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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - January 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDGE herald - Monday, January 25, 1971 Anthony Westell he Nouveau Canada The real nature of the New Canada is only beginning to dawn on western Canadians. Many of them don't like what they see. Many are afraid of it. A few of the bolder ones are delighted by it. All of them had better open their eyes wide, because it is there and it won't go away. If they keep their eyes shut they will only stumble over it and get battered by it. The New Canada was further revealed to a reluctant southern Alberta by the recent visit to Lethbridge of the joint parliamentary committee on constitutional change. It was made clearer yet at the subsequent Chamber of Commerce discussion of the matter. Canada, as Canadians know and love it, cannot exist without Quebec. If Quebec leaves, the Atlantic Provinces are almost certain to go their own way because there will be less reason for them to keep on paying the very heavy cost of staying Canadian. With Canada reduced to five English - speaking provinces (and Ontario holding much respect, understanding and affection for Quebec) how long will the West and Ontario stick together? Take Quebec out of Canada and Canada will disintegrate. But Quebec is making certain demands if she is to stay in Canada. One of them is full and equal status for the French language. The constitutional provisions, much greater than many non - French like to admit are not enough. French Canadians want a national home, and if it is to be Canada, then Canada must accommodate their French Canadian-ism fully as much as a separate country of their own would do. Most nbn - French Canadians, through legislation and sympathy, are quite willing to go along with that. Many are even quite happy, knowing that Canada will be the richer for its assured duality. Who, then, will be the leaders in this two - language New Canada? Naturally and inevitably, only those who can speak the two languages. Mr. Hubert Prowse, in a blunt but accurate statement to the Lethbridge Chamber of Commerce, said that in the New Canada those who cannot or do not speak both English and French will not be able to function as well as those who can and do, and in a sense will be second - class citizens. Is there any escape from that brutal truth? Fortunately, there is an answer, if not an escape. The creation of two classes of citizenship, depending on whether the citizen can speak both or only one of the two official languages, will be gradual. Its full effect may be ten or twenty years away. So in that time all the people who want to be first - class citizens will have ample opportunity to learn French, and all parents who want their children to be first-class will have plenty of time to see that they do. First - class citizenship can be available to everyone, and Canada, in a short generation, need not have any second - class citizens. To state it differently, the only second-class citizens in southern Alberta will be those whose parents were too narrow-minded to insist they learn French. Do the school boards and administrators and the teachers' union see this? Are their eyes open? The full weight of this situation is on them. The responsibility is nearly all theirs. Wrecked-car nuisance One of the nation's most rapidly growing pollution problems is the proliferation of old cars dumped into ditches, fields and old-car graveyards. The fringes of every town and city are ruined by the unsightly conglomeration of semi - wrecked cars in various degrees of discoloration and decay. Lethbridge, unfortunately is no exception. Our lovely coulees are becoming scarred with old cars, so that the view from the university over to the city is robbed of its natural beauty. Visitors approaching the city from the south-west are treated to the magnificence of the high-level bridge on the one hand, and the messiness of the car dumping grounds on the river bottom, on the other. Car-wrecking companies cannot keep pace with the rapid accumulation of unusable cars. Parts can be stripped and re-used, but the chasis remains a nuisance and a problem, not only to the dealers involved but to the communities as well. In some parts of Canada and in the United 9tates, local governments have made an attempt to deal with the issue. Wreckers are paid a flat rate per car to haul them to centrally located "shredders" where the metal is shredded down to a point where it can be reused or sold to metal dealers, the problem with this method is that only a small percentage of cars are getting to the shredders because of the immense back-log on wrecking lots. Another reason provinces haven't gone into the matter of instituting an old-car clean-up program is strictly a matter of economics. Shredders are the answer to getting rid of the cars but they are expensive. Nevertheless with the popularity of the automobile growing every year, the problem of its disposal is growing along with it. Legislation of some nature will soon have to be written into the books to deal with the matter for it is rapidly becoming an alarming pollution headache. Arf Buchwald WASHINGTON - As the cities and states keep going broke, more and more politicians are suggesting legalized gambling as the solution to our financial woes. New York State started with a lottery, New York city then came up with off-track betting, and a few weeks ago someone suggested that gambling casinos be permitted as a method of raising revenues. If New YorK solves its problems through gambling, every state in the union is going to follow suit except Nevada, which will probably secede from the nation in a snit. Even the federal government may decide that legalized gambling is the only answer to its deficit, and it's possible in the near future that placing a bet will soon be considered the most patriotic thing an American can do. It is not unlikely that in a few years the President of the United States will give the following State of the Union speech: "My fellow Americans, I am happy to report to you tonight that for the first time in modern American history the United States has a surplus of $35 billion in the Treasury. "Tire new postmaster general, Nick Die Greek, has just revealed to me that the crap tallies \m installed in U.S. post offices throughout the land not only wiped out the postal deficit, but brought in a pro/it of $12 billion. ''The Department of Commerce reports that betting on the World Series, the Super Bowl end basketball games doubled from the previous year, and I am asking Congress for authority to keep government buildings open at night so more people can wager on dog races. "The Department of Transportation reports that the slot machines we installed tlong all th:j federal highways are bringing back a 50 per cent return and thi?- figure will improve as traffic keeps getting heavier and more drivers will have time to use the machines. "For those people who prefer the outdoors, the Department of Interior has now placed blackjack tables in all our national parks, where Americans can gamble to their hearts' content while enjoying the great scenic wonders of this country. "The secretary of the Treasury reports that more people are playing the numbers than ever before, and it's now possible for someone to win a billion dollars if he can come up with the exact figure of how many Treasury notes have been issued on the previous day. "I am happy to report that the public rooms at the White House are now open to gambling. Howard Hughes has donated 15 roulette wheels to the redecoration committee, and we have booked some of the best acts in the country including Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Sammy Davis Jr. to entertain in the East Room. "I am also asking Congress to authorize funds to turn Cape Kennedy into a race track, as a painless method of phasing out our space program. "As for foreign affairs, the State__ partment is now taking bets of six to five that we can come to some agreement with the Russians on nuclear disarmament. "The Pentagon is giving two to one that we'll be out of Vietnam by 1983, and the CIA will bet anyone even money that there will not be a war in the Middle East. "While your President is doing everything he can, foreign and domestically, be still needs the support of every American in this country. "So, if you will get out your cards, the Vice President will now start reading the bingo numbers." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Unemployment crisis debate just talk OTTAWA - "You haven't said anything," cried the New Democratic Party's Stanley Knowles, throwing his arms wide in mock dismay, as Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey neared the end of his speech on unemployment in the Commons last week. "The honorable gentleman says I don't have much to say," retorted Mackasey. "If so, I'm just continuing the debate the way it began." Unfortunately, both were correct. Neither the government nor the Opposition parties has much to say about unemployment which they have not explained in detail a score of times before. The fact was boringly apparent as soon as the frontbenchers on both sides had finished their speeches opening the two-day debate. Conservative leader Robert Stanfield, just back from a tour nf the West to dramatize the unemployment issue, was up first and immediately acknowledged he had nothing to add. So, like all good politicians, he simply escalated his rhetoric. "High - blown," "unspeakable," "bitterness," "outrage," degrading," were among his favorite words. Arrange them in any order you wish, and you have the Tory indictment of the government. NDP spokesman David Lewis is a better debater and had no difficulty in topping Stanfield's vocabulary. "Unnecessary," "indefensible," "disastrous" were only his opening shots, and he followed with "cruel," "heartless," "inhumane," "s m ug," "comp 1 a c e n t," "arrogant," "stupid," "callous," unforgivable," "insensitive," "technocratic," "reactionary," "useless," and "impossible." /fe Been mbaninq to &ck TfiUPBAU... ... TOUH APPt&CtAlfNG WMZ .., WHICH CouLPvereiiMiNE rue 6\XX�&& CHvmR}M& Or THI6' VsNii/HB. roil Me... ... KftowMW Coop Letters to the editor The place of organized labor needs examination Those who have felt the cost of the war on inflation are first, the two to three hundred thousand who have lost their jobs as a direct result of the government's policy, and then the others who live on fixed income. As a matter of fact, the only members of society who escape paying the price are those who belong to organized labor. Through the p o w e r they hold they have succeeded in keeping step with the rising cost. In many instances they have even managed to be a step ahead. Many Canadians today worry about the influx of foreign capital, American in particular, and its threat to our national sovereignty, but I have yet to hear anyone who has expressed any concern about the outflow of money leaving the country in the form of labor union dues. I am sure that everyone knows that all our trade unions have their head office in the United States, but I wonder how many have ever taken a little time to contemplate the effect of this phenomenon. To the best of my knowledge, Canada is the only country in the world , where such a condition exists. I believe that Canada is the only country in the world that cannot bring the head of labor union before a court of law to answer charges for criminally violating its laws, because that head is a citizen of the United States. I wonder, if I am the only Canadian who is outraged over such a state of affairs. Some Canadians remember the case of Hal Banks, who was the Canadian head of the Seafarers Union, was indicted for a criminal offence. While out on bail pending an appeal, he fled to the United States, and when Canada, through normal diplomatic channels attempted to have him extradited it was refused. As the presidential election campaign was going on at the time, many Canadians felt that the refusal involved the votes of the labor unions, and it was even alleged, that the Seafarers Union donated $25,000 to the president's campaign fund. One can only speculate on how much of that amount came from Canadian members fees. Statements have been made in the past,' that strikes have been called in Canada in order to help employment in the United States. For example, a crippling strike by the International Woodworkers of America was called in British Columbia several years ago while work continued as usual in Washington and Oregon. It was claimed at the time that the strike was called because a high inventory of lumber in the American North-west was having an adverse influence on lumber prices there, and that as soon as the situation had corrected itself, the strike was called off. I cannot vouch for the accuracy of that claim, but even the possibility that it might have been correct should be sufficient to Oxfam Pakistan Relief Fund Sometime ago I wrote to you to appeal for the help of your readers in assisting the victims of the disastrous cyclone which swept through East Pakistan in November. The response across Canada has been magnificent and so far contributions to the Oxfam Pakistan Relief Fund amount to almost $200,000. First of all, therefore, I would like to express our very grateful thanks to those of your readers who contributed towards this magnificent total. The cyclone was possibly the worst in human history. It took a toll of 600,000 lives, killed 300,-000 cattle, and caused untold destruction of property. Agricultural land was inundated, drinking water wells became saline and polluted, fishing boats were swept away and homes destroyed - over a very large area the entire basis of life was shattered. The first De. 'Crazy Capers' thing to do was to bring immediate relief to the survivors in the form of food, clothing and drugs. Oxfam flew in emergency supplies of these items together with such things as water purification tablets and our field representative on the spot supervised the distribution to ensure that these goods actually reached the people for whom they were intended. The next stage was to send in a team of workers to help with the rehabilitation of the people who were suffering from intense physical and pscyhologi-cal shock. This team is based on Bhola Island and is work-ins with the people to help restore their confidence and encourage them to face the tasks of restoring their lives to something like normality. The nc a j o r task, of reconstruction, however, still lies ahead and it is for this purpose that the bulk of the money contributed to Oxfam will be used. The job of restoration and development of the region will take years and demand a great deal of money, skill and patience. Oxfam of Canada will have its own representative on the spot to advise how best to reconstitute the agriculture and fishing in the region, what kind of new homes will withstand future cyclones and other ways in which our contribution can be most effective. Our representative, a French Canadian who has lived in the area for years, will, be taking up his position shortly. In renewing our grateful thanks to all those who contributed so generously I hope that this information on the use of their funds will be of interest. Donors will know that their money is being carefully and effectively spent and will be of the utmost value in the reconstitution of life in East Pakistan. T. H. G. FLETCHER, Executive Director, Oxfam of Canada. Toronto. alert us to a very dangerous condition. Some of us will remember that, at that time, Premier Smallwood of Newfoundland refused to negotiate with the same union when it called a strike in his province. Small-wood won out, although everybody predicted that, by his action, he had committed political suicide. Smallwood is still riding high. When we talk about organized labor, it would be proper to differentiate between the rank and file of labor and the bosses. There are numerous examples of cases where the rank and file were not in accord with the bosses. After the General Motors strike was settled a middle aged worker was interviewed on TV, and this is what he said, "I lost over $2,-000 during this strike, and we settled for 13 cents an hour more than the company offered in the first place, I will never regain that loss." One often hears workers say "nobody wins a strike, we all lose." No one will deny that unions have played an indispensable role in all industrialized societies and that they are as much needed today as ever, but we have reached the point where people will demand that the unions place the needs and wants of society ahead of their own. T. BIRCK. Lethbridge. Lewis even managed to make "computer" sound like a dirty word when he blamed the government for relying on them too much, and he made the jaded sit up and shake their heads when he declared that things are worse than they were In the depths of the Depression. Real Caouette joined the Opposition's opening attack, and nobody can say that the Cred-itistes have no solutions for unemployment and hardship: National dividends for all, a pension of $150 a month at age 60, salaries for students, family allowances geared to the cost of living, interest-free loans to provinces, municipalities and school boards - with no increase in taxes because we all need to keep what we have is our pockets. One could almost sympathize with Mackasey as he got up to face the opposition barrage, fresh from a holiday in Mexico, the buttons twinkling on his natty blue blazer and his Irish brogue thickening, as it always does when he's going to try to turn aside criticism with a jest. But he didn't deserve even a word of encouragement. Nobody likes unemployment, he began, and every good Liberal knows there are too many men without jobs. He did not want to be partisan, far from it, but he just wanted to put things in perspective by showing that things were much worse under the Tories. Then he plunged into his brief to stream off statistics showing that the rate of employment was indeed higher back in 1958, 1959 and 1960, when the Conservatives were in power. As Mackasey reached back into the past to score his political points, one could almost hear an echo in the chamber of past debates, of a past prime minister speaking on employment. John Diefenbaker never believed in defence. He always attacked. Unemployment is bad now? It was worse under the Grits. The opposition is concerned? Never; it is taking a fiendish glee in the tragedy. The merchants of gloom and doom are to blame for the slowness of recovery because they are undermining confidence. Dief used to say that. Incredibly, Mackasey used exactly those terms, not as well as the old chief used to do it, but for exactly the same partisan purpose. Across the floor, the Opposition members, Tories and New Democrats, were grinning and beginning to shout interruptions. Liberals were drifting out of the chamber, convinced that nothing important was going to be said. Mackasey, groping for straws to make something of an empty speech, snapped up Knowles' mocking comment about nothing to say. to excuse his lack of substance. The purpose of the debate, of course, was not primarily to have a serious discussion about unemployment and suggest solutions. That's not the way Par-Lament works. The government makes decisions; the Opposition criticizes; the voters decide on election day. The Opposition task was not to make jobs, but to fix the political blame on the government for the lack of jobs, to encourage the rising concern in the country about unemployment. This was what Stanfield and Lewis were about, and perhaps they succeeded. But one wonders if the system really works. As Mackasey showed, we had almost the same debates 10 years ago, am) what has changed? (Toronto Star Syndicate) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - Steps have now been taken to organize an Old Timers' Association in the southern part of the province. It will take in all of the country south of the Red Deer River. 1931 - Thousands of tons of rocks, loosened by erosion, fell away from the Up of the American Falls at Niagara. l�� - The United States army and navy are expected to award contracts for construc- tion of eight naval and air force bases on British islands and territories in the western hemisphere. 1951 - Premier Manning announced that no export of natural gas from Alberta can be allowed at present due to a lack of adequate proven reserves. 1961- About 70 out of 2,300 students dropped out in grades 7 to 11, but the three per cent is considered about average for the year. Language and citizenship The UtWwIdge Herald Have every. When the Chamber of Commerce unanimously endorsed the goal of bilingualism for all Canadians I wondered if this was the opinion of all members or a few directors? Who in all of Canada has the right to call anyone a second class citizen because they are not bilingual? According to Mr. Prowse the only qualification for first-class citizenship is to be bilingual while those who speak only English or French are the second-class citizen. There appears to be no classification for the other people in Canada who speak other languages. If bilingualism creates different classifications of citizenship, there would be millions of people in Canada who would be ashamed to be a Canadian. 11. W. PRATT. Lethbridge. 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS h. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;