The Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
JMMIiTT Mi W4-TMI LlTHMMOOl HMALU-1V Hittoric Scottish tours Norwegians started it all Mary, Queen of Scots Scotland's historic Stirling Castle Stirlina Castle and the surrounding countryside have been the scene of much of Scotland's turbuU-. At the castle which has been the residence of many Scottish kings, Mary, Queen of scots was crowned (CP By MARGARET NESS EDINBURGH (CP Mary Queen of Scots is an ideal holiday theme. Much of historic Scotland can be covered by visiting places associated with her. Edinburgh is, of course, the focal point. Linlithgow, her birthplace, is just a half-hour away by train. For a finale, her final resting place can be found in Westminster Abbey. Her son, on succeeding to the English throne, had her re- mains moved to London from Peterborough, where she was originally buried after her ex- ecution. Linlithgow Palace, within easy walking distance of the rail station, has 40 family rooms and a great hall built around a central courtyard. The palace, now roofless, is open daily to tourists. Mary was born in 1542 in a small room, marked King's Hall, overlooking the loch. Her father died a week later and Mary and her mother were moved to Stirling Castle, a fortress on a high hill, which was considered safer. This castle, another half- hour's train journey from Lin- lithgow, dates from the 15th century and consists of sev- eral buildings and ramparts. Mary was hurriedly crowned in the Chapel Royal when only a few months old. Her infant son James was baptized there in 1566. A year later, after his mother's forc- ed abdication, James was crowned in the parish kirk at Stirling and was preached at for an hour by John Knox. Mary lived at Stirling Castle until she was 16 when she went to France to marry the Dauphin, became queen of France for a year and was widowed at 18. Returning to Scotland, she settled in at Holyrood Palace in Edin- burgh, now the Queen's of- ficial Scottish residence. Mary lived at Holyrood about six years, interspersed with journeys to other places and several months in formi- dable Edinburgh Castle, a mile from Holyrood, where her son was born. Both Mary's and her son's initials can be seen on the ceiling of the small, irregular room, sur- mounted by a crown. Legend has it that the baby was lowered in a basket down the sheer drop outside the win- dow to be baptized in the Roman Catholic faith. Scotland was in the throes of the Reformation and Knox, the Protestant preacher, was a constant threat to Mary and her religion. But her nobles and subjects were more dis- turbed by the queen's private life. She married the handsome Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, but soon tired of him and turn- ed to her Italian secretary, David Rizzio. Darnley and three nobles plotted his murder. The conspirators burst into a small supper room off Mary's bedchamber where they found Rizzio with the queen and a few friends, stabbed him 56 times, dragged the body across the hallway and left it outside the royal audience chamber. A brass plate marks the spot. The audience chamber still has the original ceiling of Mary's time with royal coats of arms and a portrait of Riz- zio hangs in the supper room. A year later, Darnley was murdered. The house in which he was staying was blown up and he was found nearby, strangled. The Earl of Both- well was tried for the murder and acquitted. However, when Mary mar- ried Bothwell within a few months, the country rose against her. Bothwell fled after his troops were defeated by a rebel army at Carberry Hill and Mary was impris- oned in Loch Leven Castle, where she was forced to abdi- cate in favor of James, her son by Darnley. Loch Leven is a square 15th- century tower, only 15 feet in diameter, which can be reach- ed by boat. It is near Kinross, on the road to St. Andrews golf course. Many attempts were made to free her before 18-year-old William Douglas obtained the castle keys and rowed her ashore. But 13 days later she was defeated again and had to flee Mary spent her last night in Scotland at Dundrennan Ab- bey, south of Dumfries in the southwest. The abbey is in ruins. There she took ship to England, where she was im- prisoned for 18 years before her death. The executioner re- ceived for beheading her. The Scottish Tourist Board offers a booklet entitled The Scotland of Mary Queen of Scots, obtainable at any tour- ist office in Edinburgh. It lists three tours, with the routes marked, covering the places associated with her. Miami facelift MIAMI BEACH A million facelift is planned for the 10-mile strip of beach fronting the city that bills itself as the sun and fun capital of the world. The new beach should boost tourism and provide recreation for local residents. Prospects for the future, however, would seem to include fewer tourists at fewer, more expensive hotels and a big jump in the number of people living in high-priced condominiums. South Beach, whose aging hotels and apartments are a haven for thousands of middle-income elderly, probably will disappear under a deluge of high-rises. No new hotels have been built in Miami Beach in 12 years, and some hotels that were the epitome of luxury when they were built have been losing customers to more modern facilities in other areas. Miami Beach now has still competition from Walt Disney World, especially for families with children. Disney World has lured away convention business. Beachfront property often costs more than a foot and good sites are so scarce that the city is considering allowing builders to erect new hotels in the air space above city parking garages. Language of skiers Energy Crisis delays opening of Expo 975 New folders available New four-color illustrated folders on Czechoslovakia are now available. One containing a range of general informa- tion is entitled simply The others are on "Brno and South "The High Tatras in and "Mountain of Peace and Beautiful For copies write CEDOK Czechoslovak Travel Bureau, 10 East 40th Street, New York City, N.Y. 10016. k Every skier in the world speaks some Norwegian, Ski, slalom christi and telemark are all Norwegian words. Skiing terms are mainly Norwegian because that's where the action originated several thousands years ago, according to historical fin- dings. A rock carving found in Rodoy in the province of Nordland depicts a skier as early as 2000 BC. Well- preserved skis judged to be some years old have been unearthed by Norwegian archeologists. Tales of the ancient Viking kings are liberally sprinkled with descriptions of their prowness on skis. In the early 13th century, two Viking skiers saved the king's two- year-old son from enemy hands during a civil war by racing with him in their arms across the mountains to safety. Each year, this event is commemorated by a 35-mile cross country competition along the old Viking route from Lillehammer to Rena. The 1974 race on March 17 is just one of a number of major skiing events scheduled each winter in Norway. The invention of modern ski bindings in the 1800s by Sondre Nordheim of Telemark revolutionized skiing and gave birth to slalom, a combination of two Norse words meaning slope and trail. Norwegian emigrants carried the sport around the globe. Today, some of the world's best skiing can be found on Norwegian ski touring and down hill runs. The most pop- ular Norwegian ski resorts are featured in attractively priced package tours offered by SAS. Millions for renovations Miami Beach hotels, the Fontainebleau, Edec Roc, Barcelona, Waldmans, Atlan- tic Towers, Paradise Inn, Sea Isle and Carillon to name a few announce the spending of millions of dollars for remodeling and renovations, most of them in time for the holiday season. x-Tltc Herald Travel Montreal hotel ready in 1976 MONTREAL The 868- room "flagship" Holiday Inn is under development on the north side of Dorchester Boulevard West, on the block- long site between Stanley and Drummond Streets. It will be ready to host its first guests in Spring 1976, Olympic Year. Formal announcement of a construction start was made recently by the developers of the million plus project. While design details are still being finalized on the Dorchester Blvd. Holiday Inn, it's virtually certain to set new standards of luxury and convenience for the world's largest hotel chain, according to the company. It will rise 38 levels above Dorchester Blvd., with 31 typical floors of 28 rooms each (868 rooms in and a two- level rooftop restaurant, seated atop a four-storey podium Passport Photos Candid Weddings Picture Framing Photo Supplies A. E. CROSS STUDIO Phone 328-0111 710 3rd Ave. S. Phone 328-0222 The Japanese Government decided at a Cabinet meeting to postpone the opening of EXPO'75 from March 2 to July 20, 1975; the Exposition will close on January From the end of October, the energy crisis has affected the Japanese economy and the Government began to revise its projects. EXPO'75 is an international event as well as a national project under the responsibili- ty of the Japanese Govern- ment and was no exception to the re-examination of pro- jects. The Japanese Government requested moving the opening of EXPO'75 to the Bureau of International Expositions at its Administrative Council held on November 29, which approved the request. The Minister of Inter- national Trade and Industry, who is also in charge of EXPO'75, consulted with the ministers concerned, govern- ment agencies, the Governor of Okinawa and heads of local municipalities, and proposed to the Cabinet to open EXPO'75 on July 20. The Japanese Government will take appropriate measures to get approval of the B.I.E. on that date. Automobile Insurance and Car took Malta The George Cross Island Because of the energy situation, car pools are likely to become an alternate form of transportation. The standard automobile insurance policy permits car owners to participate in car pools, and to accept compensation from passengers to share the cost of car expenses on an "occasional and infrequent" basis without loss of coverage. Member companies of the Insurance Bureau ot Canada, which represents the majority of automobile insurance companies, will interpret this provision as allowing car owners and drivers to charge a modest fee to share their costs for driving neighbours, co-workers, etc. to and from work on a once-a-day, round trip basis. Any car owner who intends to use his car for profit- making purposes, or who intends to make multiple trips for compensation should make special arrangements with his insurance agent or company. Insurance Bureau of Canada. Insurance Companies Competing to Serve You Better. When the wind is right which is most of the time this is the view what greets today's traveller aboard a British Airways (formerly BEA) jet as it prepares to land in Malta after a night from London. In the foreground is the island capital, Valletta, sur- rounded by Grand Harbor on one side and Marsamxett Har- bor on the other. In the background is the modern town of Sliema The Knights of St. John (afterwards known as the Knights of Malta) founded Valletta in the century when they were forced by the Turks to leave Rhodes. During World War II, the people of this little central Mediterranean island. smaller than Antigua in the eastern Caribbean, successfully withstood repeated heavy Nazi bombing and thereby helped pave the way for the Allies' successful invasion of Italy. For their heroism, the whole island was awarded the George Cross.