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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 25, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHMIDCE HERALD Tutlday, January 25, 1971 Carl Rowan What the wheat is worth Canadian consumers are paying much more heavily for just about ev- erything they buy. They are paying more for processing wheat, for man- ufacturing wheat products and for packaging and merchandising these products. But they have not been pay- ing more for the wheat itself. Yet the cost of producing the wheat has increased steadily. Since most of Canada's wheat is exported, in markets controlled by international wheat agreements, and since there has been a world sur- plus, the price of Canada's export wheat has generally been depressed. And the Canadian policy has been that the domestic market should en- joy the same depressed price as the export market. This means that the wheat produ- cers have been subsidizing the Ca- nadian consumers. Now the federal government has acceded (in part) to arguments ad- vanced by the wheat growers over many years that there ought to be two prices for wheat. The export price, of course, must be competi- tive, based on the international mar- ket. But the price to Canadians should be more in line with increased production costs and general infla- tion all other prices. But the new policy has one ex- tremely important feature. Whereas the producer will get ?3 per bushel for wheat consumed In Canada (corn- pared with less than up to that increase will not be paid by the consumer. The government will pick up the tab instead. In other words the government, instead of the farmers, will bear the cost of subsidizing the Canadian con- sumers. That should be all right with the farmers. the government wishes to subsidize the bread eaters, that is its business. But it is strictly be- tween the consumers, the govern- ment and the taxpayers. The farm- ers are now getting on the domestic market what their'wheat is worth, what it costs to produce, what they ought to be getting, what they would be getting but for the peculiar state of the world market. They are no longer subsidizing the consumer. It is a decision the government might well have made sooner. It is a decision that Eastern Canadians have resisted. And it is a decision that prairie agriculture should ap- preciate. Let them strike Compared to the considerable in- convenience the air controllers strike has caused Canadians, the prospect of a shutdown of CBC radio and tele- vision due to a walkout of techni- cians will seem as nothing. The dis- covery might even be made that it is possible to live without the pro- gramming provided by the publicly- owned system. Wages paid the technicians could conceivably be inadequate, but that is not an impression that would readily be made upon anyone who has occasionally taken note of the CBC accounts. The impression is widespread that CBC management is quite generous with the taxpayers' money. There may be a problem in try- Ing to cut the wage pie into too many pieces. Anyone who has wit- nessed a CBC crew descend upon a community for an assignment will have wondered why it requires so many people and so much equip- ment to do the job. This will espe- cially be so if the CTV happens to be covering the same event with its usually smaller involvement of per- sonnel and equipment. It would be a sad day if the Cana- dian people should decide it could do without the CBC forever. Just though some criticisms of the CBC may be, it would be a serious cultural blow to have the system voted out of exis- tence. Remote as the possibility of losing the CBC may seem, the fact is that no institution today has a guarantee of perpetuity. Pressures could arise to threaten the CBC's ex- istence. One of those pressures could be extravagant labor. In a time of high unemployment, the prevalence of strikes for higher wages seems anomalous. And when these strikes occur in industries that are depressed or considered expend- able it looks like sheer folly. No justification exists for trying to ward off a CBC strike at any cost after the air transport service was allowed to be shut down. The CBC technicians will have to be al- lowed to go on strike. The public can get along better without the CBC than without air services. ART BUCHWALD Hard-core nonviolence WASHINGTON There seems to be a dangerous trend in this country to- ward hard-core nonviolence. Many persons are becoming concerned about it and Dr. Womrath Shrugs has just completed a study on nonviolence which points up how this trend is affecting all of us. Dr. Shrugs told me, "You can't turn on your television set any more without find- ing at least one show devoted to non- violence. It could be a comedy or a musi- cal hour, but my study indicates that the public is willing to accept more nonvi- olence than it ever has before." "But I said, "they're not show- Ing hard-core nonviolent shows in prime "Not many, I'll Dr. Shrugs said, "but there are still enough to affect young persons' minds. Just the other day I saw my son watching two nonviolent shows back to back. What do you think was going through his mind while he sat there "I have no I said. "He was thinking: 'If this is the way Me Is on the TV screen then that's the way it must be on the outside.' He was getting a distorted picture of America." "Why don't they ban hard-core nonvi- olence on television I asked. "Because there is a certain type of pub- lic that goes for it. Advertisers are only Interested in selling their products and il they think they can do it with nonviolence they will, no'matter what it does to chil- dren." Dr. Shrugs said, "This nonviolence syn- drome is not just on television. It is perme- ating every part of our lives. In every town in this country there is at least one motion picture theatre featuring nonviolent film. These theatres blatantly advertise the pictures in the Look at this advertisement for 'Fiddler on the Roof.' Here is a musical, a hard-core nonviolent picture, and any child with can go see it." "That's I said. "Why do the police allow it "They're helpless. Every time they ar- rest a theatre owner for showing a comedy or a musical or a clean love story the judge throws the case out of court. We're living in a permissive society where non- violence is as American as apple pie." "But Dr. I said, "isn't there an argument made that it's better for people to let out their nonviolent feelings in the the- atre than take them out on somebody in the street "It's he said. "Nonviolence breeds nonviolence. Kids get ideas from what they see and emulate the nonviolence they're been exposed to. My study shows that the more nonviolence a child watches, the more pacified he becomes. I've known kids who have left a Walt Disney film and gone home and kissed their mothers." "Oh, I said, "what can we do to stop this trend from getting out of "First the public must be made aware that it is going on. Then they must be shown that nonviolence on TV and in the theatres cannot be separated from the non- violence being committed in our towns and cities. We must make the producers and networks responsible lor their products. If they won't police themselves and eliminate hard-core nonviolence from their enter- tainment, then the government should step in. And if the producers and network people still won't get into line then there is only one thing left to do." "What's that, "Kill them." (Toronto Sun News Service) Not that smart By Drag Walker DILL SHAVER thought I had begun to cheat a bit on this filler busi- ness when that leg-pulling piece about Bums was given space that was obvious- ly not the usual leftover at the bottom of the page. Well, I have to be honest even about a Hung such as this. I wasn't the author of it; it came from a source higher up, Much as I might like to take credit for the piece, it is useless to by since my wife has already subverted me. To Connie Goodall (and who knows how many oth- she said, "As soon as I read it I knew Doug hadn't written not that Peace Corps fights for its ptograins WASHINGTON An inno- cent, untimely victim ol Uie foreign aid mess in Con- gress may be the Peace Corps. Short of funds, the corps is preparing to cut its overseas volunteer force in half and to cancel programs in 15 coun- ties. Such actions should do fatal damagetoan agency which, for 10 years, has been one of the few positive factors that young Americans found in their own government and has pro- vided one of this country's most effective overseas im- ages. In the current struggle, the Peace Corps is a small morsel caught in a legislative stew not of its own making. The Nixon administration originally re- quested ?82 million for Peace Corps operations in the current fiscal year ending next June 30. Both the House of Representa- tives and the Senate authorized million. But the House then ippttopri- ated only million and the Senate, in its rebellion against foreign aid, did not act at all on the foreign aid appropri- ations bill, which includes the Peace Corps budget. Just be- fore adjournment in Decem- ber, Congress adopted a con- tinuing resolution which gives the corps a budget of mil- lion. The final appropriation will be made by a conference committee when Congress re- turns to work. That million, says Peace Corps officials, Is just a step above putting the agency out of business altogether. To meet the cuts, Joseph Blatchford, di- rector of Action, the agency which now oversees the Peace Corps, has instructed Jiat con- tingency plans be drawn up to terminate the service of about volunteers now on duty in 55 countries. The pullback is to begin in midfFebruary. This represents a slash ol about 50 per cent in the who are on active duty over- seas and 800 to 900 in train- ing. Some volunteers would be withdrawn from each of the countries in which the Peace Corps operates, and in 15 coun- tries the corps would shut down operations entirely, according to Blatehford. This seems to an outsider like an unnecessarily drastic reac- tion to a 10 per cent budget cut. The reason, explains Blatchford and Kevin O'Don- nell, Action associate director for international affairs, is the timing of the cut and the na- ture of the Peace Corps. The fiscal year Is half over. During the first six months, the Peace Corps was spending at the rate of million a year, on the assumption that it would get most, if not all, of its re- quest. Thus, all savings will have to come in the last four months of the fiscal year. And since salaries paid to .overseas volunteers are a large number must be terminated to produce sizable savings. Many terminated positions could be restored in the next fiscal year if Congress appropriates line .money and host countries are willing. But Blatchford and O'Donnell say they just do not know how those countries will react, especially the 15 that lose all volunteers. Wonders Blatchford: "How is a government going to feel when it sees teachers going from a school, and nurses from a hos- pital, saying, 'We've got to leave tomorrow, but we'll be back'? I just don't know." In addition, Peace Corps offi- cials are concerned about the effects a cutback will have on prospective volunteers. After a decline, Peace Corps applica- tions are now coming in at the fastest rate in five years, and surveys show overwhelming support of the agency, especial- ly among the young. Blatchford "Dr. WaUMm, I feonf yorte fcofting far money nmf wont to tell of Jimti you can find that has dropped eat of pockets in porting "He JM can't Mill wtfcl hV rchto tc fe apttiettmUtntefthtUiiitti nt's writing Etgtn worries that a cut by Congress could undermine this support. As director of the Peace Corps for two years before moving to the Action post, Blatchford gave the organiza- tion a new look. He con- centrated on sending more skilled and somewhat older volunteers overseas farm- ers, carpenters, plumbers in- stead of recently graduated lib- eral arts majors. He reduced the operation from its 1966 peak of volunteers and trainees and a million bud- get, while at the same time in- creasing the number of pro- grams and the number of coun- tries served. These steps have earned praise from some ob- servers for strengthening the Peace Corps and criticism from others. The Peace Corps is prepar- ing to take its case to Con- gress when the lawmakers re- turn, hoping they will deal with the agency on its own merits, not as just another element of foreign aid. It faces a tough fight. The chairman of the House Appropriations Subcom- mittee on Foreign Operations is Rep. Otto Passman (D.-La.) who said during the debate in December, "If I had to meet my Maker in three minutes and make the last decision the good Lord would let me make would be to abolish the Peace Corps. Then I could (fie in peace." However, the corps has its supporters on both sides of tte aisle. Sen. Frank Church (D. while explaining his defection as a supporter of foreign aid, noted, "I would confine our bilateral aid in the future to technical assistance grants administered, where feasible, by the Peace Corps." And conservative Sen. Barry Goldwater said on the Senate floor: "To me the Peace Corps is the best thing we have going in the field of foreign relations. It is the type of thing that I think we must do more of the person-to- person approach in foreign countries where the young peo- ple and the older people are able to show the people of oth- er lands how we accomplish things with our hands." (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Joe Balla Lethbridge library in the works for a long time JT'S BEEN ARGUED that through the years Leth- bridge has spent-less on capital structure improvements for public library facilities than any other city of comparable size in Canada. Expansion for the downtown central library facility has been planned on several occasions, but with the exception of a post war catch-up addition to the old library, little else has been in 20 yean or ffiore. A public library for Leth- bndge had its beginnings in the old YMCA with a stock of volumes in a small room. In 1909 Mayor William Hender- son and his council spearhead- ed a request to the Carnegie Foundation of the United States for sufficient funds to build a public library. The request was granted and the library faced what has since become a series of public issues and controver- sies. The lirsl storm was aroused against the acceptance of money that had been amassed 'under sweat labor conditions.' Working conditions and pay in the huge steel foundries con- trolled by Carnegie was a topic of North America wide dis- cussion and argument at the time. Sentiment was so strong that no attempt was made to take advantage of the Carnegie grant. It wasn't until 1919 that the topic of a new library was raised again. H W. Meech, city commissioner at the time, W. J. Nelson and Rev. C. E. Cragg, Letter to the editor formed the first library board and headed 19 the library op- erations in the old YMCA build- ing. They enlisted the help of cadets and others to canvass the city for books. With the groundwork done, the Carnegie Foundation was again approached for a grant. The city was informed that the original grant of was still available and had been since it was first allocated more than 10 years earlier. Dissension over the Carnegie grant had disappeared and the allocation was gratefully ac- cepted. Architects of the foun- dation submitted plans for the new centre. These were modi- fied and adapted to local condi. tions. It was estimated the pro- posed new structure would cost A favorable exchange rate provided another for the city. The balance was raised through debenture borrowing. Work on the building started in 1921 on the Gait Gardens site. H was completed in Jan- uary, 1922. The official opening took place two days later and the central library has been in continuous use ever since. Before the new facility was 10 years old, plans were start- ed for doubling its size. But, there was a continual claim of a lack of funds and general public sympathy was always lacking. By 1945 civic leaders were again arguing the need for enlarged rental library fa- cilities. In addition to catering to a reading public, the en- larged facility would form the core for cultural life and a wide Extra uses proposed May I list some of the things that might be done with the proposed thermal power plant at Brooks. Some arc, of course, farfetched but maybe not so far at that, just a bit ahead of schedule. 1. Heat greenhouses, as Is being tested. 2. Heat the town of Brooks, 3. By allowing the steam to be used, provide the town with something besides alkali, and polluted water to drink, and for irrigation and heated swim- ming pools. 4. Healed sallno pools for a health spa. Easy reach, win- ter resort, 5. Extraction of minerals from the water. 6. Stockpile salts and miner- als not required for use. Suit- able selling field would build a monument of any desired pat- tern to be a tourist attraction till a use was found for (he minerals. Much better than turning our lands alkali with ir- rigation water. The distilled wa- ter would extract alkali from the soil when applied in irriga- tion. 7. Production of heavy water requires lots of water and lots ol bent. The plant has both. Why not use it? J. A. SPENCER. variety of community interests. It was at this time that the idea of a new, larger building was introduced. The tentative Civic Centre planned called for a site for such a building. The late Senator W. A. Buchanan said the city should not over- look the need for a permanent place for the preservation of early southern Alberta relics, records, pictures and artifacts of the native people. Council allocated from its war-time savings for library construction and the funds were available at any time council or the electorate decided that expansion would be in the form of adding to the existing building at Gait Gar- dens, or a new structure in the Civic Centre. City council debated the issue at length. In early March of 1949, council decided to let the people decide the question of location. Council defeated a proposal by Aid. A. G. Virtue which suggested the people should also be allowed to de- cide whether they wanted the library construction program to be further delayed. The li- brary board came out in strong favor of the Civic Centre site. The plebiscite was held in mid-March of 1949 and in light voting there was strong sup- port for a library construction program, with nearly half de- claring themselves in favor of an addition to the old building in Gait Gardens. The cost, in- cluding furnishings, was not to exceed Only 226 of the who cast ballots favored the new building at a cost not to exceed There was little other devel- opment for two years. At the library's annual meeting in 1950, Chairman Aid. Ed Castles expressed disappointment at the results of the plebiscite, but said that work on the expan- sion program could be started by May 1, if final plans were approved by city council. It was also at this time that se- rious discussion started on the opening of a branch library in north Lethbridge and another in south Lethbridge. By this time the circulation of books was Hearing the per year mark. Plans were approved by Council, construction started and the east wing of the cen- tral library was opened in 1052. But, it had hardly been opened When operKioDtl (Militia were taxed. The requests for more space started almost Im- mediately. At the turn of the decade the city was notified that it had been bequeathed in the Yates Estate. Cultural groups throughout the city saw this as a beginning for a building fund an auditorium, a little the- atre, a big theatre, or a com- bination centre for many acti- vities. Others saw this as an opportunity to revive the li- brary expansion issue a li- brary in conjunction with a cul- tural centre on the Civic Cen- tre grounds. Early in 1964 the electorate said 'no' to the Yates Centre which was to cost and also 'no' to a library building adjacent to the centre. The following year city coun- cil took the Yates Centre issue into hand, and with some mod- ifications, approved it. The li- brary was to be expanded on the Gait Gardens site. The The Yates Memorial Centre went ahead, but through a lack of funds the library again bogged down, even though turf had been removed from the pro- posed location. Oldtimers and conservationists presented a strong front against 'further desecration of Gait Gardens.' There was some suggestion the war memorial would have to re- moved to the north end of the gardens. Additional expansion to the library on the Gait Gardens site, or preferably a new struc- ture in the Civic Centre, has been in the capital works pro- gram for the city for many years. With the exception of 1971, it had always been book- ed two to five years hence. In 1933 a development com- mittee of the Carnegie Foun- dation visited the city and de- scribed Lethbridge's central li- brary facility as the 'worst ia design' it had ever seen. Old- timers suggest the situation hasn't changed much through the years. Last year city council ap- proved in the 1972 capi- tal works budget for a new li- brary. Since that time it has been decided that the Civic Centre would be the best loca- tion. An architect has been named and one of his first jobs will be to decide, or recom- mend a location for the new li- brary on the Central School property. Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD boxing fans will have the opportunity of seeing Bert Forbes and Georgie Ross mix in the ring. The coast boys are still in tha city and will appear at the Col- onial Theatre. Trans-Canada Tele- phone System is now in opera- tion a direct, all-Canadian telephone network, extending miles from coast to coast. of labor short- age for spring work are devel- oping in the minds of many southern Alberta farmers. Only 129 men are now registered with the unemployment office for work and only 40 of these arc. farm workers. history will be made in Lethbridge on March 11 when the famed Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, with its brilliant new conductor, Antal Doroli, comes to Lethbridge to perform in the Civic Sports Centre. steps toward fu- ture major development of In- dian Battle Park will be rec- ommended by the parks and recreation committee to the city council. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by A. BUCHANAN Second OMI Mill Registration No, 0012 Member of The Clnidlan and tin Canadian Dally Newipaptr Publliharl' Atuclatlon and lha Audit Bureau or Cfrculalloni CL60 w. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Mnnaglng Editor Assoelalft Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertlilng Manager Editorial Paga Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;