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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 25, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, January 25, 1975 A difficult decision The decision of the government on the Time and Reader's Digest case was a dif- ficult one. Some will call it encroach- ment on press freedom. That is hardly the case. It starts as a tax question. Advertising is considered a legitimate expense in do- ing business, but within limits. One of the limits is that it be within Canada, in Canadian publications. Business is free to advertise elsewhere but must pay for it out of profits, not income. In other words such advertising is taxed by the Canadian government and becomes, roughly twice as expensive. But the two magazines in question, both originally totally American, started printing "Canadian editions" with a maple leaf on them and a little Canadian content, and were given special status as Canadian publications in which Canadian business could place tax-exempt adver- tising. The complaint from the more bona fide Canadian publications was that .these two were still essentially products, using mostly American content that had already been .paid for by their American parents, and [thus unfair competition for those magazines trying to be truly Canadian. Part of the rebuttal was that both were doing a job not otherwise being done in Canada, and both, by virtue of editorial quality, deserved the Canadian readership and the Canadian advertising they attracted. But the agonizing final decision (ex- tended into broadcasting by making Canadian advertising on American TV stations taxable) was that "Canadian integrity" required the restriction of tax privileges to advertising in strictly Cana- dian media. The effect will be to strengthen the Canadian magazine in- dustry. Far too much anti Americanism is being mouthed in Canada these days, most of it based more on prejudice than on fact. But it is forcing government to redefine Canada's national interests and to take action where it can be justified. The insistence that American com- panies operating in Canada abide by Canadian rather than American policy in such matters as trade with Cuba, is one such area. The case of Time and Reader's Digest is another. NEW BRIDGE TO OPEN Reasonable proposals As well intentioned and potentially helpful as the new incentive proposals of the provincial health and social develop- ment department are, they are not likely to result in many people escaping depen- dence on public assistance. Probably department personnel know this but think the proposals are worthwhile for other reasons. There may be some public relations value in the attempt to encourage welfare recipients to work toward independence. Although the majority of people receiving assistance are only marginally employable, being without skills or stamina to command pay that would support them, it is widely believed that they are mostly free loaders. It might appease the critics to have the ob- jective of getting people to work, providing these critics understand the intent and do not get the notion that it is merely coddling people with more money. Even if the objective of independence is attained in only a few cases it is conceivable that benefits will be derived from the application of the proposals. A lot of useful work not now getting done because it does not require full-time attention and does not deserve big pay may be accomplished. More impor- tantly, the people who do this work stand to gain in more ways than materially. Improved mental and physical health could easily be anticipated since sitting around feeling unproductive and un- wanted can be debilitating. The one dubious aspect of the incentive proposals is that of penalty for failing to take work or enter training. Maybe this kind of threat can legitimately be con- sidered an in somewhat the same sense as Luther looked on "wrath" as being' "the strange work of love." It nevertheless involves social workers in the unenviable task of making judgments that could suggest they have to play God. On the whole the proposals are reasonable and they have the stamp of authentic conservative doctrine which ought to gain them support in this province. A spirit of co-operation By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator Recognition and appreciation South Albertans will be pleased by the decision of the University of Lethbridge to honor Dr. Neil Holmes and Dr. Karl Rasmussen, two well known agricultural researchers, at the spring convocation this year. Agriculture is of major importance in Southern Alberta and is taking on ever greater significance throughout the world as the problem of feeding burgeon- ing populations intensifies. The work of agricultural researchers, carried out in WEEKEND MEDITATION the past with relatively little attention from the public, seems destined to receive considerably more notice from now on. The university does well to recognize this by paying honor to dis- tinguished representatives of the field. In a very real and legitimate sense also the university is expressing its appreciation and that of a much larger community to Dr. Holmes for-his generous giving of time and able leadership to education at various levels. Purpose in life Without a purpose life is anarchic, groping, and powerless. A life without purpose is a life without hope. The .moment a purpose comes into life the whole being is charged with vitality and a sense of direction. No one has achieved maturity until he says, "I belong to that." Until then one drifts. That is what the psychologist, Starbuck, means when he says that no one comes to be a true adult without conversion. Conversion means facing wholeheartedly in one direction. The concentration of mind, heart, and body on one supreme objective brings into the struggle powers one is unaware of until then. It is said, that all men use but a fraction of their poten- tial. Not only does such concentration mean a fuller use of one's potential, but also outside powers are enlisted. John Burroughs said, "If you have one thing in mind, it is not long before you have it in hand." One does not get power until he gets power for something. Fatigue is rarely caused by: overwork. It is usually caused by stagnation. A life without purpose is a life of staleness and boredom, a life that is tired out. The Dead Sea has no outlet, so it is poisonous and destructive to itself and all life. When the channels of life are blocked up so that the life stream cannot get through, life is sick and sour. The streets are filled with people suf- fering from depression and exhaustion because they are turned in on themselves, introverted, not realizing that man is meant to be, not a mere container, but a channel of energy. The powerful people in this world are those who are living for a cause outside themselves. Robert Burns said that his great want in life was the lack of an aim. Burns did himself less than justice, for he had said, "E'en then a wish (I mind its A wish that to my latest hour Shall strongly heave my breast, That I for poor auld Scotland's sake Some usefu' plan .or book could make, Or sing a song at least." Bismarck was not a par- ticularly good man, to the contrary, most would judge him a very evil man, but he had one dominating passion, to join the states of Germany in one empire. "You may hang he said, "so long as the rope you do it with binds Germany to the Prussian throne." No one can read his biography without being amazed at his power. Ace Percival, the famous trainer of Cana- dian athletes over 40 years, used to exhort his pupils, "Don't be a hold-out." He said that almost any boy who obeyed that rule could be a great athlete. It was said of Galahad that strength was as the strength of 10 because his heart was pure." By "pure" was meant single, devoted, unified, sincere, fixed on one supreme goal. Edgar Mowrer says that a prayer repeated from the time of the siege of Troy is, "Let but the cause seem beautiful, dear God, if we must die." All people wish to die in some beautiful cause. Bernard Shaw said that the'true joy of life was "being used for a purpose recognized by yourself as a weighty one, being a force of Nature instead of a little clod of ailments and grievances complaining that the world will not devote itself to making you happy." One reason for so much sadnes in this world is because so many people are materialists. Such people believe that life is without a cause or a goal and man is the plaything of chance or a blind fatalism. The noted philospher, A. N. Whitehead, said brilliantly, "Scientists who spend their life with the pur- pose of proving that it is purposeless, con-. stitute an interesting subject of study." So when you are tired it may seem outrageous advice, but it is very sound advice, to "give yourself a fuller schedule." Ulysses Grant was nicknamed "Useless" Grant. A total failure, he resigned his com- mission from the U.S. Army at the age of 35 because he was a hopeless drunk. Ten years later he was commander in chief of the Union .Arrhy! "Useless" Grant became an American hero and then president of the U.S. because he had found a cause for his powerful drive. So it has been with countless persons. Jenny Lynn said she went to bed one night and woke up another person. She had found her power she told her friends. Go find yours! PRAYER: O Lord, help me lo keep rememberiig that it is not by might nor by power, tail by Your Spirit thai great things are doae, F. S. M. OTTAWA The greatest single economic danger of the moment stems from the great pyramid of extremely short- term borrowing the British have been forced into, mainly from the oil producers, in order to keep afloat. If a run should start on ster- ling, and the lenders begin re- fusing to renew these 30, 60 and 90 day loans, Britain's trading and payments problem would become acute and the world would be faced with a real economic storm. The effects of that sort of development would not stop at the shores of .the British Isles. It was against that sort of development that the world's leading finance ministers spent last week in Washington 'trying to write some in- surance policies. The policies .they negotiated were not ideal and one of the big ones is not actually in force yet but the fact that they were written at all involved a great deal of movement from positions taken, especially by the United States, as recently as last September. Last autumn, when full- scale government was just getting well established again in Washington, after the traumatic interruption of the Watergate affair and the downfall of Richard Nixon, the United States took the position that no state inter- vention should be necessary to ensure the recycling of oil sur- pluses necessary to keep the deficit countries going. The leading opponent of this view was Dennis Healey, the British chancellor of the ex- chequer. Perhaps because he is a socialist but more likely because he was so acutely aware of the dangers facing his own country, he was con- vinced that governments, through such existing or- ganizations as the Inter- national Monetary Fund, must take a hand. Canada's finance minister, John Turner, at the same time was elected chairman of the jmportant interim committee, now to become a permanent council, which, was given the task of working out an agreement. It was never a secret that he agreed with Healey and doubted the validi- ty of the American position. The agreements reached last week were not the result of a one man show. Turner was in repeated contact with the Americans, trying to per- suade them to avoid the isolated position that was looming up in front of them if they had stuck rigidly to their starting position. He is among the men to whom credit goes. Healey is credited with hav- ing been very effective. The German government under Chancellor Schmidt, whom Turner admires warmly, was both sensitive and influential. The Martinique meeting be- tween Presidents Ford and Giscard went well. So, by last week, the atmosphere was right for some useful com- promising. The IMF fund, although much .smaller than the British would have liked, was set up. To improve li- quidity, now battered by inflation, a 32.5 per cent in- crease in the total of national quotas for the fund was agreed. The Turner com- mittee also agreed that the quotas of the major oil producers as a group should be doubled and, in deference to the views of the producers, it was also accepted that the next general review of quota; would take place in three years instead of the scheduled five. At the separate Group of 10 meeting, arrangements were made to set up the "safety net" sought by Dr. Kissinger, a billion fund to be available to rescue in- dustrialized countries in trou-' We over their oil payments. The Turner committee's fund is wider, available to under- developed as well as devel- oped nations. No one would pretend that the British are not still highly vulnerable but these in- surance policies do several things. In the first place, if the problems of countries like Britain or a little later Italy became critical, the funds can actually be used. That may not be their greatest value, however. The fact that the world has co-operated to es- tablish them should help 1975 bv NEA, Inc. "We cannot rule out the use of force if strangulation of our American luxury car supp- ly becomes a serious create confidence and that is the real factor which will determine whether the oil producers are prepared to go on leaving huge sums of money invested in short-term British treasury bills. The British, of course, have other things going for them. It is not just chance that large, sums from the oil producers' surpluses settle in London. Much of the money is there because that city, and New York, are the only money markets in the world capable of handling such vast amounts smoothly. As long as six months ago, the oil producers' London balances had quadrupled in a year. Unfortu- nately, in the same period the adverse British payments bal- ance tripled, rising to bil- lion in 1974. One swallow does not make a summer but at least in December the British deficit fell substantially and this too helped a little with international confidence. The British predicament is not the only but merely the most dramatic of the moment. The American recession is biting deeply into that country's economy and President Ford's welcome decision to go for economic stimulation is probably much overdue. It cannot just be good fortune and a better than average oil position that has kept Canada in so much better an economic position than most industrialized coun- tries. 'Something must be allowed Turner and the finance department for good judgment and they moved towards economic stimulation well ahead of the American government. Apart from the most visible differences, there is a less noticeable respect in which the Cana- dian position is better. The government has very large cash balances and it can finance a deficit without going to the market meaning that its actions should not shove interest rates back up. One of the worst worries spreading out from Washington these days is the size of the borrowing the American government .must do to finance the defipits the new Ford policies will create. These are desirable in themselves, to get the Ameri- can economy moving again, but if the administration's market operations force interest rates back up it will proye to have been counter- productive. Two important things, how- ever, have been happening in this last year or so. Some gen- uine international efforts to control the dangers have been mounted and, while they are not decisive, they have done a little to hold international co- operation together. The dangers themselves have become clearer and easier to define, .where'18 months ago 'they were vaguer, more un- certain and hence even more alarming. Letters Unacceptable editorial I find the editorial Leave him alone (The Herald, Jan. 17) unacceptable. The con- victed criminal who received seven years for armed robbery and was given a special Christmas leave from which he did not return should not be left alone. Are we to take this man's word that "he now is rehabilitated and has a Is it not so that any parole violator can write such a thing? For all we know he may be right back at his criminal .activities. The very fact that he broke an impor- tant promise is sufficient ground to disallow him the benefit of the doubt. Such an editorial encourages others to do the same, even where es- caped convicts will come to demand the same con- siderations. Thus I reject the suggestion that "For. the criminal in question that mo- ment (of rehabilitation) may well have come, and yet not been recognized by the parole Secondly, I challenge the statement "that there .probably are not many in- jcurable criminals." People in I the know will be able to make clear that the correction and security institutions hold" a large percentage of convicted criminals who are "repeat Finally, the editorial stands on shaky ground in relation to the stated purpose of im- prisoning- criminals. The writer overlooked, or chose to ignore, one of the main pur- poses, viz., punishment for one's crime. A government and society that seeks to exer- cise moral responsibility and respect will seek to maintain good law and order by way of a just process of punishment. When this just process is left out the way is opened for peo- ple to take the law in their own hands and that is a'form of chaos. It becomes revenge of the wrong type. Punish- ment is not revenge. Therefore, in my opinion it is not "the prudent course to leave this fellow alone." Monarch JOHN MOERMAN Contradictory review I" found the article following the per- formance of Mario Escudero contradictory (The Herald Jan. 16) One paragraph states that he has impeccable techni- que, yet another mentions that his pieces were supported by little real musical sub- stance. I can say that, with my knowledge of Spanish music, Mario Escudero is a very good guitarist in his own style. In fact any professional Spanish guitarist has to be good, otherwise in Spain he will not make a penny. The Flamenco and Spanish classical guitar, although both coming from the Andalucian guitar, are different. Mario mastered both really well. I would not like to say what position I feel he has among other guitarists but definitely I can say that he is in the top area. He did not play the better known classical pieces, but he is also a composer and he has the right to perform his own repertoire. It is not surprising that he included in it his own creations and adaptations. Haying in mind the colorful way in which these concerts are arranged in the old country I was somewhat shocked by the dullness of the stage and lack of introduction of the artist. Definitely the at- mosphere was not the same but I felt the Lethbridge audience appreciated this type of music quite well. In short, with Spanish words, I can summarize the accomplishments of Mario Escudero by saying "asi se I oca" which means, that is the way to play it. R. DEL VALLE Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDQE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Edilor HUV F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUQLAS K. WALKER Editorial Pago Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVE'S THE SOUTH" ;