Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
CLOU FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY 10-15 BELOW The LetHbridge Herald VOL. LXV No. 38 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS THREE SECTIONS 44 PAGES Nixon moves to silence his critics WASHINGTON (Router) President Nixon, In making public Tuesday night his secret eight-point Vietnam peace plan, had as one of his primary alma to silence his critics in this United States presiden- tial election year. There had been growing assertions by those seek- ing the Democratic presidential nomination as well as editorial critics that the president was not trying to ccek a peaceful way out of the war but was bent on expanding it by recent air attacks on North Vietnam. Tuesday night Nixon made it plain that he'was .irked at being accused of not doing something which he said he had been secretly trying to do for more than two years. Referring to what he said was the Communist re- jection of his plan, the president told his television audience: "Nothing is served by silence when the other side exploits our good faith to divide Americans and to avoid the conference table. Nothing is served by si- lence when it misleads some Americans into accusing their government of failing to do what it his already 4one." White House officials said all fair-minded individ- uals would have to conclude from the president's dis. closure that he had moved in a constructive direc- tion. Issue enlivened The renewed intensive American bombing of anti- aircraft radar sites in North Vietnam, plus the lack of any progress at the Paris peace talks, had brought the Vietnam war back into the political campaign and the debate had threatened to become even more strident. White House officials, in explaining the president's decision to disclose the peace plan, complained that the public debate had become distorted. Nixon apparently thought he had to act publicly at this time in order to prevent the issue boiling over and becoming a political liability. Some observers thought the president's move would effectively dampen further criticism, at least for the immediate future, and possibly .convince Hanoi that it should give renewed consideration to Ihe peace offer, A constant Nixon administration complaint has been that critics at home made a peace settlement more difficult by apparently siding with the North Vietnamese. The disclosure came as a stunning surprise for most diplomats and observers and was in character with Nixon's bombshell announcement last July 15 that he would visit Peking and on Aug. 15 outlining a new economic program. Vietnam peace plans differ -news analysis PARIS' (AP) The newly disclosed U.S. peace plan for Vietnam and the Viet Cong peace proposal supported by Hanoi bear striking resemblances, but they have some important differences. The seven-point Communist plan presented last July 1 calls for setting a "terminal date for the with- drawal from South Vietnam of the totality of U.S. forces and those of the other foreign countries in the U.S. camp." Nixon's eight-point plan, which he said Tuesday night was presented secretly Oct. 11, calls for "a total withdrawal of all U.S. forces and other foreign forces allied with the government of South Vietnam within six months of an agreement." Thus a withdrawal lime frame is laid down. The Viet Cong plan says that after the United States sets a withdrawal date, "the totality of military men of all parties and of the civilians captured in the war, including American pilots captured in North will be freed. "These two operations withdrawal and prisoner release will be on the same date and will end on the same date." The Nixon plan also calls for the "release of military men and innocent civilians captured through- out and it says "The release will begin on the same day as the troop withdrawals and will be completed when they are completed." But then the differences start. Seeks to oust Tldeu The Viet Cong says the Uniled States must "cease backing the bellicose group headed by Nugyen Van Thieu and stop all manoeuvres, including tricks on elections, aimed at maintaining the puppet Nguyen Van Thieu." The U.S. delegation to the peace talks interprets (his as a call for Thieu's ouster, and it is also closely linked to the- prisoner release provision. In other words, there can be no prisoner release without the overthrow of Thieu. Tire Nixon plan says there will he a presidential election in South Vietnam within six months of an agreement, with Thieu to resign a TKOnth before the election. It calls for voting to be arranged by "an independent body representing all political forces in South and international supervision of tha election. Tho Viet Cong plan calls for Tliieu to be replaced by an administration of "national accord" that would "ensure the holding of genuinely free, democratic and fair general elections In South Vietnam." Nixon called for a "general ceasefire throughout Indochina, to begin when the agreement Is signed." The Viet Cong plan mentions a ceasefire, when the United Stales agrees to withdraw, but only between the Viet Cong's "Liberation Armed Forces" and tha United SUIcs and its foreign allies in South Vietnam. This docs not Include the South Vietnamese nor would the ceasefire extend to other countries In Irdo. china. A ceasefire wilh the Saigon forces would only occur after Ihe government of "national concord" Is formed. PRESIDENT NIXON takei Vietnam Initiative Airlines slash staffs as strike drags on MONTREAL (CP) Air Can- ada announced today it will slash salaries of management personnel and lay oft a'further employees at midnight to- night to limit losses it is suffer- ing during the strike by air traf- fic controllers. All of the airline's man- agement personnel will have their salaries cut back by 40 per cent, effective at midnight, the company said in a statement. About clerical employees have also been informed that they will be placed on "off-duty status without pay." The airline, which has more than employees, laid off more than persons last week. The International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers had launched legal pro- ceedings against Air Canada be- cause of the layoffs. Air Canada has estimated it is losing million a day in reve- nue because of the controllers' strike. Last week's layoff amounted to a saving in salaries of about million a week, a company spokesman said today. CP Air announced in Vancou- ver Tuesday that it has laid off of its total staff of Quebecair said Tuesday it would cut salaries of executive employees by 50 per pent and Waller Winchell feels beller LOS ANGELES (AP) For- mer columnist Walter Winchell was reported in improved condi- tion at the University of Califor- nia at Los Angeles Medical Centre, but hospital spokesmen declined to say what's wrong with him. Winchell, 74, lias been in the centre since Nov. 19 and has been in-.and out of the hospital several times during the last few years, a spokesman said Tuesday, offered to lend much as is those employees who have been laid off. Quebecair, which serves northern" and eastern Quebec, has laid off 350 of its 550 em- ployees. In Ottawa meanwhile a new effort to end a 10-day strike by air traffic controllers got fully under way Wednesday with union and government negotia- tors meeting face-to-face. Mediator Noel Hall of Van- couver, who shuttled between the two bargaining teams in negotiations last was to act as moderator of the new sessions.' J. R. Campbell, president of the Canadian Air Traffic Control Association, told reporters before the talks began that this time there will be none of the marathon ses- sions of last week. It's cold (br-r-r) almost everywhere By THE CANADIAN PRESS Winter storms and bitter cold are having a disastrous effect on several areas of Canada. The situation today: arctic cold front coupled with breaks in British Colum- bia's two main power transmis- sion lines threatened a power crisis throughout the Pacific Northwest, including Washing- ton and Oregon. in Quebec were re- sponsible for at least two deaths and about 35 Montreal families are homeless because roofs were lorn off by high winds. Eault Ste, Marie, Cut., where 18 inches of snow have fallen in two days, stu- dents were told to stay home. Western Newfoundland schools were closed and driving was treacherous as strong winds piled up high drifts of snow. On the Prairies, the Edmon- ton International Airport tem- perature dropped to 54 below, an all-time record low for the day and in Uranium City, Sask., it was 52 below, breaking a record of minus 44 set in 1969. Vermilion, Alta., hit 59 below overnight, lowest since weather readings began in 194G. The pre- vious low was 55 below. Rail traffic through the Rocky Mountains was delayed Tuesday as crews cleared sidings along the CP Rail lines. The railway said its Canadian from Vancou- ver was to arrive in Toronto today about 15 hours late after snow slides in the mountains. Seen and heard About town CIX INCH CROCODILE among Jimmy Lcc's collection of stuffed animals Norman Davis refusing to "go out with the boys" af- ter buying a new color TV Dick Whilelaw using a garden hoe to dig Ms car out of a snowdrift in McNally and Fred Bcalliu using a hedge clipper to widen out his driveway so he could re- move his car in Fort Mac- leod. Nixon attempts to force Hanoi's hand WASHINGTON (CP) President Nixon, in a major new Vietnam peace initia- tive, has told of secret negotiations with the Communists in a move to try to force Hanoi's hand and also silence election-year critics who accuse him of letting the war drag on. The president went on the offensive on the diplomatic and political fronts Tues- day night by publicly disclosing an eight-point peace plan given to the Vietnam Com- munists last October. CALLS FOR RESIGNATION The plan, to be presented for- mally at the Paris peace talks Thursday, calls for the resigna- tion of President Nguyen Van Thieu, new ejections in South Vietnam, a total withdrawal of U.S. troops, a ceasefire through- out Indochina, and Ihe release of prisoners of war. Nixon did not bow to demands of his political opponents to set a specific date for the total withdrawal of U.S. troops in ex- change for the release of U.S. prisoners held by Hanoi and the Viet Cong. But he said there should be a total troop withdrawal within six months of an agreement to end the war and all prisoners should be released "in parallel" with the puUout. THIEU CONFIRMS PLAN Shortly after he disclosed the peace plan in a televised broad- cast, President Thieu spoke on national radio in Saigon to con- firm Nixon's announcement that he would resign one month be- fore the proposed new election. The election would be open to all political forces in South Viet- nam, including the Viet Cong and be supervised by an inde- pendent election council. Nixon disclosed he had sent his adviser, Henry Kissinger, to Paris a dozen times since Aug. 4, 1989, for secret negotiations with top North Vietnamese en- voys. Hanoi negotiators rejected a U.S. offer last May for a troop- withdrawal deadline in return for prisoner release and a ceasefire, he said. The president said the eight-point plan "has not been rejected, but it has been ignored." The president said that after presenting his latest peace plan Oct. II, the Communists ac- cepted a suggestion for another Paris meeting with Kissinger, but Le Due Tho, one of Hanoi's top officials, sent word he was ill, and the meeting did not' take place. "Tho only reply to our plan has been an increase in troop infiltration from North Vietnam and Communist military offen- sives in Laos and he said, "Our proposal for peace was answered by a step- up in the war." STEPS REJECTED He said he had taken all the his crit- ics had asked him to take, and edded that they had been flatly rejected or ignored by the other side. But a main aim of Nixon's ad- dress was also to defuse domes- tic various con- gressmen who have been at- tacking the administration's Vietnam policy were again dis- approving. Democratic presidential can- didate George McGovern said he does not think the new Nixon formula will work. Chairman J. W. Fulbright of the Senate foreign relations committee said Slxon did not offer enough to gain Hanoi's acceptance. Nixon in effect called his con- gressional' critics unwitting dupes of Communist propa- ganda because they had been accusing him of doing nothing to settle the war without know- Ing what had been going on be- hind the scenes. HERE ARE KEY POINTS IN NIXON PEACE PLAN shall withdraw all U.S. and allied forces from South Vietnam. We shall exchange all prisoners. There shall be a ceasefire throughout Indochina. There shall be a new presidential election in South Viet- nam." Under the plan, Thieu and Vice-President Tran Van Huong would resign a month before the vote but could run for office if they choose. The resignation agreement and open door for Viet Cong participation are now elements in the U.S. proposals, officials said. The elections would be run by an independent South Viet- namese body with international supervision. Both sides will respect the Geneva agreements for Indo- china's peace, independence and neutrality. Problems among the Indpchinese countries will be settled in accordance with these principles and :'all armed forces of the countries of Indochina must remain within tieir national frontiers." "There will be-a general ceasefire throughout Indochina, to begin when the agreement is signed. As part of the ceasefire, there will be no further infiltration of outside forces into any of the countries of Indochina." There will be international supervision of the military as- pects of the agreement and the prisoner release. "There will be an international guarantee for the funda- mental national rights of the Indochinese people, the status of all countries in Indochina, and lasting peace in this region." Both sides will agree to take part in an international conference for such purposes. Hanoi: it's the same old story HONG KONG (AP) Radio Hanoi indicated today that Pres- ident Nixon's Vietnam peace proposals are not acceptable be- cause they do not abandon Hie Vietnamization program and do not withdraw all support from President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam. Although (he North Vietnam- ese radio did not reject the eight-point plan which Nixon said was submitted to the Com- munists in Paris three months ago, it said they contained "nothing new.rl Hanoi called again for ihe United States to accept the seven-point Viet Cong plan submitted to the Paris peace talks last July. "When Radio Hanoi said in a Vietnamese-lan- guage broadcast, "it becomes clear that the basic U.S. plot and the U.S. stand have not changed in any way." It said Nixon's proposals are not the way to end the war, and until the war is ended there -will be no release of American pris- oners of war in North Vietnam. On the homefront President Nixon's political rivals and op- ponents ivith a few excep- tions are rejecting the idea that his newly-disclosed peace plan is the long-sought key to ending the war in Indochina. Of the several Democratic presidential contenders who commented on Nixon's disclo- sure of secret negotiations with Hanoi, only Senator Henry Jackson of Washington state gave the president's new Initia- tives general approval. Senator George McGovern o[ South Dakota said he doesn't believe the plan will and accused Nixon of "running tho war to suit his election timeta- ble rather than considering tha military, moral and political is- sues involved." The leading Democratic contender, Senator Edmund Muskie of Maine, said the ini- tiatives obviously must be wel- comed, but said there is se- rious doubt as to whether the North Vietnamese will accepl them. SAYS PLAAT GENEROUS Senator Edward Brooke, a M a s s a c h u setts Republican, said, however, ths Nixon plan is a "generous offer to break the deadlock" and a "major step in the right direction." Official Republican reaction generally along the lines of that from Senate Hepubli. can Leader Hugh Scott. He praised Nixon's diplomatic ef- forts as "superhuman" anc said the onus for failure has been placed squarely on Ha- noi. No quick solution to drug abuse OTTAWA (CP) Heroin should be made legally avail- able for drug addiction treat- ment in special circumstances and an immediate search should be made for a chemical io block tire effects the "speed" drugs, tho LcDain commission recom- mends. These were key proposals of Part One of the commission's final report to federal gov- ernment, made public today. 11 Is pessimistic about the chances of quick solutions to drug abuM or even of perma- nent cures Io many addictions, and .so places strong emphasis on preventing individuals from falling into drug nbusc. Tbo pcarcd to leave little room for any later proposals dial any drugs other lhan alcohol be made generally available. For alcohol, the commission found a necrt for effective treat- ment services to cope wilh "our mosl widespread drug-depend- ence problem." HEROIN IDEA EXPERIMENT Law Dean Gcrnld LcDain, chairman of (lie royal commis- sion on the non-medical use of drugs, told a news conference the commission advocates a "controlled experiment' mak- ing licroin available for medical treatment of addicts, The drug has been totally banned in Canada since la response to an appeal from Ihc United Nations. The commission says at least persons arc addicted to heroin in Canada. It holds out UK greatest hope for helping those addicts Llu-ough a maintenance program wilh the drug methadonc, an addictive drug itself which blocks a heroin addict's need for heroin. It enables some to function normally in society. The 123-page report notes that some relinblliUtion programs, employing mclhadone with counselling and other support services, have mnde more than HO per cent of herein addicls "socially productive." Minuter Jtttt Muoro, appearing at the same news conference, said the govern- ment hopes soon Io make public ils views on the recommenda- tion. Until the report is studied, there will bo no reaction, he said. Dean LeDain, who leads Os- goode Hall law school at Toron- to's York Universily, said the ncxl instalment of the report will deal with cannabis drugs, such as marijuana and hashish. He expects it to be twice Die size of Part One. The entire final report would lie Issued In instalments cover- ing use of each drug or drug firoup, sources ind policies, AGREES South Vlclnim President Nguyen Van Tlilcu, nbovc, announced Wednesday on nnllnnal radio in Saigon Dial he hnd ngrccrl (o Ihc sc- cirl nlllcd peace proposnl which would coll for his re- llgQllloo.