether the "natives" like it or riot. Since Sil-berman. Holt and others tell us that conventional educational institutions are near bankruptcy I submit that we treat the travel aid plan as an investment in education for our unemployed youth and give it the highest priority. Unfortunately since future benefits do not lend themselves to neat computation, like a tax return, the plan will be opposed by those who can deal only in highly tangible concepts. I urge those rooted in Consciousness I to trust their instincts, adhere steadfastly to the small view and irrationally oppose every proposed "new" measure from tax reform to the transient youth plan that has a chance of dealing constructively with our "changing" conditions. That way we can ensure that things keep getting worse, JOHN MacKENZIE. Lethbridge. government can and should do more and not less. When government, with its normal aura of omniscience, co n s t a n tly encourages business and the public to look to government, there is a natural response. How could it be otherwise when the expenditures of government at all levels have risen to 38 per cent of GNP? Government, with its vast personnel resources, is expected to fix things and seldom fails to point to its achievements, such as the famous automobile pact. The trouble with omniscience is that it rules out miscalculation. If things go wrong, it becomes possible for Mr. Douglas and Mr. Lewis to base charges on a theory of dark design which would otherwise appear on its face absurd. In fact, the government as economic manager is still subject to severe limitations. Its principal instruments of regulation, monetary and fiscal policy are effective but with long and uncertain time lags. Thus government must always consider its impact, not in the present (when there may be none) but six or nine months hence when the problems at which policy is aimed may be altogether different. The government tried to halt inflation without jolting the economy into its present condition. For precisely this reason, it sought through the program of the prices and incomes commission to secure voluntary restraint. It is a matter of record that the unions would have none of this and that they were stoutly supported in their refusal by Mr. Douglas and Mr. Lewis. Unemployment is an evil, as everyone agrees. B u t so is inflation, as was recently demonstrated in the burning cities of Poland. As finance minister, Mr. Benson must not merely steer between the two; he must at the same time work - as directed by the economic council in its 1964 report - for economic growth, a viable payments balance and an equitable distribution of rising incomes. This is not all. The years since 1964 have added new requirements. Policy must be designed, not simply for growth, but for relatively even growth as prescribed by regional expansion. Moreover, it must be non-polluting growth and it may in certain areas have to fit B and B or post-B and B requirements. In addition, Mr. Benson - to ensure fine tuning of the economy - must presumably discern in his crystal ball untold events still many months in the future. Some of them, such as strikes and FLQ lawlessness, have important direct or indirect effect on investment and employmept. So, of course, did the unsought but NDP-approved floating dollar. Such super-government we do not have. Neither does any other country. Comparisons with the performance of other countries are attractive to parliamentary debaters but they are not very helpful because conditions in Europe are quite different. Sweden, to take a favorite NDP example, is free of our problems of federalism. But, in general, European countries, with more easily manageable economies, have not done better, but worse, in controlling prices; in fact Sweden has recently shifted to a more anti-inflationary policy even at risk of greater unemployment. Our government, not being omniscient, miscalculated. Very probably, however, the mistake was not recent. The fault was in the timid policy of two or three years ago, which permitted an inflationary psychology to develop. When the brakes are applied at high speed, the usual result is a rude jolt. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1931 - Another western Canada speed record was broken recently, when Captain J. H. Tudhope flew from Calgary to Regina in three hours in his Stcarman plane. 1911 - Hitler measles, German measles, or just plain measles if you like, are paying an unpopular visit to the city, especially unpopular be- cause they are waging a "blitzkrieg" on the adults. Patients must submit to a light form of quarantine. 1951-Fire of unknown origin completely destroyed th% CPR station at Frank. 1901 - An irrigation college for southern Alberla at the present time is considered impracticable, according to L. C. Halmrast, minister of agriculture. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 - 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES AdvertlsIng'Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERA1D SERVES THE SOUTH" 1303 ;