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The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-TNI LfTHtWOai HlftALO JMMWy M. The telephone vote Not surprisingly, the people in the communities around Lethbridge have voted strongly in favor of the non-toll telephone proposal. There is a distinct advantage to the non-city dweller in being able to make calls without charge because there are so many more reasons for them to call the city than for city people to call to the country. Almost the only reason the majority of city residents might have for voting in favor of the proposal would be as a gesture of solidarity as the people of the south. This is not an insignificant consideration. There are few places in the whole country where a city and its environs for many miles around are as closely related as in southwestern Alberta. The co-operative staging of the 1975 Canada Winter Games is a particularly dramatic expression of this fact. Consciousness of this closeness ought to be encouraged. WEEKEND MEDITATION In the past there may have been cause for the fabled antipathy existing between city and country people; there may also have been some justification for the complaint of city residents that they bore disproportionately the burden of providing some governmental costs. But with contemporary awareness of the undesirable effects produced by over- concentration of people, it behooves the thoughtful person to do what he can to encourage dispersion. The small extra telephone charge each month may be a long-term investment in a less frightful world, being a slight encouragement to people to choose to live in the country. An immediate gain of a no-toll telephone system would be that city and country people could be in better communication with each other. Any reduction in the unawareness of neighbors, leading as it so often does to unnecessary bad feelings, is to be desired. The guidance of God "Guide me, O Thou great is one of the greatest hymns of Christendom, a hymn every Welshman knows by heart from the cradle, but it also is one of the profoundest prayers of the human heart. Even those who do not serve, love, or know God, seek God's guidance. In the Bible wicked kings like Ahab sought the advice of oracles. King Saul sought advice from the dead Samuel. Many have believed that God guided through dreams. Thousands believe in guidance through the stars and hence read horoscopes. The disciples sought to find a successor to Judas by lot. In the ancient world fortune tellers would use the device of examining the entrails of birds and animals (haruscpicy) to determine the divine will. Many times in the Old Testament God speaks directly to men. In the New Testament this gives way to guidance by the Holy Sprit. The Holy Spirit leads Jesus in his baptism and temptations. The apostles are led by the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the guide of the Church. Nothing was done without seeking the Holy Spirit's guidance. It is not easy to get the guidance of God. As Jeremiah said, "The heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked; who can know The mind also is unreliable, for most men make their minds their accomplice rather than their guide. They decide what they want to do and then rationalize it. Many an action is the prompting of the devil rather than the will of God. The will of God for Jesus caused him agony in the Garden of Gethsemane so that drops of bloody sweat come out on his forehead. Jesus, however, shows how to get God's guidance. In the first place there is the prerequisite of purifying life. God will not speak to the sinful man who loves his sin. Can God guide a nun like Herod? Such a wicked man cannot know, love, or serve God. If you have some wickedness in your life you must first give it up in order to get God's guidance. Otherwise you will never be sincere. Then you must pray and in prayer listen for God to speak, don't do all the talking. Pray receptively. "I will hear what God the Lord will speak." Do you expect the answer in five minutes. All men and women who have been guided by God spent hours, somethimes days and nights in prayer. They sought unity with God and complete committal to God's will. So Jesus prayed, "Not my will, but thine be done." So, let it be repeated, the guidance of God is not easy to get and still harder to follow. As Jeremiah also discovered, to call on God was to be shown a way of hardship and suffering. So seek a living relationship to God, a complete harmony with God, walking with Him, talking with Him continuously, feeling increasingly the pressure of God's life on yours. The author of Psalm 37 says, "Commit thy way unto Jehovah; trust also in him, and he will bring it to pass. And he will make thy righteousness to go forth as the light, and thy justice as the noonday." Jesus said, "If any will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine." In other words, one must get on the way. One learns by doing in daily experience. Newman in his hymn, "Lead Kindly says "I do not ask to see the distant scene; One step enough for guides usually little by little. One man compares it to walking along a city street; one waits for signal lights at every corner. There is a certain truth in that. Wait until you get to the next corner before expecting God to tell you where to go next. The Bible has many exquisite passages on guidance. The 48th Psalm reads, "This God is our God for ever and ever; he will be our guide even unto death." In the Gospel according to St. John, the Holy Spirit is promised as a guide into all truth. The point is God does speak to man and, if a man will have it, gives him guidance. This is the testimony of countless men and women from St. Paul to Schweitzer, from St. Theresa to Evelyn Underbill. Many a humble man and woman has found such guidance and come to know that "In His will is our peace." Prayer: 0 Thou Eternal Spirit, closer than breathing and nearer than hands or feet, lead me from darkness to light, from error to truth, from evil to goodness, from folly to wisdom, from the way of death to the way of eternal life. F.S.M. Ticked off again By Doug Walker Dr. Gerald Rogers was waiting for me at the church on the Sunday morning after I had published a piece about the moon. As a life- long student of the Bible he knew what I had written was nonsense but he was distressed at the thought that I might have meant it to be taken seriously. It was a obvious relief to him to be told I had just been spoofing trying my hand at the Velikovsky line of reasoning. With much shaking of his head he entered ON THE HILL Joe Clark, MP for Rocky MomtalB 'Dunno if the operation will succeed... looks like a borderline case...' Egypt markets peace By John de St. Jorre, London Observer commentator CAIRO The success of Dr. Henry Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy, resulting in an agreement for the disengagement of Egyptian and Israeli forces along the Suez Canal, has sent a shudder of consternation rippling through Egypt's allies. The realignment of Egyptian and Israeli troops on the east bank of the canal with a strong United Nations buffer force in between them was an essential part of Dr. Kissinger's grand strategy. He now plans to achieve the same kind of disengagement on the Syrian front, thus sealing off and cauterising the jagged lines between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Kissinger and Egypt's President Anwar Sadat, who now see eye to eye on most things, agree that the defusing of the still explosive Syrian front must precede a full- scale resumption of the Geneva peace conference. Seen from here, despite rumbling discontent in the Syrian capital, there seems a very good chance of the two men succeeding. But first President Sadat has to convince his Arab allies that the agreement he has signed with Israel is neither a sell-out nor the first step in a separate Egyptian-Israeli peace deal. The thrust of his message to the doubters is an appeal to the imagination. "We are in a strong he says. "We have confronted the Israelis on the battlefield (with positive so why don't we now confront them on the political His critics, at home and abroad, feel that the separation of the Arab and Israeli armies, even though it can be presented as a tactical victory (the Israelis will be pulling back from the Suez Canal) undermined the credibility of the Arabs' most powerful card, their ability to renew the war with Israel. The Egyptian government's answer to this is that even though its forces will be "thinned out" on the east bank of the canal there is nothing to stop them being strengthened again if the Israelis drag their heels on the next stage of the peace process. However, it is undeniable that the presence of a United Nations buffer force and the Israelis firmly dug in around the Giddi and Mitla passes poses greater military and diplomatic deterrents than existed either before the October war or in the uneasy period following the ceasefire. Kissinger and Sadat (in a sense they are a team now) feel they can ignore the extreme critics like Iraq, Libya and the radical sections of the Palestinian movement for the time being and concentrate on Syria. Sadat's main interest is to get back to Geneva, while Kissinger's is to defuse the Syrian front and persuade King Faisal to begin lifting the oil embargo on the United States. Egypt and Syria have interlocking needs. Without the Egyptian military colossus Syria only presents a nuisance threat to Israel. President Assad, a relatively moderate politician behind his radical image, knows that he can obtain little at the Geneva talks without Egyptian backing. Nevertheless, Egypt still needs Syria, partly because the military option admittedly much less likely to be used now would be far less credible without Syrian involvement, but partly also because Syrian support would strengthen President Sadat's hand with the other militant Arabs. Damascus is thus likely to be at the centre of the next act of the Middle Eastern drama. The House of Commons rose in January midst a real and rare fight with the Senate. Specifically, the fight was about a safeguard concerning wiretapping. The Commons voted the safeguard into the wiretap bill. The Senate voted it out. That brought the bill back to the Commons, and we voted the safeguard in again. But the fight was on not about wiretapping, but about the powers of the Senate. The Senate, of course, is ap- pointed. Its critics claim that no appointed body should have the right to reverse the decisions of the elected House of Commons. If the Senate reversed the Commons regularly, there would be no point in having the Commons, or in having elections. In such a case, we wouldn't be a democracy anymore. In my view, most people have not noticed one par- ticularly sinister aspect of this most recent Senate- Commons fight. That is the likelihood that the Senate was manipulated by the Minister of Justice, Otto Lang. Mr. Lang had opposed the contentious wiretap safeguard in Parliament. He lost. It seems he then went to the Senate where Liberals out- number others 74 to 21 and persuaded the Senate Liberals to achieve in the appointed body what he could not achieve in the elected body. If that is true and much available evidence suggest it is then Otto Lang was using the Senate as a partisan weapon. If he had succeeded in this case, he might well have tried with other bills. In other words, Mr. Lang was using the Senate to try to secure for the Liberals the majority they were denied in the last general election. Apart from the arrogance that action implies, any attempt to manipulate the Senate is particularly alarm- ing in light of a recent development in another federal institution. In naming a new Chief Jus- tice, Mr. Trudeau and Mr. broke precedent to elevate the most junior member of the Supreme Court bench, Bora Laskin. (That particularly irked some Albertans, because the judge next-in-line was an Albertan, Ronald The two other Supreme Court vacancies were filled by the appointment of Louis- Phillipe de Grandpre and Jean Beetz. (The vacancies were created by resignations of judges from Quebec; quite properly, the replacements were from Laskin, de Grandpre and Beetz, are all able. No one can question their suitability for Canada's highest court. However, in constitutional questions, all three are out- spoken supporters of the view that federal power should prevail over provincial power, in any conflict. That is also the clear con- stitutional position of Mr. Trudeau; indeed, Justice Beetz served for three years as a constitutional adviser to Mr. Trudeau. The suspicion naturally arises that Mr. Trudeau has elevated justices who share his own constitutional views, at a time when the Supreme Court must decide between Mr. Trudeau's views, and those of various provinces, including Alberta. Law is seldom clear-cut on constitutional questions, and the attitude of the judges can make all the difference. For example, this new court might deny Alberta the right to es- tablish a Petroleum Marketing Commission, while another court might have up- held Alberta's right. Canada has been free of that kind of political interference in our highest court at least, until now. As in the case of Otto Lang and the Senate, there is now the suspicion that Mr. Trudeau has broken tradition, and used his power to influence the subsequent decisions of the Supreme Court. Letters The Herald under fire Railways9 purpose uncertain By Dian Cohen, syndicated columnist the church. But soon afterward he returned and wagging a finger at me he said, "You I was a little surprised at that but then I remembered being called a "dirty rat" once at the same church, with much less provocation. In case my mother gets to read this filler I should add that Dr. Rogers had a smile about as big as the one Bob Anderson displayed on the earlier occasion. The M MONTREAL If you're a typical Canadian union member, you're working under the terms of a two year contract. More often than not, you've got your contract- before you start the job. Not so for the non-operating employees of the railway companies in Canada. It's taken them 14 months of collective bargaining, conciliation, mediation, government back-to-work legislation and finally binding compulsory arbitration to get their new contract. Mr. Justice Emmett Hall handed down a decision last week that dovetails almost exactly with the union contention that in principle they are entitled to (1) wage increases equal to the rise in the cost of living; (2) a'share in the increased productivity of the economy; and (3) a raise that represents a "catch-up" to wages in comparable industries. Hall also dismissed the companies' contention that they couldn't pay because the government had frozen freight rates transport prices at the Western Economic Opportunities Conference last July. The Hall decisions rule on several matters of principle and have been hailed as "landmark rulings which will inevitably affect future labor contract negotiation." That is probably true. Take for example, Justice Hall's ruling that the unions are entitled to pay if their members' fallen behind those of comparable workers. For the railway workers, the question is settled for the next several years. As of last week, they are caught up. Their demands will not be based on cost-of- living increases and share-of- productivity. Few people dispute the idea that workers are entitled to maintain their standards of living. Since the unions asked for only a 5Vfe per cent cost of living boost in a year when the inflation rate was in excess of eight per cent, the way is open for the next round of negotiations to include something more than the expected inflation rate. Justice Hall's binding arbitration still leaves the country in a bind. He says in his report that "the use of rail transporatin as an instrument of equalizing regional disparities is a policy to which the nation has long been committed The employees cannot be asked to subsidize the carrying out of a commitment made in the national interest. To the extent that the railways are locked into the situation of subsidizing the national purpose, they should be recompensed from the public treasury." Justice Hall obviously recognizes the obstructive way in which Ottawa keeps hamstringing the railways. For SO years governments haven't been able to make up their minds whether the railways are a mode of transportation pure and simple, or whether they are instruments of national unity, equalizers of regional disparity, and dispenen of political discontent that arises from time to time. One Liberal government (under Pearson) punts the National Transportation Act which holds dear free enterprise and says in effect, "Railways, go out and set your rates competitively. If you can compete, fine. If you can't, there are other ways to get people and goods across the country. Another Liberal government (under Trudeau) goes out west and tries to make political mileage by freezing freight rates while the railways are bargaining. It says in effect, "Railways, go out there and bargain just like any other business does. But remember, we aren't going to iiet you raise your prices to cover any wage settlement." Under these conditions, there was not one chance in a million that the outcome of the negotiations last year would be anything other than what it was failure to agree voluntarily. Now Ottawa will have to subsidize the railways out of the taxpayer's pocket, or go back on its promise to the West that rates will stay frozen. And it is all about to happen again. The failure of bargaining and mediation, the work-to- rule and the rotating strike, the back-to-work legislation and binding arbitration have all become as inevitable on the Canadian scene as the progression of a Greek tragedy. Act One will begin in the fall. Repeat performances can be expected long as Ottawa refuses to decide whether the railways exist to transport people and gvwJU, or whether titty have some other political fmctkm. The article in The Herald (Jan. regarding the un- iversity senate meeting, while short of perception in most areas, seems to indicate the general city bias toward the university, or rather, to its population. The article would seem to indicate that the only people doing public relations should be those whom the community thinks look nice. I should like to think that my profs are a little more than skin deep. The Herald's discrimination against persons with long hair is little less than shocking. Ken Sears, the person whom the newspaper feels so free to degrade, but whose name It hasn't the conviction to print, also happens to be a senator of the university. Regarding the comments about the Meliorist, I should like to suggest that if it were to represent the opinions of the majority, it might not be published at all. That is no jus- tification for silencing it, much as it would not be a reason to silence The Herald. If there are persons who wish to express views other than those now evident, let them present themselves. The Meliorist does not dis- criminate against views other than those now presented, and the staff is open to anyone, regardless of color, creed, sex even appearance. I find it a great pity that The Herald feels it must take the attitude of changing something that doesn't look nice, before looking to see if there isn't some, even a lot, of good in it. DON F. THOMPSON Executive Senator Uof L Lethbridge Editor's note: Mr. Thompson has mistakenly assumed the opintonf contain- ed in the news story to which he refers are the opinions of this newspaper. The Herald merely reported what was said at the U of L's senate meeting. Antarctica I always read with interest the Flashback feature. However, in reference to Lieutenant Wilkes (The Herald, Jan. I am quot- ing an excerpt from the Columbia Encyclopedia in reference to the history of the discovery of Antarctica. "The discovery of Antarctica itself is still in some dispute. An American, Captain Nath- aniel Palmer, in Nov. 1820 sighted an unknown coast. An Englishman Captain Edward Bransfield, sailed between the South Shetlands and the continent in Jan. 1821 and probably saw the continent W. L. RIPLEY Fort Macleod Editor's note: The En- cyclopedia Britannica sutes that in Jan. ISM Edward Bransfield and William Smith, both British, surveyed the South and may have been the first to discover and chart portkm of tke Antarc- tic raalaUnd. In November of tbe tame year, It states U.S. tetler, Nathalie! Palmer dis- covered an archipelago and more of tke maliland coast. The Lethbridge Herald S04 7tn Si ARMTU LETHBftlDQE HERALD CO. LTD and PuMIMwt Second Claaa MMI Registration No 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and PuMWMr DON M. PILLING DONALD R. DORAM Managing Editor General Managar ROY F. MILES ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation I DOUGLAS K. WALKER KENNETH E. BARNETT Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;